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Comparative Politics

2008

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Articles 61 - 85 of 85

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Analysis Of The Republic Of Tajikistan's Draft Law 'About Freedom Of Conscience And Religious Unions', Robert Blitt, W. Durham Dec 2007

Analysis Of The Republic Of Tajikistan's Draft Law 'About Freedom Of Conscience And Religious Unions', Robert Blitt, W. Durham

Robert C. Blitt

This article, prepared at the request of the International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL), provides an article-by-article detailed legal analysis of key shortcomings in Tajikistan's draft law About Freedom of Conscience and Religious Unions. Based on their analysis, the authors provide recommendations for amendments directed at ensuring that the final draft law complies with Tajikistan's international and domestic human rights obligations.


How To Entrench A De Facto State Church In Russia: A Guide In Progress, Robert Blitt Dec 2007

How To Entrench A De Facto State Church In Russia: A Guide In Progress, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

The Russian Orthodox Church's (ROC) assertion of a constitutionally inappropriate role in affairs of state has severely compromised Russia's secular constitutional framework. This gradual but steady erosion of the barrier between church and state is evidenced by a series of contemporary developments that are inexorably linked to the Church's vision of its traditional place in Russian history. Disturbingly, each successive post-communist regime has further enabled this behavior, and there is no indication that the political transition from President Vladimir Putin to his hand-picked successor, Dmitry Medvedev, will change anything. This paper argues that the emerging pattern of ...


The Effects Of Australian Ballot Rules On Constituent Spending And Committee Assignments In The U.S. House, 1885-1901, Jill Wittrock, Stephen Nemeth, Howard Sanborn, Brian Disarro, Peverill Squire Dec 2007

The Effects Of Australian Ballot Rules On Constituent Spending And Committee Assignments In The U.S. House, 1885-1901, Jill Wittrock, Stephen Nemeth, Howard Sanborn, Brian Disarro, Peverill Squire

Stephen Nemeth

Katz and Sala linked the development of committee property rights in the late-nineteenth-century U.S. House of Representatives to the introduction of theAustralian ballot. If, as they posited, members sought personal reputations to carry them to reelection in the new electoral environment, the current article argues that behaviors with more imme diate political payoffs also should have changed inways their theory would predict. The article examines whether committee assignments, floor voting behavior, and the distribution of pork barrel projects changed in predicted ways and finds supportive outcomes, but usually only when the office bloc ballot, and not the party bloc ...


'Babushka Said Two Things - It Will Either Rain Or Snow; It Either Will Or Will Not': An Analysis Of The Provisions And Human Rights Implications Of Russia's New Law On Nongovernmental Organizations As Told Through Eleven Russian Proverbs, Robert Blitt Dec 2007

'Babushka Said Two Things - It Will Either Rain Or Snow; It Either Will Or Will Not': An Analysis Of The Provisions And Human Rights Implications Of Russia's New Law On Nongovernmental Organizations As Told Through Eleven Russian Proverbs, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

Longtime observers of Russia increasingly have called attention to and expressed profound concern for the direction the Russian Federation has taken in recent years. In advancing President Putin's vision of "dictatorship of law" and "managed democracy," the Russian government has retreated from key democratic reforms, undermining the transition away from Soviet rule and imperiling significant gains in fundamental human rights. It is against this backdrop that, in January 2006, President Putin ratified major amendments to the 1996 Law on Nonprofit Organizations, which regulates the creation, reorganization, activity, and liquidation of NGOs in Russia. Putin has claimed that the amendments ...


Interest In Politics, Cigdem Sirin Dec 2007

Interest In Politics, Cigdem Sirin

Cigdem V. Sirin

No abstract provided.


Environment And Development In Uganda: Understanding The Global Influence On Domestic Policy, Christopher Gore Dec 2007

Environment And Development In Uganda: Understanding The Global Influence On Domestic Policy, Christopher Gore

Christopher D Gore

No abstract provided.


Marital Status And Voting Behavior, Cigdem Sirin Dec 2007

Marital Status And Voting Behavior, Cigdem Sirin

Cigdem V. Sirin

No abstract provided.


Healthy Urban Food Production And Local Government, Christopher Gore Dec 2007

Healthy Urban Food Production And Local Government, Christopher Gore

Christopher D Gore

No abstract provided.


Refugee Camps In The Palestinian And Sahrawi National Liberation Movements: A Comparative Perspective, Randa Farah Dec 2007

Refugee Camps In The Palestinian And Sahrawi National Liberation Movements: A Comparative Perspective, Randa Farah

Randa R Farah Dr.

Drawing on ethnographic field research, this analysis compares the evolution of refugee camps as incubators of political organization and repositories of collective memory for Palestinian refugees in Jordan and Sahrawi refugees of the Western Sahara. While recognizing the significant differences between the historical and geopolitical contexts of the two groups and their national movements (the PLO and Polisario, respectively), the author examines the Palestinian and Sahrawi projects of national consciousness formation and institution-building, concluding that Palestinian camps are “mapped” in relation to the past, while political organization in Sahrawi camps evidences a forward-looking vision.


Electricity And Privatization In Uganda: The Origins Of Crisis And Problems With Response, Christopher Gore Dec 2007

Electricity And Privatization In Uganda: The Origins Of Crisis And Problems With Response, Christopher Gore

Christopher D Gore

No abstract provided.


Paramilitarismo, Desmovilización Y Reinserción. La Ley De Justicia Y Paz Y Sus Implicaciones En La Cultura Política, La Ciudadanía Y La Democracia En Colombia, Andrés Henao Castro, Oscar Mejía Quintana Dec 2007

Paramilitarismo, Desmovilización Y Reinserción. La Ley De Justicia Y Paz Y Sus Implicaciones En La Cultura Política, La Ciudadanía Y La Democracia En Colombia, Andrés Henao Castro, Oscar Mejía Quintana

Andrés Fabián Henao-Castro

No abstract provided.


Upping The Odds: Deviant Democracies And Theories Of Democratization, Renske Doorenspleet, Cas Mudde Dec 2007

Upping The Odds: Deviant Democracies And Theories Of Democratization, Renske Doorenspleet, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

This concluding article tries to integrate the different insights of the individual case studies of this special issue into some comparative observations. The findings are related to debates and findings of the broader literature on democratization, with the aim of generating new insights that might help develop new studies on the topic. Importantly, our suggestions are to be considered as hypotheses complementary to the two dominant theories of democratization, rather than opposite to them, accepting both their key assumptions and stipulations. More specifically, two aspects of key concern to the study of democratization are discussed in more detail: the phasing ...


Radikale Parteien In Europa, Cas Mudde Dec 2007

Radikale Parteien In Europa, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Opportunities And Challenges For Social Policy: Engaging Youth Online, Michael A. De Percy Dec 2007

Opportunities And Challenges For Social Policy: Engaging Youth Online, Michael A. De Percy

Dr Michael A de Percy

The benefits of a free, globally available and rapidly expanding communication network waits for the next generation of social policy practitioners who dare to challenge the traditional approaches to citizen engagement.


La Independencia Judicial En Tiempos De Uribe, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo Dec 2007

La Independencia Judicial En Tiempos De Uribe, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Reflection article that seeks to investigate the situation of judicial independence in the two governments of Álvaro Uribe.


The Constitutional Council And The Transformation Of The Republic, Alec Stone Sweet Dec 2007

The Constitutional Council And The Transformation Of The Republic, Alec Stone Sweet

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


Geography Of Strategic Thinking In The Us In Post-Cold War Era, Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2007

Geography Of Strategic Thinking In The Us In Post-Cold War Era, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Ngos In China: Issues Of Good Governance And Accountability, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu Dec 2007

Ngos In China: Issues Of Good Governance And Accountability, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu

Reza Hasmath

Drawing on interviews conducted among leading local and international NGOs operating in China, this article examines how NGOs understand and implement good governance and accountability principles and practices. It also examines how Chinese constituents and the general public perceive local and international NGOs. The discussion provides a basis on which to assess ways of improving governance and accountability practices for NGOs operating in China.


对中国公民社会组织良好治理的研, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu Dec 2007

对中国公民社会组织良好治理的研, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu

Reza Hasmath

本文研究中国公民社会组织(CSOs)在良好治理方面的作为,比 如在诚信和透明方面的表现。通过对主要的国际及国内公民社会组织的访问,本文将关注中国的公民社会组织是如何理解和实施良好的治理的.此外,本文还将关注中国的乡官人群和公众是如何看待在中国工作的国际和国内公民社会组织.最后,将通过以上方面的研究为中国公民社会组织在未来实现良好治理提出建议.


Political Globalisation And Citizenship: New Sources Of Security Threats In Africa, Shola J. Omotola Dec 2007

Political Globalisation And Citizenship: New Sources Of Security Threats In Africa, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

This article analyses the interface between political globalization, citizenship and security threats in Africa. Political globalization is assumed to be capable of engendering inclusive citizenship; in the same way, citizenship is considered to be central to the national question in Africa. It is around citizenship that most issues of human rights revolve, both at individual and group levels. The article argues that political globalization in Africa tends to limit the meaning, essence and substance of citizenship, even if the latter is defined from a minimalist perspective of duties-rights relationships. The marginalization and/or exclusionary politics engendered by political globalization, especially ...


Globalization, Power, And Integration: The Political Economy Of Regional And Bilateral Trade Agreements In The Americas, Kenneth C. Shadlen Dec 2007

Globalization, Power, And Integration: The Political Economy Of Regional And Bilateral Trade Agreements In The Americas, Kenneth C. Shadlen

Ken Shadlen

This article explores the dynamics of regional economic integration in the Americas. Economic globalisation, or an increased volume of trade and investment and increased mobility of capital, presents developing countries with new opportunities and challenges. In particular, the emergence of south-east Asia as a major site for the production and export of manufactured goods has generated intense competition among developing countries for foreign investment and export-market shares. In this article, globalisation and ensuing competition is linked to the process of economic integration between the United States and countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Fundamental changes in global patterns of ...


Democracy And Constitutionalism In Nigeria Under The Fourth Republic, 1999-2007, Shola J. Omotola Dec 2007

Democracy And Constitutionalism In Nigeria Under The Fourth Republic, 1999-2007, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

No abstract provided.


The Soft Power And Persuasion Of Translations In The War On Terror: Words And Wisdom In The Transformation Of Legal Systems, Donald J. Kochan Dec 2007

The Soft Power And Persuasion Of Translations In The War On Terror: Words And Wisdom In The Transformation Of Legal Systems, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

The power of words is the power of persuasion. The exportation of the foundational legal principles that helped form the American republic can serve as instrumental "soft power" tools in the war on terror. Efforts promoting projects like the Arabic Book Program are important vehicles to cross-cultural and cross-lingual international relations. This Article argues that an arsenal of words can be as, or more, powerful than an arsenal of artillery. The West has much to offer, but the rest of the world needs to be able to read it without getting lost in translation. Providing linguistic access to the documents ...


The Crucial Role Of Civil Society In Disaster Recovery And Japan’S Preparedness For Emergencies, Daniel P. Aldrich Dec 2007

The Crucial Role Of Civil Society In Disaster Recovery And Japan’S Preparedness For Emergencies, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

This article is concerned with the empirical puzzle of why certain neighborhoods and localities recover more quickly than others following disasters. It illuminates four mainstream theories of rehabilitation and resilience, and then investigates a neglected factor, namely the role of social networks and civil society. Initial analyses underscore the important role of trust and connectivity among local residents in the process of rebuilding. After examining the role of civil society in Japan’s preparedness for emergencies, the article concludes with some policy recommendations for governments and nongovernmental actors involved in disaster relief.


Democracia, Presidencialismo Y Partidos Políticos En América Latina: Evaluando La "Difícil Combinación", Daniel Chasquetti Dec 2007

Democracia, Presidencialismo Y Partidos Políticos En América Latina: Evaluando La "Difícil Combinación", Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

¿Qué son y qué papel han jugado las coaliciones de gobierno en América Latina durante las últimas dos décadas? ¿En qué se diferencian de los gobiernos de partido? ¿Qué resultado producen? ¿Qué elementos del sistema político las favorecen y cuáles las entorpecen? ¿Por qué pueden las coaliciones ser consideradas como estrategias óptimas para presidentes con minoría en el congreso? ¿Cuánto duran estos gobiernos y que factores determinan su ruptura? ¿Existe alguna relación entre la fragmentación partidaria y la estabilidad del proceso de gobierno? Éstas y otras preguntas encuentran respuesta en el libro Democracia, presidencialismo y partidos políticos en América Latina ...