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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Rise Of The Super-Rich: Power Resources, Taxes, Financial Markets, And The Dynamics Of The Top 1 Percent, 1949 To 2008, Nathan Kelly Dec 2011

The Rise Of The Super-Rich: Power Resources, Taxes, Financial Markets, And The Dynamics Of The Top 1 Percent, 1949 To 2008, Nathan Kelly

Nathan J Kelly

The income share of the super-rich in the United States has grown rapidly since the early 1980s after a period of postwar stability. What factors drove this change? In this study, we investigate the institutional, policy, and economic shifts that may explain rising income concentration. We use single-equation error correction models to estimate the long- and short-run effects of politics, policy, and economic factors on pretax top income shares between 1949 and 2008. We find that the rise of the super-rich is the result of rightward-shifts in Congress, the decline of labor unions, lower tax rates on high incomes, increased ...


The Politics Of Income Inequality In The United States, Nathan Kelly Dec 2010

The Politics Of Income Inequality In The United States, Nathan Kelly

Nathan J Kelly

This book revolves around one central question: Do political dynamics have a systematic and predictable influence on distributional outcomes in the United States? The answer is a resounding yes. Utilizing data from mass income surveys, elite surveys, and aggregate time series, as well as theoretical insights from both American and comparative politics, Kelly shows that income inequality is a fundamental part of the U.S. macro political system. Shifts in public opinion, party control of government, and the ideological direction of policy all have important consequences for distributional outcomes. Specifically, shifts to the left produce reductions in inequality through two ...


Religious Traditionalism And Latino Politics In The United States, Nathan Kelly, Jana Morgan Dec 2007

Religious Traditionalism And Latino Politics In The United States, Nathan Kelly, Jana Morgan

Nathan J Kelly

This article examines how and why ethnic context conditions the link between religious traditionalism and the political attitudes and behaviors of Latinos in the United States. Existing research shows that the impact of religious traditionalism on political attitudes varies by policy and religious context. Through an analysis of issue attitudes, ideology, and partisanship, we confirm this existing work and also show that religious traditionalism influences Latino political behavior differently than it influences Anglo politics. The impact of religious traditionalism is not nearly as strong among Latinos as among Anglos. To the extent that traditionalism does influence political attitudes and behavior ...


Legislative Productivity Of The U.S. Congress, 1789–2004, Nathan Kelly, J. Grant Dec 2007

Legislative Productivity Of The U.S. Congress, 1789–2004, Nathan Kelly, J. Grant

Nathan J Kelly

We measure legislative productivity for the entire history of the U.S. Congress. Current measures of legislative productivity are problematic because they measure productivity for a limited number of decades and because they are based on different aspects of productivity. We provide a methodology for measuring (1) a Legislative Productivity Index (LPI) and (2) a Major Legislation Index (MLI). We use the W-CALC algorithm of Stimson (1999, Public opinion in America: Moods, cycles, and swings. 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press) to combine information from previously used indicators of productivity into measures of the LPI and the MLI. We provide ...


Political Choice, Public Policy, And Distributional Outcomes, Nathan Kelly Dec 2004

Political Choice, Public Policy, And Distributional Outcomes, Nathan Kelly

Nathan J Kelly

I address the functioning of the U.S. governing system by analyzing distributional outcomes from 1947 to 2000. The key question is whether public policy influences distributional outcomes. The macropolitics model and power resource theory suggest that left policies should equalize the distribution of income. I utilize single equation error correction models to assess the impact of policy on income inequality through two mechanisms—market conditioning and redistribution. Since nearly every government action influences markets in some way, I examine policy in the aggregate rather than focusing only on policies explicitly designed to redistribute income. The analysis indicates that policy ...


Issue Attitudes And Survey Continuity Across Interview Mode In The 2000 Nes, Nathan Kelly, Brian Fogarty, H. Kilburn Dec 2004

Issue Attitudes And Survey Continuity Across Interview Mode In The 2000 Nes, Nathan Kelly, Brian Fogarty, H. Kilburn

Nathan J Kelly

Can researchers draw consistent inferences about the U.S. public's issue attitudes when studying survey results from both the in-person and telephone interview modes of the 2000 National Election Studies (NES) survey? We address this question through an analysis contrasting the distribution of issue attitudes across modes in the dual sample design of the 2000 NES. We find clear differences across mode even when applying a method devised by the NES to improve comparability by recoding issue attitude scales from the in-person mode. We present an alternative method of recoding these scales, which substantially improves comparability between modes. Through ...


Religion And Latino Partisanship In The United States, Nathan Kelly, Jana Kelly Dec 2004

Religion And Latino Partisanship In The United States, Nathan Kelly, Jana Kelly

Nathan J Kelly

This article examines the interplay among religion, ethnicity, and the partisanship of Latinos in the U.S. Using pooled data from the 1990-2000 National Election Studies, we assess denominational affiliation and religious commitment as explanations of partisanship. We show that there is more religious diversity among Latinos than is usually acknowledged in studies of Latino politics and that the political importance of religion among Latinos has not been adequately assessed because variation beyond a Catholic/non-Catholic dichotomy has been ignored. We demonstrate that variation in Latino religious affiliation has important political implications.


Does Politics Really Matter?, Nathan Kelly Dec 2003

Does Politics Really Matter?, Nathan Kelly

Nathan J Kelly

Analyses of the U.S. governing system indicate that national policy is influenced by public opinion, and this is interpreted as representation. Not as much is known aboutwhether policy systematically influences societal outcomes. In fact, some analyses suggest that there is little connection between policies and the outcomes these policies seek to produce. This article seeks to determine whether such a connection exists for income inequality. Although connections should exist, various views of the policymaking process cast doubt on the prospect. Measures of government’s equalizing influence and aggregate policy are created for 1979-1996, and time series regression is used ...