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Theses/Dissertations

2016

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Proto-Postmodernism: Constructing Postmodern Ethics Through Cold War Literature And Theory, Rock Lamanna Jan 2016

Proto-Postmodernism: Constructing Postmodern Ethics Through Cold War Literature And Theory, Rock Lamanna

Departmental Honors Projects

While postmodern theory and literature is typically viewed as either “anti-humanist” or a rejection of Humanism, this essay reconsiders these assumptions by exploring ethical questions in early postmodern novels and theory, referred to as “proto-postmodernism.” For proto-postmodernists such as Hannah Arendt, Albert Camus, Ralph Ellison, Joseph Heller, and Kurt Vonnegut, Humanism—the ethical framework that asserts a centered “self” and a collective “metanarrative” of human progress—causes and legitimates violence, yet in their theories and literature, they promote the humanist value of dignity in their critiques of modern ethics and politics. To examine this hybrid stance toward Humanism, the first ...


Sanctioned Silencing, Symbolic Resistance: Race, Space, And Dispossession In A Marginalized South African Community, Killian Richard Miller Jan 2016

Sanctioned Silencing, Symbolic Resistance: Race, Space, And Dispossession In A Marginalized South African Community, Killian Richard Miller

Senior Projects Spring 2016

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College

My field work and the written portion of my ethnography work through issues of marginality, state apparatuses, illusions of freedom, and making meaning in a context of oppression. All these power dynamics are historically-situated within the cultural context and community of Hangberg, a place forged by the race-based forced removals of Apartheid. British and Dutch colonization, Apartheid's racial regime, and the post-Apartheid oligarchical state, are all historical and contemporary authoritative forces that are impacting the everyday lives of people in Hangberg. Perspectives of power also serve as ...


Carrying The Torch: The Continuation Of Fascist Legacies In The European New Right, Michael Lawrence Colletta Jan 2016

Carrying The Torch: The Continuation Of Fascist Legacies In The European New Right, Michael Lawrence Colletta

Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The European New Right is an intellectual think tank that was established in the late 1960s, as a counter intellectual, right leaning school of thought that opposes liberalism, egalitarianism, equality, capitalism, communism, and multiculturalism in contemporary European society and politics. They link their philosophies back to historically conservative thinkers who have associations with fascism. I examine the continuing legacies of fascism in the ENR’s depiction of religion, political correctness in Germany, and multiculturalism and race.


Thoreau And Integrity, Daniel Alexander Zlatkin Jan 2016

Thoreau And Integrity, Daniel Alexander Zlatkin

Senior Projects Spring 2016

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Knowledge And Resistance: Feminine Style And Signifyin[G] In Michelle Obama’S Public Address, Tracy Valgento Jan 2016

Knowledge And Resistance: Feminine Style And Signifyin[G] In Michelle Obama’S Public Address, Tracy Valgento

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

This thesis examines the public discourse of the first African American first lady of the United States, Michelle Obama. I argue that Michelle Obama uses the double-voiced discourses of feminine style and African American Signifyin[g] to negate post-race and post-gender mythologies that suggest that American society is “beyond identity”. Looking at three of Obama’s speeches: Michelle Obama's 2008 Democratic National Convention Speech, The Remarks by the First Lady at Memorial Service for Dr. Maya Angelou, and Remarks by the First Lady at Tuskegee University Commencement Address this thesis argues that Michelle Obama performativity interrogates and questions gender ...


Rule Of Law, Human Rights, And Racial Plurality In Contemporary Malaysian Society, Bryan Ji Yang Leong Jan 2016

Rule Of Law, Human Rights, And Racial Plurality In Contemporary Malaysian Society, Bryan Ji Yang Leong

Honors Projects and Presentations: Undergraduate

What are the prospects for a robust Malaysian democracy?On 3 December 2015,the Malaysian Parliament approved a security law allowing for the strengthening of its National Security Council. The passing of this bill will allow Malaysia’s premier to declare a state of emergency without royal consent. The Prime Minister can order lockdowns, curfews, and unwarranted searches and seizures of selected areas for up to six months—a duration renewable at his discretion. Prime Minister Najib Razak provided the rationale that such legislation is necessary to prevent terrorist attacks, but opposition leaders and civil rights NGOs disagree—the Malaysian ...


Custom Framing: An Analysis Of Camille Pissarro's "Les Turpitudes Sociales" Within A Base-Superstructure Model, Robin S. Klaus Jan 2016

Custom Framing: An Analysis Of Camille Pissarro's "Les Turpitudes Sociales" Within A Base-Superstructure Model, Robin S. Klaus

Senior Independent Study Theses

No abstract provided.


The Somewhere We Wish Were Nowhere: Dystopian Realities And (Un)Democratic Imaginaries, Benjamin B. Taylor Jan 2016

The Somewhere We Wish Were Nowhere: Dystopian Realities And (Un)Democratic Imaginaries, Benjamin B. Taylor

Senior Independent Study Theses

How do political practices influence mass culture? Conversely, how does mass culture influence political practice? This project addresses these questions by turning to the concepts of utopia and dystopia. Imagined utopic and dystopic visions express both the hopes and anxieties of the societies producing them. Dystopias also highlight the mechanisms of power that function within particular social orders. Through readings of Lois Lowry’s The Giver and Phillip K. Dick’s Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?, I demonstrate how utopia and dystopia function and how we can respond to dystopic realities by theorizing solutions that are more conducive to ...


The International Community's Response To The Hypothetical Emergence Of Superheroes, Brittany Nicole Woods Jan 2016

The International Community's Response To The Hypothetical Emergence Of Superheroes, Brittany Nicole Woods

CMC Senior Theses

In a golden era for comic based media, this paper uses the hypothetical emergence of superheroes to analyze the assumptions and predictions of three international relations theories: realism, liberalism, and constructivism. Comics consistently reflect the real world, paralleling events and concepts discussed in foreign affairs dialogues. The thought experiment, and the comic genre itself, provides a vehicle for thinking broadly about the political and social ramifications of successful or failed problem solving, state interaction, and scientific advances.


The Modern Administrative State: Why We Have ‘Big Government’ And How To Run And Reform Bureaucratic Organizations, Sean Y. Sakaguchi Jan 2016

The Modern Administrative State: Why We Have ‘Big Government’ And How To Run And Reform Bureaucratic Organizations, Sean Y. Sakaguchi

CMC Senior Theses

This work asserts that bureaucratic organization is not only an inevitable part of the modern administrative state, but that a high quality bureaucracy within a strongly empowered executive branch is an ideal mechanism for running government in the modern era. Beginning with a philosophical inquiry into the purpose of American government as we understand it today, this paper responds to criticisms of the role of expanded government and develops a framework for evaluating the quality of differing government structures. Following an evaluation of the current debate surrounding bureaucracies (from both proponents and critics), this thesis outlines the lessons and principles ...


A Kantian Revision Of The Doctrine Of Double Effect, Andrew H. Chung Jan 2016

A Kantian Revision Of The Doctrine Of Double Effect, Andrew H. Chung

CMC Senior Theses

In this paper, I will present a Kantian revision of the Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE). In order to do so, I will explain the concept of jus in bello – focusing in particular on the distinction between intent and foresight. I will then argue that we ought to take an agency-inspired look at the DDE. Finally, I will conclude by arguing for my thesis that Boyle’s theory of agency, while good, needs to be revised in order to accommodate concerns stemming from Kant’s Formula of Humanity… namely consent.


The Importance Of Strong Governmental Institutions In Military Subordination: Mexico And Argentina, A Comparative Study, Eli Landman Jan 2016

The Importance Of Strong Governmental Institutions In Military Subordination: Mexico And Argentina, A Comparative Study, Eli Landman

CMC Senior Theses

This paper examines the history of civil military relations in Mexico and Argentina in an attempt to understand why Mexico was able to subordinate its military following the fall of the Porfírian military regime, while Argentina experienced decades of military intervention into the civilian sphere. It argues that strong governmental and political institutions in Mexico were the key to subordinating the Mexican military to civilian control, while patterns of populist political movements in Argentina hampered the formation of strong governmental institutions that would have enabled the subordination of the military to civilian control.


Framing China's National Image Through Film: Chinese Political Films In The 1980s And The 2000s, Ruiqi Lin Jan 2016

Framing China's National Image Through Film: Chinese Political Films In The 1980s And The 2000s, Ruiqi Lin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examines how Chinese political films frame national image at the present time (2000s) and compares that portrayal with an earlier time period (1980s). Attempting to build a bridge between framing theory and film studies, and also trying to provide an comprehensive measurement of national image, this research expands the concept of national image to include political and cultural aspects: the former involves key dimensions such as major political figures and state capacity, while the latter contains traditional cultural representations, national culture portrayals, and patriotism appeal. Through a qualitative content analysis of two films, The Founding of A Republic ...


Under What Conditions, If Any, Should Be Abortion Legally Permissible, Eleni Apostolaki Jan 2016

Under What Conditions, If Any, Should Be Abortion Legally Permissible, Eleni Apostolaki

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

Our society is often divided between good and evil, right and wrong. However, the distinction between the two is not always that self-evident or can be taken light-heartedly. The issue I will address here qualifies as one of the most polarizing issues, whether abortion should be legally permissible and if so, under what conditions.

Posing this question we see people covering the whole strictness spectrum of either abortion-supporting or abortion-condemning groups, advocating their stances, based on arguments that they find concrete enough to win the “contest” and prevail against their adversaries. What are the questions we should ...


The Political Dimensions Of Dance: The Viability Of Dance As A Tool For Generating Conflict Awareness And Peacebuilding In The Context Of The Arab Israeli Conflict, Alexandra Zaslav Jan 2016

The Political Dimensions Of Dance: The Viability Of Dance As A Tool For Generating Conflict Awareness And Peacebuilding In The Context Of The Arab Israeli Conflict, Alexandra Zaslav

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

The arts are transforming the field of grassroots peacebuilding and conflict resolution, yet dance is often underutilized in comparison to the other arts. However, this thesis argues that two core components of dance – choreography and outreach dance education – are not only viable tools for peacebuilding, but by their nature, more adept at dealing with the relational and psychological components of conflict often left untouched by the other arts and traditional conflict resolution. This is due to dance’s focus on the body, and its relation to others in space, which is intrinsic to the building and healing of relationships. Dance ...


The New American Revolution: Economic Inequality And Economic Democracy, Alec Stubbs Jan 2016

The New American Revolution: Economic Inequality And Economic Democracy, Alec Stubbs

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

This work explores the disastrous effects of the modern capitalist system and how it creates, as well as perpetuates, the negative impacts of a vastly unequal system. Beginning with how inequality manifests itself and why we should care, this work analyzes the damages, dangers, and destruction of economic inequality. These insights help to reveal two key aspects of the failing capitalist system: the lie of real political democracy and the lack of economic democracy. At the root cause of these issues is an unstable capitalism that cannot simply be quelled by taxation, regulation, and reconfiguration. Instead, I contend that what ...


A United State Of Injustice, Alexa L. Wach Jan 2016

A United State Of Injustice, Alexa L. Wach

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract: There are actions carried out by government under the guise of political authority that are immoral and unjust. I hope to show that the fact that government is the entity carrying out the morally questionable action is not sufficient to satisfy conditions that make prima facie wrong actions morally permissible. I will explore some political theories that attempt to explain why government has political authority, then challenge those theories. In an attempt to make clear why political authority is unjustified, I provide an argument in the form of a variety of extreme examples in which political authority might be ...


Gendered Citizenship And The Sectarian Public Sphere: Women And Civic Space In Lebanon, Ellysse V. Dick Jan 2016

Gendered Citizenship And The Sectarian Public Sphere: Women And Civic Space In Lebanon, Ellysse V. Dick

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Modern Lebanon’s political sectarian system is the result of many years of external forces molding the territory and its sociopolitical structures to align with international interests. Civic spaces in Lebanon, and women’s activity within these spaces, is dictated by sectarian dynamics within its politics and society. This paper explores the evolution of the Lebanese state and sectarianized experiences of citizenship in relation to the external forces that shaped the “Lebanese System” in place today.

Beginning in the late Ottoman and French Mandate periods, it identifies the key players in state formation both under colonial rule and later, as ...


The End Of The State Of Autonomies? An Analysis Of The Controversy Surrounding The 2010 Spanish Constitutional Court Ruling On Catalonia's 2006 Statute Of Autonomy, Kevin Mermel Jan 2016

The End Of The State Of Autonomies? An Analysis Of The Controversy Surrounding The 2010 Spanish Constitutional Court Ruling On Catalonia's 2006 Statute Of Autonomy, Kevin Mermel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years, many citizens in the Spanish region of Catalonia have mobilized in favor of independence, a desire previously far outside the mainstream. As of the spring of 2016, separatists control the majority of seats in Catalan parliament. This study seeks to explain why independence is so widely supported in Catalonia, and focuses specifically on the region’s 2006 Statute of Autonomy, which the Spanish Constitutional Court modified in a 2010 ruling. The struggles that the statute faced both before and after the court’s 2010 ruling provided a crucial turning point in the debate over Catalan independence. The ...


Black Republicans: A Minority Within A Minority, Scout D. Ennis Jan 2016

Black Republicans: A Minority Within A Minority, Scout D. Ennis

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Black Republicans are a rarity in United States politics, as illustrated by the 2008 presidential election when 95 percent of black Americans voted for Barack Obama while only four percent of black Americans voted for John McCain. Despite their relative obscurity, black Republicans are nonetheless important and influential. However, the literature on black Republicans has been neither well informed nor satisfying, typically portraying black Republicans as adherents to a single strain of Republican thought. In response, this thesis aims to document the diverse array of thoughts, opinions, and experiences among black Republicans. Nineteen black Republicans from Colorado, Georgia, and Iowa ...


Constraints That Bind? A Comparison Of Ruler Longevity In Merit And Feudal Institutions, Cody Schmidt Jan 2016

Constraints That Bind? A Comparison Of Ruler Longevity In Merit And Feudal Institutions, Cody Schmidt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the theory that veto players constrain executives and create a more stable political environment. This study extends previous research by looking at two new cases, the empires of China and Japan. I focus on the unconstrained rule of Chinese Emperors compared to their Japanese counterparts in part because of the existence of a developed feudal society in Medieval Japan, but also because China represents one of the earliest forms of meritocratic recruitment for higher offices in the government. Using data on imperial rule, this thesis analyzes the constraining effect of feudal institutions in a context found outside ...


Women's Representation In Majlis Al Shura In Oman: How Do Gender Ideology, Islam, And Tribalism Matter?, Ahlam Khalfan Al Subhi Jan 2016

Women's Representation In Majlis Al Shura In Oman: How Do Gender Ideology, Islam, And Tribalism Matter?, Ahlam Khalfan Al Subhi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Little work examines women's representation in elected office in non-Western countries, especially in the Arab region. Cross-national studies considering Arabic countries have argued that Islam and culture are the main reasons the Arab region has the lowest rate of women's representation in the world. However, this topic cannot be fully understood without taking into account informal politics, especially tribalism and the practices of social elites in this region. This study investigates the determinants of voting for female candidates using data from the first electoral survey ever conducted in Oman, prior to the October 2015 elections for Majlis al ...


Political Modernization In Atatürk’S Turkey And The Shah’S Iran And The Struggle For Meaning, Ethan Jacob Hornk Evans Jan 2016

Political Modernization In Atatürk’S Turkey And The Shah’S Iran And The Struggle For Meaning, Ethan Jacob Hornk Evans

Senior Projects Spring 2016

Humans desire meaning in life, and achieve it by satiating their thymos. This is the part of the mind which desires pride, whereas the rational part of the soul desires reasoned thoughts, while the survival part of the soul desires food, water, and necessities. Furthermore, humans desire to show their lives have meaning in front of others, or seek recognition. They do this by risking their lives or livelihoods for the sake of satisfying their thymos.

The shah of Iran and Mustafa Kemal Ataturk tried to modernize their countries during the 19th Century. The shah was deposed in a revolution ...


The Emerge Difference: Effects Of Encouragement By Political Organizations On Women's Political Ambition, Ashleigh Hayes Jan 2016

The Emerge Difference: Effects Of Encouragement By Political Organizations On Women's Political Ambition, Ashleigh Hayes

MPA/MPP Capstone Projects

Substantive representation of women in elected positions is an area where The United States is lacking. Within the United States Congress, women are disproportionately less likely to be elected to office and it is much of the same at the state level. Nationally, women hold only 104 (19.4%) of the 535 seats in the United States Congress as of 2015 (8). At the state level, women fare somewhat better. Women comprise 24.2 percent of state legislatures nationwide (9). In the state of Kentucky, women hold 25 seats in the state legislature or 18.1 percent. This is far ...


Adaptation On A Budget: How Vietnamese Innovators Are Trying To Design Their Way Out Of Climate Change, Shanti R. Johnson Jan 2016

Adaptation On A Budget: How Vietnamese Innovators Are Trying To Design Their Way Out Of Climate Change, Shanti R. Johnson

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

In the rapidly developing Mekong Delta of Vietnam, young innovators are facing a challenge far greater than simply trying to catch up with the wealthier world. In a growing trend, the next generation of Vietnamese is acting under a common understanding: climate change is real, it’s here and the time to respond is growing short.

For over a decade, Southern Vietnam has consistently been ranked by international organizations like the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as one of the most vulnerable places in the world to the impacts of climate change. That vulnerability is heightened by the fact that ...