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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

From The Voices Of Domestic Sex Trafficking Survivors: Experiences Of Complex Trauma & Posttraumatic Growth, Heather R. Evans Dsw May 2019

From The Voices Of Domestic Sex Trafficking Survivors: Experiences Of Complex Trauma & Posttraumatic Growth, Heather R. Evans Dsw

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Human sex trafficking is an ongoing global rights violation formally recognized since 2000 through the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report, 2016). Using ecological and trauma-informed lenses, this qualitative, retrospective study used participant-centered methods to explore identity, sexuality, relationships, and factors that facilitate/ hindered community reintegration for 15 adult female survivors. Interview transcripts, Photovoice captioned images, and focus groups were analyzed using multi-level conceptual and thematic coding. Participants identified with all aspects of complex trauma, including: dissociation, self-perception/identity, relations with others and systems of meaning. Key themes included losing and regaining power, shame, and ...


Punishment And Privilege: The Politics Of Class, Crime, And Corporations In America, Anthony Grasso Jan 2018

Punishment And Privilege: The Politics Of Class, Crime, And Corporations In America, Anthony Grasso

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

As the global leader in incarceration, America locks up its own citizens at a rate that dwarfs that of any other developed nation. Yet while racial minorities and the urban poor fill American prisons and jails for street crimes, the state has historically struggled to consistently prosecute corporate crime. Why does the American state lock people up for street crimes at extraordinary rates but demonstrate such a limited capacity to prosecute corporate crime? While most scholarship analyzes these questions separately, juxtaposing these phenomena illuminates how the carceral state’s divergent treatments of street crime and corporate crime share common and ...


Mothers, Daughters, Wives, And Widows: The Politics Of India's Social Programs For Women, 1985-2015, Prakirti Nangia Jan 2018

Mothers, Daughters, Wives, And Widows: The Politics Of India's Social Programs For Women, 1985-2015, Prakirti Nangia

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Why is social policy for women in the global south increasingly focused on women as mothers? While existing literature explains the rise of maternalist (mother-focused) social policy in 20th-century Europe and the United States, I show that it does not account for the newest wave of maternalist social policy, which is unfolding in developing countries around the world. Using India as a case study, I compare the surprising and divergent trajectories of two contemporaneous women’s programs to unearth the causes of growing maternalism in the global south. One of the programs, Janani Suraksha Yojana (Mother Protection Scheme, or JSY ...


American Reconstitution: How The States Stabilize American Constitutional Development, Robinson Woodward-Burns Jan 2017

American Reconstitution: How The States Stabilize American Constitutional Development, Robinson Woodward-Burns

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The American Constitution is exceptionally stable. Americans have proposed and ratified only one national constitution with only twenty-seven amendments. In contrast, the American states have proposed 354 constitutions, held 250 conventions, and ratified 146 constitutions with at least 5,900 amendments. Why is the federal Constitution so much more stable than the state constitutions? Many scholars cite the federal Constitution’s higher procedural barriers to revision. But this dissertation asserts that ongoing state constitutional revision resolves national constitutional controversies, preempting federal constitutional amendment and quieting national inter-branch conflict. The dissertation tests this claim in two ways. First, it compares all ...


The Democratic Standard Of Care In Tort Law, Gregory Jay Hall Jan 2017

The Democratic Standard Of Care In Tort Law, Gregory Jay Hall

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Social life is inherently risky. Who should bear the costs of accidental harm? That issue has been traditionally addressed in tort legal doctrine under the concept of breach of the negligence standard of care. Trial courts provide juries with instructions that, put roughly, direct the jury to decide whether the defendant’s conduct fell below what a reasonably prudent person would have done if in the defendant’s circumstances. Without further judicial direction on that issue, the jury effectively has excessive discretion in rendering a verdict. Such discretion, opens the door for at least two kinds of potential injustice. Juries ...


The Slave South In The Far West: California, The Pacific, And Proslavery Visions Of Empire, Kevin Waite Jan 2016

The Slave South In The Far West: California, The Pacific, And Proslavery Visions Of Empire, Kevin Waite

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation rests on a relatively simple premise: America’s road to disunion ran west, and unless we account for the transcontinental and trans-Pacific ambitions of slaveholders, our understanding of the nation’s bloodiest conflict will remain incomplete. Whereas a number of important works have explored southern imperialism within the Atlantic Basin, surprisingly little has been written on the far western dimension of proslavery expansion. My work traces two interrelated initiatives – the southern campaign for a transcontinental railroad and the extension of a proslavery political order across the Far Southwest – in order to situate the struggle over slavery in a ...


Powerless In Movement: How Social Movements Influence, And Fail To Influence, American Politics And Policy, Matthew Mongiello Mongiello Jan 2016

Powerless In Movement: How Social Movements Influence, And Fail To Influence, American Politics And Policy, Matthew Mongiello Mongiello

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Much of the literature on social movements centers on cyclical theories of political opportunity. While such work lays an important foundation for understanding contentious politics, it fails to fully integrate movements as actors in the American political system and public policy process. As such, the ways movements exercise power in the American political system, and the ways that power is constrained, are often not clearly conceptualized. This dissertation argues that movements exercise political power in the US in three distinct but overlapping ways; pluralist interest group power, plebiscitary opinion power, and disruptive contentious power. Through public law and empirical analyses ...


Epicurean Justice And Law, Jan Maximilian Robitzsch Jan 2016

Epicurean Justice And Law, Jan Maximilian Robitzsch

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation concerns a cluster of related issues surrounding the Epicurean conception of justice. First, I show that the Epicureans defend a sophisticated kind of social contract theory and maintain a kind of legal positivism, views that are widely held today and so are of continuing interest for contemporary readers. In doing so, I argue that thinking about justice and law forms an integral part of Epicurean philosophy (pace the standard view). Second, I take up some neglected issues regarding justice and so provide detailed accounts of the metaphysics of moral properties in Epicureanism as well as of Epicurean moral ...


Cpac: The Origins And Role Of The Conference In The Expansion And Consolidation Of The Conservative Movement, 1974-1980, Daniel Preston Parker Jan 2015

Cpac: The Origins And Role Of The Conference In The Expansion And Consolidation Of The Conservative Movement, 1974-1980, Daniel Preston Parker

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) is an annual event that brings conservative politicians, public intellectuals, pundits, and issue activists together in Washington, DC to discuss strategies for achieving their goals through the electoral and policy process. Although CPAC receives a great deal of attention each year from conservative movement activists and the news outlets that cover it, it has attracted less attention from scholars. This dissertation seeks to address the gap in existing knowledge by providing a fresh account of the role that CPAC played in the expansion and consolidation of the conservative movement during the 1970s. Audio recordings ...


The Real Silent Majority: Denver And The Realignment Of American Politics After The Sixties, Rachel Meira Guberman Jan 2015

The Real Silent Majority: Denver And The Realignment Of American Politics After The Sixties, Rachel Meira Guberman

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

“The Real Silent Majority” offers a new assessment of late-twentieth century U.S. political realignment, overturning previous explanations focused on the supposed death of liberalism and rise of the New Right. Instead, it traces the emergence of a pragmatic, self-interested, and only weakly partisan “quality of life” politics in America’s metropolitan areas from the late-1960s onwards. A case study of Denver, Colorado, and its surrounding metropolitan region, my study is a political and spatial history that incorporates perspectives from cultural, intellectual, and policy history as well as the interdisciplinary fields of metropolitan and urban studies. In examining the new ...


Black Sophists: A Critique Of Demagoguery, Garry Bertholf Jan 2013

Black Sophists: A Critique Of Demagoguery, Garry Bertholf

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the narrative strategies and performative devices of African-American politics in the post-civil rights era. My inquiry focuses on demagoguery--a term dating from classical antiquity--in order to implicate it in African-American political discourses, in particular those of Tavis Smiley's former State of the Black Union, 2000-2010. Indeed, I posit that Smiley's former annual event is an important site for thinking about modern black demagoguery and the aestheticization of black politics. Through close readings and original transcriptions of Louis Farrakhan (b. 1933), Cornel West (b. 1953), and Michael Eric Dyson (b. 1958), I show that the inevitable ...


The Political Economy Of War Finance, Rosella Cappella Jan 2012

The Political Economy Of War Finance, Rosella Cappella

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

What explains the variation in how states pay for war? Leaders must choose between four primary means of war finance: taxation, domestic debt, external extraction, and printing. Each alternative has different political and economic costs and benefits. Borrowing compounds the cost of war through high interest rates; printing can result in disastrous inflation; taxation combats high inflation and minimizes cost yet can be politically damaging; while garnering money from abroad invites outside influence and fosters dependency. Conventional wisdom suggests that regime type dictates war finance strategy. However, based on statistical analysis of a novel data set and in-depth case studies ...


The Origins Of The United Nations Relief And Rehabilitation Administration, 1939-1943, Charles Wesley Sharpe Jan 2012

The Origins Of The United Nations Relief And Rehabilitation Administration, 1939-1943, Charles Wesley Sharpe

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes the bureaucratic origins and diplomatic processes that led to the creation of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), established in November 1943 to aid destitute populations and battle-scarred countries after the Second World War. Based on archival work in Canada, Europe, and the United States, the author argues that UNRRA was not only a test case for the United Nations organization set up after the war; it also served as a model for the whole system of postwar global governance.

Yet this agency was not what it seemed. While Franklin Roosevelt claimed the UN signified ...


Germany's Cold War On Display: The Political Aesthetics Of German-German Relations, 1949-1989, Katrin Schreiter Jan 2012

Germany's Cold War On Display: The Political Aesthetics Of German-German Relations, 1949-1989, Katrin Schreiter

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation examines domestic culture as a project of nation building in a divided Germany between 1949 and 1989. Soviet and American backing during escalating Cold War tensions pulled East and West Germans in opposing ideological directions, which they initially expressed in diverging aesthetics. Historiography on German material culture traditionally concentrates on the East-West competition during the first two decades of the Cold War. By extending the narrative into the 1970s and 1980s, Germany's Cold War on Display: The Political Aesthetics of German-German Relations, 1949-1989 argues instead that internal economic and political collaboration between the two German states created ...


Defeat And Resurrection: A Political History Of The Pan-Albanian National Revolutionary Movement, 1912-2010, Alexandra Rachael De Renzy Channer Jan 2012

Defeat And Resurrection: A Political History Of The Pan-Albanian National Revolutionary Movement, 1912-2010, Alexandra Rachael De Renzy Channer

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

"Defeat and Resurrection: A Political History of the Pan-Albanian National Revolutionary Movement, 1912-2010"

Alexandra De Renzy Channer

Supervisor, Professor Brendan O'Leary

This is a study of the strategies of the micro and macro movements making up the Albanian pan-national revolutionary movement, which sought to unite their imagined homeland, divided by political borders, in one state. It looks at the development of nationalism in the space of partition and across time. The Albanian case is analyzed in depth, from the declaration of independent Albania in 1912 and its partition in 1913, up to 2010. Relying on archival research and ...


Terrorism In Pakistan: Incident Patterns, Terrorists’ Characteristics, And The Impact Of Terrorist Arrests On Terrorism, Syed Ejaz Hussain May 2010

Terrorism In Pakistan: Incident Patterns, Terrorists’ Characteristics, And The Impact Of Terrorist Arrests On Terrorism, Syed Ejaz Hussain

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation, in a 3-paper format, uses three data sets to study three aspects of terrorism in Pakistan. In the first paper, using data from the GTD, I describe empirically the temporal and spatial patterns of terrorism incidents in Pakistan from 1974 to 2007. In addition, I also describe the patterns in target types, weapon types and terrorist types and the patterns prior to and following the U.S.-led invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Analysis methods include the univariate time series, descriptive statistics and the GIS. The study offers new insights on the measurement of terrorism, the cyclical nature ...


"To End This Day Of Strife": Churchwomen And The Campaign For Integration, 1920-1970, Janine Marie Denomme Jan 2001

"To End This Day Of Strife": Churchwomen And The Campaign For Integration, 1920-1970, Janine Marie Denomme

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

"'To End This Day of Strife': Churchwomen and the Campaign for Integration, 1920-1970," explores the development and significance of a race relations agenda within a national interdenominational and interracial organization of women, known today as Church Women United (CWU). This project examines the role the organization played in the expansion of a moral language of race that reached across region, race and denomination. The keys to this expansion were twofold: First, the participation of African American churchwomen in the organization from its beginnings stimulated dialogue and action; and second, the missionary legacy of white churchwomen, which, despite its initial imperialist ...


The Christian Socialists Of Austria As A Parliamentary Party, Edwin Lane Dunbaugh Jan 1960

The Christian Socialists Of Austria As A Parliamentary Party, Edwin Lane Dunbaugh

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

No abstract provided.