Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Judicial Intervention In Civic-Military Relations. Evidence From Colombia And Mexico, Julio Antonio Rios-Figueroa, María Fernanda Gómez Abán Jan 2014

Judicial Intervention In Civic-Military Relations. Evidence From Colombia And Mexico, Julio Antonio Rios-Figueroa, María Fernanda Gómez Abán

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


Effectiveness And Representativeness Of Justice System Institutions In Mexico´S Transition To Democracy, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Jan 2013

Effectiveness And Representativeness Of Justice System Institutions In Mexico´S Transition To Democracy, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of Cross-National Measures Of Judicial Independence, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Jeffrey K. Staton Jan 2013

An Evaluation Of Cross-National Measures Of Judicial Independence, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Jeffrey K. Staton

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

We provide a conceptual map of judicial independence and evaluate the con- tent, construct, and convergent validity of 13 cross-national measures. There is evidence suggesting the validity of extant de facto measures, though their proper use requires attention to correlated patterns of measurement error and missing data. The evidence for the validity of extant de jure measures is weaker. Among other findings, we do not observe a strong and direct link between the rules that allegedly promote judicial independence and independent behavior. The results suggest that while the measurement of both de jure and de facto judicial independence requires a ...


Sociolegal Studies In Mexico, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Jan 2012

Sociolegal Studies In Mexico, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

This article reviews recent sociolegal scholarship on Mexico related to three topics: (i) the judiciary, the courts, and judicial behavior; (ii) public security and the criminal justice system; and (iii) legal culture. While existing scholarship provides a wealth of information and systematized data on legal phenomena, there is still a conspicuous scarcity of explanations and of systematic empirical analysis. This makes for a lot of research opportunities for sociolegal scholarship in a country that has been under profound and peculiar political, social, and economic transformation in the last three decades. Keywords: Courts; Judicial Behavior; Public Security; Criminal Justice System; Legal ...


Institutional Design And Constitutional Interpretation: Constructing Due Process Rights In Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Jan 2012

Institutional Design And Constitutional Interpretation: Constructing Due Process Rights In Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


Justice System Institutions And Corruption Control. Evidence From Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Jan 2012

Justice System Institutions And Corruption Control. Evidence From Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

This essay explores whether the design of justice system institutions helps control corruption. Applying the basic logic of checks and balances to intrabranch institutional design, the main argument is that any justice system where judges and prosecutors, of different ranks and levels, are unchecked actors generates incentives for them to abuse their positions. In other words, while generally judges and prosecutors are considered organs that oversee other branches of government, they may also constitute sources of corruption if left unchecked. The essay offers preliminary evidence on the specific hypotheses derived from the general argument from samples of eighteen Latin American ...


The Politics Of Amendment Processes. Supreme Court Influence In The Design Of Judicial Councils, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Andrea Pozas-Loyo Jan 2011

The Politics Of Amendment Processes. Supreme Court Influence In The Design Of Judicial Councils, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Andrea Pozas-Loyo

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

This Article studies amendment processes, their specific characteristics, and how these characteristics shape institutional design outcomes. Amendment processes are in between the extraordinary creation of new constitutions and the ordinary process of lawmaking. Our central claim is that the design of institutions through amendments is influenced by variables that do not regularly figure in the analysis of constitution making because of their bias toward new constitutions and the “politics of the extraordinary.” In particular, we argue that the design of the existing institutions and the political leverage of actors that do not participate directly in constitutional reform may exert an ...


Institutions For Constitutional Justice In Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Jan 2011

Institutions For Constitutional Justice In Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


Introduction: Courts In Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Dec 2010

Introduction: Courts In Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


Enacting Constitutionalism. The Origins Of Independent Judicial Institutions In Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Andrea Pozas-Loyo Jan 2010

Enacting Constitutionalism. The Origins Of Independent Judicial Institutions In Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Andrea Pozas-Loyo

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


El Sistema De Administración De Justicia, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Jan 2010

El Sistema De Administración De Justicia, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


Justicia Constitucional Y Derechos Humanos En América Latina, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Dec 2009

Justicia Constitucional Y Derechos Humanos En América Latina, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

¿Qué explica el nivel de protección judicial de los derechos? En América Latina, por ejemplo, mientras la Corte Constitucional de Colombia o la Cuarta sala de la Corte de Costa Rica han sido altamente activas en términos de la protección de derechos, la Corte Suprema de México o el Tribunal Constitucional de Chile no lo han sido. ¿ Por qué, entonces, solo ciertas cortes constitucionales trabajan activamente en la garantía de derechos? En este trabajo se exploran posibles explicaciones del porqué algunas cortes constitucionales defienden más activamente los derechos establecidos en las constituciones que otras. Estas explicaciones se articulas en torno ...


When And Why ‘Law’ And ‘Reality’ Coincide? De Jure And De Facto Judicial Independence In Chile And Mexico, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Andrea Pozas-Loyo Jan 2008

When And Why ‘Law’ And ‘Reality’ Coincide? De Jure And De Facto Judicial Independence In Chile And Mexico, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Andrea Pozas-Loyo

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


Fragmentation Of Power And The Emergence Of An Effective Judiciary In Mexico, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Jan 2007

Fragmentation Of Power And The Emergence Of An Effective Judiciary In Mexico, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Legal reforms that make judges independent from political pressures and empower them with judicial review do not make an effective judiciary. Something has to fill the gap between institutional design and effectiveness. When the executive and legislative powers react to an objectionable judicial decision, the judiciary may be weak and deferential; but coordination difficulties between the elected branches can loosen the constrains on courts. This article argues that the fragmentation of political power can enable a judiciary to rule against power holders´interests without being systematically challenged or ignored. This argument is tested with an analysis of the Mexican Supreme ...


Institutional Determinants Of The Judicialisation Of Policy In Brazil And Mexico, Julio Antonio Rios-Figueroa, Matthew M. Taylor Jan 2006

Institutional Determinants Of The Judicialisation Of Policy In Brazil And Mexico, Julio Antonio Rios-Figueroa, Matthew M. Taylor

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

This article offers a comparative perspective on judicial involvement in policy change in Latin America during the last decade and a half. Drawing on the literature on new institutionalism and the judicialisation of politics, and on case studies from Latin America’s two largest countries, we propose a comparative framework for analysing the judicialisation of policy in the region. On the basis of this framework, we argue that institutional structure is a primary determinant of patterns of the judicialisation of policy. In particular, institutional characteristics of the legal system affect the way political actors fight to achieve their policy objectives ...


The Constitutional Adjudication Mosaic Of Latin America, Julio Antonio Rios-Figueroa, Patricio Navia Jan 2005

The Constitutional Adjudication Mosaic Of Latin America, Julio Antonio Rios-Figueroa, Patricio Navia

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

This article maps current constitutional adjudication systems in 17 Latin American democracies. Using recent theoretical literature, the authors classify systems by type (concrete or abstract), timing (a priori or a posteriori), and jurisdiction (centralized or decentralized). This approach captures the richness and diversity of constitutional adjudication in Latin America, where most countries concurrently have two or more mechanisms. Four models of constitutional adjudication are currently in use. In the past, weak democratic institutions and the prevalence of inter par- tes, as opposed to erga omnes, effects of judicial decisions, prevented the development of constitutional adjudication. Today, democratic consolidation has strengthened ...


El Surgimiento De Un Poder Judicial Efectivo En México: Gobierno Dividido Y Toma De Decisiones En La Suprema Corte De Justicia, 1994-2002, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Jan 2004

El Surgimiento De Un Poder Judicial Efectivo En México: Gobierno Dividido Y Toma De Decisiones En La Suprema Corte De Justicia, 1994-2002, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


Capital Social Y Democracia: Una Revisión Crítica De Robert Putnam, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Alejandra Ríos Cázares Jan 1999

Capital Social Y Democracia: Una Revisión Crítica De Robert Putnam, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Alejandra Ríos Cázares

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.