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Comparative Politics

2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 165

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Pasadena's Tale Of Two Cities, Peter Dreier Dec 2010

Pasadena's Tale Of Two Cities, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos Dec 2010

Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper, we will analyse the issue of concurrence between competition and sector rules and the relation between parallel concepts within the two different legal frameworks. We will firstly examine Third Party Access in relation to essential facilities doctrine and refusal of access and we will identify the common points and objectives of these concepts and the extent to which they provide a context to each other’s implementation. Second, we will focus on how Commission uses sector regulation and objectives as a context within the process of implementation of competition law in the energy sector and third, we ...


Los Angeles Homeowners Take To The Streets To Protest Foreclosure Abuses, Peter Dreier Dec 2010

Los Angeles Homeowners Take To The Streets To Protest Foreclosure Abuses, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


What Drives Turkey's Involvement In Africa?, Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2010

What Drives Turkey's Involvement In Africa?, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Proyecto De Investigación: La Primera Agencia Espacial Mexicana: La Comisión Nacional Del Espacio Exterior (1962-1977), J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Dec 2010

Proyecto De Investigación: La Primera Agencia Espacial Mexicana: La Comisión Nacional Del Espacio Exterior (1962-1977), J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

No abstract provided.


Proyecto De Investigación: Los Mexicanos En Las Operaciones De La Segunda Guerra Mundial, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Dec 2010

Proyecto De Investigación: Los Mexicanos En Las Operaciones De La Segunda Guerra Mundial, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

No abstract provided.


And Justice For All: Developing Rule Of Law In The Balkans, Ryan M. Lowry Dec 2010

And Justice For All: Developing Rule Of Law In The Balkans, Ryan M. Lowry

Political Science Department -- Theses, Dissertations, and Student Scholarship

The United Nations created the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia to bring to justice those who had committed the worst crimes during the conflicts in the Balkans during the 1990s. From the outset, this institution was envisioned to temporarily process indicted war criminals. The domestic courts in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia were seen as being corrupt and ill equipped to handle such cases; rule of law was absent or severely lacking in these countries. As the Tribunal winds down, however, both international and domestic actors have emphasized the need to strengthen their judicial systems that will create a ...


Mapping International Chaos, Dylan Kissane Dec 2010

Mapping International Chaos, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

Mapping is inherently a subjective and exclusionary practice as the cartographer decides which elements of the world are included and which can safely be ignored. Similarly, when an international relations theorist describes a new theory it is necessary to define the elements which are essential to understanding the complexities of an international political system, explain why other elements have been excluded and justify why those decisions were made. The subjective nature of theorizing international affairs and the necessary exclusionary practices in which the theorist engages mean that the arguments supporting a new theory of international relations must be rather stronger ...


Revolution In Political Affairs, Dylan Kissane Dec 2010

Revolution In Political Affairs, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

Extract:

"Recognising the marked impact of the internet on both practical politics and the practices of political scientists, it is not too large a step to paraphrase the US Department of Defence and decree the internet a Revolution in Political Affairs. Akin to its military phrase mate, the internet is effecting all areas of political discourse, exchange and public policy while, at the same time, forcing those who study and theorise politics to change their existing ways of thinking, working and imagining their chosen field..."


(Not So) Special Relationships: Explaining Alliance Behaviour In The English Speaking World [Relaţii (Nu Atât De) Speciale. Explicarea Comportamentului De Alianţă În Lumea Vorbitorilor De Limbă Engleză], Dylan Kissane Dec 2010

(Not So) Special Relationships: Explaining Alliance Behaviour In The English Speaking World [Relaţii (Nu Atât De) Speciale. Explicarea Comportamentului De Alianţă În Lumea Vorbitorilor De Limbă Engleză], Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

ENGLISH: Throughout the 20th century the major powers in the global Anglosphere often found themselves allies in armed conflict. These war-time alliances – sometimes temporary, more often part of a longer term cooperation – are sometimes held to arise because of common histories, common values, similar national ideologies and similar notions of international right and wrong. Indeed, the political rhetoric surrounding declarations of war has often cited such factors as colonial history, international friendship and “special relationships” as motivators for joining armed coalitions against third party states. Yet while there stand stark examples of these major English speaking powers acting entirely in ...


War Of Words: Framing Of The United States In Selected Belarusian Newspapers In 2009, Natalie Manayeva Dec 2010

War Of Words: Framing Of The United States In Selected Belarusian Newspapers In 2009, Natalie Manayeva

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the peculiarities of framing of the United States in selected Belarusian newspapers during first six months of the Obama administration. The concepts of anti-Americanism, authoritarian model of mass media and framing were chosen as a theoretical framework. This study was focused on the two main questions: first, what is the difference in how Belarusian state-run and independent newspapers frame the U.S., and second, what is the mechanism of creating negative image of the U.S. in Belarusian newspapers. In order to provide comprehensive answers to both questions the multi-method approach (involving ...


Between Market And State: Directions In Social Science Research On Disaster, Daniel P. Aldrich Nov 2010

Between Market And State: Directions In Social Science Research On Disaster, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

In this extended review, I discuss three recent books on disaster: Governing after Crisis: The Politics of Investigation, Accountability, and Learning edited by Arjen Boin, Allan McConnell, and Paul ‘T Hart, Learning from Catastrophes: Strategies for Reaction and Response , edited by Howard Kunreuther and Micheel Useem, and The Next Catastrophe: Reducing Our Vulnerabilities to Natural, Industrial, and Terrorist Disasters by Charles Perrow. All three books invoke the market and state as core forces at work in mitigation and disaster recovery, overlooking the critical role of social capital.


(Not So) Special Relationships, Dylan Kissane Nov 2010

(Not So) Special Relationships, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

CEFAM Cutting Edge #1 (18 November 2010 / B-316 / 15h)

Do the English speaking countries have a special relationship? If one English speaking country becomes involved in a war do others rush to assist them? What explains why English speaking countries sometimes stand as one but other times stand alone? This presentation takes the 20th century as a case study of Anglophone (non)cooperation and explains why national interests will always override international friendship.


A Thanksgiving Epiphany And The Jewish Obsession With Food, Robert Gottlieb Nov 2010

A Thanksgiving Epiphany And The Jewish Obsession With Food, Robert Gottlieb

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Public Opinion Reform In China, David S. Mason, Ken Colburn Nov 2010

Public Opinion Reform In China, David S. Mason, Ken Colburn

Kenneth D. Colburn

As the People's Republic of China shifts toward a more market-oriented economic system, it has also begun exploring another Western institution: scientific public opinion polling. As Yang Guansan, one of China's leading pollsters, said recently in the Beijing Review: "Only five or six years ago, the public opinion poll was considered to be a 'bourgeois' or 'capitalist' method of social survey ... Now the taboo has been swept away in the strong tide of reform, which is challenging all of China's traditions, stereotypes and prejudices."


The Emergence Of Indigenous Movements In Latin America And Their Impact On The Latin American Political Scene., Salvador Marti I Puig Nov 2010

The Emergence Of Indigenous Movements In Latin America And Their Impact On The Latin American Political Scene., Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

The past two decades have seen the emergence of various political actors in Latin America for whom indigenousness is their basic social identity. The appearance of indig- enous movements at this time can be attributed to a change in the structure of political opportunities in response to globalization, which has created a situation in which policy making is no longer controlled by governments but increasingly the result of the interac- tion of a wide variety of actors. Indigenous peoples have been empowered by alliances with actors that have provided them greater capacity for applying pressure through rela- tionships, including churches ...


Quién Responde? Las Sanciones A Las Organizaciones Políticas Y Sus Directivos, Juan F. Jaramillo, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo Oct 2010

Quién Responde? Las Sanciones A Las Organizaciones Políticas Y Sus Directivos, Juan F. Jaramillo, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

No abstract provided.


Turkey’S Opening To Africa (With Birol Akgun), Mehmet Ozkan Oct 2010

Turkey’S Opening To Africa (With Birol Akgun), Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Poland's New Trade Unions, David S. Mason Oct 2010

Poland's New Trade Unions, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

With the declaration of martial law in December 1981 and the formal banning of Solidarity in October 1982, the Polish regime created for itself a dilemma: how to provide a channel for participation by the workers without reactivating Solidarity and without allowing that participation to assume political dimensions. The Jaruzelski leadership professed a desire to achieve reconciliation and understanding in the aftermath of the heady days of Solidarity and the depressing denouement of martial law. One of the principal means to do this was through the creation of new institutions, allegedly independent, which would absorb some of the creative and ...


Solidarity, The Regime And The Public, David Mason Oct 2010

Solidarity, The Regime And The Public, David Mason

David S. Mason

This paper examines the extent to which Solidarity acted as a link between the population and the regime and as a representative of the interests of the workers. It looks first at the reasons for the emergence of Solidarity, and Solidarity's subsequent embodiment of the society's desire for a political and economic order more in line with the ideals of socialism, and more genuinely representative of the workers' interests. It concludes by assessing the charges against Solidarity made by the martial law authorities, the extent of current support for the union and the regime, and the possibilities for ...


Anglosphere United? Examining And Explaining 20th Century Wartime Alliances In The English Speaking World, Dylan Kissane Oct 2010

Anglosphere United? Examining And Explaining 20th Century Wartime Alliances In The English Speaking World, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

Throughout the 20th century the major powers in the global Anglosphere often found themselves allies in armed conflict. These war-time alliances – sometimes temporary, more often part of a longer term cooperation – are sometimes held to arise because of common histories, common values, similar national ideologies and similar notions of international right and wrong. Indeed, the political rhetoric surrounding declarations of war has often cited such factors as colonial history, international friendship and “special relationships” as motivators for joining armed coalitions against third party states. Yet while there stand stark examples of these major English speaking powers acting entirely in congress ...


How Acorn Was Framed Political Controversy And Media Agenda-Setting, Peter Dreier, Christopher R. Martin Oct 2010

How Acorn Was Framed Political Controversy And Media Agenda-Setting, Peter Dreier, Christopher R. Martin

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The State-In-Society Approach To Democratization With Examples From Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Oct 2010

The State-In-Society Approach To Democratization With Examples From Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Division II Faculty Publications

How does an undemocratic country create democratic institutions and transform its polity in such a way that democratic values and practices become integral parts of its political culture? This article uses the case of Japan to advocate for a new theoretical approach to the study of democratization. In particular, it examines how theoretical models based on the European and North American experiences have difficulty explaining the process of democratization in Japan, and argues that a state-in-society approach is better suited to explaining the democratization process diverse cultural contexts. Taking a bottom-up view of recent developments in Japanese civil society through ...


Review Of "Human Rights In Asia: A Comparative Legal Study Of Twelve Asian Jurisdictions, France And The Usa", Su-Mei Ooi Oct 2010

Review Of "Human Rights In Asia: A Comparative Legal Study Of Twelve Asian Jurisdictions, France And The Usa", Su-Mei Ooi

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

This article reviews Human Rights in Asia: A Comparative Legal Study of Twelve Asian Jurisdictions, France and the USA by Randall Peerenboom, Carole J. Petersen, and Albert H.Y. Chen.


Estado Alterado. Clientelismo, Mafias Y Debilidad Institucional En Colombia, Mauricio García-Villegas, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo Sep 2010

Estado Alterado. Clientelismo, Mafias Y Debilidad Institucional En Colombia, Mauricio García-Villegas, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

This book makes an attempt to articulate a comprehensive vision, not only social and political of the paramilitary phenomenon, but also institutional and legal of the institutional weaknesses underlying the Colombian state capture by the mafias and political actors. Articulating these dimensions allows us to understand better the risks of our political regime, and develop social and institutional proposals that can help address them.


The State-In-Society Approach To Democratization With Examples From Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Sep 2010

The State-In-Society Approach To Democratization With Examples From Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

How does an undemocratic country create democratic institutions and transform its polity in such a way that democratic values and practices become integral parts of its political culture? This article uses the case of Japan to advocate for a new theoretical approach to the study of democratization. In particular, it examines how theoretical models based on the European and North American experiences have difficulty explaining the process of democratization in Japan, and argues that a state-in-society approach is better suited to explaining the democratization process diverse cultural contexts. Taking a bottom-up view of recent developments in Japanese civil society through ...


Health Care Reform Six Months Later, Peter Dreier Sep 2010

Health Care Reform Six Months Later, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Can The Rise Of ‘New’ Turkey Lead To A ‘New’ Era In India-Turkey Relations?, Mehmet Ozkan Sep 2010

Can The Rise Of ‘New’ Turkey Lead To A ‘New’ Era In India-Turkey Relations?, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


The Santa Cruz Autonomía Movement: Preliminary Considerations On A Case Of Non-Indigenous Ethnic Popular Mobilization, Miguel Centellas Sep 2010

The Santa Cruz Autonomía Movement: Preliminary Considerations On A Case Of Non-Indigenous Ethnic Popular Mobilization, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

This paper discusses the recent autonomy movement in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, within a theoretical framework typically reserved for “ethnic” political or social movements. The paper begins with a brief chronology of the Santa Cruz autonomía movement as it developed into a powerful political oppositional movement during the rise of Evo Morales. In doing so, the movement’s leaders consciously adopted the organizational tactics and forms of discourse typically identified with traditional, indigenous-popular Bolivian social movements. As such, the Santa Cruz case both highlights the fluidity of multiculturalism and challenges our notions of how ethnic identity is publicly constructed.


“La Reforma Política En América Latina. Reglas Electorales Y Distribución De Poder Entre Presidente Y Congreso”, Gabriel L. Negretto Sep 2010

“La Reforma Política En América Latina. Reglas Electorales Y Distribución De Poder Entre Presidente Y Congreso”, Gabriel L. Negretto

Gabriel L. Negretto

El cambio frecuente de instituciones políticas pone en entredicho la supuesta estabilidad que éstas tienen como reglas que estructuran el juego político y hace evidente la necesidad de explicar los procesos que les dan origen. Un paso previo para avanzar en esta investigación es establecer cuál es la frecuencia y el conteni- do de los cambios institucionales que ocurren tanto en el tiempo como entre países. El presente artículo analiza, en perspectiva histórica comparada, la extensión, contenido y dirección de las reformas políticas realizadas de 1978 a 2008 en América Latina en materia de reglas electorales y distribución de poder ...