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Arts and Humanities

2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 85

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Building Leaders For The Future: Women In The Middle East, Deniz Zeynep Leuenberger Dec 2006

Building Leaders For The Future: Women In The Middle East, Deniz Zeynep Leuenberger

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Religião, Direitos Humanos E Educação, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2006

Religião, Direitos Humanos E Educação, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Não admira que haja atritos, incompreensões, entre as religiões e os poderes. Porque, antes de mais, foi preciso a uns e a outros comprimirem-se para darem lugar (espaço, mesmo) ao outro tipo de normatividade e de poder. Em muitos casos históricos se terá começado com um poder de índole teocrática. E só com o tempo e o progresso social e político se passaria a admitir a cisão do mando, num ramo secular e num ramo sacral. O grande problema do tratamento da questão religiosa do ponto de vista dos Direitos Humanos, é que se trata, no limite, de pôr uma ...


Justice And Justification In The War On Terrorism, Emma Norman Nov 2006

Justice And Justification In The War On Terrorism, Emma Norman

Emma R. Norman

This paper offers a few preliminary reflections on some ethical implications stemming from the disconnect between the moral rhetoric and the reality of the War on Terrorism. I suggest that the Bush Administration certainly shares a large part of the responsibility for constantly attempting to justify a war that, by the standards of traditional just war theory, is almost impossible to see as just. However, I also suggest that part of the responsibility lies with a public that demands high ethical standards of its public officials, but appears to be ultimately unprepared to face the full consequences of acting ethically ...


The Duty To Obey The Law, David Lefkowitz Nov 2006

The Duty To Obey The Law, David Lefkowitz

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Under what conditions, if any, do those the law addresses have a moral duty or obligation to obey it simply because it is the law? In this essay, I identify five general approaches to carrying out this task, and offer a somewhat detailed discussion of one or two examples of each approach. The approaches studied are: relational-role approaches that appeal to the fact that an agent occupies the role of member in the political community; attempts to ground the duty to obey the law in individual consent or fair play; natural duty approaches; instrumental approaches; and philosophical anarchism, an approach ...


Limits To Power: Some Friendly Reminders (Book Review), Ron Mock Nov 2006

Limits To Power: Some Friendly Reminders (Book Review), Ron Mock

Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies

No abstract provided.


The Balkan Bullet With Butterfly Wings, Dylan Kissane Oct 2006

The Balkan Bullet With Butterfly Wings, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

In physics, biology and meteorology, scientists have come to understand that the natural systems they study can be extremely sensitive to small events. The so-called ‘butterfly effect’ is testament to such seemingly insignificant events having significant implications for the wider system. Such knowledge has led to an interest in the natural sciences in both chaotic and complex systems and, in turn, has led to social scientists searching for parallels in the systems they examine. However, within the field of international relations theory, there has been little attempt to move towards such new understandings and away from a fundamental belief in ...


The Illusion Of Anarchy: Chaos, Complexity And The Origins Of World War One, Dylan Kissane Oct 2006

The Illusion Of Anarchy: Chaos, Complexity And The Origins Of World War One, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

In physics, biology and meteorology, scientists have come to understand that the natural systems they study can be extremely sensitive to small events. The so-called ‘butterfly effect’ is testament to such seemingly insignificant events having significant implications for the wider system. Such knowledge has led to an interest in the natural sciences in both chaotic and complex systems and, in turn, has led to social scientists searching for parallels in the systems they examine. However, within the field of international relations theory, there has been little attempt to move towards such new understandings and away from a fundamental belief in ...


The Volatile Middle East, Frank L. Jenista Oct 2006

The Volatile Middle East, Frank L. Jenista

History and Government Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Equality News (Autumn 2006), Matthew R. Dubois Oct 2006

Equality News (Autumn 2006), Matthew R. Dubois

Equality News

No abstract provided.


Militarization, Globalization, And Islamist Social Movements: How Today’S Ideology Of Islamophobia Fuels Militant Islam, Thomas Ehrlich Reifer Sep 2006

Militarization, Globalization, And Islamist Social Movements: How Today’S Ideology Of Islamophobia Fuels Militant Islam, Thomas Ehrlich Reifer

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Today the world faces the prospect of an endless war and intensifying global polarization. While extremist forms of Islam have gotten great attention, the media and academic scholarship have been much slower in addressing the varieties and vibrancy of Islamic mobilization that are leading to a global Islamist resurgence. How does one explain the paradox represented by the simultaneous duality of the efflorescence of U.S.-led neoliberal globalization and militarization and Islamist mobilization on a global scale? Exploring this central question, the author concludes that until the present day selective discourse on Islamophobia is replaced with a nuanced understanding ...


No Race To The Swift: Negotiating Racial Identity In Past And Present Eastern Europe, Manuela Boatcã Sep 2006

No Race To The Swift: Negotiating Racial Identity In Past And Present Eastern Europe, Manuela Boatcã

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Portrayals of Eastern European countries as "bridges" between East and West are commonplace both in the media and in the political discourse. While the question of the historical origin of Europe's East-West divide is still under heavy dispute among social scientists, it can be argued that it was the Orientalist discourse of the 19th century that decisively shaped the content of the present categories of Western and Eastern Europe and made policies of demarcation from "the Orient" an important strategy of geopolitical and cultural identification with Europe. The enduring quality of Orientalism's effects on both national self-definitions and ...


Reflections On Patco’S Legacy: Labor’S Strategic Challenges Persist, Richard W. Hurd Sep 2006

Reflections On Patco’S Legacy: Labor’S Strategic Challenges Persist, Richard W. Hurd

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The 1981 strike by over 11,000 members of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) stands out as a symbol of union decline. This dismal legacy is a product of President Ronald Reagan’s harsh response to the job action, an ultimatum for controllers to return to work followed by wholesale permanent replacement of the strikers. Although PATCO’s members were federal employees, their dismissal is typically portrayed as an invitation for all employers to emulate the President. The subsequent sharp drop in private sector strike activity has been traced (both rhetorically and statistically) to PATCO’s demise ...


Richard Rorty And Moral Progress In Global Relations, Eduard Jordaan Aug 2006

Richard Rorty And Moral Progress In Global Relations, Eduard Jordaan

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Richard Rorty's navigation of the pitfalls of the cosmopolitan-communitarian debate, concern with human suffering, recognition of the contingency of communal identities and relationships, and his endorsement of liberal societies, by definition inclusive and always in search of a greater justice, make it appear as though his thought can guide us towards greater concern for the world's poor. However, this article questions the progressive potential of Rorty's thought. Obstacles to such (global) moral progress include Rorty's unquestioned statism and his focus on internal outsiders who are suffering and/or oppressed, instead of external outsiders beyond national borders ...


In Defense Of Jack: Gay Cowboys And Fairy Actors In Brokeback Mountain And Will & Grace, C. Heike Schotten Jul 2006

In Defense Of Jack: Gay Cowboys And Fairy Actors In Brokeback Mountain And Will & Grace, C. Heike Schotten

Political Science Faculty Publication Series

An investigation of the gender politics of Ang Lee's Brokeback Mountain.


Equality News (Summer 2006), Matthew R. Dubois Jul 2006

Equality News (Summer 2006), Matthew R. Dubois

Equality News

No abstract provided.


The Future Of International Law Is Domestic (Or, The European Way Of Law), William W. Burke-White, Anne-Marie Slaughter Jul 2006

The Future Of International Law Is Domestic (Or, The European Way Of Law), William W. Burke-White, Anne-Marie Slaughter

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Naccs 33rd Annual Conference, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies Jun 2006

Naccs 33rd Annual Conference, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies

NACCS Conference Programs

Linking Local and Global Struggles for Social Justice: Transnational Chicana and Chicano Studise
June 28-July 2006
Hotel Fénix and Hotel Morales


Writing Queer Across The Borders Of Geography, Desire, And Power, Miguel Malagreca Jun 2006

Writing Queer Across The Borders Of Geography, Desire, And Power, Miguel Malagreca

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

In this essay, I position myself as a queer writer in the confines of language, nationality and sexuality with the intention of opening a venue for a non essentialist I to dialogue with anybody situated within the highly politicized arena of queer politics. I refer to my politics differently throughout this essay: I call them politics of the real, or politics from a transitional space, or politics of the radical alterity, or simply queer politics. Political representation is a continuously sliding terrain connecting the personal and the political, a terrain with no security, opened up for dialogue and gestures that ...


Resisting Legibility On The Borders: Opposition To The Violent Intersections Of Race, Nationality, And Sexuality, Kevin Allred Jun 2006

Resisting Legibility On The Borders: Opposition To The Violent Intersections Of Race, Nationality, And Sexuality, Kevin Allred

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Through an exploration of the capital, cultural, and political impossibility inscribed onto the queer body of color by the nation, this article attempts to interrogate violence against those bodies (specifically utilizing the case of transgender Latina Bibi Barajas) in an attempt to excavate productive strategies of resistance able to counter that violence. By building an alternative archive of resistance, it becomes possible to resist speaking for those whose bodies are subjected to violence and to oppose pulling them into legibility. Instead, one can grieve them in order to powerfully critique the invisible systems of oppression and domination that produce and ...


The “Csi Effect”: Better Jurors Through Television And Science?, Michael Mann Jun 2006

The “Csi Effect”: Better Jurors Through Television And Science?, Michael Mann

Michael D. Mann

This Comment explores how television shows such as CSI and Law & Order have created heightened juror expectations in courtrooms across America. Surprise acquitals often have prosectors scratching their heads as jurors hold them to this new "Hollywood" standard. The Comment also analyzes the CSI phenomena by reflecting on past legal television shows that have influenced the public's perception of the legal profession and how the "CSI effect" has placed an even greater burden on parties to proffer some kind of forensic evidence at trial.

The Comment was published in volume 24 of the Buffalo Public Interest Law Journal (2006).


Lion In Winter – Tomás Moro Na Nossa Estação. Diálogos Com O Direito Constitucional, O Cristianismo E A Utopia Social, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha May 2006

Lion In Winter – Tomás Moro Na Nossa Estação. Diálogos Com O Direito Constitucional, O Cristianismo E A Utopia Social, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Três tópicos sintetizam as preocupações da presente leitura de Tomás Moro: antes de mais, o direito constitucional e a polémica constitucional que acabou em crime político sob forma penal – a decapitação de Moro por traição; depois (mas apenas por comodidade depois, porque está antes de tudo em Moro), o cristianismo, mola propulsora da vida, do pensamento e da obra desta figura; finalmente, a utopia social, o seu contributo para a filosofia política, numa clave que normalmente não é a da maioria dos expoentes recentes do pensamento cristão – e daí, também, a sua originalidade.


Is Resisting Genocide A Human Right?, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant, Joanne D. Eisen May 2006

Is Resisting Genocide A Human Right?, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant, Joanne D. Eisen

David B Kopel

The genocide in Darfur, Sudan, is perhaps the worst human rights crisis of the new century. This article examines the failures of the international response so far, and offers a solution based on international human rights law.

Conducting an in-depth study of the Darfur genocide, and also discussing other genocides, the Article details the inadequacy of many of the international community's response to genocides, including “targeted sanctions” or international peacekeeping forces.

The Article then examines international legal authorities such as the Genocide Convention, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Court of Justice, and demonstrates that groups ...


Entertaining Politics And The College Student, Alexandra Rubin May 2006

Entertaining Politics And The College Student, Alexandra Rubin

Senior Honors Projects

Mass media is crucial in forming and reflecting opinion in society. Newspaper, television, and the internet all play a critical role in the daily lives of Americans; disseminating information that shapes views of life, culture, and politics. It seems like all forms of media communication, either subliminally or blatantly, reflect the political climate of the day. The news media flood American homes with images, audio, and commentary on political happenings. My questions are as follows: How much basic political knowledge does an average college student possess? Where does the average college student receive his or her political knowledge? Does celebrity ...


I Am What I Wear: The Use Of Dress In Constructing And Evaluating Sexual Identity, Jean Stevens May 2006

I Am What I Wear: The Use Of Dress In Constructing And Evaluating Sexual Identity, Jean Stevens

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

This thesis explores different disciplinary studies and discussions of dress, and more specifically, the use of dress in constructing a gendered identity and sexual identity. To conduct this research, I performed a literature review and referenced various social psychological, sociological, and/or feminist theoretical frameworks. I argue that dress cannot serve as any sort of innate or accurate indicator of sexual identity; rather, the meanings associated with dress are socially produced and vary across time and place. Evidence for this argument emerges only after a literature review, as one can recognize a common theme linking the literature, or perhaps a ...


Handling And Preventing Journalistic Fraud: Janet Cooke, Stephen Glass, Jayson Blair, Kenneth Munson May 2006

Handling And Preventing Journalistic Fraud: Janet Cooke, Stephen Glass, Jayson Blair, Kenneth Munson

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

Fraud is a growing concern in the news business, especially in recent years where numerous journalism scandals rock its foundation. This paper examines the most prominent cases: Stephen Glass, the reporter for The New Republic newsmagazine who completely or partially fabricated 27 stories in the late ‘90s; Jayson Blair, the New York Times reporter who was found to have plagiarized or made up his supposedly on-thescene reporting in 2003; and Janet Cooke, who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1981 for her Washington Post story about a child heroin addict who, in actuality, did not exist. This paper will examine flaws ...


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 40, Wku Student Affairs Apr 2006

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 40, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

WKU campus newspaper reporting campus, athletic and Bowling Green, Kentucky news. Articles in this issue:

  • Paul, Corey. Preacher, Students Clash – Donnie Morris
  • Coulter, Amber. Regents to Vote on Fee
  • Coulter, Amber. Rapid Change Coming for Western Leadership - John Petersen, Sherry Reid, Elmer Gray
  • Harrell, Bobby. Singing Opera Is Music Professor’s ‘Quintessential Art’ – Robert Pope
  • Paul, Corey. Death Investigation Continues – Allison Carter
  • Sad Reminder – Allison Carter
  • Maggert, Terry – PETA Not That Great
  • Lucas, Brandon. Student Government Association is Useless
  • Tetreault, Jeff. Immigrants Should Stay
  • Miller, Stephen. Police Officers Should Slow Down
  • Schmidt, Tara. Ryan Dillion’s Letter Was Wrong
  • Coulter ...


Three Kinds Of Culture In Mainstream Civilizations, Kazutake Miyahara Apr 2006

Three Kinds Of Culture In Mainstream Civilizations, Kazutake Miyahara

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


On Moral Arguments Against A Legal Right To Unilateral Humanitarian Intervention, David Lefkowitz Apr 2006

On Moral Arguments Against A Legal Right To Unilateral Humanitarian Intervention, David Lefkowitz

Philosophy Faculty Publications

As the international response to recent events in Darfur demonstrates, the restriction of authority to intervene to the United Nations poses the greater legal barrier to intervention. From a practical perspective, then, the more pressing question may be whether international law ought to be modified to permit states, or multi-state organizations, to carry out unilateral humanitarian interventions; that is, interventions that are not authorized by the United Nations. The issue here is essentially a moral one: would the incorporation of a right to unilateral humanitarian intervention entail a moral improvement to international law – for example, a decrease in the number ...


Introduction To Socialism's Muse, Naomi J. Andrews Apr 2006

Introduction To Socialism's Muse, Naomi J. Andrews

History

The disappointment of feminist aspirations in 1848 nevertheless demands more thoroughgoing explanation than its impracticality in politically charged times. We must not lose track of the fact that during the July Monarchy a truly remarkable intellectual revolution took place. For the shy twenty years of Louis Philippe’s reign the formerly unthinkable became relatively commonplace: women’s equality came to be a central tenet of the most avant-garde intellectual and political movement of the day, romantic socialism. Given its integral importance to the earliest pronouncements of socialist philosophy, the totality of feminism’s neglect during the moment of political opportunity ...


Nicaragua's Survival: Choices In A Neoliberal World, Stanley G. Hash Jr. Apr 2006

Nicaragua's Survival: Choices In A Neoliberal World, Stanley G. Hash Jr.

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

In January 1990 the Nicaraguan electorate chose to abandon the failing Sandinista Revolution in favor of the economic neoliberal rubric. However, since 1990 Nicaragua's economy has been stagnant. Today it is one of the four poorest states in Latin America having been one of the wealthiest before 1975.

The purpose of this work is to explain Nicaragua's poor performance since 1990. The hypothesis is that domestic independent variables are central to recovery and are the underlying causes of Nicaragua's failure to fully recover.

The abuses of the Somozas' ancien régime before the 1979 revolution are well documented ...