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2016

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Gay Rights

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Powerless In Movement: How Social Movements Influence, And Fail To Influence, American Politics And Policy, Matthew Mongiello Mongiello Jan 2016

Powerless In Movement: How Social Movements Influence, And Fail To Influence, American Politics And Policy, Matthew Mongiello Mongiello

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Much of the literature on social movements centers on cyclical theories of political opportunity. While such work lays an important foundation for understanding contentious politics, it fails to fully integrate movements as actors in the American political system and public policy process. As such, the ways movements exercise power in the American political system, and the ways that power is constrained, are often not clearly conceptualized. This dissertation argues that movements exercise political power in the US in three distinct but overlapping ways; pluralist interest group power, plebiscitary opinion power, and disruptive contentious power. Through public law and empirical analyses ...