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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Upping The Odds: Deviant Democracies And Theories Of Democratization, Renske Doorenspleet, Cas Mudde Dec 2007

Upping The Odds: Deviant Democracies And Theories Of Democratization, Renske Doorenspleet, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

This concluding article tries to integrate the different insights of the individual case studies of this special issue into some comparative observations. The findings are related to debates and findings of the broader literature on democratization, with the aim of generating new insights that might help develop new studies on the topic. Importantly, our suggestions are to be considered as hypotheses complementary to the two dominant theories of democratization, rather than opposite to them, accepting both their key assumptions and stipulations. More specifically, two aspects of key concern to the study of democratization are discussed in more detail: the phasing ...


Radikale Parteien In Europa, Cas Mudde Dec 2007

Radikale Parteien In Europa, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Civil Society, Cas Mudde Dec 2006

Civil Society, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


A Fortuynist Foreign Policy, Cas Mudde Dec 2006

A Fortuynist Foreign Policy, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Racist Extremism In Central And Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde Dec 2004

Racist Extremism In Central And Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Based in part on the results of a unique, comparative research project, the aim of this article is threefold: (1) to provide a comparative summary of racist extremism in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE); (2) to compare the situation of racist extremism in CEE to that inWestern Europe; and (3) to come to some further insights about racist extremism in the region. It concludes, in contrast to many of the alarming statements on the topic, that CEE is neither a hotbed of racist extremism nor a safe haven for racist extremists. In fact, if one compares the state of racist ...


What’S Left Of The Radical Left? The European Radical Left Since 1989: Decline And Mutation, Cas Mudde, Luke March Dec 2004

What’S Left Of The Radical Left? The European Radical Left Since 1989: Decline And Mutation, Cas Mudde, Luke March

Cas Mudde

We make a three-fold contribution to research on the European radical left. First, we will offer a clear and comprehensive definition of the term ‘radical left’. Second, we will look at the main developments within the European radical left as a whole, and not just at one sub-set of political parties. Third, we will take a pan-European perspective, focusing on both Eastern and Western Europe. The radical left in Europe post-1989 is both in decline and in mutation. Decline is evident in both the marginalization and moderation of Communist organizations (notably parties), a direct result of the fall of the ...


The Populist Zeitgeist, Cas Mudde Dec 2003

The Populist Zeitgeist, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Globalisation: The Multi-Faceted Enemy?, Cas Mudde Dec 2003

Globalisation: The Multi-Faceted Enemy?, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Eu Accession And A New Populist Center-Periphery Cleavage In Central And Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde Dec 2002

Eu Accession And A New Populist Center-Periphery Cleavage In Central And Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

The finalized “Return to Europe” of the new EU members states of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has created a whole new ballgame for Eurosceptic political actors. In rational choice terms, the costs of Euroscepticism (and even Eurorejection) have gone down dramatically, while the benefits will most probably go even further up. While the effects of EU accession on the party systems of CEE are multifold, this paper develops one possible effect: the transformation of the already present regional divide within CEE countries into a populist, anti-EU center-periphery cleavage.


Rethinking Civil Society, Cas Mudde Dec 2002

Rethinking Civil Society, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Most studies of civil society are mainly normative, both in their conceptualization and in their theoretical assumptions. We suggest a new, or better revised, research agenda of the study of civil society, which should include (at least) these four points. First, the concept of civil society should be seen as a heuristic device. Second, the separation between ‘civil society’ and ‘uncivil society’ makes sense only in a normative framework, and then exclusively with uncivil society defined as a sub-set of civil society. Third, empirical research on civil society should study the nature of the relationship between civil society organizations and ...


Civil Society In Post-Communist Europe: Lessons From The 'Dark Side', Cas Mudde Dec 2002

Civil Society In Post-Communist Europe: Lessons From The 'Dark Side', Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


The Two Sides Of Euroscepticism. Party Positions On European Integration In East Central Europe, Petr Kopecky, Cas Mudde Dec 2001

The Two Sides Of Euroscepticism. Party Positions On European Integration In East Central Europe, Petr Kopecky, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

This article aims to make a three-fold contribution to the study of Euroscepticism in the wider Europe. First, it presents a two-dimensional conceptualization of party positions on European integration in general, and of Euroscepticism in particular, distinguishing between diffuse and specific support for European integration (i.e. ‘support for the ideas of European integration’ and ‘support for the EU’). Second, it analyses the location, type, and electoral strength of party-based Euroscepticism in the four candidate countries of East Central Europe – the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia. Third, it contributes to the ideology vs. strategy debate, showing that ideology is ...


In The Name Of The Peasantry, The Proletariat, And The People: Populisms In Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde Dec 2000

In The Name Of The Peasantry, The Proletariat, And The People: Populisms In Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


The Right And The Righteous? European Norms, Domestic Politics And The Sanctions Against Austria, Cas Mudde, Michael Merlingen, Ulrich Sedelmeier Dec 2000

The Right And The Righteous? European Norms, Domestic Politics And The Sanctions Against Austria, Cas Mudde, Michael Merlingen, Ulrich Sedelmeier

Cas Mudde

In February 2000, fourteen EU member states collectively took the unprecedented step to impose bilateral sanctions on their Austrian EU partner. How can this be explained? Was it, as the fourteen governments argued, because the inclusion in the Austrian government of Jörg Haider’s extreme right FPÖ opposes many of the ideas making up the common identity of the EU? Or, were the sanctions motivated, as the Austrian government argued, by narrow-minded party political interests that lurked beneath the rhetoric of shared European norms and values? Our analysis suggests that without the particular concerns about domestic politics of certain politicians ...


What Has Eastern Europe Taught Us About The Democratisation Literature (And Vice Versa)?, Petr Kopecky, Cas Mudde Dec 1999

What Has Eastern Europe Taught Us About The Democratisation Literature (And Vice Versa)?, Petr Kopecky, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

The relationship between Eastern Europe and democratisation studies so far has been highly asymmetric. In contrast to the vast contribution, both in data and theory, of Eastern Europe to the democratisation literature, the latter has been of only modest use to the understanding of the democratisation processes in post communist Europe. Despite the growing number of empirically grounded assessments, most notably of degrees of democratic consolidation within East-Central Europe, there is still very little agreement on what exactly is democratic transition and consolidation or on what explains the seemingly widening gap between East-Central Europe on the one hand and the ...


The Netherlands: Explaining The Limited Success Of The Extreme Right, Cas Mudde, Joop Van Holsteyn Dec 1999

The Netherlands: Explaining The Limited Success Of The Extreme Right, Cas Mudde, Joop Van Holsteyn

Cas Mudde

The third wave of right-wing extremism in West Europe, which started in the early 1980s (Von Beyme, 1988), did not pass the Netherlands by. This chapter deals with Dutch manifestation of extreme right parties, most notably its main representative, the Centrumdemocraten (Centre Democrats, CD). It presents a portrait of this party, describing its history, organization and ideology, and electorate, as well as a discussion of the reasons for its limited success compared to equivalent parties in countries like Austria, Belgium and France.


Extreme Right Parties In Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde Dec 1999

Extreme Right Parties In Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Germany: Extremism Without Successful Parties, Cas Mudde Dec 1999

Germany: Extremism Without Successful Parties, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Explaining Different Paths Of Democratization: The Czech And Slovak Republics, Cas Mudde Dec 1999

Explaining Different Paths Of Democratization: The Czech And Slovak Republics, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Since the ‘velvet split’ in January 1993, the Czech and Slovak Republics seem to have developed into completely different directions: towards a role model and a problematic case of post-communist democracy respectively. This supposedly sharp difference in development provides in itself a very interesting topic for study, but also makes for a very useful set-up to evaluate the many theories that have been offered to explain (un)successful processes of democratization in Eastern Europe. In this article, we compare the two countries in light of their degree of ‘democratic consolidation’, to establish in more detail in which way they actually ...


The Single-Issue Party Thesis: Extreme Right Parties And The Immigration Issue, Cas Mudde Dec 1998

The Single-Issue Party Thesis: Extreme Right Parties And The Immigration Issue, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

This article examines the single-issue party thesis for the specific case of contemporary extreme right parties (ERPs) and the immigration issue. I define the single-issue party as (l) having an electorate with no particular social structure; (2) being supported predominantly on the basis of one single issue; (3) lacking an ideological programme; and (4) addressing only one all-encompassing issue. On the basis of a comprehensive analysis of electoral studies and party literature the single-issue party thesis is rejected on all counts. At best, immigration has been a catalyst for most ERPs in certain periods of time. Their ideology and broader ...


The Party Family And Its Study, Cas Mudde Dec 1997

The Party Family And Its Study, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Although the notion of the party family, with the various cross-national and cross-temporal similarities it implies, underlies much of the standard work on comparative party politics, it nevertheless remains one of the most undertheorized and least specified approaches to the general classification of parties. Four of the principal approaches that are used to identify party families are discussed: origins and sociology, transnational links, policy and ideology, and party name. The advantages and disadvantages of each approach are assessed, as are some of the more generic problems that may be associated with all four approaches. The two approaches that appear best ...


The War Of Words: Defining The Extreme Right Party Family, Cas Mudde Mar 1996

The War Of Words: Defining The Extreme Right Party Family, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

This article presents an overview of the writings on the extreme right party family of the third wave (1980–95). First, the prime criterion for the classification of the party family is discussed. Second, the main critiques of, and alternatives to, the term right‐wing extremism are evaluated. Third, the political parties that are generally considered to be members of the party family are identified. Fourth, subgroups within the larger party family are examined. In the conclusion, the various writings are structured on the basis of four theoretical schools within the broader study of right‐wing extremism.


The Paradox Of The Anti-Party Party. Insights From The Extreme Right, Cas Mudde Dec 1995

The Paradox Of The Anti-Party Party. Insights From The Extreme Right, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Right-Wing Extremism Analyzed. A Comparative Analysis Of The Ideologies Of Three Alleged Right-Wing Extremist Parties (Npd, Ndp, Cp'86), Cas Mudde Dec 1994

Right-Wing Extremism Analyzed. A Comparative Analysis Of The Ideologies Of Three Alleged Right-Wing Extremist Parties (Npd, Ndp, Cp'86), Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

The so-called 'third wave' of right-wing extremism has taken both society and social science by storm. In contrast to the many studies that look for possible explanations for the success of this 'wave', this article focuses on right-wing extremism itself. In the first part, the concept is defined on the basis of the existing literature, as a political ideology that consists of a combination of several features. In the second part, these features are first conceptualized and second used in a comparative analysis of the ideologies of three alleged right-wing extremist parties (the Dutch CP'86, the German NPD and ...