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Comparative Politics

2003

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Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Radical Islam, Liberal Islam, Muqtedar Khan Dec 2003

Radical Islam, Liberal Islam, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article extols the virtues of Liberal Islam and argues for the strategic compatibility of Liberal Islam and Liberal Democracy.


Estado Militar, Política Económica Y Representación De Intereses: Dificultades De La Transición Democrática En El Brasil En Los Años Ochenta, Adriano Codato Oct 2003

Estado Militar, Política Económica Y Representación De Intereses: Dificultades De La Transición Democrática En El Brasil En Los Años Ochenta, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

This article discusses some of the institutional formats utilized by the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964-1985) in order to regulate the influence of large commercial interest groups on economic policy. It focuses particularly on the conflicts between the directors of the dominant social class groups and high-level state bureaucratic leaders on decisory priorities in the context of the politics of redemocratização during the Figueiredo government (1979-1985).


Political Barriers And The Transmission Of Monetary Policy Across States: The New England Antebellum Banking Market, Andrew J. Economopoulos Oct 2003

Political Barriers And The Transmission Of Monetary Policy Across States: The New England Antebellum Banking Market, Andrew J. Economopoulos

Business and Economics Faculty Publications

The New England antebellum banking market was examined to understand the interaction of political ideology and economic forces. With each state controlling bank entry, hence the money supply, political ideology could impede the supply of money within a state. However, the monetary forces from neighboring states may have influenced the degree to which parties held true to their political ideology. The results indicate that political ideology was an effective barrier in two of the six states, while three states were responsive to neighbor states' monetary policy regardless of political ideology. These states responded by creating new banks, raising existing capital ...


Teaching Globalization, Muqtedar Khan Aug 2003

Teaching Globalization, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article provides helpful conceptual guidelines for teaching Globalization.


The Arroyofest Project: Building Capacity And Connecting Diverse Communities, Marcus Renner Aug 2003

The Arroyofest Project: Building Capacity And Connecting Diverse Communities, Marcus Renner

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

On June 15, 2003, at four different locations, from Lincoln Heights in the City of Los Angeles to the freeway entrance-way at Glenarm in Pasadena, more than 3,000 bike riders and several thousand walkers descended on the Historic Arroyo Seco Parkway, better known as the 110 or Pasadena Freeway. This event, ArroyoFest, was part of a broader agenda for building capacity and connecting the diverse communities along the Arroyo Seco corridor. This Report provides the background to ArroyoFest, the multiple activities that preceded it, and the plans for the future of the type of community building it generated.


El Voto De Los Mexicanos En El Extranjero. Contexto, Dilemas E Implicaciones, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte May 2003

El Voto De Los Mexicanos En El Extranjero. Contexto, Dilemas E Implicaciones, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Tesis de Licenciatura en Ciencias Políticas y Administración Pública, México, UNAM, 2003. En este trabajo de investigación la hipótesis central es: el proceso de creación de mecanismos legales que posibiliten el voto de los mexicanos en el extranjero, su implementación en un futuro cercano, el desempeño de los partidos políticos, las autoridades gubernamentales y otros actores al respecto, sus factibles resultados, así como la posición que asuma frente a este proceso el gobierno estadounidense, pueden incidir significativamente en el desarrollo de la política interna de México, generando impactos políticos, sociales y económicos inesperados a corto y mediano plazo afectando negativamente ...


Party Positions Or Party Direction?, Riccardo Pelizzo Apr 2003

Party Positions Or Party Direction?, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

The use .f the party manifesto data (PMD) to identqy parties’ position in the political space provida a rather distorted picture of the Italian party syJlern. Three possible explanations fbr this are explored, namely that the Italian party system is exceptional, that there are jlaws in [he data and there might be flaws in the methodology. The article argues that none of these explanations is jully satisJuctory and advances the hypothesis that the PMD left-right scores do not indicate parties’ posilions but instead indicate parties’ direction, that is how (and how much) parlies move to adjusl to changing political conditions ...


Os Autores E Suas Idéias: Um Estudo Sobre A Elite Intelectual E O Discurso Político Do Estado Novo, Adriano Codato, Walter Guandalini, Jr. Jan 2003

Os Autores E Suas Idéias: Um Estudo Sobre A Elite Intelectual E O Discurso Político Do Estado Novo, Adriano Codato, Walter Guandalini, Jr.

Adriano Codato

This paper is an analysis of Estado Novo´s political ideology, through the study of the magazine Cultura Política: revista mensal de estudos brasileiros, government s official periodic. After having read selected articles, concerning the political organization instituted in Brazil by the Golpe de 37, it was possible to examine intellectuals rationalizations for the building of a strong and centralized national state in Brazil. At the end we could verify the role played by the magazine on the authoritarian regime, realize the burocracy s importance as producers of this ideological discourse, and distinguish some of its characteristics.


The Transformation Of The Greek Party System Since 1951, Takis S. Pappas Jan 2003

The Transformation Of The Greek Party System Since 1951, Takis S. Pappas

Takis S Pappas

This study is about party-system change in modern Greece and has two chief aims. First, it seeks to make sense of and explain the evolution of that country’s party system from its early post-war years until today. Far from being ‘frozen’, the Greek party system has displayed continuous transformations from a system featuring significant party fragmentation into another characterised by the high concentration of its political forces. Second, the paper proposes a classification of the changes that took place during the development of the Greek party system. This classification will yield three distinct types of party system which developed ...


Public Governance, Violence And Policies Of Poverty Alleviation. The Families In Action Program. Colombia, Fernando Bernal Castillo Jan 2003

Public Governance, Violence And Policies Of Poverty Alleviation. The Families In Action Program. Colombia, Fernando Bernal Castillo

Fernando Bernal Castillo

This is a study of the conditional cash transfers program implemented in Colombia, Familias en Acción, and the way it has been determined by the governance structure and the institutional framework of the rural societies.


La Educación Superior En El Mercado. Configuraciones Emergentes Y Nuevos Proveedores, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 2003

La Educación Superior En El Mercado. Configuraciones Emergentes Y Nuevos Proveedores, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

La emergencia de nuevos actores y proveedores en el ámbito universitario es un proceso de gran interés para comprender la dirección de la educación superior en el futuro inmediato. El panorama es complejo y la dinámica es muy viva. A la par de procesos de cambio racionales y programados, están ocurriendo auténticas mutaciones en este campo. En esta presentación examinaremos algunas tendencias, como el modelo de educación superior empresarial y las universidades corporativas, la oferta de educación superior virtual, los consorcios y otras alianzas estratégicas, los nuevos flujos público-privado, y el mercado secundario de proveedores. Desde luego, se trata de ...


Education And Development In Mexico: Middle And Higher Education Policies In The 1990s, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez, Lorenza Villa-Lever Jan 2003

Education And Development In Mexico: Middle And Higher Education Policies In The 1990s, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez, Lorenza Villa-Lever

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

This chapter is comprised of four sections. The first considers the characteristics of “knowledge society” and the educational changes that developing countries must undertake if they are ever to close the gap with the industrialized world. The next section assesses secondary edu-cation in Mexico, and the third examines the higher educational system. The final part offers a series of reflections on the tendencies that we are now witnessing, outlining the changes that are required to achieve better articulation between middle and higher education policy and Mexico’s options for growth and development in the near future.


Democratitzar La Democràcia. Experiències I Reptes De La Democràcia Local., Salvador Marti I Puig, Quim Brugué, Michael Donaldson Jan 2003

Democratitzar La Democràcia. Experiències I Reptes De La Democràcia Local., Salvador Marti I Puig, Quim Brugué, Michael Donaldson

Salvador Marti i Puig

No abstract provided.


Prospects For Muslim Democracy: The Role Of Us Policy, Muqtedar Khan Jan 2003

Prospects For Muslim Democracy: The Role Of Us Policy, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This paper explores the role of US foreign policy in promoting Democracy in the Muslim World.


Putting The Pleasure Back In The Drive: Reclaiming Urban Parkways For The 21st Century, Robert Gottlieb, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris Jan 2003

Putting The Pleasure Back In The Drive: Reclaiming Urban Parkways For The 21st Century, Robert Gottlieb, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

Studying the history and current troubles of the Arroyo Seco Parkway, which connects Pasadena to downtown Los Angeles, will bring to light a nationwide parkway problem. Like many parkways, the Arroyo Seco began in the pre-World War II era when transportation needs and traffic patterns were vastly different than they are today. In the tradition of East Coast parkways that featured wide, gently curving roads and were surrounded by landscaped areas-themselves inspired by the wide boulevards of Paris and Berlin-the Arroyo Seco was designed for pleasurable drives at moderate speeds. The parkway was an early success, but over the years ...


Regional Integration And Domestic Institutional Homogeneity: A Comparative Analysis Of Regional Integration In The Americas, Pacific Asia, And Western Europe, Yi Feng, Gaspare M. Genna Jan 2003

Regional Integration And Domestic Institutional Homogeneity: A Comparative Analysis Of Regional Integration In The Americas, Pacific Asia, And Western Europe, Yi Feng, Gaspare M. Genna

Gaspare M Genna

This work argues that the formation of an economic union requires that the homogeneity of domestic economic institutions and the process of regional integration reinforce each other. Granger causality tests on four cases of regional integration in the Americas, Asia and Europe(1975 through 1995)confirm our thesis. These cases include the Andean Pact, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Central American Common Market and the European Union. The most successful case of integration - the European Union - does evince a pattern of positive interaction between the two variables,while less successful cases, found in Latin America, are lacking in ...


Agenda Power In Brazil’S Camara Dos Deputados, 1989-98, Octavio Amorim Neto, Gary W. Cox, Mathew D. Mccubbins Jan 2003

Agenda Power In Brazil’S Camara Dos Deputados, 1989-98, Octavio Amorim Neto, Gary W. Cox, Mathew D. Mccubbins

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Responsibility For Past Injustice: How To Shift The Burden, Chandran Kukathas Jan 2003

Responsibility For Past Injustice: How To Shift The Burden, Chandran Kukathas

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This article considers the question of the responsibility of present generations for injustices committed by previous ones. It asks whether the descendants of victims of past injustice have claims against the descendants of the perpetrators of injustice. Two modes of argument are examined: the individual responsibility approach, according to which descendants cannot have claims against other descendants, and the collective responsibility approach, according to which descendants do have strong claims. Both approaches are criticized, but for different failings. An alternative view, building on the individualist approach, is defended. This view argues that some people may have to bear responsibility for ...


Corporatist Features Of The Security Sector In Democratizing Countries: A Cross-Regional Analysis Of Brazil And Romania, Sebastian Huluban Jan 2003

Corporatist Features Of The Security Sector In Democratizing Countries: A Cross-Regional Analysis Of Brazil And Romania, Sebastian Huluban

Masters Theses

The topic of the thesis is to analyse, from a cross-regional comparative perspective, the relationship between the corporatist features and the civil-military relations in two democratising countries, Romania and Brazil. I choose Romania and Brazil because these two countries present peculiar features regarding the civil-military relations within their regions, and, in addition, these countries share a peculiar heritage regarding the corporatist arrangements both in terms of intellectual-cultural legacy and contingent decisions. The paper encompasses a double attempt as an answer to the current appeals within the civil-military relations literature for new analytical perspectives. First, I will show that the corporatist ...


Feminist Tigers And Patriarchal Lions: Rhetorical Strategies And Instrument Effects In The Struggle For Definition And Control Over Development In Nepal, Coralynn V. Davis Jan 2003

Feminist Tigers And Patriarchal Lions: Rhetorical Strategies And Instrument Effects In The Struggle For Definition And Control Over Development In Nepal, Coralynn V. Davis

Faculty Journal Articles

This article offers an analysis of a struggle for control of a women’s development project in Nepal. The story of this struggle is worth telling, for it is rife with the gender politics and neo-colonial context that underscore much of what goes on in contemporary Nepal. In particular, my analysis helps to unravel some of the powerful discourses, threads of interest, and yet unintended effects inevitable under a regime of development aid. The analysis demonstrates that the employment of already available discursive figures of the imperialist feminist and the patriarchal third world man are central to the rhetorical strategies ...


The Secession Reference And The Limits Of Law, Richard Kay Dec 2002

The Secession Reference And The Limits Of Law, Richard Kay

Richard Kay

When the Supreme Court of Canada issued its judgment on the legality of "unilateral" Quebec secession in August 1998 many Canadians did not know what to make of it. The Court held that the only lawful way in which Quebec might depart the Canadian federation was through one of the amendment mechanisms provided in the Constitution Act 1982. It thus affirmed that Quebec could not secede without the agreement of at least the Houses of the federal Parliament and some number of provincial legislative assemblies. Prime Minister Chretien declared the next day that the judgement was a "victory for all ...


Are Socialists A Woman's Best Friend? Equality Policies In The Spanish Regions, Katerina Linos Dec 2002

Are Socialists A Woman's Best Friend? Equality Policies In The Spanish Regions, Katerina Linos

Katerina Linos

No abstract provided.


Self-Interest, Social Beliefs And Attitudes To Redistribution, Katerina Linos, Martin West Dec 2002

Self-Interest, Social Beliefs And Attitudes To Redistribution, Katerina Linos, Martin West

Katerina Linos

No abstract provided.


Eu Accession And A New Populist Center-Periphery Cleavage In Central And Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde Dec 2002

Eu Accession And A New Populist Center-Periphery Cleavage In Central And Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

The finalized “Return to Europe” of the new EU members states of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has created a whole new ballgame for Eurosceptic political actors. In rational choice terms, the costs of Euroscepticism (and even Eurorejection) have gone down dramatically, while the benefits will most probably go even further up. While the effects of EU accession on the party systems of CEE are multifold, this paper develops one possible effect: the transformation of the already present regional divide within CEE countries into a populist, anti-EU center-periphery cleavage.


Rethinking Civil Society, Cas Mudde Dec 2002

Rethinking Civil Society, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Most studies of civil society are mainly normative, both in their conceptualization and in their theoretical assumptions. We suggest a new, or better revised, research agenda of the study of civil society, which should include (at least) these four points. First, the concept of civil society should be seen as a heuristic device. Second, the separation between ‘civil society’ and ‘uncivil society’ makes sense only in a normative framework, and then exclusively with uncivil society defined as a sub-set of civil society. Third, empirical research on civil society should study the nature of the relationship between civil society organizations and ...


Civil Society In Post-Communist Europe: Lessons From The 'Dark Side', Cas Mudde Dec 2002

Civil Society In Post-Communist Europe: Lessons From The 'Dark Side', Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


The Participation Of Subnational Units In The Foreign Policy Of The Federation, Beat Habegger Dec 2002

The Participation Of Subnational Units In The Foreign Policy Of The Federation, Beat Habegger

Beat Habegger

No abstract provided.


Are Patriots Bigots? An Inquiry Into The Vices Of In-Group Pride, Zachary Elkins, Rui De Figueiredo Dec 2002

Are Patriots Bigots? An Inquiry Into The Vices Of In-Group Pride, Zachary Elkins, Rui De Figueiredo

Zachary Elkins

No abstract provided.