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Comparative Politics

2011

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann Dec 2011

2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann

TTCSP Global Go To Think Tank Index Reports

The 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Rankings marks the fifth edition of the annual report. As in previous years, the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania’s International Relations Program has relied on the indexing criteria and process developed by James G. McGann for ranking think tanks around the world. The Program’s Rankings remain the first and most comprehensive ranking of the world’s top think tanks, and are based on an annual global peer and expert survey of close to 1500 scholars, policymakers, journalists, and regional and subject area experts. Given ...


El Relato K: De Donde Viene Y Hacia Dónde Va, Augusto Reina, Máximo Reina Dec 2011

El Relato K: De Donde Viene Y Hacia Dónde Va, Augusto Reina, Máximo Reina

Augusto Reina

Luego de 8 años de gobierno, el kirchnerismo se apresta a cambiar la lógica de los ciclos políticos argentinos. Tres periodos consecutivos es algo que no pudo conseguir ningún espacio político en la historia argentina. Frente a esto, el análisis que adjuntamos comienza con una reconstrucción de los apoyos que obtuvo el gobierno en estos 8 años, identificando sus principales sostenes y cristalizando el relato de gobierno que mantuvo en los últimos años. Sostenemos que la consistencia con la cual el kirchnerismo ha logrado hilvanar diversas políticas dentro de un mismo relato es uno de los principales pilares de su ...


Book Review: Karen Alter, The European Court's Power Selected Essays, Arthur Dyevre Dec 2011

Book Review: Karen Alter, The European Court's Power Selected Essays, Arthur Dyevre

Arthur Dyevre

No abstract provided.


The Oecd And Phases In The International Political Economy, 1961-2011, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes Dec 2011

The Oecd And Phases In The International Political Economy, 1961-2011, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes

Judith Clifton

In 2011, the OECD turned fifty. To provide a broad foundation for further thinking on this organization, we analyse its evolution over half a century from two perspectives: phases in the international political economy and the literature on IPE. By so doing, we uncover two paradoxes. Firstly, we find that the organization’s evolution closely mirrored major phases in the postwar international political economy until recently. However, the OECD’s long-term dependence on theWest has now become an obstacle to its efforts to adapt to the latest phase, characterised by the rise of non-Western powers. Secondly, we show that, during ...


Bringing Instrumentality In: A Theoretical Case For The Role Of Transnational Affiliations In Party-Based Europeanisation, Giorgos Charalambous Dr Dec 2011

Bringing Instrumentality In: A Theoretical Case For The Role Of Transnational Affiliations In Party-Based Europeanisation, Giorgos Charalambous Dr

Giorgos Charalambous

No abstract provided.


El Secreto Del Éxito: Presidentes Y Cártles Legislativos En Uruguay, Daniel Chasquetti Dec 2011

El Secreto Del Éxito: Presidentes Y Cártles Legislativos En Uruguay, Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

In the last two decades the Uruguayan political system has shown a cooperative relationship between the two government branches. he Executives were able to pass their legislative agenda in an eicient way by building cartel-party at the Houses. his article proposes an explanation based on the theoretical developments of Cox and McCubbins (1993 and 2005), about the creation of legislative cartels in Uruguay. In particular, the article explains how constitutes a central authority in the House where the executive holds a dominant inluence, and how that authority usurps and controls the agenda power. I also present new evidence about the ...


From Nixon’S War On Drugs To Obama’S Drug Policies Today: Presidential Progress In Addressing Racial Injustices And Disparities, Cigdem V. Sirin Nov 2011

From Nixon’S War On Drugs To Obama’S Drug Policies Today: Presidential Progress In Addressing Racial Injustices And Disparities, Cigdem V. Sirin

Cigdem V. Sirin

This study investigates presidential progress in addressing racial injustices and disparities within the context of the war on drugs. I argue that racial inequalities emanating from the war on drugs have been largely overlooked and at times aggravated by previous administrations. Although there have been some improvements in this regard since President Obama took office, more extensive policy reforms are needed to better remedy such inequalities. I also argue that the viability of a progressive presidency for racial justice vis-à-vis U.S. drug policies depends not only on the personal agenda of the president but also on a supportive public ...


Another Factory Is Possible: How One Apparel Company Is Reinvigorating The Debate Over The Sweatshop-Free Label., Peter Dreier Nov 2011

Another Factory Is Possible: How One Apparel Company Is Reinvigorating The Debate Over The Sweatshop-Free Label., Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


El Primer Año Legislativo Del Gobierno De Mujica, Daniel Chasquetti, Alejandro Guedes Nov 2011

El Primer Año Legislativo Del Gobierno De Mujica, Daniel Chasquetti, Alejandro Guedes

Daniel Chasquetti

No abstract provided.


On The Nature Of Anglophone Conservatism And Its Applicability To The Analysis Of Postcolonial Politics, Stefan Andreasson Oct 2011

On The Nature Of Anglophone Conservatism And Its Applicability To The Analysis Of Postcolonial Politics, Stefan Andreasson

Stefan Andreasson

This essay examines the nature and development of an Anglophone tradition of conservative political thought (conservatism). It considers how, in contrast to a more reactionary European tradition, conservatism has evolved over time in its variously diverging and converging Anglo-American historical and cultural contexts and what relevance – what analytical utility – this body of political thought may have today for understanding politics and socio-cultural developments in a postcolonial world beyond its Western origins. In considering the relative merits of conservatism as compared to other theoretical approaches, the essay asks whether this conservatism can offer a superior analysis of postcolonial politics by avoiding ...


Instituciones, Conflicto Armado Y Poder Político En El Municipio Colombiano. 2001-2011, Mauricio García-Villegas, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo Oct 2011

Instituciones, Conflicto Armado Y Poder Político En El Municipio Colombiano. 2001-2011, Mauricio García-Villegas, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

This book studies the Colombian' social reality through local institutions.


The Effects Of Female Cabinet Ministers On Female-Friendly Social Policy, Amy Atchison Oct 2011

The Effects Of Female Cabinet Ministers On Female-Friendly Social Policy, Amy Atchison

Amy Atchison

A growing literature indicates that the representation of women in legislatures is positively associated with the passage of female-friendly social policy. However, there is little corresponding research concerning the effect of women in cabinet on female-friendly social policy. Yet, almost all advanced industrial democracies are parliamentary democracies, where policies typically originate within the cabinet and governments typically enjoy substantial control over the legislative process. Thus, to the extent that women promote female-friendly policy, women in cabinet positions should be ideally placed to do so, and indeed, possibly be more influential than women in legislatures. The purpose of this study is ...


Cafeteria Food Fight, Robert Gottlieb Oct 2011

Cafeteria Food Fight, Robert Gottlieb

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Review: The Faces Of Terrorism: Social And Psychological Dimensions, By Neil Smelser, Dylan Kissane Oct 2011

Review: The Faces Of Terrorism: Social And Psychological Dimensions, By Neil Smelser, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

In the decade since the 9/11 terrorist attacks there have been countless books and articles published that have sought to explain Islamist terrorism and explore policy responses to terrorism from the Muslim world. A smaller sector of the literature has sought to place Islamist terror in its international political context, drawing parallels with terrorism in the Basque country, Northern Ireland and domestic groups in the United States. A smaller sector again seeks to explore not only to describe such terrorism and explore policy responses to it but also to dig deeper and uncover the motivations that drive terrorists and ...


The United States, Iran And The Continuing Salience Of Geography, Dylan Kissane Oct 2011

The United States, Iran And The Continuing Salience Of Geography, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

With recent US political and strategic goals unmet after ineffective diplomatic efforts and economic sanctions, some commentators and foreign policy experts have begun urging American strategists to employ military force to effect change in Iran’s domestic and foreign policies. Presumably inspired by American success in establishing a US-friendly regime in neighbouring Iraq, such commentators suggest that a similar strategy of overwhelming military force could overcome the existing military and political structure of Iran and establish a pro-Western regime in its place. Such notions, however, rely on ignorance of one of the most basic elements of Iran: her geography. This ...


A Sociologia Política Brasileira Em Análise: Quatro Visões Sobre O Funcionamento Administrativo Do Estado Novo, Adriano Codato Oct 2011

A Sociologia Política Brasileira Em Análise: Quatro Visões Sobre O Funcionamento Administrativo Do Estado Novo, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

Within Brazilian Political Sociology, there are four different views on state Administrative Departments, apparatuses created by the Vargas dictatorship in 1939 as a complement to the system of federal interventors. On the basis of these interpretations, there are also four different ways of looking at the New State regime (1937-1945) itself. Views on administrative departments diverge both according to observers' convictions regarding the way the authoritarian political system functions and according to which of these agencies' roles (political, economic, bureaucratic) the analyst considers as most salient. In this essay I analyze existing interpretations on this issue; I emphasize that which ...


Moving In The Labor Laane, Peter Dreier Oct 2011

Moving In The Labor Laane, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


De La Primavera Árabe A Los Indignados. ¿Hacia Dónde Van Las Movilizaciones Sociales?, Augusto Reina Oct 2011

De La Primavera Árabe A Los Indignados. ¿Hacia Dónde Van Las Movilizaciones Sociales?, Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

No abstract provided.


Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση: Στρατηγικός Εταίρος Ή Λάθος Στρατηγική Επιλογή Για Το Κυπριακό, Zenonas Tziarras Oct 2011

Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση: Στρατηγικός Εταίρος Ή Λάθος Στρατηγική Επιλογή Για Το Κυπριακό, Zenonas Tziarras

Zenonas Tziarras

No abstract provided.


Unanswered Questions Of A Minority People In International Law: A Comparative Study Between Southern Cameroons & South Sudan, Bernard Sama Mr Oct 2011

Unanswered Questions Of A Minority People In International Law: A Comparative Study Between Southern Cameroons & South Sudan, Bernard Sama Mr

Bernard Sama

The month July of 2011 marked the birth of another nation in the World. The distressful journey of a minority people under the watchful eyes of the international community finally paid off with a new nation called the South Sudan . As I watched the South Sudanese celebrate independence on 9 July 2011, I was filled with joy as though they have finally landed. On a promising note, I read the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon saying “[t]ogether, we welcome the Republic of South Sudan to the community of nations. Together, we affirm our commitment to helping it meet its ...


El Costo De Pasar: Gobiernos De Coalición Y Gobiernos De Partido En El Proceso Legislativo Uruguayo, Daniel Chasquetti Oct 2011

El Costo De Pasar: Gobiernos De Coalición Y Gobiernos De Partido En El Proceso Legislativo Uruguayo, Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

El artículo analiza y compara los costos adicionales de transacción que impuso el proceso legislativo a los gobiernos de Jorge Batlle (2000-2005, gobierno de coalición) y de Tabaré Vázquez (2005-2008, gobierno de partido) en Uruguay. La teoría sostiene que los gobiernos de coalición suelen ser más costosos que los gobiernos de partido (Laver y Schofield, 1991) pues su proceso de formación implica una compleja transacción en torno a políticas, cargos y apoyos legislativos, donde participan múltiples actores. Normalmente, como el acuerdo no satisface las preferencias de los socios en todas las policies, el proceso legislativo determina costos adicionales en materia ...


Dr. Seuss’S Progressive Politics, Peter Dreier Oct 2011

Dr. Seuss’S Progressive Politics, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Field Study Of Consociationalism In The Northern Ireland Assembly: A Moderating Influence Or Threat To Democracy?, Ellen Louise Noble Oct 2011

A Field Study Of Consociationalism In The Northern Ireland Assembly: A Moderating Influence Or Threat To Democracy?, Ellen Louise Noble

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This paper is the outcome of a month-long exploratory study on whether consociationalism has a moderating influence on politics in Northern Ireland. I analyzed the impact of consociationalism on policymaking, party platforms and voter choice to determine if it strengthens and enlarges the middle ground or bifurcates the political community into two extreme and conflicting political agendas. Data was obtained through a literature study and eight interviews with academics as well as political representatives and advisors. This research tested two competing theories of consociationalism: David Horowitz’s theory of consociationalism as a centrifugal force and John McGarry’s and Brendand ...


Contradictions Between Party And Man: Student Perceptions Of Julius Malema, Annie Elise Shapiro Oct 2011

Contradictions Between Party And Man: Student Perceptions Of Julius Malema, Annie Elise Shapiro

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

In many democratic nations around the world, a large degree of opinions exist in terms of the political parties and leaders. In South Africa, though, for the past 17 years since the end of Apartheid, the same party has ruled the national government, the ANC. In the most recent provincial elections, however, the citizens of the Western Cape voted to elect the DA to represent them. This study, therefore, seeks to explore the views of university students in the Cape Town area, which is the biggest city in the Western Cape, of politics in South Africa. More specifically, this paper ...


Islam And Roman Catholicism As Transnational Political Phenomena: Notes For A Comparative Research Agenda, Ted G. Jelen, Mehran Tamadonfar Sep 2011

Islam And Roman Catholicism As Transnational Political Phenomena: Notes For A Comparative Research Agenda, Ted G. Jelen, Mehran Tamadonfar

Political Science Faculty Publications

In this paper, we offer some preliminary insights into a comparison of Islam and Roman Catholicism as transnational or “transcivilizational” political phenomena. We note that both traditions are monotheistic, offer universalist theologies, and have played important political roles both historically and in contemporary national and international politics. The comparison provides some additional insights into the role of „the sacred‟ in politics at various levels, and presents the possibility of an intermediate level of analysis in comparative politics.


Writing Victims: Post-Terrorist Fiction(S) In The Basque Country And Spain, Roland Vazquez Sep 2011

Writing Victims: Post-Terrorist Fiction(S) In The Basque Country And Spain, Roland Vazquez

Re-visioning Terrorism

This paper examines the recent evolution of fiction in and about the Basque Country. I focus on depictions of the victims of ETA’s violence, and literature that documents their plight in the genres of the novel and short story. One trend is the movement away from “terrorist” and toward “victim” as the narrative focus. Another is an art increasingly in service to a political agenda. Although much of this corpus focuses on everyday details richer than those found in the mass media, social-scientific literature, or victim testimony, these forms often blur in their rhetorical styles.


Pakistani Stance On Fmct - An Alternative Approach (Centreline), Shams Uz Zaman Mr. Sep 2011

Pakistani Stance On Fmct - An Alternative Approach (Centreline), Shams Uz Zaman Mr.

Mr. Shams uz Zaman

It gives an alternative approach to Pakistan's policy on FMCT.


¿Gobernadores Eternos? Un Análisis Comparativo De Las Reelecciones En Argentina Y Brasil, Augusto Reina, Lucas Jolias Sep 2011

¿Gobernadores Eternos? Un Análisis Comparativo De Las Reelecciones En Argentina Y Brasil, Augusto Reina, Lucas Jolias

Augusto Reina

Cuando se plantea el tema de las reelecciones a nivel provincial emerge una idea directa y sencilla: esto es que las reelecciones son instituciones forzadas por los gobernadores para enquistarse en el poder. Y que, de forma consecuente, estos mecanismos permiten que ciertas oligarquías políticas provinciales se mantengan en el poder a su gusto. Pero, tal como queremos plasmar en el presente artículo, achacarle tantas cosas a la reelección es sobreestimar los efectos de la institución. Plantear el tema en términos tan simples pone de lado otros procesos políticos que facilitan la estabilidad de las elites en la cima del ...


Boletín De Política Comparada Volumen 3, Número 1, Augusto Reina Sep 2011

Boletín De Política Comparada Volumen 3, Número 1, Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

El
 artículo
 de
 Azpuru
 presenta
 una
 interesante
 reflexión
 comparativa
 sobre
 el
 uso
 de
 los
 distintos 
índices 
de
democracia 
aplicados 
a
 América
Latina.
 En 
él 
se 
destaca
 no
solo
 la 
gran
 diversidad
 de 
mediciones,
 sino
 las 
diferencias
en
 los 
resultados 
de 
cada 
uno 
y 
cristaliza
 la necesidad
 de
 una
 mayor
 convergencia
 conceptual
 para
 aproximarse
 a
 una
 medición
 del
 régimen
 democrático 
en 
la 
región. 

El 
artículo
 de
 Caldera
Ortega 
retoma
 uno
 de 
las 
clásicos temas
 del
 Boletín
 del
 Política
 Comparada,
 como
 lo
 es
 la
 reflexión
 sobre
 el
 método
 comparado,
 su
 evolución
 y
 su
 aplicación.
 El
 análisis
 mencionado
 se
 ocupa
 en
 esta
 oportunidad ...


Ownership Unbundling In European Energy Market & Legal Problems Under Eu Law, Michael Diathesopoulos Sep 2011

Ownership Unbundling In European Energy Market & Legal Problems Under Eu Law, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper we will examine the issue of ownership unbundling and forced divestiture remedies imposed in a series of recent competition law cases of the energy market - examined in other papers - in relation to the possible existence of a series of legal obstacles. These energy market decisions belong to a group of antitrust cases in which a structural divestiture remedy has been imposed under the provisions of Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003. This divestiture refers to transmission networks and to generation capacity and is meant to lead to severe structural changes, which are compatible with the findings of ...