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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

El Relato K: De Donde Viene Y Hacia Dónde Va, Augusto Reina, Máximo Reina Dec 2011

El Relato K: De Donde Viene Y Hacia Dónde Va, Augusto Reina, Máximo Reina

Augusto Reina

Luego de 8 años de gobierno, el kirchnerismo se apresta a cambiar la lógica de los ciclos políticos argentinos. Tres periodos consecutivos es algo que no pudo conseguir ningún espacio político en la historia argentina. Frente a esto, el análisis que adjuntamos comienza con una reconstrucción de los apoyos que obtuvo el gobierno en estos 8 años, identificando sus principales sostenes y cristalizando el relato de gobierno que mantuvo en los últimos años. Sostenemos que la consistencia con la cual el kirchnerismo ha logrado hilvanar diversas políticas dentro de un mismo relato es uno de los principales pilares de su ...


Book Review: Karen Alter, The European Court's Power Selected Essays, Arthur Dyevre Dec 2011

Book Review: Karen Alter, The European Court's Power Selected Essays, Arthur Dyevre

Arthur Dyevre

No abstract provided.


The Oecd And Phases In The International Political Economy, 1961-2011, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes Dec 2011

The Oecd And Phases In The International Political Economy, 1961-2011, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes

Judith Clifton

In 2011, the OECD turned fifty. To provide a broad foundation for further thinking on this organization, we analyse its evolution over half a century from two perspectives: phases in the international political economy and the literature on IPE. By so doing, we uncover two paradoxes. Firstly, we find that the organization’s evolution closely mirrored major phases in the postwar international political economy until recently. However, the OECD’s long-term dependence on theWest has now become an obstacle to its efforts to adapt to the latest phase, characterised by the rise of non-Western powers. Secondly, we show that, during ...


El Secreto Del Éxito: Presidentes Y Cártles Legislativos En Uruguay, Daniel Chasquetti Dec 2011

El Secreto Del Éxito: Presidentes Y Cártles Legislativos En Uruguay, Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

In the last two decades the Uruguayan political system has shown a cooperative relationship between the two government branches. he Executives were able to pass their legislative agenda in an eicient way by building cartel-party at the Houses. his article proposes an explanation based on the theoretical developments of Cox and McCubbins (1993 and 2005), about the creation of legislative cartels in Uruguay. In particular, the article explains how constitutes a central authority in the House where the executive holds a dominant inluence, and how that authority usurps and controls the agenda power. I also present new evidence about the ...


From Nixon’S War On Drugs To Obama’S Drug Policies Today: Presidential Progress In Addressing Racial Injustices And Disparities, Cigdem V. Sirin Nov 2011

From Nixon’S War On Drugs To Obama’S Drug Policies Today: Presidential Progress In Addressing Racial Injustices And Disparities, Cigdem V. Sirin

Cigdem V. Sirin

This study investigates presidential progress in addressing racial injustices and disparities within the context of the war on drugs. I argue that racial inequalities emanating from the war on drugs have been largely overlooked and at times aggravated by previous administrations. Although there have been some improvements in this regard since President Obama took office, more extensive policy reforms are needed to better remedy such inequalities. I also argue that the viability of a progressive presidency for racial justice vis-à-vis U.S. drug policies depends not only on the personal agenda of the president but also on a supportive public ...


El Primer Año Legislativo Del Gobierno De Mujica, Daniel Chasquetti, Alejandro Guedes Nov 2011

El Primer Año Legislativo Del Gobierno De Mujica, Daniel Chasquetti, Alejandro Guedes

Daniel Chasquetti

No abstract provided.


On The Nature Of Anglophone Conservatism And Its Applicability To The Analysis Of Postcolonial Politics, Stefan Andreasson Oct 2011

On The Nature Of Anglophone Conservatism And Its Applicability To The Analysis Of Postcolonial Politics, Stefan Andreasson

Stefan Andreasson

This essay examines the nature and development of an Anglophone tradition of conservative political thought (conservatism). It considers how, in contrast to a more reactionary European tradition, conservatism has evolved over time in its variously diverging and converging Anglo-American historical and cultural contexts and what relevance – what analytical utility – this body of political thought may have today for understanding politics and socio-cultural developments in a postcolonial world beyond its Western origins. In considering the relative merits of conservatism as compared to other theoretical approaches, the essay asks whether this conservatism can offer a superior analysis of postcolonial politics by avoiding ...


Instituciones, Conflicto Armado Y Poder Político En El Municipio Colombiano. 2001-2011, Mauricio García-Villegas, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo Oct 2011

Instituciones, Conflicto Armado Y Poder Político En El Municipio Colombiano. 2001-2011, Mauricio García-Villegas, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

This book studies the Colombian' social reality through local institutions.


The Effects Of Female Cabinet Ministers On Female-Friendly Social Policy, Amy Atchison Oct 2011

The Effects Of Female Cabinet Ministers On Female-Friendly Social Policy, Amy Atchison

Amy Atchison

A growing literature indicates that the representation of women in legislatures is positively associated with the passage of female-friendly social policy. However, there is little corresponding research concerning the effect of women in cabinet on female-friendly social policy. Yet, almost all advanced industrial democracies are parliamentary democracies, where policies typically originate within the cabinet and governments typically enjoy substantial control over the legislative process. Thus, to the extent that women promote female-friendly policy, women in cabinet positions should be ideally placed to do so, and indeed, possibly be more influential than women in legislatures. The purpose of this study is ...


Review: The Faces Of Terrorism: Social And Psychological Dimensions, By Neil Smelser, Dylan Kissane Oct 2011

Review: The Faces Of Terrorism: Social And Psychological Dimensions, By Neil Smelser, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

In the decade since the 9/11 terrorist attacks there have been countless books and articles published that have sought to explain Islamist terrorism and explore policy responses to terrorism from the Muslim world. A smaller sector of the literature has sought to place Islamist terror in its international political context, drawing parallels with terrorism in the Basque country, Northern Ireland and domestic groups in the United States. A smaller sector again seeks to explore not only to describe such terrorism and explore policy responses to it but also to dig deeper and uncover the motivations that drive terrorists and ...


The United States, Iran And The Continuing Salience Of Geography, Dylan Kissane Oct 2011

The United States, Iran And The Continuing Salience Of Geography, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

With recent US political and strategic goals unmet after ineffective diplomatic efforts and economic sanctions, some commentators and foreign policy experts have begun urging American strategists to employ military force to effect change in Iran’s domestic and foreign policies. Presumably inspired by American success in establishing a US-friendly regime in neighbouring Iraq, such commentators suggest that a similar strategy of overwhelming military force could overcome the existing military and political structure of Iran and establish a pro-Western regime in its place. Such notions, however, rely on ignorance of one of the most basic elements of Iran: her geography. This ...


A Sociologia Política Brasileira Em Análise: Quatro Visões Sobre O Funcionamento Administrativo Do Estado Novo, Adriano Codato Oct 2011

A Sociologia Política Brasileira Em Análise: Quatro Visões Sobre O Funcionamento Administrativo Do Estado Novo, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

Within Brazilian Political Sociology, there are four different views on state Administrative Departments, apparatuses created by the Vargas dictatorship in 1939 as a complement to the system of federal interventors. On the basis of these interpretations, there are also four different ways of looking at the New State regime (1937-1945) itself. Views on administrative departments diverge both according to observers' convictions regarding the way the authoritarian political system functions and according to which of these agencies' roles (political, economic, bureaucratic) the analyst considers as most salient. In this essay I analyze existing interpretations on this issue; I emphasize that which ...


De La Primavera Árabe A Los Indignados. ¿Hacia Dónde Van Las Movilizaciones Sociales?, Augusto Reina Oct 2011

De La Primavera Árabe A Los Indignados. ¿Hacia Dónde Van Las Movilizaciones Sociales?, Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

No abstract provided.


Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση: Στρατηγικός Εταίρος Ή Λάθος Στρατηγική Επιλογή Για Το Κυπριακό, Zenonas Tziarras Oct 2011

Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση: Στρατηγικός Εταίρος Ή Λάθος Στρατηγική Επιλογή Για Το Κυπριακό, Zenonas Tziarras

Zenonas Tziarras

No abstract provided.


Unanswered Questions Of A Minority People In International Law: A Comparative Study Between Southern Cameroons & South Sudan, Bernard Sama Mr Oct 2011

Unanswered Questions Of A Minority People In International Law: A Comparative Study Between Southern Cameroons & South Sudan, Bernard Sama Mr

Bernard Sama

The month July of 2011 marked the birth of another nation in the World. The distressful journey of a minority people under the watchful eyes of the international community finally paid off with a new nation called the South Sudan . As I watched the South Sudanese celebrate independence on 9 July 2011, I was filled with joy as though they have finally landed. On a promising note, I read the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon saying “[t]ogether, we welcome the Republic of South Sudan to the community of nations. Together, we affirm our commitment to helping it meet its ...


El Costo De Pasar: Gobiernos De Coalición Y Gobiernos De Partido En El Proceso Legislativo Uruguayo, Daniel Chasquetti Oct 2011

El Costo De Pasar: Gobiernos De Coalición Y Gobiernos De Partido En El Proceso Legislativo Uruguayo, Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

El artículo analiza y compara los costos adicionales de transacción que impuso el proceso legislativo a los gobiernos de Jorge Batlle (2000-2005, gobierno de coalición) y de Tabaré Vázquez (2005-2008, gobierno de partido) en Uruguay. La teoría sostiene que los gobiernos de coalición suelen ser más costosos que los gobiernos de partido (Laver y Schofield, 1991) pues su proceso de formación implica una compleja transacción en torno a políticas, cargos y apoyos legislativos, donde participan múltiples actores. Normalmente, como el acuerdo no satisface las preferencias de los socios en todas las policies, el proceso legislativo determina costos adicionales en materia ...


Nicaragua 1979-1990. La Revolución Enredada. 2ª Edición., Salvador Marti I Puig Sep 2011

Nicaragua 1979-1990. La Revolución Enredada. 2ª Edición., Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

El libro consta de dos partes. La primera analiza el proceso revolucionario acontecido en Nicaragua durante 1979 hasta la llegada de Violeta Barrios de Chamorro a la Presidencia, en 1990. En este período el trabajo señala las transformaciones sociales, políticas y económicas, así como la dinámica bélica (financiada por los Estados Unidos) presente durante toda la década. La segunda muestra las políticas de reforma agraria impulsadas por el FSLN y su impacto en las zonas rurales del interior, espacio dónde aparece la base social del ejército contrarrevolucionario conocido como "La Contra".


Pakistani Stance On Fmct - An Alternative Approach (Centreline), Shams Uz Zaman Mr. Sep 2011

Pakistani Stance On Fmct - An Alternative Approach (Centreline), Shams Uz Zaman Mr.

Mr. Shams uz Zaman

It gives an alternative approach to Pakistan's policy on FMCT.


¿Gobernadores Eternos? Un Análisis Comparativo De Las Reelecciones En Argentina Y Brasil, Augusto Reina, Lucas Jolias Sep 2011

¿Gobernadores Eternos? Un Análisis Comparativo De Las Reelecciones En Argentina Y Brasil, Augusto Reina, Lucas Jolias

Augusto Reina

Cuando se plantea el tema de las reelecciones a nivel provincial emerge una idea directa y sencilla: esto es que las reelecciones son instituciones forzadas por los gobernadores para enquistarse en el poder. Y que, de forma consecuente, estos mecanismos permiten que ciertas oligarquías políticas provinciales se mantengan en el poder a su gusto. Pero, tal como queremos plasmar en el presente artículo, achacarle tantas cosas a la reelección es sobreestimar los efectos de la institución. Plantear el tema en términos tan simples pone de lado otros procesos políticos que facilitan la estabilidad de las elites en la cima del ...


Boletín De Política Comparada Volumen 3, Número 1, Augusto Reina Sep 2011

Boletín De Política Comparada Volumen 3, Número 1, Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

El
 artículo
 de
 Azpuru
 presenta
 una
 interesante
 reflexión
 comparativa
 sobre
 el
 uso
 de
 los
 distintos 
índices 
de
democracia 
aplicados 
a
 América
Latina.
 En 
él 
se 
destaca
 no
solo
 la 
gran
 diversidad
 de 
mediciones,
 sino
 las 
diferencias
en
 los 
resultados 
de 
cada 
uno 
y 
cristaliza
 la necesidad
 de
 una
 mayor
 convergencia
 conceptual
 para
 aproximarse
 a
 una
 medición
 del
 régimen
 democrático 
en 
la 
región. 

El 
artículo
 de
 Caldera
Ortega 
retoma
 uno
 de 
las 
clásicos temas
 del
 Boletín
 del
 Política
 Comparada,
 como
 lo
 es
 la
 reflexión
 sobre
 el
 método
 comparado,
 su
 evolución
 y
 su
 aplicación.
 El
 análisis
 mencionado
 se
 ocupa
 en
 esta
 oportunidad ...


Ownership Unbundling In European Energy Market & Legal Problems Under Eu Law, Michael Diathesopoulos Sep 2011

Ownership Unbundling In European Energy Market & Legal Problems Under Eu Law, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper we will examine the issue of ownership unbundling and forced divestiture remedies imposed in a series of recent competition law cases of the energy market - examined in other papers - in relation to the possible existence of a series of legal obstacles. These energy market decisions belong to a group of antitrust cases in which a structural divestiture remedy has been imposed under the provisions of Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003. This divestiture refers to transmission networks and to generation capacity and is meant to lead to severe structural changes, which are compatible with the findings of ...


Comparing Postwar (West) German-Polish And Sino-Japanese Reconciliation: A Bridge Too Far?, Yinan He Sep 2011

Comparing Postwar (West) German-Polish And Sino-Japanese Reconciliation: A Bridge Too Far?, Yinan He

Yinan He

The article argues that the harmonisation of national memories facilitates genuine reconciliation, while memory divergence resulting from national mythmaking hampers reconciliation. After WWII, Sino–Japanese and West German–Polish relations were antagonised by the Cold War structure, and pernicious myths prevailed in national collective memory. Then China and Japan brushed aside historical legacy for immediate diplomatic normalisation, but their reconciliation was impeded by elite mythmaking practices. Since the 1970s West Germany and Poland have de-mythified war history and engaged in historical settlement, paving the way for deep reconciliation after the Cold War


Examining The Effects Of Political Information And Intervention Stages On Public Support For Military Interventions: A Panel Experiment, Cigdem V. Sirin Aug 2011

Examining The Effects Of Political Information And Intervention Stages On Public Support For Military Interventions: A Panel Experiment, Cigdem V. Sirin

Cigdem V. Sirin

This study examines the formation and continuity of public support for military interventions as a function of political information levels and intervention stages using a panel experiment. The results demonstrate that politically informed individuals express less support for a military intervention at the beginning of that intervention compared to uninformed ones. However, as the intervention proceeds and casualties are incurred, the support of politically uninformed people decreases at a higher rate than does the support of the politically informed. As such, politically informed individuals demonstrate more stable levels of support across intervention stages. In addition, success or failure of an ...


Türkiye’Nin Afrika Politikasi 2010, Mehmet Ozkan Aug 2011

Türkiye’Nin Afrika Politikasi 2010, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Complex Matrix Of Indo-Pak-Us Relations (Frontier Post) 2011, Shams Uz Zaman Mr. Aug 2011

Complex Matrix Of Indo-Pak-Us Relations (Frontier Post) 2011, Shams Uz Zaman Mr.

Mr. Shams uz Zaman

Define the complex relationship between India, Pakistan and the US focusing on the converging and diverging points.


Broadening Participation Through E-Petitions? An Empirical Study Of Petitions To The German Parliament, Ralf Lindner Aug 2011

Broadening Participation Through E-Petitions? An Empirical Study Of Petitions To The German Parliament, Ralf Lindner

Ralf Lindner

Petitioning is a well established form of political participation in most liberal democracies, but little is known about petitioners, their socio-demographics, motivations and assessments of petitioning processes. In 2005, the German parliament introduced public e-petitions which are submitted, signed and discussed on the Internet. This article reports a 2007 survey of 571 traditional and 350 e-petitioners. The results indicate that both petitioner samples are characterised by an above average level of general political participation and Internet use. Users of the e-petition system are younger than traditional petitioners, but the group continues to be dominated by men and those with higher ...


Regulating And Deregulating The Public Utilities 1830–2010, Judith Clifton Dr. Aug 2011

Regulating And Deregulating The Public Utilities 1830–2010, Judith Clifton Dr.

Judith Clifton

History can provide invaluable insights into important issues of the economic and social regulation of utilities, and offer lessons towards future debates. But the history of utility regulation – which speaks of changing, diverse and complex experiences around the world – was, unfortunately, sidelined or marginalised when economists and policymakers enthusiastically embraced the question of how to reform the utilities from the 1970s. This paper provides an overview of the three, overarching, `waves' of utility regulation from the nineteenth century to the present, documenting how, when and why the ways in which the roles of the state, the market and firms altered ...


From National Monopoly To Multinational Corporation: How Regulation Shaped The Road Towards Telecommunications Internationalisation, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín Aug 2011

From National Monopoly To Multinational Corporation: How Regulation Shaped The Road Towards Telecommunications Internationalisation, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín

Judith Clifton

One of the consequences of major regulatory reform of the telecommunications sector from the end of the 1970s – particularly, privatisation, liberalisation and deregulation – was the establishment of a new business environment which permitted former national telecommunications monopolies to expand abroad. From the 1990s, a number of these firms, particularly those based in Europe, joined the rankings of the world's leading multinational corporations. Their internationalisation was uneven, however: while some firms internationalised strongly, others ventured abroad much slower. This article explores how the regulatory framework within which telecommunications incumbents evolved over the long-term shaped their subsequent, uneven, paths to internationalisation ...


Sussex V. North Carolina: The Comparative Study Of Party-Based Euroscepticism, Cas Mudde Jul 2011

Sussex V. North Carolina: The Comparative Study Of Party-Based Euroscepticism, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Since the late 1990s a true cottage industry of "Euroscepticism studies" has emerged, which has given way to hundreds of publications in increasingly prominent journals. This working paper looks at two of the most important "schools" of Euroscepticism studies: Sussex and North Carolina. The two differ in many ways – e.g. definition, data and methods, scope – but account for much of the academic output on the topic. I first shortly describe the major publications of the two schools, before comparing and contrasting them on the basis of some key dimensions (definition, data, scope, explanations). The paper then discusses the crucial ...


Turkiye'nin Misir Politikasi Var Mi?, Mehmet Ozkan Jul 2011

Turkiye'nin Misir Politikasi Var Mi?, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.