Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Arts and Humanities

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 31 - 60 of 7710

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Case Of Kashmir: Ethnic Mobilization And Insurgency, Kayla Hofmann May 2020

The Case Of Kashmir: Ethnic Mobilization And Insurgency, Kayla Hofmann

Politics Honors Papers

This paper analyzes ethnic identity and potential reasons for conflict through a constructivist lens. Using the case study of Kashmir, I explore the past and present events in the state and the salience of ethnicity, specifically Kashmiri Muslims and Indian Hindus.


A Comparative Analysis Of The Politics Of Gun Control In The United States And Australia, Nicholas Leone May 2020

A Comparative Analysis Of The Politics Of Gun Control In The United States And Australia, Nicholas Leone

College Honors Program

This thesis centers on the interrelationships and differences in firearm legislation and culture within the United States of America and Australia. As a result of the Port Arthur Massacre on April 28, 1996, Australia was faced with an unprecedented mass shooting that completely shifted Australian politics and culture regarding firearm safety and availability. Thus, the thesis inquiries into the effectiveness of Australia’s buyback program as well as the cultural and political factors that allowed for such legislation to be passed. After suffering 118 mass shootings in the U.S. since 1982, the history of the United States regarding gun ...


From Outside The Beltway: Minorities In The Early-20th Century Labor Movement, Hunter Douglas Whann May 2020

From Outside The Beltway: Minorities In The Early-20th Century Labor Movement, Hunter Douglas Whann

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This paper argues that organized labor's racially discriminatory practices of the early 1900s effectively served to disenfranchise African Americans and immigrants from the American political process. Twentieth-century notions of race and ethnicity limited broad sympathy amongst minorities and immigrants, further dividing the labor movement. Because unions provide labor leaders a rank-and-file membership to mobilize in support of candidates, politicians are receptive to their preferences. Labor unions' exclusion of minorities therefore robbed them of a voice in government. Racism abounded in the United States, not just within the labor movement. However, such discrimination served to withhold both economic and political ...


The Jersey Devil And His Trans-Masculinity, Silas R. Melvin May 2020

The Jersey Devil And His Trans-Masculinity, Silas R. Melvin

Toyon Literary Magazine

None of the work being submitted has been formally published elsewhere. Poems have been uploaded on Instragam under the account of sweatermuppet, my own personal writing account. Copyright is my own and I give Toyon permission to publish.


Holcombe's "Liberty In Peril: Democracy And Power In American History" (Book Review), Nathanael Davis May 2020

Holcombe's "Liberty In Peril: Democracy And Power In American History" (Book Review), Nathanael Davis

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Long's "Truth Telling In A Post-Truth World" (Book Review), Julie E. Sweeney May 2020

Long's "Truth Telling In A Post-Truth World" (Book Review), Julie E. Sweeney

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Challenging Bosnian Women’S Identity As Rape Victims: The Fetishization Of Sexual Violence In Post-Conflict Discourse, Rebecca Jacobi May 2020

Challenging Bosnian Women’S Identity As Rape Victims: The Fetishization Of Sexual Violence In Post-Conflict Discourse, Rebecca Jacobi

Student Research Submissions

How does one call attention to the gender dimensions of war violence or postwar inequalities without reproducing images of passive female victimhood and support for patriarchal notions of the protection of women? In the case of the Bosnian War, because of the large scale of sexual violence and the attention focused on this violence, Bosnian women have been stereotyped and relegated to the role of rape victim. Although women suffered from grave violations of human rights, this stereotypical portrayal is not adequate, and neglects the active role played in the perpetration of violence by some women. It also neglects women ...


Up Close And Personal: Ritual, Social Criticism, And The Russell Tribunal, Henry Blackburn May 2020

Up Close And Personal: Ritual, Social Criticism, And The Russell Tribunal, Henry Blackburn

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis attempts to provide a conception of the Russell Tribunal as an organization deeply rooted in ritual practice and social criticism. Contrary to prevailing views that describe the Tribunal as nothing more than a (failed) legal court or an organization that sought to engage with international law, this thesis argues that the Tribunal, far from an organization rooted in judging the legality of the Vietnam War, can actually be understood as an organization that sought to enhance the social criticism of its members.


Women In The U.S. Congress: A Study On The Role Of Gender In Electoral And Legislative Processes, Selby Tucker May 2020

Women In The U.S. Congress: A Study On The Role Of Gender In Electoral And Legislative Processes, Selby Tucker

Scholars Day Conference

Using a three-part methodology, I examined women in Congress by studying their campaign finances, bill sponsorships, electoral history, and personal testaments to draw conclusions about the ability of a woman to fairly participate in the legislative process.


Activism Throughout The Years At Johns Hopkins University, Lubna Azmi May 2020

Activism Throughout The Years At Johns Hopkins University, Lubna Azmi

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

My research focuses on activism at Johns Hopkins University starting from the year 1957 with a black student activist by the name of Donald Perry, protesting for equal rights for black students on the JHU campus. The research centers on how activism has developed from then analyzing the focuses of protest, who was protesting, and how Johns Hopkins played a part as a powerful institution within each period of time. It contrasts how activism has changed with a focus on the catalysts that sprouted each movement of social justice. Donald Perry himself is a part of my research. His role ...


Moroccan Identity In The 1980s: The Theory And Policy Implications Of Studying Moroccan Identity, Heather Rodenberg May 2020

Moroccan Identity In The 1980s: The Theory And Policy Implications Of Studying Moroccan Identity, Heather Rodenberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Constructivism in International Relations’ theory grapples with broader themes affecting how country’s make decisions and relate to each other. In this theory one of the largest categories also happens to be among the least understood: a nation’s identity. Hopf and Allan, in Making Identity Count, created a framework for studying a country’s identity as objectively as possible through both quantitative and qualitative research. They have yet to apply their methodology to less understood regions of the world, from an American perspective. This paper adapts their framework to study Moroccan identity in the years 1979 through 1990. To ...


Sleeping With The Television On: How Popular Culture Content Implicitly Informs Political Reality, Grace Amato May 2020

Sleeping With The Television On: How Popular Culture Content Implicitly Informs Political Reality, Grace Amato

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Conversations about television shows and other popular culture content are happening constantly through various media. These conversations are undervalued and underexplored in terms of their ability to explain just how much popular culture content influences audience members’ beliefs about how the world works. By examining shows about the American government, the study is expected to reveal the societal expectations that lead to change in local and national politics. The primary goal is to understand how public opinion is shaped by popular culture and, in turn, how politics are shaped by public opinion. All being well, this will provide a framework ...


Argumentative Synthesis Essay On Enhanced Interrogation Techniques, Gwendolyn D. Wheatley Apr 2020

Argumentative Synthesis Essay On Enhanced Interrogation Techniques, Gwendolyn D. Wheatley

The Downtown Review

This essay discusses enhanced interrogation techniques. For reference, enhanced interrogation techniques are interrogation techniques that involve “physically coercive interventions” (Duke & Puyvelde, 2017). The U.S. government supported these techniques after the attacks on September 11, 2001. This essay argues that enhanced interrogation techniques should not be used in interrogations because they are unethical, ineffective, and negatively impact the mental health of the interrogators using these techniques. Additionally, the essay references articles on the varied viewpoints as well as explains information on these interrogation techniques. Also, the essay argues that enhanced interrogation techniques encourage people to be cruel and inhumane. Moreover ...


Israel's Modulation Of Checkpoints: Systematic Manipulation Of The Oslo Accords, Anna Rhodes Apr 2020

Israel's Modulation Of Checkpoints: Systematic Manipulation Of The Oslo Accords, Anna Rhodes

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The theory of modulation has allowed Israel to make military moves and manipulate policies that once narrowly fit within the groundwork of the Oslo Accords of 1993. The purpose of the ambitious agreement was for the possible reconciliation of the persistent violence and mass murder that has been committed by Israelis and Palestinians alike. However, it has manifestly failed to do so. The policies defined in the Oslo Accords are purposely ambivalent in order for Israel to have a wider jurisdiction over when there is uncertainty in what is disputed. Since the Second Intifada of 2000, checkpoints have been a ...


In-Group Solidarity Or Out-Group Resentment?: Evaluating The Foundations Of White Punitiveness, Jacob Levy Apr 2020

In-Group Solidarity Or Out-Group Resentment?: Evaluating The Foundations Of White Punitiveness, Jacob Levy

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Many White Americans strongly identify with their racial group. Does this identity impact their views on policy? Until recently, it was thought that white racial solidarity was essentially inconsequential when it came to the formation of policy preferences. However, recent scholarship has demonstrated that White Americans who exhibit a higher degree of racial solidarity are more likely to support specific policies with respect to immigration and social welfare. This paper expands the literature on White Americans'in-group attitudes by exploring the relationship between white racial solidarity and support for punitive criminal justice policy. Using data collected by the American National ...


Ethnonationalism And Democracy: Lessons From India And Israel, Naba Wahid Apr 2020

Ethnonationalism And Democracy: Lessons From India And Israel, Naba Wahid

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

This research will specifically consider the cases of India and Israel as states that have experienced a growth in ethnonationalist sentiment in recent years, and are now facing conflicts with their ethnic minorities. By examining these cases, this research will explore these nations' compatibility with democracy, which both nations purport to be. Through this examination, we may explore the effects of ethnic diversity on the integrity of democratic systems, and the methods by which ethnic majorities suppress the voices of ethnic minorities. With recent resurgences of populist movements in many nations that are returning to isolationism and intensified nationalism, the ...


The Use Of The Birth Control Movement As A Eugenics Weapon, 1920'S-1960'S, Peyton P. Holstein Apr 2020

The Use Of The Birth Control Movement As A Eugenics Weapon, 1920'S-1960'S, Peyton P. Holstein

Young Historians Conference

While Margaret Sanger made great strides in the crusade for legalization and open access to birth control for women, groups paired her work with ideologies such as Social Darwinism to arm the eugenics movement throughout the Twentieth-century. The eugenics movement was a culmination of racism and newly found scientific theories which led a crusade to purify the American population through reproductive cherry-picking on the basis of race. One of the primary ways that this group attempted to weed out “undesirable” races within the American population was through birth control as well as sterilization. These two movements - birth control and eugenics ...


The Importance Of Richard Lionheart In The Third Crusade, Stefan Caplazi Mr. Apr 2020

The Importance Of Richard Lionheart In The Third Crusade, Stefan Caplazi Mr.

Young Historians Conference

The impact that King Richard III of England had on the third crusade is apparent through his limited strategic victories on the battlefield. Richard III did well with his limited resources, but ultimately failed to retake Jerusalem. Due to unforeseeable events, Richard III lost his military support before embarking on much of the campaign to regain the Holy Land. These events proved detrimental to his task. While he was an excellent strategist and fearsome leader, Richard III simply lacked the resources and troops to succeed. This paper argues that with more military support, Richard “The Lionheart” would have retaken the ...


You Don’T Need A Weatherman To Know Which Way The Wind Blows: The Prison Break Of Timothy Leary, Phoebe N. Holman Apr 2020

You Don’T Need A Weatherman To Know Which Way The Wind Blows: The Prison Break Of Timothy Leary, Phoebe N. Holman

Young Historians Conference

This paper examines the revolutionary merit of the Weather Underground Organization’s prison break of LSD guru Timothy Leary. Was Leary truly an activist willing to risk everything to introduce the public to the healing powers of psychedelics? Or was he an unprofessional mad scientist using his students to further his own agenda? It also provides an explanation of how the WUO and other anti-war organizations like it brought the United States to the brink of a massive societal shift—and then disappeared.


The Power Of A Prince: Machiavelli, Devotion, And The Secularization Of Western Politics, Jason D. Grossmann-Ferris Apr 2020

The Power Of A Prince: Machiavelli, Devotion, And The Secularization Of Western Politics, Jason D. Grossmann-Ferris

Young Historians Conference

3rd place winner of the Karen E. Hoppes Young Historians Award for Outstanding Research and Writing.

Although The Prince was clearly not well-recieved in its day by many, its influence is clear in modern realpolitik and the creation of the secular state. This paper examines the role of Machiavelli’s seminal work in Western politics within the timeline of the Catholic Church’s decline. In The Prince, Machiavelli clearly guides the reader towards the pragmatic political use of religion instead of legitimate belief, insinuating that faith is more useful as a tool for social control rather than personal conviction. This ...


The Spies That Founded America: How The War For Independence Revolutionized American Espionage, Masaki Lew Apr 2020

The Spies That Founded America: How The War For Independence Revolutionized American Espionage, Masaki Lew

Young Historians Conference

Prior to the American Revolutionary War (1775-1883), tensions rose as American colonial smugglers circumvented British taxes. By the onset of the conflict, Continental General George Washington faced a daunting British military invasion. Washington's strategy to outmaneuver and tire enemy forces necessitated a way to anticipate incoming attacks. Thus, he looked to espionage, but found few colonists with professional experience. So who would have the deceptive skills to fulfill the task? An exploration of Washington’s dilemma provides compelling evidence explaining how the colonial smugglers who started the war became the Patriot spies who ended it.


Social, Scientific, Litigious: The Birth Of A Queer Americanism, Claire M. Fennell Apr 2020

Social, Scientific, Litigious: The Birth Of A Queer Americanism, Claire M. Fennell

Young Historians Conference

The queer rights movement is often assumed to have advanced because of the collateral benefit of other social rights movements occurring around the same time, in the 1950s and 60s. However, the inception of an organized queer rights movement did not happen in line with any progressive time in United States public thought. In reality, the movement began at a time when America was at its least forward-thinking, during the Cold War. It was not the times becoming more progressive, but rather the shift in the model of oppression the queer community faced which allowed for the advent of an ...


A War Of Implicit Forces: The Algerian Revolution, Grace I. Graham Apr 2020

A War Of Implicit Forces: The Algerian Revolution, Grace I. Graham

Young Historians Conference

The Algerian Revolution, Algeria’s fight against the colonial power of France epitomized the perseverance of the people’s voice. However, with few military battles won by the Algerians, against the resource rich France, how did Algeria ultimately become the victor? This paper explores the F.L.N.’s strategies in approaching the war and how France’s response to such tactics contributed to domestic and international sympathy for the Algerians’ cause, leading to the eventual liberation of Algeria.


Cairo Under Isma'il Pasha: A Divided City, Chloe N. Moehling Apr 2020

Cairo Under Isma'il Pasha: A Divided City, Chloe N. Moehling

Young Historians Conference

The creation of the Suez Canal, in November of 1869, created an opportunity for Isma’il Pasha, Khedive of Egypt, to reintroduce the world to a new, Europeanized Cairo. His vision required spending millions of British pounds to welcome international travelers who came to celebrate the opening of the canal. Isma’il Pasha’s “Europeanization” of the western side of Cairo from 1866 to 1879 ushered his country into decades of economic and political turmoil. While Isma’il’s extravagant spending created European inspired hotels, parks, cafe’s, and the Khedivial Opera House, these expenditures left Egypt indebted to European ...


Volume 12, Haleigh James, Hannah Meyls, Hope Irvin, Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, Austin J. Funk, Karyn Keane, Sarah Ghali, Antonio Harvey, Andrew Jones, Rachel Hazelwood, Madison Schmitz, Marija Venta, Haley Tebo, Jeremiah Gilmer, Bridget Dunn, Benjamin Sullivan, Mckenzie Johnson Apr 2020

Volume 12, Haleigh James, Hannah Meyls, Hope Irvin, Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, Austin J. Funk, Karyn Keane, Sarah Ghali, Antonio Harvey, Andrew Jones, Rachel Hazelwood, Madison Schmitz, Marija Venta, Haley Tebo, Jeremiah Gilmer, Bridget Dunn, Benjamin Sullivan, Mckenzie Johnson

Incite: The Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship

Introduction, Dr. Roger A. Byrne, Dean

From the Editor, Dr. Larissa "Kat" Tracy

From the Designers, Rachel English, Rachel Hanson

Immortality in the Mortal World: Otherworldly Intervention in "Lanval" and "The Wife of Bath's Tale" by Haleigh James

Analysis of Phenolic Compounds in Moroccan Olive Oils by HPLC by Hannah Meyls

Art by Hope Irvin

The Effects of Cell Phone Use on Gameplay Enjoyment and Frustration by Megan E. Hlavaty, Samara L. Gall, and Austin J. Funk

Care, No Matter What: Planned Parenthood's Use of Organizational Rhetoric to Expand its Reputation by Karyn Keane

Analysis of Petroleum Products ...


African-American Disenfranchisement And Voter Turnout, Mychala Walker Apr 2020

African-American Disenfranchisement And Voter Turnout, Mychala Walker

Virginias Collegiate Honors Council Conference

Despite recent gains in African-American communities, one area where African-Americans lack participation is voting. The purpose of this research is to examine how African American disenfranchisement affects voter turnout for college students. In this study Virginia college students will be observed as a microcosm of all colleges in the United States. The goal of this project is to address voting issues for college students.


Stuart Beal Apr 2020

Stuart Beal

Barrio Writers

No abstract provided.


That Further Shore: A Memoir Of Irish Roots And American Promise [Table Of Contents], John D. Feerick Apr 2020

That Further Shore: A Memoir Of Irish Roots And American Promise [Table Of Contents], John D. Feerick

Biography

A rare and evocative memoir of a respected constitutional scholar, dedicated public servant, political reformer, and facilitator of peace in the land of his ancestors

John D. Feerick’s life has all the elements of a modern Horatio Alger story: the poor boy who achieves success by dint of his hard work. But Feerick brought other elements to that classical American success story: his deep religious faith, his integrity, and his paramount concern for social justice. In his memoir, The Further Shore, Feerick shares his inspiring story, from its humble beginnings born to immigrant parents in the South Bronx, going ...


The Russo-Japanese War: Origins And Implications, Benjamin E. Mainardi Apr 2020

The Russo-Japanese War: Origins And Implications, Benjamin E. Mainardi

James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)

The 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War was the first major conflict of the twentieth century and a turning point in the balance of power in East Asia. In the short term, Russia’s defeat helped precipitate the 1905 Russian Revolution and the 1917 October Revolution. More broadly, the aftermath of the war informed Japan’s imperial ambitions in Manchuria—the early stages of World War II in Asia during the 1930s—and continuing Russo-Japanese enmity over Sakhalin Island and the Kuril Island chain. Studying this historical conflict in terms of international relations provides valuable insights into the nature of the conflict and ...


The Relationship Between Lgbtq+ Representation On The Political And Theatrical Stages, Brett V. Ries Apr 2020

The Relationship Between Lgbtq+ Representation On The Political And Theatrical Stages, Brett V. Ries

Honors Thesis

This thesis examines the relationship between LGBTQ+ representation on the political and theatrical stages. During some decades, LGBTQ+ theatre was dictated by the politics of the time period. During other times, theatre educated and filled the silence when the government and society turned the other way. By examining LGBTQ+ plays, musicals, and political events over the past century, there are clear themes that emerge. In both the theatrical and political arenas, LGBTQ+ representation has been limited by a concept called “repressive tolerance.” Every step of progress has been met with another restriction, ranging from stereotypical caricatures to legal discrimination. In ...