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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A Tale Of Two Revolutions: A Comparative Case Study Of The Rhetoric Of Twenty-First Century Socialist Movements In Cuba And Venezuela, Andreina Lamas Mar 2019

A Tale Of Two Revolutions: A Comparative Case Study Of The Rhetoric Of Twenty-First Century Socialist Movements In Cuba And Venezuela, Andreina Lamas

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Cuba and Venezuela have historically been signaled as the two longest-lasting socialist revolutions and governments in the Western hemisphere. Much of their revolutionary theory has been based on the actions taken by the United States towards Latin America as a whole, as well as towards those two countries specifically. This can be most acutely perceived in the ways in which the leaders of these revolutions, Fidel Castro and Hugo Chávez, speak about the United States in relation to their own ideologies. Consequently, simultaneously studying these policies by the United States, Castro’s speeches, and those by Chávez provide evidence on ...


Rhetorical Ruckus Or Supranational Legal Threat? A Comparative Analysis Of Far-Right Populism In Central And Eastern European Member States Of The European Union And Its Supranational Legal-Institutional Consequences, Stephen Imburgia Mar 2019

Rhetorical Ruckus Or Supranational Legal Threat? A Comparative Analysis Of Far-Right Populism In Central And Eastern European Member States Of The European Union And Its Supranational Legal-Institutional Consequences, Stephen Imburgia

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Many states around the globe, most particularly in Europe, have seen a resurgence of far-right populist parties in the years following the global financial crisis. In Central and Eastern Europe (C.E.E.), the domestic democratic backsliding exhibited by European Union Member States such as Hungary under the administration of Fidesz’s Viktor Orbán and Poland under the control of Law and Justice’s Mateusz Morawiecki have prompted many scholars and political observers to predict the worst for the European Union. However, while domestic sliding towards authoritarianism and a flouting of rhetorical norms is cause for alarm, the effect of ...


In One's Own Right: Party Competition And Ideological Control In Post-Communist Hungary And Poland, Jeremy Golant Jun 2018

In One's Own Right: Party Competition And Ideological Control In Post-Communist Hungary And Poland, Jeremy Golant

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In their 1997 paper “Are Transitions Transitory?”, Milada Vachudova and Timothy Snyder predicted that the ethnically homogenous states of post-communist Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) would experience an uncomplicated democratic transition. In their formulation, three such states – Hungary, Poland, and the Czech Republic – would encounter success in this process as a result of three factors: their ethnic homogeneity, their relatively strong economies, and their successful breakages from communist rule. At once the scholars predicted that three other states, Romania, Bulgaria, and Slovakia, would fail to democratize, particularly because they were not characterized by these three factors. The key differentiating factor ...


From The Table Of My Memory: Identity, Political Change, And Shakespeare In Mexico And Argentina, Helena Von Nagy Jan 2018

From The Table Of My Memory: Identity, Political Change, And Shakespeare In Mexico And Argentina, Helena Von Nagy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In Mexico and Argentina, the localization of Shakespeare marks the crystallization of a new nationalist, political identity rooted in a reshaped collective memory. The development of this identity and the role of memory form a new kind of national citizenship. This group citizenship gives an individual a connection to a nation established around the collective memory of events, or what I term the memory-nation. The localization of Shakespeare, then, marks the complete formation of a citizenship in a new memory-nation. In Mexico, the localization of Shakespeare and its use in cinema was part of a larger process of defining post-Revolutionary ...


Inequality And Political Extremism: An Analysis Of The 2017 Election Cycle In France And The Netherlands, Noah Katcher Jan 2017

Inequality And Political Extremism: An Analysis Of The 2017 Election Cycle In France And The Netherlands, Noah Katcher

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

The 2017 election cycle in France and the Netherlands featured candidates widely defined as politically extreme rapidly gaining traction as Election Day approached. Though neither Marine Le Pen of France nor Geert Wilders of the Netherlands were victorious in their bids to lead their respective nations, their second-place finishes led many to question how to typify this growing base of support for politically extreme candidates. As targets of their charged rhetoric felt increasingly threatened by their momentum, even after the elections, many seek to understand which underlying issues motivated support for candidates with such unprecedented views. In the context of ...


Soviet/Russian Military Capabilities: Assessing Tech, Manpower, & Loyalty, Karin Shmulevich Apr 2016

Soviet/Russian Military Capabilities: Assessing Tech, Manpower, & Loyalty, Karin Shmulevich

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Since the Imperialist times of Peter the Great, Russia’s military ideology has been largely predicated on the goal of creating a large and powerful army. In an attempt to gain territory and prestige, a nation’s military strength was often reduced to a mere game of numbers in order to overpower the opposing side. Of course, weapons and tactics were also involved, but they meant nothing without the men who were needed to utilize them and perform accordingly. Overtime, as new threats began to emerge and a different international dynamic began to form with improved technological systems and weaponry ...


The Dogs That Did Bark: White-Collar Unions And Protests In Moscow In The Eastern European Post-Communist Context, Igor Bazay Jan 2015

The Dogs That Did Bark: White-Collar Unions And Protests In Moscow In The Eastern European Post-Communist Context, Igor Bazay

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This study will examine whether Russian labor is truly “quiescent” by examining general activity in Moscow from 2000 to 2014 and then focusing on white-collar union activity. The results indicate that over this period, the unions representing healthcare workers, teachers, and academics were very active and often achieved concessions from the government such as higher wages or changes to proposed reforms. These findings are important in the context of other post-communist states (Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic) as they indicate that institutional differences like method of unionization and unions’ political involvement led to different results for white-collar unions in ...


Gay And Lesbian Rights In Confucian Asia: The Cases Of Hong Kong, Singapore, And Taiwan, John Cheo Jan 2014

Gay And Lesbian Rights In Confucian Asia: The Cases Of Hong Kong, Singapore, And Taiwan, John Cheo

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

From being a love that dared not speak its name to one that is legally recognized by many countries today, same-sex acts and relations have indeed undergone a remarkable transformation in terms of how they are perceived and, consequently, regulated. Yet, globally speaking, this transformation is taking place unevenly as many countries continue to criminalize homosexuality and the commission of same-sex acts.

In Asia, a region that has traditionally if misguidedly been seen as more sexually conservative than the so-called 'Wild West,' the debate over the acceptability of homosexuality rages on. As three of Asia’s most economically developed, cosmopolitan ...


Consensus Democracy And State Performance: Evaluating The Impact Of Coalition Government On Indian States, Vandit D. Shah May 2013

Consensus Democracy And State Performance: Evaluating The Impact Of Coalition Government On Indian States, Vandit D. Shah

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The question of whether a majoritarian setup is optimal in terms of broad representation takes up on paramount importance in the context of power-sharing in deeply divided places, whereby unqualified exclusion of segment(s) of the population from government can have potentially disastrous consequences. Governance in deeply-divided places presents a rather intriguing question --- who governs the people, how are they elected, what mandates do they have? What form of government works best - a single-party majoritarian system that by popular belief leads to more effective governance or a consensus-based government that allows for better protection of minority interests? More broadly then ...


Genetically Modified Organisms And Southern African Food Policy, Andrew J. Leahey Apr 2013

Genetically Modified Organisms And Southern African Food Policy, Andrew J. Leahey

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper examines why it is that Zambia and Zimbabwe, two states with similar background conditions and initial positions, arrived at differing policy decisions with regards to genetically modified organisms (GMO). The two neighboring Southern African states are economically dependent on their agricultural sector, share a common colonial legacy, rely heavily on maize as a subsistence crop and have struggled with issues of food security. Their decisions were shaped by their post-colonial legacy and differing conceptions of modernity. In the years following independence, Zambia sought to subsidize their agricultural sector through inputs and credit. Zimbabwe instead focused on land reform ...


2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann Dec 2011

2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann

TTCSP Global Go To Think Tank Index Reports

The 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Rankings marks the fifth edition of the annual report. As in previous years, the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania’s International Relations Program has relied on the indexing criteria and process developed by James G. McGann for ranking think tanks around the world. The Program’s Rankings remain the first and most comprehensive ranking of the world’s top think tanks, and are based on an annual global peer and expert survey of close to 1500 scholars, policymakers, journalists, and regional and subject area experts. Given ...


The Unintended Political Consequences Of Higher Education In The Prc, Allison Carroll Goldman May 2011

The Unintended Political Consequences Of Higher Education In The Prc, Allison Carroll Goldman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the past 10 years, China has grown its higher education sector into the largest in the world. At the same time, growing international integration of Chinese institutions means increasing cross-fertilization of ideas across national borders. While the literature on these developments has focused largely on their economic implications, this study asks what they mean politically. In light of current questions regarding political debate and reform in the Chinese Communist Party, this paper suggests new higher education policies may have important unintended consequences for the future of Chinese political development. As Chinese political leaders continue to reform and adapt policies ...


Roma Surrecta: Portrait Of A Counterinsurgent Power, 216 Bc - Ad 72, Emerson T. Brooking May 2011

Roma Surrecta: Portrait Of A Counterinsurgent Power, 216 Bc - Ad 72, Emerson T. Brooking

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This study evaluates the military history and practice of the Roman Empire in the context of contemporary counterinsurgency theory. It purports that the majority of Rome’s security challenges fulfill the criteria of insurgency, and that Rome’s responses demonstrate counterinsurgency proficiency. These assertions are proven by means of an extensive investigation of the grand strategic, military, and cultural aspects of the Roman state. Fourteen instances of likely insurgency are identified and examined, permitting the application of broad theoretical precepts to episodes spanning 300 years of Roman power. In summary, Rome demonstrates remarkable counterinsurgent sophistication, suggesting far more savvy and ...


Cousins Across The Pond: Crises In Westminster And The Parliamentary Model's Usefulness For Reform Of The U.S. Model, Cory J. Krasnoff Apr 2011

Cousins Across The Pond: Crises In Westminster And The Parliamentary Model's Usefulness For Reform Of The U.S. Model, Cory J. Krasnoff

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Drugs And Revolution: The Effect Of Narcotics Revenue On Rebel Group Goals, Gideon Spitzer Apr 2011

Drugs And Revolution: The Effect Of Narcotics Revenue On Rebel Group Goals, Gideon Spitzer

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to answer the broad question: how does drug funding affect rebel group goals? More specifically, it explores why rebel groups reliant upon substantial narcotics-related revenue tend to be non-separatist in nature. The thesis tests three cases against five hypotheses in order gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that produce non-separatist goals among drug-funded rebel groups. This includes an examination the development of narcotics-fueled war economies, the role of state weakness in civil war, the reasons for non-separatist conflict perpetuation, as well as the discipline problems that arise as a result of a rebel group’s involvement ...


Revolutions Without Revolutionaries? Social Media Networks And Regime Response In Egypt, David Faris May 2010

Revolutions Without Revolutionaries? Social Media Networks And Regime Response In Egypt, David Faris

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Does the Internet change the balance of power between authoritarian regimes and their domestic opponents? The results of this case study of Egyptian digital activism suggest that the Internet has important effects on authoritarian politics, though not necessarily the kind we have come to expect from popular accounts of online activism. In this dissertation, I argue that what I call Social Media Networks can trigger informational cascades through their interaction effects with independent media outlets and on-the-ground organizers. They do so primarily through the reduction of certain costs of collective action, the transmission capabilities of certain elite nodes in social ...


The Asian Currency Crisis: The Role Of Industrial Policy And Imbalanced Embedded Autonomy, Adrian J. Shin Apr 2010

The Asian Currency Crisis: The Role Of Industrial Policy And Imbalanced Embedded Autonomy, Adrian J. Shin

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Over the past few decades, East Asian countries achieved unprecedented rates of economic growth. Starting with Japan’s post-World War II economic miracle, followed by South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore, the region raised itself from an abyss of poverty to glorious economic prosperity. The grace of the East Asian model continued with great economic success, only to see its ultimate collapse in the Asian Financial Crisis in the late 1990s. This paper argues that certain sectoral dynamics combined with industrial policy had led to the imbalance of embedded autonomy. This imbalance is accountable for various policy consequences that generated perception ...


The Political Mobilization Of The Arab Minority In Israel: Shifts In Political Demands And Activities, Sherihan Abd El Rahman Apr 2010

The Political Mobilization Of The Arab Minority In Israel: Shifts In Political Demands And Activities, Sherihan Abd El Rahman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Previous scholarly work on the demands and political activities of the Arab minority in Israel have focused on studying Arab political parties and parliamentary participation, asserting that Arab demands fall into one of two categories: radical or adaptive. That is, in studying Arab participation, or lack thereof, in parliamentary processes, one can claim that Arabs want either complete separation from the state of Israel (radical demands) or complete integration into the state of Israel (adaptive demands). However, recent trends have witnessed a decrease in Arab Israelis’ interest in political parties and parliamentary participation, such as voting in Knesset elections and ...


Rethinking Judicialization: Towards A Better Empirical Model, Ryan J. Levan Apr 2010

Rethinking Judicialization: Towards A Better Empirical Model, Ryan J. Levan

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Since World War II, scholarly examination of countries in nearly every corner of the map has discovered the rampant growth of the power of judges and courts. I contend that this growth has been overstated by a tradition of recent scholarship that has at times demonstrated the tendency to brand courts as powerful prematurely. This fundamental error is the result of two chief difficulties. First, we have yet to arrive at a universally accepted definition of judicial power, which, in turn, contributes to the second problem: the inadequate number of reliable and universally applicable metrics of judicial power. The aim ...


The Failure Of Education Policy In Israel: Politics Vs. Bureaucracy, Alexandra F. Leavy Mar 2010

The Failure Of Education Policy In Israel: Politics Vs. Bureaucracy, Alexandra F. Leavy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Crafting Democracy Through Constitutional Change: Comparing The Recent Cases Of Romania And Serbia In The Context Of Eu Incentives, Caitlin L. Wood May 2009

Crafting Democracy Through Constitutional Change: Comparing The Recent Cases Of Romania And Serbia In The Context Of Eu Incentives, Caitlin L. Wood

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Current trends in the enlargement process of the European Union offer a virtual laboratory through which to gain insight into the mechanics of constitutional change. In particular, the Central and Eastern European countries, including Romania and Serbia, serve as great lenses through which to view the processes involved in consolidating democracy through constitutional dynamics. Even though EU accession may offer a set of incentives to these and other recent candidate countries, pro-democracy constitutional change aimed at meeting EU standards still requires a push from domestic coalitions within national political systems. By establishing a comparative framework by which to examine domestic ...


Return Of The Bear? The Extent Of Russian Revisionism As Applied To Oil And Gas Machinations, Julie Steinberg May 2009

Return Of The Bear? The Extent Of Russian Revisionism As Applied To Oil And Gas Machinations, Julie Steinberg

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The 2009 Russo-Ukrainian gas skirmish was the most recent example of Gazprom’s oil and natural gas disputes with its neighbors. Over the past several years, Russia has been accused of using Gazprom to further its “neo-imperalist” and “expansionist” foreign policy goals by cutting off energy supply to nations that seem to be orienting toward the West. Careful examination of Gazprom’s actions toward Lithuania, Azerbaijan and Belarus, however, indicate the elimination of foreign subsidies and the normalization of gas prices for all. This trajectory reflects Gazprom’s approach toward deliberations: profits, not politics, dictate how disputes are resolved. This ...


The Return Of The Nativist? Why Did Anti-Migrant Parties Emerge And Succeed In Mumbai, Fail In Bangalore, And Not Even Emerge In Delhi?, Rahul Reddy Mar 2009

The Return Of The Nativist? Why Did Anti-Migrant Parties Emerge And Succeed In Mumbai, Fail In Bangalore, And Not Even Emerge In Delhi?, Rahul Reddy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Migration as well as group conflict has occurred throughout history. This thesis examined why in response to internal migration to Mumbai, Bangalore, and Delhi there are varying levels of nativism. The level of nativism was found to be high in Mumbai, medium in Delhi, and low in Bangalore. Anti-migrant sentiment was explained by political competition in Mumbai, class prejudice in Delhi, and an overlaying of class and ethnic conflict in Bangalore. I conclude that mobilization against migrants is easiest when they are largely of a specific regional or ethnic background, that there is a tipping point beyond which opposing migrants ...


Beyond The Ley De Cupos: The Variation In Gender Empowerment Between Argentina And Chile, Ameya S. Ananth Mar 2009

Beyond The Ley De Cupos: The Variation In Gender Empowerment Between Argentina And Chile, Ameya S. Ananth

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis identifies the variance in gender empowerment between Argentina and Chile, two countries that share countless parallels in histories, cultural norms, and political achievements. Using women’s formal legislative representation as a gauge for gender empowerment, this comparative study uses a most-similar-systems design to investigate and generate a hypothesis of the factors that contribute to Chilean women’s lack of empowerment, contrasting with the mechanisms by which Argentine women have achieved empowerment.

Both Catholic nations of the Southern Cone re-democratized following military regimes, currently enjoy female heads of state and possess similar cultural phenomena where motherhood has defined women ...


Getting Your Politics, Philosophy And Economics Wrong: An Institutional Understanding Of Zimbabwe’S Collapse, Rafael Burde May 2008

Getting Your Politics, Philosophy And Economics Wrong: An Institutional Understanding Of Zimbabwe’S Collapse, Rafael Burde

Honors Theses (PPE)

Once hailed as a triumph for black liberation movements in the region and a role model of peace and productivity, the Republic of Zimbabwe has since the turn of the millennium found itself spiraling into the depths of socio-economic and developmental decay. During such time, the Mugabe administration has tarnished Zimbabwe’s once admirable reputation as the ‘bread basket’ of Southern Africa, as well as the fortunes of the Zimbabwean people. Zimbabwe's current economic and food crises have been described by some observers as one of Africa’s worst humanitarian disasters and a sorrowing case of 21st century ...


An American Perspective On Belgian And British Environmental Law Within Europe, Eric W. Orts Jan 1999

An American Perspective On Belgian And British Environmental Law Within Europe, Eric W. Orts

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

It is unusual these days for an American to offer an outsider's view of a comparative topic that does not involve the United States either as one side of the comparison or an interested party. One does not need to look to disagreements over policies regarding NATO, Bosnia, or Iraq to find this tendency. As Europeans know only too well, we Americans are often parochial in our views, if not isolationist. The recent success of the U.S. economy as compared to Europe and Asia has not helped us to lose an unjustified sense of our own primacy. A ...