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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Peasant Communities, The First Link Of The Commodity Chain Of Vicuña Fiber, Liliana L. Lay Lisung Jan 2008

Peasant Communities, The First Link Of The Commodity Chain Of Vicuña Fiber, Liliana L. Lay Lisung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Vicuna fiber has a high value in the textile and fashion industry and is seen on the runways of the most selective and luxurious clothing designers in Europe. However, the vicuna fiber process and commodity chain are little known. This thesis presents the commodity chain of vicuna fiber and the positive and negative impacts that vicuna fiber commercialization generates in Peruvian peasant communities. The research, based on in-depth interviews and document analysis, studies the development of this buyer-driven chain, the social actors' roles, and the policies and legislation implemented to preserve vicuna species. In response to consumption demands, the marketing ...


Political Culture's Effect On Voter Turnout: The 2004 Election And Beyond, Narren J. Brown Jan 2008

Political Culture's Effect On Voter Turnout: The 2004 Election And Beyond, Narren J. Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

I provide an account of the psychological elements that combine within an actor, motivating them to vote. Political scientists have written extensively on voter turnout, however, no one has attempted to explain turnout based primarily on political culture. Political culture has improved our understanding of states, parties, and elections alike. This thesis uses political culture in an ordinal scale as the primary explanatory variable in an OLS regression. Political culture has rarely been used as an explanatory variable and to my knowledge never as an ordinal scale. I posit that political culture, like a sense of civic duty, or any ...


Presidential Leadership From Presidents Washington To Bush And Beyond: Assessing Presidents Within The Cycled Circumstances Of Institutional Expectations, Christopher Halverson Untiet Jan 2008

Presidential Leadership From Presidents Washington To Bush And Beyond: Assessing Presidents Within The Cycled Circumstances Of Institutional Expectations, Christopher Halverson Untiet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A revealing way of assessing Presidential leadership comes through interpreting a President's time in office within the six-step cycled circumstances of institutional expectations. Using historical biographies and reinterpreting the patterns of Presidential political time from Stephen Skowronek's The Politics Presidents Make: Leadership from John Adams to George Bush, I develop leadership cycles of Reconstructive, Great-Son Articulator, Preemption-One, Grandson Articulator, Preemption-Two, and Disjunctive Presidents. I develop the thesis through a literature review and chapter describing Presidential history from 1789-1829. From here, I use the Presidential leadership types in my Washington, Jackson, Lincoln, McKinley/Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, and Reagan ...


Latino/A Business Owners In Ames, Iowa, Mario A. Iñiguez Jan 2007

Latino/A Business Owners In Ames, Iowa, Mario A. Iñiguez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As more Latino/as become employers, their economic vitality will grow further, and assume a stronger position in the U.S. economy. In this study I have focused on the city of Ames, Iowa, and the personal stories of its Latino/a business owners. From their individual stories, insight can be gained into what if any common themes they have in starting, and maintaining their businesses, how much family plays a role, and how connected the owners are to the business community. In sum, the purpose of this study is to document the story of each Latino/a owner. Each ...


Evo Morales And The Indigenous Peoples In Bolivia: An Analysis Of The 2002 And 2005 Presidential Elections, Basil Riad Mahayni Jan 2007

Evo Morales And The Indigenous Peoples In Bolivia: An Analysis Of The 2002 And 2005 Presidential Elections, Basil Riad Mahayni

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the relationship between the indigenous peoples and the electoral success of Evo Morales in the 2002 and 2005 Bolivian presidential elections. Morales earned a surprising 20% of the vote in 2002 enough for second place. In 2005, Morales earned over 50% of the presidential vote. He is the first indigenous president of Bolivia and is the first to receive over 50% of the vote since the re-transition to democracy. The electoral success of Morales has been framed in the context of the indigenousness in Bolivia, the country with the highest proportions of indigenous peoples in South America ...


The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali Jan 2006

The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many countries claim that foreign cultural goods threaten their national identities and culture and engage in protectionism. In this dissertation, I analyze the economics of trade protection in cultural services, focusing on domestic cultural content protection in terrestrial television and radio broadcasting, and cultural tariffs in the movie industry. My the first essay considers the impact of cultural quota imposed of radio stations in increasing consumption of domestic programs. Domestic content requirement may reduce (increase) consumption of domestic programs when consumer's demand is highly elastic (inelastic), the degree of preference for foreign content over domestic content is high (low ...


Be-Coming Subjects: Reclaiming A Politics Of Location As Radical Political Rhetoric , Catherine Olive-Marie Fox Jan 2004

Be-Coming Subjects: Reclaiming A Politics Of Location As Radical Political Rhetoric , Catherine Olive-Marie Fox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation I theorize and analyze the rhetorical deployment of a "politics of location" within the context of poststructural theories of discourse, subjectivity, and agency. In her book, Blood Bread and Poetry, Adrienne Rich coins the phrase "a politics of location," which marks an effort to move away from a hegemonic Western feminism that universalizes all women's experiences and constructs a normative (and hence limiting and exclusionary) subject of feminism. Rich forwards a politics of location as a radical materialist political stance that grounds feminist theory in accountability for the situatedness of knowledge production. I extend Rich's ...


Anti-Depression Public Works: Federal-Aid Roadbuilding, 1920-22 , John Oscar Davis Jan 2002

Anti-Depression Public Works: Federal-Aid Roadbuilding, 1920-22 , John Oscar Davis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Construction of a U.S. highway system for automobile traffic began soon after World War I substantially as extensive anti-depression public works. Construction grew also from public support for roads for autos, prior development of plans and funds, and a brief depression's lower building costs. A new highway program expanded quickly in 1920--22, using federal funds states and counties matched, making participation a state or local option. The expansion's extent and location depended partly on existing roadbuilding and taxing systems; on patterns of geography, settlement, and economics; and on wishes of many governments' officials and constituents. In early ...


Legislators And Politicians: Iowa's Women Lawmakers , Suzanne O'Dea Schenken Jan 1992

Legislators And Politicians: Iowa's Women Lawmakers , Suzanne O'Dea Schenken

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Seventy-seven women have served in the Iowa General Assembly since the election of the first woman in 1928. Iowa's women legislators represent a broad range of political beliefs, wealth, education, and personal backgrounds. The diversity among them extends to their political styles and the issues they supported and opposed.;Before their candidacies these lawmakers generally lived traditional women's lives and participated in their communities' activities and organizations. They often became candidates to fill their parties' tickets but some ran because they believed that they had specific contributions to make to the formulation of state policy.;Through the issues ...


"The Women Are Just Back Of Everything... ": Power And Politics Revisited In Small Town America , Susan J. Stall Jan 1991

"The Women Are Just Back Of Everything... ": Power And Politics Revisited In Small Town America , Susan J. Stall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the community-building work of women in one small, rural upper midwestern town, Parkville. From 1980 to 1982, sixty-four people, fifty-nine women and five men were selected through snowball sampling and interviewed in-depth. Fifty-five of these women were Parkville residents;This study draws upon the sociology of community, political sociology, and feminist theory in order to explicate the experience and contributions of small town women. Examined were the voluntary community work that women do in all-female organizations and auxiliaries and the social attachments that inspire this work;The findings reveal that the work women do in preserving and ...


The Emergence Of Federal Assistance Programs For Migrant And Seasonal Farmworkers In Post-World War Ii America , Anne B. W. Effland Jan 1991

The Emergence Of Federal Assistance Programs For Migrant And Seasonal Farmworkers In Post-World War Ii America , Anne B. W. Effland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study traces the political developments out of which federal assistance programs for migrant and seasonal farmworkers emerged in post-World War II America. These programs arose slowly over a period of three decades, built on the experience of the depression and war years and sustained through the 1950s by persistent interest groups and sympathetic individuals within government. During those decades, the political strength of both opposing and supporting forces rose and fell with the rise and fall of public sympathy for the poverty of farmworkers. Yet throughout the period, particularly in the 1950s when assistance to farmworkers foundered in the ...


Booze, Ballots, And Wild Women: Coverage Of Suffrage And Temperance By Three Iowa Newspapers, 1870-75, Diana Pounds Jan 1990

Booze, Ballots, And Wild Women: Coverage Of Suffrage And Temperance By Three Iowa Newspapers, 1870-75, Diana Pounds

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Ethical Image In The Rhetoric Of Gary Hart, Samuel Dail Lewis Jan 1984

Ethical Image In The Rhetoric Of Gary Hart, Samuel Dail Lewis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

To many voters, the words make the man. Many voters interpret the personality projected by a politician's speech as the candidate's real self. Since the age of Plato, speakers have manipulated this projected personality, called ethical image by rhetoricians, to favorably display good sense, good moral character, and good will towards the audience.


Agriculture And Federal Antitrust Activity: An Economic History And Analysis , Scott David Walton Jan 1953

Agriculture And Federal Antitrust Activity: An Economic History And Analysis , Scott David Walton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.