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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Up Close And Personal: Ritual, Social Criticism, And The Russell Tribunal, Henry Blackburn May 2020

Up Close And Personal: Ritual, Social Criticism, And The Russell Tribunal, Henry Blackburn

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis attempts to provide a conception of the Russell Tribunal as an organization deeply rooted in ritual practice and social criticism. Contrary to prevailing views that describe the Tribunal as nothing more than a (failed) legal court or an organization that sought to engage with international law, this thesis argues that the Tribunal, far from an organization rooted in judging the legality of the Vietnam War, can actually be understood as an organization that sought to enhance the social criticism of its members.


Moroccan Identity In The 1980s: The Theory And Policy Implications Of Studying Moroccan Identity, Heather Rodenberg May 2020

Moroccan Identity In The 1980s: The Theory And Policy Implications Of Studying Moroccan Identity, Heather Rodenberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Constructivism in International Relations’ theory grapples with broader themes affecting how country’s make decisions and relate to each other. In this theory one of the largest categories also happens to be among the least understood: a nation’s identity. Hopf and Allan, in Making Identity Count, created a framework for studying a country’s identity as objectively as possible through both quantitative and qualitative research. They have yet to apply their methodology to less understood regions of the world, from an American perspective. This paper adapts their framework to study Moroccan identity in the years 1979 through 1990. To ...


Sleeping With The Television On: How Popular Culture Content Implicitly Informs Political Reality, Grace Amato May 2020

Sleeping With The Television On: How Popular Culture Content Implicitly Informs Political Reality, Grace Amato

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Conversations about television shows and other popular culture content are happening constantly through various media. These conversations are undervalued and underexplored in terms of their ability to explain just how much popular culture content influences audience members’ beliefs about how the world works. By examining shows about the American government, the study is expected to reveal the societal expectations that lead to change in local and national politics. The primary goal is to understand how public opinion is shaped by popular culture and, in turn, how politics are shaped by public opinion. All being well, this will provide a framework ...


The Caged Bird Still Sings: The Poetics Of Peace, Sofia Diane Skavdahl May 2019

The Caged Bird Still Sings: The Poetics Of Peace, Sofia Diane Skavdahl

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Although poetry has been used as a method of peacemaking since Homer’s Iliad, little research, theory, or analysis has been done evaluating precisely what role poetry holds in the realms of peacemaking and conflict resolution. Poetry, along with other arts-based practices of peacemaking, is beneficial because of its ability to encourage personal autonomy and emotional communication, while offering an open and creative space to heal from violent conflict. In terms of the arts, poetry is especially unique because it holds the ability to transform relationships between adversaries and the relationship with the self. This paper seeks to analyze both ...


Comparing U.S. And French Approaches To Counterterrorism In Africa, Alexa Audino May 2018

Comparing U.S. And French Approaches To Counterterrorism In Africa, Alexa Audino

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Although terrorism is typically associated, in the U.S., with the Middle East, there is also a significant presence of terrorist groups in Africa. Both the United States and France are involved in counterterrorism in the Sahel region, where the two states often work together. However, the strategies of the U.S. and France in this region also frequently diverge. This project analyzes the differences in the strategies taken by France and the United States in counterterrorism interventions in the Sahel, specifically studying the ways in which these two countries are fighting Boko Haram, Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb ...


Mafia And Globalization: The Consequences Of Economic Integration Without Legal Symmetry, Benjamin White May 2018

Mafia And Globalization: The Consequences Of Economic Integration Without Legal Symmetry, Benjamin White

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This project will examine the relationship between mafia and globalization through the lenses of two case studies, focusing on the Calabrian criminal organization known as ‘Ndrangheta. The first case study revolves around the Port of Gioia Tauro, which serves as the drug trafficking hub of ‘Ndrangheta and is emblematic of the overall trends in global commercial traffic and security deficits. The purpose of this case study is to demonstrate how ‘Ndrangheta exploits the advanced economic integration that began in the 1990s and continues to exist in the gap between frantic commercial activity and limited government oversight. This case study begins ...


J.S. Mill The Democrat: Connecting Mill, Athens, And Election Reform, Devon Wolfe May 2018

J.S. Mill The Democrat: Connecting Mill, Athens, And Election Reform, Devon Wolfe

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper, I examine John Stuart Mill's views on representative government in an effort to show his support for democracy. In order to accomplish this, I examine his relationship to the Ancient Athenian direct democracy. I argue that Mill’s appreciation for the guiding principles of the participatory democracy in Athens implies that his own beliefs regarding the principles of democracy are positive and supportive.


Maritime Governance: How State Capacity Impacts Piracy And Sea Lane Security, Yuito Ishikawa Apr 2018

Maritime Governance: How State Capacity Impacts Piracy And Sea Lane Security, Yuito Ishikawa

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Maritime piracy varies from place to place and from age to age. This thesis aims to explain the variation of piracy across time and space by exploring the capability of establishing maritime governance against piracy. The spatial variation in the number of piratical attacks is explained by calculating the state capacity for governing the surrounding seas called Sea Power Index. The thesis argues that pirates particularly target waters near a state with “medium” levels of sea power because such states are not capable of enforcing strict regulations on piracy but can provide enough infrastructure and economy for pirates to have ...


Making Japan Great Again: Japan's Liberal Democratic Party As A Far Right Movement, Wesley Yee Jan 2018

Making Japan Great Again: Japan's Liberal Democratic Party As A Far Right Movement, Wesley Yee

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years, far right-wing political parties have gained power around the world. Far-right movements build a populist, anti-establishment support base through the use of ethno-nationalism and xenophobic policies and slogans. This article applies the models and party frames used to study European far-right movements and applies them to the case of the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (LDP), a party whose policies under prime ministers Junichiro Koizumi and Shinzo Abe have pushed the party from having a center-right stance to having more of a far-right nationalist and populist one. Using this framework I find that the LDP has utilized ...


Are Indigenous Peoples Better Off Under Evo Morales? Towards Understanding The Effects Of Decolonization Policy On Social Inclusion In Bolivia, Cailin Campbell Jan 2018

Are Indigenous Peoples Better Off Under Evo Morales? Towards Understanding The Effects Of Decolonization Policy On Social Inclusion In Bolivia, Cailin Campbell

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This undergraduate thesis examines how to measure the influence of the Evo Morales administration’s decolonization policies on the social inclusion of indigenous peoples in Bolivia. Given the ongoing colonial legacy of exclusion of indigenous peoples in Bolivia, the Morales administration has created a national agenda to decolonize the state and improve conditions for the marginalized, oppressed, and excluded indigenous peoples. In examining the nacionalización de los hidrocarburos, the ley de la reconducción comunitaria y reforma agraria, the plan nacional de desarrollo, the ley de la educación, the ley de deslinde, the ley de marco de autonomías, and TIPNIS, in ...


An Investigation Into The Socio-Political Dissonance Between The French Government And The Islamic French Minority, Alexandria Exley May 2017

An Investigation Into The Socio-Political Dissonance Between The French Government And The Islamic French Minority, Alexandria Exley

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Islamic minority in France today is experiencing adversity as the government of France passed legislation stating that all facial coverings will be henceforth illegal, restricting or prohibiting religious symbols in various public spaces. Some Islamic women feel as though this is a pointed attack on women of the Muslim faith for their choice to wear traditional clothing which covers the face and body. There have been outcries that this is a human rights violation and restriction of religious rights. This project is an examination of the effects of France’s “burqa ban” and restrictions on religious symbols on both ...


Where The Sidewalk Ends: Reimagining Urban Place And Governance In Semarang, Indonesia, Emmaleah K. Jones May 2017

Where The Sidewalk Ends: Reimagining Urban Place And Governance In Semarang, Indonesia, Emmaleah K. Jones

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Purpose: This project analyzes the uses of space and geography up the scales of political organization – from the village to the municipal – attempting to find the intersections where physical space meets governance using Semarang, Indonesia as my strategic case. This research employs a biocultural lens, addressing the existing gaps in literature by advancing a framework to function across disciplines and ultimately reconnecting to its practical application in urban planning and design. Such a framework is important in providing a blueprint for building a coherent and supportive structure on which to assess the human impact of design and contribute new “human-centered ...


Yet Another French Exception: The Legal, Cultural, And Political Dimensions Of France’S Support For The Digital Right To Be Forgotten, Zarine Kharazian May 2017

Yet Another French Exception: The Legal, Cultural, And Political Dimensions Of France’S Support For The Digital Right To Be Forgotten, Zarine Kharazian

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2015, the European Court of Justice established an online “right to be forgotten” in Europe. Under this right to be forgotten, individuals may request that search engines delist links that reference their personal information from search results. Search engines need not grant these requests, but they are now obligated to review them.

While the Court's decision to establish the right to be forgotten certainly ignited a debate among Western privacy scholars and policymakers hailing from both sides of the Atlantic, no country has participated in the debate with as much fervor as has France. This thesis addresses the ...


A Woman’S Place In The State House: Exploring Backlash Effects Of Women’S Increased Descriptive Representation, Emily S. Wasek Apr 2017

A Woman’S Place In The State House: Exploring Backlash Effects Of Women’S Increased Descriptive Representation, Emily S. Wasek

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Historically, marginalized groups such as racial minorities, members of the LGBTQ+ community, and women have sought to obtain policy gains by increasing their descriptive representation through the election of officials with similar demographic qualities. Yet, this increased representation may also threaten dominant groups and result in negative responses such as a legislative backlash, wherein opposition legislators introduce proposals counterproductive to the marginalized group’s progress. While this ”offensive” legislative backlash oftentimes occurs in response to the increased presence of Black and queer legislators, scholarship suggests such a backlash towards female legislators may adopt a more “defensive” form, wherein opponents block ...


The Christian Right And Israel: A Love Story?, Joseph Malanson Apr 2017

The Christian Right And Israel: A Love Story?, Joseph Malanson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis investigates whether or not, and how, the Christian Right in America has impacted American political discussion of and policy towards Israel. This project informs and is informed by the literature both on how interest groups affect American foreign policy and how religion affects American foreign policy. I hypothesize that the Christian Right will have successfully created a closer alliance between America and Israel, and that evangelical or Christian Right-allied decision-makers will be particularly likely to be supportive of Israel. The investigation has three sections. The first uses content analysis and examination of media coverage to examine how language ...


Margaret Thatcher, Dilma Rousseff, & Angela Merkel: The Impact Of Female World Leaders Through Collaborative Negotiation, Alexandra Grace Phillips May 2016

Margaret Thatcher, Dilma Rousseff, & Angela Merkel: The Impact Of Female World Leaders Through Collaborative Negotiation, Alexandra Grace Phillips

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper seeks to address the question, “How do women negotiate international crisis and what are their outcomes?” To do this, I derive hypothesis from both the realist and feminist theories to test in three case studies of prominent women leaders in the 20th-21st centuries. I analyze qualitative case studies on Margaret Thatcher, Dilma Rousseff, and Angela Merkel, in which I test variation in negotiation style affecting outcomes. In addition to assessing their early influences and overall negotiating styles, I look at the specific cases of The Falkland Islands Crisis, the NSA Surveillance Crisis, and the Ukraine ...


The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams May 2016

The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research on person perception has examined how stereotypes can affect people’s judgments of outgroup members. Research has also shown that ideology is related to prejudice and judgments about outgroups. In the current study, we examine how judgments of outgroup members are affected by a colorblind ideology versus a multicultural ideology. In Study 1, we had a national sample of participants recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (n = 107) rate a fictional Black and White candidate on judgments related to political qualities and personal traits and complete explicit attitude measures. Results indicated that colorblind attitudes led to more negative political ...


What Is Your Present Religion, If Any? None, Not Nun., Ming Siegel May 2016

What Is Your Present Religion, If Any? None, Not Nun., Ming Siegel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper, I examine the rise of the religiously unaffiliated in the United States. The Pew Research Center has recently reported on this phenomenon in their “America’s Changing Religious Landscape” demographic study. In this analysis, Pew has defined the unaffiliated to include atheists, agnostics and Americans who identify with “nothing in particular.” However, atheists and agnostics only make up about a third of the total population of religiously unaffiliated Americans. This means that a large portion of the religiously affiliated may be spiritual or even religious to some degree outside of organized religion. Who are the religiously unaffiliated ...


A Few Good Men: A Quantitative Analysis Of High-Level People's Liberation Army (Pla) Promotion Patterns Under Xi Jinping, Jimmy Zhongmin Zhang Apr 2016

A Few Good Men: A Quantitative Analysis Of High-Level People's Liberation Army (Pla) Promotion Patterns Under Xi Jinping, Jimmy Zhongmin Zhang

Undergraduate Honors Theses

China’s “striving for achievement,” or fenfa youwei (奋发有为) foreign policy strategy challenges U.S. regional primacy, emphasizes Chinese leadership in foreign affairs, and vigorously promotes economic and strategic initiatives favorable to China. According to State Department analyst Elizabeth Hague, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) promotion patterns will most likely change in response to China’s new economic and strategic demands. However, there is currently little analysis on exactly how PLA promotion patterns are changing.

This thesis fills the gap by statistically analyzing how age, personal connections, education, professional experience, and foreign experience are associated with the grade promotions, not ...


Drug Policy Along The U.S.-Mexico Border: How Gendered Experiences Rule Current Policy Ineffective, Michelle Sosa-Acosta Jan 2016

Drug Policy Along The U.S.-Mexico Border: How Gendered Experiences Rule Current Policy Ineffective, Michelle Sosa-Acosta

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper focuses on reevaluating current U.S. drug policy through the use of intersectional, feminist research.


Not All Politicians Are The Same: The Effect Of Gender And Political Party On Candidate Evaluation, Minu V. Nagashunmugam Dec 2015

Not All Politicians Are The Same: The Effect Of Gender And Political Party On Candidate Evaluation, Minu V. Nagashunmugam

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study seeks to examine how gender stereotypes and political party stereotypes influence voters’ evaluation of candidates and vote choice through evaluating voters’ reactions to stereotypic expectancy violations by fictional candidates. Previous research has suggested that multiple factors contribute to vote choice, such as political party affiliation and subjective attitudes about gender roles and stereotypes. Participants (n = 200), recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk, were asked to evaluate fictional Republican and Democratic male and female presidential candidates, and to fill out surveys defining their attitudes and beliefs on gender roles and stereotypes. No interactions were found between a candidate’s gender ...


The Case Of Charles Horman Revisited: Complication And Conflict Within Declassification, Jacob Jose May 2015

The Case Of Charles Horman Revisited: Complication And Conflict Within Declassification, Jacob Jose

Undergraduate Honors Theses

On September 11, 1973, a military junta led by General Augusto Pinochet seized power in Chile, overthrowing the government of socialist president Salvador Allende. In the days that followed, agents of the Chilean junta rounded up, detained, imprisoned, and in many cases executed those perceived to be sympathetic to the former government. In the first two weeks following the coup, the Central Intelligence Agency estimated that the military government executed nearly 2,000 people. One victim of this repression was a U.S. citizen, Charles Horman, a journalist and filmmaker who, along with his wife, had settled in Chile in ...


Understanding Secession: An Analysis Of The 2012-2014 Debates On Independence In Scotland And Catalonia, Lucas A. Leblanc May 2015

Understanding Secession: An Analysis Of The 2012-2014 Debates On Independence In Scotland And Catalonia, Lucas A. Leblanc

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2014, the regions of Scotland and Catalonia voted on independence from their larger states, the United Kingdom and Spain. The period preceding these votes was filled with tense political discussion on a variety of topics ranging from the role of the EU to considerations over social welfare. This thesis presents a cross-regional study of the discussions on the issue of independence that occurred in the years leading up to these historically unique votes. To do this, the paper was inspired by discourse analysis methodology to perform a quantitative test on independence-leaning newspapers from each region. This method traced the ...


Frederick's Chessboard: Domestic Institutions And The Origins Of The Seven Years' War, Caitlin Hartnett Apr 2015

Frederick's Chessboard: Domestic Institutions And The Origins Of The Seven Years' War, Caitlin Hartnett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores why the states involved in the Seven Years’ War chose to go to war in 1756 by analyzing the relationship between the individual leader, domestic institutions and state action. Through a structured-focus comparison of Frederick the Great’s Prussia and Newcastle’s Britain, this thesis argues that the domestic institutional structure determines the level of influence held over state action by the individual leader and their preferences.


A Not-So-Nuclear Family: I Love Lucy In The Midst Of The Suburban Revolution, Jenna Shaffer Jan 2009

A Not-So-Nuclear Family: I Love Lucy In The Midst Of The Suburban Revolution, Jenna Shaffer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

I Love Lucy skyrocketed tot he top of the ratings in 1952 becoming U.S. television's first blockbuster. Even on January 20, 1953, the day President Dwight D. Eisenhower's inauguration, more viewers tuned in to watch I Love Lucy than the live coverage of the president. With such popularity, the show had considerable influence on American culture, while it also reflected the society it was entertaining. What can the germinal television show I Love Lucy tell us about the 1950s cultural and political conflict? The first season and a half, or the forty-five pre-maternity episodes, of Lucy illustrates ...


Factionalism In The Democratic Party 1936-1964, Seth Manning Jun 1997

Factionalism In The Democratic Party 1936-1964, Seth Manning

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The period of 1936-1964 in the Democratic Party was one of intense factional conflict between the rising Northern liberals, buoyed by FDR’s presidency, and the Southern conservatives who had dominated the party for a half-century. Intertwined prominently with the struggle for civil rights, this period illustrates the complex battles that held the fate of other issues such as labor, foreign policy, and economic ideology in the balance. This thesis aims to explain how and why the Northern liberal faction came to defeat the Southern conservatives in the Democratic Party through a multi-faceted approach examining organizations, strategy, arenas of competition ...


The Trial And Conviction Of Julius And Ethel Rosenberg: Politics As An Obstacle To The Right To A Fair Trial, Paul B. Derby Jan 1993

The Trial And Conviction Of Julius And Ethel Rosenberg: Politics As An Obstacle To The Right To A Fair Trial, Paul B. Derby

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Given the nature of this paper, I felt it necessary to explain my purpose in choosing the Rosenberg-Sobell trial as the subject of my senior honors thesis, and the methodology used in approaching this topic. My purpose in choosing this subject was twofold: First, I wanted to demonstrate the research and writing skills that I have developed during my four years as a student of history. This paper is intended to be a research paper. While I believe that there are some fascinating and controversial arguments discussed in this paper, I cannot claim to have originated any of these theories ...


Reinhold Niebuhr And Jerry Falwell: The Christian In Politics, James B. Comey Jan 1982

Reinhold Niebuhr And Jerry Falwell: The Christian In Politics, James B. Comey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to give full hearing to the theology and political philosophy of each [Jerry Falwell and Reinhold Niebuhr], allowing both men to answer the question -- Why should the Christian be involved in politics? An analysis of the way in which Falwell and Niebuhr use the scriptural tradition they both contend is foundational for their theories will provide a sound basis to be followed by elaboration of their thought. The fourth and final chapter will be a comparison and contrast of Niebuhr and Falwell focusing on the issue of nationalism which plays a major role in ...