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Comparative Politics

2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 36

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Social Capital And Inequality In Latin America, Hector Faya Dec 2006

Social Capital And Inequality In Latin America, Hector Faya

Hector Faya

No abstract provided.


Civic Responsibility And Patterns Of Voluntary Participation Around The World, Mary Alice Haddad Dec 2006

Civic Responsibility And Patterns Of Voluntary Participation Around The World, Mary Alice Haddad

Division II Faculty Publications

This article seeks to explain why different types of volunteer organizations are prevalent in different countries. It hypothesizes that patterns of volunteer participation are a function of citizen attitudes toward governmental and individual responsibility for caring for society. Those countries (e.g., Japan)—where citizens think that governments should be responsible for dealing with social problems—will tend to have higher participation in embedded volunteer organizations, such as parent-teacher associations. Those countries (e.g., the United States)—where citizens think that individuals should take responsibility for dealing with social problems—will tend to have more participation in nonembedded, organizations, such ...


Civic Responsibility And Patterns Of Voluntary Participation Around The World, Mary Alice Haddad Nov 2006

Civic Responsibility And Patterns Of Voluntary Participation Around The World, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

This article seeks to explain why different types of volunteer organizations are prevalent in different countries. It hypothesizes that patterns of volunteer participation are a function of citizen attitudes toward governmental and individual responsibility for caring for society. Those countries (e.g., Japan)—where citizens think that governments should be responsible for dealing with social problems—will tend to have higher participation in embedded volunteer organizations, such as parent-teacher associations. Those countries (e.g., the United States)—where citizens think that individuals should take responsibility for dealing with social problems—will tend to have more participation in nonembedded, organizations, such ...


Medeniyetler İttifakı Ve Akp, Ali Balci Nov 2006

Medeniyetler İttifakı Ve Akp, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Walking A Tightrope: Democracy Versus Sovereignty In Asean's Illiberal Peace, Erik Martinez Kuhonta Sep 2006

Walking A Tightrope: Democracy Versus Sovereignty In Asean's Illiberal Peace, Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


Religion, Law, And Judiciary In Modern India, Tahir Mahmood Sep 2006

Religion, Law, And Judiciary In Modern India, Tahir Mahmood

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Religious Freedom And Democratic Change In Spain, Javier Martinez-Torron Sep 2006

Religious Freedom And Democratic Change In Spain, Javier Martinez-Torron

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Who Was Gottfried Dietze?, Riccardo Pelizzo Aug 2006

Who Was Gottfried Dietze?, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

Published in 2006, this short note provides an overview of Dietze's work and ideas


Globalization And The Secularization Of Immigration Policy: Competing Influences On Immigrant Integration Policy In Germany, France, Britain And The United States, Pamela Irving Jackson, Roderick Parke Jun 2006

Globalization And The Secularization Of Immigration Policy: Competing Influences On Immigrant Integration Policy In Germany, France, Britain And The United States, Pamela Irving Jackson, Roderick Parke

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This article examines the extent to which anti-racist policy development is on the front line of the struggle between the denationalizing forces of global economic integration and the renationalization efforts inherent to the securitization of immigration policies. Sassen (1999) contends that global economic integration has stimulated labor demands and migration patterns that have fostered the transnationalization of immigration policy and provided some protections to immigrants. Jacobson (1996) and Hollifield (1992) have demonstrated global convergence in human rights standards. But national governments have responded to the supra-national influences in anti-racist and minority integration policy development by substituting internal security goals for ...


Decentralization And Political Participation: Argentina And Chile In Comparative Perspective, Andrew W. Maki May 2006

Decentralization And Political Participation: Argentina And Chile In Comparative Perspective, Andrew W. Maki

Government and International Relations Honors Papers

This paper does not have an abstract.


When Presidents Commit War Crimes, Justice Is The Final Victim, Gil J. Villagran May 2006

When Presidents Commit War Crimes, Justice Is The Final Victim, Gil J. Villagran

Gil J. Villagran

Could there be a lesson for President George W. Bush in the expected prosecution of Mexican President Luis Echeverria, charged with genocide 38 years after his crimes against humanity?


Great Expectations? The Changing Role Of “Europe” In Romani Activism In Hungary, Krista Harper, Peter Vermeersch Apr 2006

Great Expectations? The Changing Role Of “Europe” In Romani Activism In Hungary, Krista Harper, Peter Vermeersch

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

Contemporary political action for ethnic and national minorities in Europe appears to be increasingly directed towards supra- and transnational structures. This development seems indicative of the growth of a European space for minority activism – a public space that is less state-centered, that allows claims to be framed in terms of European standards and therefore facilitates the emergence of an active European citizenship. In theory, this “Europeanization” of minority politics may offer minority activists additional avenues for raising demands about cultural recognition and economic equalization. This article seeks to identify the possible implications of the Europeanization of minority politics by exploring ...


Great Expectations? The Changing Role Of “Europe” In Romani Activism In Hungary, Krista Harper, Peter Vermeersch Apr 2006

Great Expectations? The Changing Role Of “Europe” In Romani Activism In Hungary, Krista Harper, Peter Vermeersch

Krista M. Harper

Contemporary political action for ethnic and national minorities in Europe appears to be increasingly directed towards supra- and transnational structures. This development seems indicative of the growth of a European space for minority activism – a public space that is less state-centered, that allows claims to be framed in terms of European standards and therefore facilitates the emergence of an active European citizenship. In theory, this “Europeanization” of minority politics may offer minority activists additional avenues for raising demands about cultural recognition and economic equalization. This article seeks to identify the possible implications of the Europeanization of minority politics by exploring ...


The Limits Of U.S. Governmental Power In Times Of Crisis, Adam M. Goldwater Apr 2006

The Limits Of U.S. Governmental Power In Times Of Crisis, Adam M. Goldwater

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

Government’s Emergency Power Throughout the History of the United States This paper reviews the use of power by the United States government during times of crisis. This paper analyzes both the arguments from Thomas Hobbes and John Locke regarding how limited both believe government should be. Throughout this debate John Locke believes that in leaving a state of nature we must enter into civil society through a social contract with each other. Hobbes’ view of the state of nature is such that he believes that there should be virtually no limitations on the power of government in eliminating citizens ...


Political Corruption: A Latin American Case Study Of Corruption And Its Effects On Economic Development, Shea Donato Apr 2006

Political Corruption: A Latin American Case Study Of Corruption And Its Effects On Economic Development, Shea Donato

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

Latin America has been a volatile region when it comes to politics over the past 50 years. While some of this could be attributed to the Cold War era and the United States and Soviet Union’s meddling in the political processes of Latin America, there are reasons for government problems and instability that go far deeper than the foreign policies of two past superpowers. Some countries have experienced relatively calm political transitions, and others have experienced volatile revolutions and coups. These countries of the developing world, also known as the “Third World,” have not yet attained the industrial development ...


Political Parties, Riccardo Pelizzo Jan 2006

Political Parties, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

Building on the work by Huntington (1968) and Panebianco (1983) this chapters discusses the relationship between corruption and the inadequate institutionalization of political parties.


Re-Examining The Politics Of U.S. Intervention In Early 20th Century Nicaragua: José Madriz And The Conservative Restoration, Yann P. Kerevel Jan 2006

Re-Examining The Politics Of U.S. Intervention In Early 20th Century Nicaragua: José Madriz And The Conservative Restoration, Yann P. Kerevel

Yann P. Kerevel

This research re-examines the U.S. intervention in Nicaragua in 1909-10. Most literature of this period argues that the United States forced the dictator Zelaya out of office in 1909; however, I contend that the argument that U.S. intervention caused the fall of Zelaya does not clearly match up to the historical record. Instead, I argue it is much more compelling to examine U.S. policy toward José Madriz to understand the impact of the intervention. It is clear that U.S. policy was the decisive factor in the fall of Madriz, while it is less convincing in the ...


Through A Glass Darkly’: Assessing The ‘New’ War Against Corruption In Nigeria, Shola J. Omotola Jan 2006

Through A Glass Darkly’: Assessing The ‘New’ War Against Corruption In Nigeria, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

It is no longer news that corruption is endemic in Nigeria. Neither is it news that the ‘democratic’ government of President Obasanjo is waging an unprecedented war against corruption. What is, however, controversial is the extent to which the ‘new’ war has succeeded in addressing this scourge. This article engages this crucial question and submits that while the legal and institutional anchorages of the war offer a good point of departure, they remain grossly inadequate. This largely explains why the war has been underproductive and caught in a deepening crisis of legitimacy. What is required is the nourishing and re-envisioning ...


The Next Gulf? Oil Politics, Environmental Apocalypse And Rising Tension In The Niger Delta, Shola J. Omotola Jan 2006

The Next Gulf? Oil Politics, Environmental Apocalypse And Rising Tension In The Niger Delta, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

No abstract provided.


La Reforma Política Pendiente, Jose Luis Sardon Jan 2006

La Reforma Política Pendiente, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

El presente artículo identifica las claves institucionales que explican las repetidas frustraciones políticas del Perú. Argumenta que existen problemas de diseño tanto en el sistema de gobierno como en el sistema de representación. El Perú tiene un sistema de gobierno seudopresidencial, en el cual predomina un Congreso fragmentado e irresponsable, debido a que es elegido a través de un sistema de representación proporcional. Para tener bases políticas propicias para el desarrollo de los mercados, se requiere una reforma de tales instituciones políticas.


Avrupa Birliği'nin Filistin Politikası, Ali Balci Jan 2006

Avrupa Birliği'nin Filistin Politikası, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Bir Dış Politika Aracı Olarak Dış Yardımların Kullanılması: Japonya Örneği, Ali Balci Jan 2006

Bir Dış Politika Aracı Olarak Dış Yardımların Kullanılması: Japonya Örneği, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Review Of David Art's The Politics Of The Nazi Past In Germany And Austria, German Politics And Society 24:3, 108-112., Antonis A. Ellinas Jan 2006

Review Of David Art's The Politics Of The Nazi Past In Germany And Austria, German Politics And Society 24:3, 108-112., Antonis A. Ellinas

Antonis A. Ellinas

No abstract provided.


Privatizing Public Enterprises In The European Union 1960-2002: Ideological, Pragmatic, Inevitable?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín Jan 2006

Privatizing Public Enterprises In The European Union 1960-2002: Ideological, Pragmatic, Inevitable?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín

Judith Clifton

Privatization, recognized as one of the most important economic policy reforms from the 1970s, has attracted significant attention from scholars, and the literature on the topic is now vast. Yet there is little agreement on the reasons why governments privatized. Three dominant paradigms explaining European Union (EU) privatization put forward distinct motivations. The ‘British paradigm’ assumed that market-friendly ideology played a significant role in a path towards a global programme inspired by the UK experience. The ‘multiple logics’ approach observed that the UK was an anomaly, not a leader, and that EU privatization was so diverse that there were few ...


2006. La Transformación De La Izquierda En Centroamérica. De La Lucha Armada A La Participación Electoral., Salvador Marti I Puig, Carlos Figueroa Ibarra Jan 2006

2006. La Transformación De La Izquierda En Centroamérica. De La Lucha Armada A La Participación Electoral., Salvador Marti I Puig, Carlos Figueroa Ibarra

Salvador Marti i Puig

El libro tiene como objetivo mostrar (a través de las herramientas analíticas que ofrecen la Ciencia Política y la Sociología) la mutación que han experimentado desde el punto organizativo, programático y discursivo las fuerzas políticas más representativas de la izquierda revolucionaria en Centroamericana (el FSLN en Nicaragua, el FMLN en El Salvador y la URNG en Guatemala) desde su fundación, cuando proponían la revolución y se articulaban en movimientos guerrilleros, hasta la actualidad, en que estas formaciones desempeñan funciones de gobierno en diversos municipios y ejercen el rol de partidos opositores –si bien con notables diferencias según el país del ...


“Minority Presidents And Democratic Performance In Latin America”, Gabriel L. Negretto Jan 2006

“Minority Presidents And Democratic Performance In Latin America”, Gabriel L. Negretto

Gabriel L. Negretto

A widely accepted argument among scholars of presidential regimes in Latin America is that inter-branch cooperation is impaired when the president’s party falls short of a majority of seats in the legislature. This argument fails to take into account three factors that should have an effect on executive-legislative relations in the event that the president’s party has no independent control over the assembly: the location of the president’s party in the policy space, the capacity of the president to sustain a veto, and the legislative status of the parties included in the cabinet. I propose the hypothesis ...


“Choosing How To Choose Presidents: Parties, Military Rulers, And Presidential Elections In Latin America”, Gabriel L. Negretto Jan 2006

“Choosing How To Choose Presidents: Parties, Military Rulers, And Presidential Elections In Latin America”, Gabriel L. Negretto

Gabriel L. Negretto

Students of presidential regimes claim that while the combination of plurality rule for presidential elections and concurrent electoral cycles favors bipartism, majority rule for electing presidents favors multipartism. I argue that a reverse causality also affects the relationship between party systems and electoral systems. Using a bargaining model of institutional change, I propose that while dominant and large parties are likely to choose plurality rule and concurrent elections, small parties are likely to choose majority rule. I also argue that military rulers and mil- itary-civilian coalitions tend to follow the logic of electoral choice of small parties. These hypotheses are ...


Thaksin Triumphant: The Implications Of One-Party Dominance, Erik Martinez Kuhonta, Alex Mutebi Jan 2006

Thaksin Triumphant: The Implications Of One-Party Dominance, Erik Martinez Kuhonta, Alex Mutebi

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


Institutional Determinants Of The Judicialisation Of Policy In Brazil And Mexico, Julio Antonio Rios-Figueroa, Matthew M. Taylor Jan 2006

Institutional Determinants Of The Judicialisation Of Policy In Brazil And Mexico, Julio Antonio Rios-Figueroa, Matthew M. Taylor

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

This article offers a comparative perspective on judicial involvement in policy change in Latin America during the last decade and a half. Drawing on the literature on new institutionalism and the judicialisation of politics, and on case studies from Latin America’s two largest countries, we propose a comparative framework for analysing the judicialisation of policy in the region. On the basis of this framework, we argue that institutional structure is a primary determinant of patterns of the judicialisation of policy. In particular, institutional characteristics of the legal system affect the way political actors fight to achieve their policy objectives ...


Final Report Of The Maldivian Penal Law & Sentencing Codification Project: Text Of Draft Code (Volume 1) And Official Commentary (Volume 2), Paul H. Robinson, Criminal Law Research Group -- University Of Pennsylvania Jan 2006

Final Report Of The Maldivian Penal Law & Sentencing Codification Project: Text Of Draft Code (Volume 1) And Official Commentary (Volume 2), Paul H. Robinson, Criminal Law Research Group -- University Of Pennsylvania

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The United Nations Development Programme and the Government of the Maldives commissioned the drafting of a penal code based upon existing Maldivian law, which meant primarily a codification of Shari'a. This is the Final Report of that codification project. A description of the process that produced this Report and the drafting principles behind it, as well as a discussion of the special challenges of codifying Islamic criminal law, are contained in an article at http://ssrn.com/abstract=941443.