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Full-Text Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 4: Contributions To The Garden, 1875-1912, Charles H. Smith Jun 2014

Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 4: Contributions To The Garden, 1875-1912, Charles H. Smith

Charles H. Smith

No abstract provided.


Areographic Representation Of Faunal Characteristics Through A "Second Order" Relational Approach, Charles H. Smith Jun 2014

Areographic Representation Of Faunal Characteristics Through A "Second Order" Relational Approach, Charles H. Smith

Charles H. Smith

Areographic analysis has traditionally depended on primary data consisting of location-specific tallies of presence or absence of given forms. In the present work, an alternate manner of representing distributions is suggested. Regional units are first established, and presence and absence of the forms under consideration in these units is noted. The relation of the biota at any given point location to all others is then established through examination of the former's characteristics of inclusion in the latter. This is accomplished by detailing regional level trends of inclusion and setting up a "second-order" distribution of associations. Two kinds of descriptive ...


Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 3: Two Early Publications, Charles H. Smith Jun 2014

Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 3: Two Early Publications, Charles H. Smith

Charles H. Smith

No abstract provided.


Profiles In Science For Science Librarians: "What Lives Where, And Why": Alfred Russel Wallace, And The Field Of Biogeography, Charles H. Smith Jun 2014

Profiles In Science For Science Librarians: "What Lives Where, And Why": Alfred Russel Wallace, And The Field Of Biogeography, Charles H. Smith

Charles H. Smith

Biogeography, the study of animal and plant distribution, has a history extending back to at least the eighteenth century. But it was not until the work of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace in the mid-nineteenth century that it really came into its own as a science. Darwin’s importance notwithstanding, it was really Wallace who put the field on the map, and many of today’s research threads can be traced back to his influence. This article provides a summary review of Wallace’s life and work and biogeography as a field of study, including Wallace’s role in ...


A Further Look At The 1858 Wallace-Darwin Mail Delivery Question, Charles H. Smith Jun 2014

A Further Look At The 1858 Wallace-Darwin Mail Delivery Question, Charles H. Smith

Charles H. Smith

Recent investigations have led to a conclusion that Alfred Russel Wallace probably mailed his ‘Ternate’ paper on natural selection to Darwin a month later than some have thought, thus freeing Darwin from possible accusations of plagiarism. Further examination of the question suggests this conclusion is premature, as the evidence in favor of the later mailing date appears to be shakier than first thought.


Why I Teach Financial Literacy, Patrick Oliver Dec 2013

Why I Teach Financial Literacy, Patrick Oliver

Patrick Oliver, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Government Regulation: From Independence To Dependency, Part One, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2013

Government Regulation: From Independence To Dependency, Part One, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

What Robert Bellah calls "expressive individualism" has led to unprecedented social legislation in America and expanded government employment since the 1960s, helping to produce a generous supply of public services, policy entrepreneurs, and clientele groups. The legal scholar Lawrence M Friedman notes that "the right to be 'oneself,' to choose oneself, is placed in a special and privileged position." As a consequence, "achievement is defined in subjective, personal terms, rather than in objective, social terms." When the claims of expressive individualism are considered in tandem with the increasing reach of the modern social service state, a case may be made ...


Religious Liberty In The Early American Republic, Steven A. Samson Oct 2012

Religious Liberty In The Early American Republic, Steven A. Samson

Steven Alan Samson

The early nineteenth century in America was a period in which the idea of religious liberty came to be worked out in practice in a setting of growing diversity. The immediate effect of the dissolution of state religious establishments was to strengthen the vitality and prestige of the churches themselves. Before the end of the century, the church historian Philip Schaff could regard as normal ‘a free church in a free state, or a selfsupporting and self-governing Christianity in independent but friendly relation to the civil government.’


The Crisis Of Our Age: An Update, Steven A. Samson Jun 2012

The Crisis Of Our Age: An Update, Steven A. Samson

Steven Alan Samson

John Calvin recognized the moral hazard that arises when people are induced to act contrary to their consciences. Perhaps all the buzzing, blooming confusion of our modern media culture has become simply a mechanism for demoralizing the population, by making all of us accomplices in people’s bad behavior, by assaulting, weakening, and gradually undermining our moral defenses. As David Chilton characterized it: “If this is a culture, it belongs in a Petri dish.” People with bad consciences are more easily manipulated as they become fatalistic and slavish in their attitudes.


The February Revolution Of 2011: A Harbinger Of Arab Spring, Steven A. Samson Jun 2012

The February Revolution Of 2011: A Harbinger Of Arab Spring, Steven A. Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Behold Arab Spring! Nature abhors political vacuums. Machiavelli himself recognized the brutal nature of what is apt to fill such a vacuum. Abraham Lincoln anticipated this problem even in America in his early Lyceum Address by envisioning the rise of an American Napoleon. The question is whether the willingness to sacrifice for the sake of a cause measures up to or falls far short of the worthiness of the cause itself.


Faustian Bargains: Entanglements Between Church And State In America, Steven A. Samson Oct 2011

Faustian Bargains: Entanglements Between Church And State In America, Steven A. Samson

Steven Alan Samson

As the state extends its operations into all areas of social life, it breaches the protective 'wall of separation' that has traditionally kept the church free from overt regulation by the civil authorities. This is manifested in several ways: first, a statutory extension of state police powers through social legislation; second, a restriction or pre-emption of certain activities that were once held to be outside the purview of the state; third, a vitiation of the principle of religious non-interference through judicial interpretations of the First Amendment; and fourth, an adversary posture toward churches taken by many agencies of the state ...


E Pluribus Unum? (Geopolitica), Steven Alan Samson Aug 2010

E Pluribus Unum? (Geopolitica), Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Yitzhak Rabin And The Price Of Peace, Steven Alan Samson Jun 2010

Yitzhak Rabin And The Price Of Peace, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

A society that wishes to remain free and self-governing must learn to recognize that endemic political violence, including the symbolic violence of character assassination, is an invitation to either tyranny from without or conquest from without. As Edmund Burke put it: ‘Men of intemperate minds cannot be free; their passions forge their fetters.” As a general rule, we might conclude that a fixation on the purity of political outcomes at the expense of the integrity of the political process leads people away from politics to the realm of ideology, from civility to fanaticism. This is the way nations and civilizations ...


What Mann Hath Wrought, Steven Alan Samson Oct 2009

What Mann Hath Wrought, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Sara Paretsky, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Sara Paretsky, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Sara Paretsky is the creator of a street-smart feminist series detective, V. I. Warshawski, a former attorney who now investigates white-color crime. Each novel in the series further fleshes out her character and life story as readers are introduced to various friends and relatives, some of whom become staples.


Lawrence Block, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Lawrence Block, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Hollywood films owe much of their sparkle to atmospheric effects, including the lighting, shading, and color lent by character-actors. Their counterparts in the genre of literary gumshoes may be found in a certain breed of character-detectives. Among them, Lawrence Block, a versatile exemplar of the hard-boiled school of detective fiction, has given readers two notable repeat offenders from New York: Matthew Scudder, the ex-cop, and Bernie Rhodenbarr, the cat burglar with scruples. Both have found their way to Hollywood. Block's work is noted especially for its realistic style, fast-paced plots, spare dialog, and flawed protagonists.


Robert Bolt, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Robert Bolt, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Francis Lieber, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Francis Lieber, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Theological Sources Of American Constitutionalism, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Theological Sources Of American Constitutionalism, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

The conservative nature and limited objectives of the American War for Independence are difficult to appreciate apart from an understanding of the religious sentiments—the essentially biblical world-view—of the early colonists. To make such a statement is to invite debate in a continuing controversy. But apart from an acquaintance with some of the religious sources of our constitutional tradition, our understanding of the War for Independence and the Constitution of 1787 will be incomplete.


Stress: Making The Crooked Straight, And Other Impossible Tasks, Ronald E. Hawkins Mar 2009

Stress: Making The Crooked Straight, And Other Impossible Tasks, Ronald E. Hawkins

Ronald E. Hawkins

No abstract provided.


Answering The Cry For Help: A Counselor's Plea For Family Enrichment, Ronald E. Hawkins Mar 2009

Answering The Cry For Help: A Counselor's Plea For Family Enrichment, Ronald E. Hawkins

Ronald E. Hawkins

No abstract provided.


Christianity In Nineteenth Century American Law, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2008

Christianity In Nineteenth Century American Law, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

The religious underpinnings of American political and legal institutions have been duly noted by legal scholars, historians, judges, politicians, and clergymen alike. Church polities provided models not only for colonial civil governments but also for the present constitutional system.