Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Comparative Politics

2008

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 31 - 60 of 85

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

‘Housing As Social Right Or Means To Wealth? Comparing The Politics Of Property Booms In Australia And Denmark’, Jens L. Mortensen, Leonard Seabrooke Jan 2008

‘Housing As Social Right Or Means To Wealth? Comparing The Politics Of Property Booms In Australia And Denmark’, Jens L. Mortensen, Leonard Seabrooke

Leonard Seabrooke

Should housing be considered a social right or a means to wealth? This article compares changes to taxation and housing finance regimes in a liberal market for residential property, Australia, and a corporatist market, Denmark. During the last decade, regulatory changes to taxation and housing finance systems in Australia and Denmark facilitated residential property booms. These reforms, particularly those following financial deregulation, introduced new mortgage instruments and changed economic incentives for selecting residential property as an investment vehicle. The reforms may also be associated with a more general process of transforming taxation and housing finance regimes to favour conception of ...


‘Varieties Of Residential Capitalism In The International Political Economy: New Politics In Old Welfare States’, Herman M. Schwartz, Leonard Seabrooke Jan 2008

‘Varieties Of Residential Capitalism In The International Political Economy: New Politics In Old Welfare States’, Herman M. Schwartz, Leonard Seabrooke

Leonard Seabrooke

Comparative and international political economy are justifiably obsessed with finance as a source of power and as a key causal force for domestic and international economic outcomes. Yet both CPE and IPE ignore the single largest asset in people’s everyday lives and one of the biggest financial assets in most economies: residential property and its associated mortgage debt. This special issue argues that residential housing and housing finance systems have important causal consequences for political behavior, social stability, the structure of welfare states, and macro-economic outcomes. The articles examine specific instances across a range of countries. This introduction has ...


The Effects Of Australian Ballot Rules On Constituent Spending And Committee Assignments In The U.S. House, 1885-1901, Jill Wittrock, Stephen Nemeth, Howard Sanborn, Brian Disarro, Peverill Squire Jan 2008

The Effects Of Australian Ballot Rules On Constituent Spending And Committee Assignments In The U.S. House, 1885-1901, Jill Wittrock, Stephen Nemeth, Howard Sanborn, Brian Disarro, Peverill Squire

Howard Sanborn

Katz and Sala linked the development of committee property rights in the late-nineteenth-century U.S. House of Representatives to the introduction of theAustralian ballot. If, as they posited, members sought personal reputations to carry them to reelection in the new electoral environment, the current article argues that behaviors with more imme diate political payoffs also should have changed inways their theory would predict. The article examines whether committee assignments, floor voting behavior, and the distribution of pork barrel projects changed in predicted ways and finds supportive outcomes, but usually only when the office bloc ballot, and not the party bloc ...


Parâmetros Para Uma Análise Empírica Da Relação Entre Idéias, Elites E Instituições, Adriano Codato Jan 2008

Parâmetros Para Uma Análise Empírica Da Relação Entre Idéias, Elites E Instituições, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

This article proposes a set of parameters for understanding political behavior in Brazil during the first part of the twentieth century. Starting from a precisely-defined political problem the São Paulo state political elite s adhesion to and ideological support for the Estado Novo regime we will engage in more general reflections on the relationship between ideas, elites and political institutions. For these purposes, we give salience to two types of variables which enable us to locate political agents within social space, understand their mental dispositions, how they are formed, and what inspires and how they explain their actions. We refer ...


Poulantzas, O Estado E A Revolução, Adriano Codato Jan 2008

Poulantzas, O Estado E A Revolução, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

The article exposes the theory of the capitalist state formulated for Nicos Poulantzas. It is possible to find, in his work, three successive and different formulations of what the state is: a structure, an apparatus and a social relation. Each of these definitions corresponds to a political strategy in regard to the overcome of the capitalist state, so that the two problems, the function of the state and the destruction of the state, must be considered together.


Political Leadership And The Emergence Of Radical Mass Movements In Democracy, Takis S. Pappas Jan 2008

Political Leadership And The Emergence Of Radical Mass Movements In Democracy, Takis S. Pappas

Takis S Pappas

The perception of liberal democracy as a solidly institutionalized system in which opposition forces moderately compete with legitimate authority is so fixed that people are often surprised when mass radicalism emerges. Why, when, and how do radical mass movements emerge in pluralist (or semipluralist) political systems? The article, by linking radical action at the mass level with strategic choices at the elite level, argues in favor of an explanation based on symbolic framing processes. Radical mass action is best explained by the symbolic-cum-strategic action of individual political entrepreneurs employing specific frames to mobilize large masses of people. The argument is ...


An Ethical Map Of Indonesian Mps, Riccardo Pelizzo, Bernice Ang Jan 2008

An Ethical Map Of Indonesian Mps, Riccardo Pelizzo, Bernice Ang

riccardo pelizzo

Building on the work by Mancuso (1993, 1995), the paper presents the results of an elite survey conducted among members of the DPR and DPD in 2006. The data analysis reveals the distribution of ethical preferences among MPs and the existence of four different types of MPs


Legislative Ethics And Codes Of Conduct, Riccardo Pelizzo, Rick Stapenhurst Jan 2008

Legislative Ethics And Codes Of Conduct, Riccardo Pelizzo, Rick Stapenhurst

riccardo pelizzo

This chapter discusses the difference between codes of ethics and codes of conduct, their role, their function and their distribution. The chapter also pays some attention to what makes codes of conduct most effective.


Cartel Parties And Cartel Party Systems, Riccardo Pelizzo Jan 2008

Cartel Parties And Cartel Party Systems, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

The transformation of Western European Party Systems was associated with the emergence of a new model of party organization: the cartel party.The cartel party differs from previous party models because it is increasingly less an agent of society, has interests on its own, depends on state subsidies and struggles to preserve the conditions under whihc it prospers by distorting electoral competition. Through such a distortion the cartel of parties resembles the behavior of oligopolistic firms. The purpose of this book is to investigate whether and to what extent patterns of inter-party competition resemble the functioning of oligopolistic markets.The ...


From Importer To Exporter: The Changing Role Of Nigeria In Promoting Democratic Values In Africa, Shola J. Omotola Jan 2008

From Importer To Exporter: The Changing Role Of Nigeria In Promoting Democratic Values In Africa, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

No abstract provided.


Against The Cultural Gap Thesis In Africa’S Democratisation, Shola J. Omotola Jan 2008

Against The Cultural Gap Thesis In Africa’S Democratisation, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

The article challenges the cultural gap thesis in Africa’s democratization. The thesis argues that democratization in Africa falters because there is a cultural gap in the democratic framework, such as the absence of democrats, i.e., culture, and the subsequent perversion of the democratization process. The argument holds only if there is one single democracy, and therefore, only one acceptable political culture, which is seldom the case. The problem of democracy in Africa is not due to a unique flaw in the African way of life that forecloses the feasibility of sustainable democracy in the continent. It must be ...


Partidos, Gobierno Y Congreso: Chile Y Perú, 1965-2005, Jose Luis Sardon Jan 2008

Partidos, Gobierno Y Congreso: Chile Y Perú, 1965-2005, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

En el presente artículo se argumenta que las diferencias en los niveles de desarrollo alcanzados por Chile y Perú en los últimos 40 años se explican no solo por las reformas económicas emprendidas en uno y otro país sino también por la reforma política realizada en Chile en 1988, mediante la cual se sustituyó el sistema de representación proporcional por un sistema binominal para la elección del Congreso. Esto habría brindado incentivos para la consolidación del sistema de partidos y la estabilización del proceso democrático en Chile. Por el contrario, Perú, al haber persistido y aún profundizado la proporcionalidad de ...


El Canto De Las Sirenas. Algunas Consideraciones Sobre La Comunicación De Gobierno, Augusto Reina Jan 2008

El Canto De Las Sirenas. Algunas Consideraciones Sobre La Comunicación De Gobierno, Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

En la actualidad las estrategias de comunicación política no se agotan al finalizar las campañas electorales, sino que son imprescindibles para la comunicación del gobierno. Los diferentes niveles de gobierno están ante el desafío de crear capacidades estatales para la comunicación de sus acciones con miras a reconstituir el vínculo entre la sociedad y la política. El trabajo se articula sobre tres ejes principales: la sociedad moderna, que es el sujeto de comunicación; las prácticas de los medios de comunicación a través de los que se comunica y las estrategias de la comunicación política. En una primera instancia, se analiza ...


Book Review: 'Secular And Islamic Politics In Turkey: The Making Of The Justice And Development Party', Ali Balci Jan 2008

Book Review: 'Secular And Islamic Politics In Turkey: The Making Of The Justice And Development Party', Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Pensadores Y Forjadores De La Universidad En México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 2008

Pensadores Y Forjadores De La Universidad En México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

This essay provides an overall perspective on the development of public university in Mexico from the Viceroyalty to our days. The presentation focuses on some periods, institutions and debates of particular relevance.


La Educación Media Obligatoria En España, Chile, Argentina Y México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 2008

La Educación Media Obligatoria En España, Chile, Argentina Y México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Se comparan cuatro sistemas de educación media (bachillerato) del ámbito iberoamericano: España, Chile, Argentina y México. Se describen y explican, para cada caso y para el conjunto, las modalidades y fórmulas normativas de obligatoriedad de ese nivel de estudios.


全球多层治理中地方政府与国际政治的相互关系研究, Zhimin Chen Jan 2008

全球多层治理中地方政府与国际政治的相互关系研究, Zhimin Chen

Zhimin Chen

No abstract provided.


El Regreso De Ortega: ¿Policy Change O Simple Circulación De Élites?, Salvador Marti I Puig Jan 2008

El Regreso De Ortega: ¿Policy Change O Simple Circulación De Élites?, Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

El año 2007 en Nicaragua estuvo marcado por la llegada de Daniel Ortega a la Presidencia de la República y por las primeras medidas de su nueva administración. Centrándose en dicho acontecimiento el texto que se presenta razona, en primer lugar, por qué el FSLN llegó nuevamente al poder. Posteriormente analiza la composición y naturaleza del nuevo gobierno, así como las primeras medidas implementadas. A continuación presenta la dinámica de coaliciones y pactos que se sucedieron en la Asamblea Nacional, donde el FSLN es la minoría mayor; y señala el debate de reforma constitucional en curso. Finalmente el artículo concluye ...


What Are The Differences Between The Left And Right In Central America Today? A Debate About The Attitudes Of Political Elites And The Nature Of Democracy In Nicaragua, El Salvador And Guatemala., Salvador Marti I Puig, Salvador Santiuste Cué Jan 2008

What Are The Differences Between The Left And Right In Central America Today? A Debate About The Attitudes Of Political Elites And The Nature Of Democracy In Nicaragua, El Salvador And Guatemala., Salvador Marti I Puig, Salvador Santiuste Cué

Salvador Marti i Puig

This paper analyzes the opinions and attitudes of the main parliamentary groups in Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala on two crucial subjects: democracy and its institutions; and, the relationship between the market and the State. With regard to democracy and its institutions, the paper explores the current perceptions/opinions of political elites on the left and the right with regard to these issues, in countries that recently achived democracy after suffering bloody civil wars. Secondly, the paper outlines the agreements, disagreements, as well as the changes that have taken place within these political factions which, up to today, continue to ...


Uruguay 2007: El Complejo Año De Las Reformas, Daniel Chasquetti Jan 2008

Uruguay 2007: El Complejo Año De Las Reformas, Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

No abstract provided.


Toward Responsible Sovereignty: The Case For Intervention, Erik Martinez Kuhonta Jan 2008

Toward Responsible Sovereignty: The Case For Intervention, Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


Development And Its Discontents: The Case Of The Pak Mun Dam In Northeastern Thailand, Erik Martinez Kuhonta Jan 2008

Development And Its Discontents: The Case Of The Pak Mun Dam In Northeastern Thailand, Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


The Paradox Of Thailand's 1997 "People's Constitution": Be Careful What You Wish For, Erik Martinez Kuhonta Jan 2008

The Paradox Of Thailand's 1997 "People's Constitution": Be Careful What You Wish For, Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


A Research Note On The Middle Class And Democracy In Thailand, Erik Martinez Kuhonta Jan 2008

A Research Note On The Middle Class And Democracy In Thailand, Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


Presidential Candidate Selection In Uruguay 1942-2004, Daniel Buquet, Daniel Chasquetti Jan 2008

Presidential Candidate Selection In Uruguay 1942-2004, Daniel Buquet, Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

This article deals with the presidential candidates’ selection process in both before and after the constitutional reform of 1997. Given the peculiar characteristics of the electoral Uruguayan system, the process of the candidates’ selection will be discussed at two levels: the parties’ selection and the party internal fractions. This work will account for the institutional variables which affect the candidates’ selection process and the political consequences of the selection of presidential candidates’ type. In the first instance, we have two questions to answer: I) How do the fractions select their candidates?, and II) How do the parties select their candidates ...


When And Why ‘Law’ And ‘Reality’ Coincide? De Jure And De Facto Judicial Independence In Chile And Mexico, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Andrea Pozas-Loyo Jan 2008

When And Why ‘Law’ And ‘Reality’ Coincide? De Jure And De Facto Judicial Independence In Chile And Mexico, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Andrea Pozas-Loyo

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Taiwan's 2008 Elections On Cross-Strait Relations: A Game-Theoretical Analysis, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang Jan 2008

The Impact Of Taiwan's 2008 Elections On Cross-Strait Relations: A Game-Theoretical Analysis, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang

Politics Faculty Publications and Presentations

As an “index case” of Third-Wave democracies facing existential threat, Taiwan’s elections entail important implications for study in comparative politics and international relations. In 2008, three important elections help define the course of Taiwan’s democratic development and its relationship with China: the January legislative election, the March presidential election, and a controversial referendum on Taiwan’s United Nations entry. This article employs game theory to analyze the impact of Taiwan’s 2008 elections on cross-strait relations. It develops an “election game” by examining each principal player’s preferences regarding each election. It analyzes Beijing’s possible reaction to ...


The President’S Question Time: Power, Information, And The Executive Credibility Gap, Sudha Setty Jan 2008

The President’S Question Time: Power, Information, And The Executive Credibility Gap, Sudha Setty

Faculty Scholarship

The rule of law depends on a working separation of powers and transparency and accountability in government. If information is power, the ability of one branch of government to control information represents the ability to control federal legislation, policy, and decision-making. The Framers of the United States Constitution developed the Madisonian model of separated powers and functions, and a system of checks and balances to maintain those separations, with this in mind. History has shown a progressive shift of the power to control information toward the executive branch and away from the Legislature. Particularly when unified, one-party government precludes effective ...


Russia And The Cis In 2007 : Putin's Final Year?, Charles E. Ziegler Jan 2008

Russia And The Cis In 2007 : Putin's Final Year?, Charles E. Ziegler

Faculty Scholarship

Russia in 2007 moved further away from a constitutional order governed by the rule of law as President Vladimir Putin's second term drew to a close and the country prepared for parliamentary and presidential elections. High oil and gas prices buoyed the economy, but little progress was made in addressing Russia's serious social problems. In foreign policy, confrontation with the West was balanced by excellent relations with most of Asia.


Nation Building And Women: The Effect Of Intervention On Women’S Agency, Mary Caprioli, Kimberly Douglass Dec 2007

Nation Building And Women: The Effect Of Intervention On Women’S Agency, Mary Caprioli, Kimberly Douglass

Kimberly L Douglass

Regardless of the primary motive, international military intervention aimed at nation building is partly intended to establish democratic societies. And scholars have demonstrated that intervention does have a positive impact on democratization. With democratization generally follows greater support for human rights. Feminist scholars, however, have questioned definitions of democracy in which at minimal, women’s political rights are absent. This brings into question the impact of intervention on the status of women. Particularly in both Iraq and Afghanistan women’s rights have become prominent in the post-invasion American political rhetoric. Since intervention seems to be associated with the spread of ...