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Comparative Politics

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Articles 1 - 30 of 429

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2018

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

No abstract provided.


Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2016

Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

Weber considered the Protestant work ethic the foundation of modern capitalism. I extend Weber’s theory by arguing that states with predominantly Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Muslim populations have had a stronger inclination toward underdevelopment and dictatorship than states with Protestant or Jewish majorities. This is the case because their respective religious collectives (monastery, tariqa) promote the hierarchical provision of common goods at the expense of market incentives. I define the aforementioned three religions as collectivist, in contrast to Protestantism and Judaism, which I define as individualist. I provide a historical overview that designates the Jewish kibbutz as the ...


App Newsletter 7, Riccardo Pelizzo Oct 2015

App Newsletter 7, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

The seventh issue of the APP newsletter, with contributions by Michele Croce, founder and President of Verona Pulita, and Abel Kinyondo, Senior Researcher at REPOA.


The Political Consequences Of Party System Change, Riccardo Pelizzo, Zim Nwokora Aug 2015

The Political Consequences Of Party System Change, Riccardo Pelizzo, Zim Nwokora

riccardo pelizzo

This article engages one of the important gaps in the literature on party system effects: the consequences of party system change. We discuss how existing empirical approaches to party system change do not actually capture the changeability of patterns of party competition, which is the most direct understanding of the term “party system.” We propose a measure that does exactly this: the index of fluidity. Applying this measure to countries in South East Asia, we show that party system change is associated with harmful effects, including lower foreign direct investment and deterioration of the rule of law


The Costs Of Party System Change: The Case Of Tanzania, Riccardo Pelizzo, Abel Kinyondo, Zim Nwokora Aug 2015

The Costs Of Party System Change: The Case Of Tanzania, Riccardo Pelizzo, Abel Kinyondo, Zim Nwokora

riccardo pelizzo

Pelizzo, Kinyondo and Nwokora argue that party system changes and increases in party system changeability have generally been associated with a worsening democratic quality.


App Newsletter 5, Riccardo Pelizzo Jul 2015

App Newsletter 5, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

Fifth issue of APP Newsletter


En El Juego De La Designación De Ministros, El Presidente Siempre Gana, Javier Martín Reyes Apr 2015

En El Juego De La Designación De Ministros, El Presidente Siempre Gana, Javier Martín Reyes

Javier Martín Reyes

In the Supreme Court Appointment Game, the President Always Wins


Roli I Parlamentit Në Procesin E Anëtarësimit Në Be, Kuvendi I Kosovës, Safet Beqiri Apr 2015

Roli I Parlamentit Në Procesin E Anëtarësimit Në Be, Kuvendi I Kosovës, Safet Beqiri

Safet Beqiri

Abstrakti Ky artikull paraqet një kornizë përmbledhëse analitike e legjislativit si një degë e rëndësishme e pushtetit në procesin e anëtarësimit të shtetit në Bashkimin Evropian, me theks të veçantë rastin e Kuvendit të Kosovë. Ky punim analizon rolin e parlamentit në marrjen e vendimeve dhe politikave në kuadër të procesit të integrimit në Bashkimin Evropian, i cili padyshim se paraqet peshën e tij si institucion i rëndësishëm për faktin se vendit i jep formë dhe drejtim të duhur si në anëtarësimin në institucione dhe organizata ndërkombëtare ndër-shtetërore dhe mbi-nacionale. Po ashtu dhe për faktin se parlamenti është e pushtetit ...


Measures Of Corruption, Riccardo Pelizzo Apr 2015

Measures Of Corruption, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

The presentation provides an overview of the measures of corruption that can be used to track corruption across countries and over time.


App Newsletter 2, Riccardo Pelizzo Apr 2015

App Newsletter 2, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

This is the second issue of the newsletter of African Politics and Policy. In this issue our collaborators discuss the uneasy relationship between democracy and development, Tourism in Tanzania, elections in Togo, and Chinese Investments in Africa.


Newsletter, Riccardo Pelizzo Mar 2015

Newsletter, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

first issue of the African Politics and Policy Newsletter


The Arab Fall: War Of All Against All, Muqtedar Khan Feb 2015

The Arab Fall: War Of All Against All, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article explore the geopolitics of the Arab World with the rise of Daesh - ISIS.


A Functionalist Theory Of Oversight, Riccardo Pelizzo, Abel Kinyondo, Aminu Umar Jan 2015

A Functionalist Theory Of Oversight, Riccardo Pelizzo, Abel Kinyondo, Aminu Umar

riccardo pelizzo

The literature on oversight provides various approaches that have been used to measure oversight effectiveness. They include inferring oversight from the quality of governance, equating it with the presence of oversight activities as well as equating it with oversight capacity. However all these approaches are problematic as they wrongly consider oversight to be unidimensional. As a result they tend to produce measures that are too general and vague to provide a meaningful assessment of oversight effectiveness. It is in this context that this paper identifies the structural elements of oversight and goes on to contend that since oversight is a ...


Corruption, Responsiveness, And Political Reform In Brazil (1994-2014), Mauricio Izumi, Patrick Silva Jan 2015

Corruption, Responsiveness, And Political Reform In Brazil (1994-2014), Mauricio Izumi, Patrick Silva

Patrick Silva

Corruption is a frequent problem associated with developing countries. Brazil is not an exception; on the contrary, recent periods have been marked by major scandals. For the first time, president partisans were formally prosecuted and arrested because of corruption related crimes. The media played a central role in this process. In this paper, we examine the media role over legislative behavior of Brazilian senators during the period of the largest trial for corruption related crimes. We analyze the frequency of topics related to corruption on the media and how it affects speeches on the floor about corruption and political reform ...


Legislative Professionalization In Brazil: Causes And Effects Of Municipal Chambers Professionalization, Patrick Silva Jan 2015

Legislative Professionalization In Brazil: Causes And Effects Of Municipal Chambers Professionalization, Patrick Silva

Patrick Silva

Although professionalization is one of the key-elements for the development of legislative work and career, it has been explored almost exclusively in the U.S. environment. In this paper, I analyze legislative professionalization in Brazil. My first goal is to examine the level of professionalization in the Brazilian municipal legislative chambers and to explore some hypotheses as to what produces such results. Afterwards, I turn my focus to the effects of professionalization. Does professionalization have an effect on the number of bills introduced by legislators; Is the percentage of laws originating in the Legislative Branch affected by professionalization? In order ...


Constructing A Shared Identity In Deeply Divided Societies, John M. Nagle Jan 2015

Constructing A Shared Identity In Deeply Divided Societies, John M. Nagle

John M Nagle

In order to bolster sustainable peacebuilding in violently divided societies, a normative suggestion is that efforts should be made to construct a shared public identity that overarches ethnic divisions. A number of different centripetal/transformationist processes are identified as engendering a shared identity in comparison to consociational arrangements, which are accused of institutionalizing ethnic differences and perpetuating conflict. These transformationist approaches essentially rest on the premise that since ethnicity is constructed it can be reconstructed into new shared forms. Looking at Northern Ireland, we argue there are limits to the extent that ethnicity can be reconstructed into shared identities. By ...


Has Modernity Failed The Muslim World?, Muqtedar Khan Oct 2014

Has Modernity Failed The Muslim World?, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

Modernity had come to the Muslim World. But it did not deliver. There is no stability, no freedom, no real democracy and no earned prosperity and no scientific vitality in the Muslim World. Perhaps rather than continuing to ask the old question is Islam compatible with modernity, we need to ask has modernity failed Muslims.


Pakistan Needs Regional And Global Alliances To Fight The Extremists, Muqtedar Khan Jun 2014

Pakistan Needs Regional And Global Alliances To Fight The Extremists, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

A regional coalition will make the struggle against extremism more potent, more durable and less expensive, but it will take more than deft diplomacy to achieve.


Élites Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler May 2014

Élites Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

La Encuesta Nacional de Violencia Organizada (ENVO Élites) fue levantada en otoño del 2013 en México entre seis sectores de élites: gobierno, políticos, academia, medios, empresarios y sociedad civil (N = 629). Indaga en las acciones y actitudes que adoptan las élites mexicanas hacia los actores principales de la violencia organizada criminal: los perpetradores, las víctimas, el Estado y la sociedad civil. El presente informe compara los resultados descriptivos principales entre los seis grupos de élite y entre ellos y la población general.


Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S Mixed-Member System: Determinants Of Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S 1993 And 1997 Legislative Elections, Miguel Centellas May 2014

Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S Mixed-Member System: Determinants Of Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S 1993 And 1997 Legislative Elections, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Mixed-member electoral systems became a popular choice for “electoral engineers” in the 1990s. Countries as diverse as Venezuela, Hungary, Lesotho, and Italy adopted the system. The assumption was that introducing single-member districts (SMDs) in countries that used list proportional representation electoral systems would introduce “constituency” oriented legislators who could be more easily held accountable to voters. This paper explores any changes associated with the adoption of a mixed-member electoral system in Bolivia. It does so through a candidate-level analysis looking at differences in candidate profiles between two elections (1993 and 1997) and between two tiers (list and nominal) in the ...


Ciudadanía Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler Apr 2014

Ciudadanía Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

La Encuesta Nacional de Violencia Organizada (ENVO) fue levantada en otoño del 2013 en México (N = 2,400). Indaga en las acciones y actitudes que adopta la ciudadanía mexicana hacia los actores principales de la violencia organizada criminal: los perpetradores, las víctimas, el Estado y la sociedad civil. El presente informe resume sus hallazgos descriptivos principales.


"Authoritarian Constitution Making: The Role Of The Military In Latin America", Gabriel L. Negretto Feb 2014

"Authoritarian Constitution Making: The Role Of The Military In Latin America", Gabriel L. Negretto

Gabriel L. Negretto

During the twentieth century, military dictatorships produced the largest number of authoritarian constitutions in Latin America. Why would military rulers invest time and resources in drafting constitutions? I argue that military leaders engage in constitution making to introduce more effective transformations of the political order during their rule and to have influence over the functioning of democracy after leaving power. However, in order to achieve all these goals, military dictators must be able to mobilize popular and partisan support for the authoritarian regime. Since this condition is rarely met, military rulers often fail in their constitution making strategy. I provide ...


O Que Os Congressistas Dizem E O Que Os Congressistas Fazem Sobre A Reforma Política?, Andréa Freitas, Patrick Silva Jan 2014

O Que Os Congressistas Dizem E O Que Os Congressistas Fazem Sobre A Reforma Política?, Andréa Freitas, Patrick Silva

Patrick Silva

No abstract provided.


The Greek Debt Crisis And Southern Europe: Majoritarian Pitfalls?, Iosif Kovras, Neophytos Loizides Jan 2014

The Greek Debt Crisis And Southern Europe: Majoritarian Pitfalls?, Iosif Kovras, Neophytos Loizides

Iosif Kovras

Although widely debated in broader socioeconomic terms, the Eurozone crisis has not received adequate scholarly attention with regards to the impact of alternative political systems. This article revisits the debate on majoritarian and consensus democracies drawing on recent evidence from the Eurozone debacle. Greece is particularly interesting both with regards to its potential ‘global spillover effects’ and choice of political system. Despite facing comparable challenges as Portugal and Spain, the country has become polarized socially and politically, seeing a record number of MP defections, electoral volatility and the rise of the militant extreme right. The article explains why Greece, the ...


Appraisal Of Nigeria's Pac In Global Perspective, Riccardo Pelizzo, Aminu Umar Jan 2014

Appraisal Of Nigeria's Pac In Global Perspective, Riccardo Pelizzo, Aminu Umar

riccardo pelizzo

This article investigates the public accounts committees from Nigeria in comparative perspective


Political Trust In Extremis, Antonis A. Ellinas, Iasonas Lamprianou Jan 2014

Political Trust In Extremis, Antonis A. Ellinas, Iasonas Lamprianou

Antonis A. Ellinas

The literature points out that political trust can have a major impact on democratic politics by affecting political participation, institutional effectiveness and policy choices. Given the significance of political trust for the functioning of democracy, it is important know how the way citizens relate with political actors and institutions changes in times of extraordinary shock. Using Greece as a case and data from successive rounds of the European Social Survey, this article shows that, during times of major distress, the way schools and hospitals are run – the “social” performance of government – has an important effect on political trust. This effect ...


Sustainable Governance Indicators. Country Report The Netherlands, 2014, Robert Hoppe, Henk Woldendorp, Nils Bandelow Jan 2014

Sustainable Governance Indicators. Country Report The Netherlands, 2014, Robert Hoppe, Henk Woldendorp, Nils Bandelow

Robert Hoppe

No abstract provided.


Comparing The Role Of Boundary Organisations In The Governance Of Climate Change In Three Eu Member States, Robert Hoppe, Anne Weselink Jan 2014

Comparing The Role Of Boundary Organisations In The Governance Of Climate Change In Three Eu Member States, Robert Hoppe, Anne Weselink

Robert Hoppe

No abstract provided.


Conservatism, Stefan Andreasson Jan 2014

Conservatism, Stefan Andreasson

Stefan Andreasson

No abstract provided.


We The Peoples: The Global Origins Of Constitutional Preambles, Tom Ginsburg, Daniel Rockmore, Nick Foti Jan 2014

We The Peoples: The Global Origins Of Constitutional Preambles, Tom Ginsburg, Daniel Rockmore, Nick Foti

Tom Ginsburg

We like to think that constitutions are expressions of distinctly national values, speaking for “We the People.” This is especially true of constitutional preambles, which often recount distinct events from national history and speak to national values. This article challenges this popular view by demonstrating the global influences on constitutional preambles. It does so using a new set of tools in linguistic and textual analysis, applied to a database of most constitutional preambles written since 1789. Arguing that legal language can be analogized to memes or genetic material, we analyze “horizontal” transfer of language across countries and “vertical” transfers within ...