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2013

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Articles 121 - 132 of 132

Full-Text Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

Social Determinants Of Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Perinatal Morbidity: Social Origins Of Perinatal Health Study, Abraham A. Salinas-Miranda Jan 2013

Social Determinants Of Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Perinatal Morbidity: Social Origins Of Perinatal Health Study, Abraham A. Salinas-Miranda

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

BACKGROUND: The social causation of preterm birth remains elusive, without an adequate explanatory framework. Thus, this study proposed and evaluated a conceptual model of the social determinants of perinatal health for the understanding of perinatal health disparities.

METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted with pregnant women between 20 and 35 weeks gestation who were participating in two Healthy Start programs in Central Florida, from July 2011-August 2013. Perinatal health was operationalized based on gestational age, birth weight, and healthy start infant risk screen score. The predictors were: early life adversity, social position, maternal health-related quality of life, maternal stress ...


The Mediating Influence Of School Engagement Between An Adolescent's Contextual Environment And Academic Accomplishment, Najim Uddin Ahmed Jan 2013

The Mediating Influence Of School Engagement Between An Adolescent's Contextual Environment And Academic Accomplishment, Najim Uddin Ahmed

Wayne State University Dissertations

The current study explored several contexts that may influence an adolescent's academic performance in school, including school engagement, parenting behaviors, teacher behaviors, peer relationships, and academic self-efficacy. The outcome of interest was academic performance.

Participants in this study were 332 ninth through twelfth grade high school students (159 males and 164 females) from a suburban public high school in the midwestern United States. The average age of the students was 16.5. The participants completed seven surveys to measure academic performance in school, including school engagement, parenting behaviors, teacher behaviors, peer relationships, and academic self-efficacy.

Mediational analyses were used ...


The Change Program: Comparing An Interactive Vs Prescriptive Approach To Self-Management Among University Students With Obesity, Don Morrow, Erin Pearson, Irwin Jennifer, Battram Danielle, Melling James Dec 2012

The Change Program: Comparing An Interactive Vs Prescriptive Approach To Self-Management Among University Students With Obesity, Don Morrow, Erin Pearson, Irwin Jennifer, Battram Danielle, Melling James

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


Maybe It’S Right, Maybe It’S Wrong: Structural And Social Determinants Of Deception In Negotiation, Mara Olekalns, Chris Horan, Philip Smith Dec 2012

Maybe It’S Right, Maybe It’S Wrong: Structural And Social Determinants Of Deception In Negotiation, Mara Olekalns, Chris Horan, Philip Smith

Mara Olekalns

Context shapes negotiators’ actions, including their willingness to act unethically. Focusing on negotiators use of deception, we used a simulated two-party negotiation to test how three contextual variables - regulatory focus, power, and trustworthiness - interacted to shift negotiators’ ethical thresholds. We demonstrated that these three variables interact to either inhibit or activate deception, providing support for an interactionist model of ethical decision-making. Three patterns emerged from our analyses. First, low power inhibited and high power activated deception. Second, promotion-focused negotiators favored sins of omission whereas prevention-focused negotiators favored sins of commission. Third, low cognition-based trust influenced deception when negotiators experience fit ...


The Experience And Impact Of Motivational Interviewing-Via-Coaching Tools On National Smokers’ Telephone Hotline Employees, Don Morrow, Tara Mantler, Irwin Jennifer Dec 2012

The Experience And Impact Of Motivational Interviewing-Via-Coaching Tools On National Smokers’ Telephone Hotline Employees, Don Morrow, Tara Mantler, Irwin Jennifer

Donald Morrow

This study‘s purpose was to assess the experience and impact of Motivational Interviewing-via-Co-Active Life Coaching training on smoking hotline employees‘ perceived competency to facilitate callers‘ behaviour changes. In-depth interviews and a Perceived Competency Scale (PCS) were utilized. Themes discussed at baseline included clients barriers and desired changes to practice. Post-training participants described their skill development and feeling re-energized. Three-months post-training, increases in competency and a desire for more training were highlighted. Trends in the PCS were consistent with qualitative findings of increased competency. Implementation constraints were also described. The training had a positive impact on participants‘ perceived competencies to ...


The Change Program: Methodology For Comparing Interactive Co-Active Coaching With A Prescriptive Lifestyle Treatment For Obesity, Don Morrow, Erin Pearson, Jennifer Irwin Dec 2012

The Change Program: Methodology For Comparing Interactive Co-Active Coaching With A Prescriptive Lifestyle Treatment For Obesity, Don Morrow, Erin Pearson, Jennifer Irwin

Donald Morrow

Studies incorporating Motivational Interviewing via Co-Active life coaching (MI-via-CALC) have elicited positive results among obese adults; however there is a paucity of comprehensive MI-via-CALC-obesity research that includes sufficient statistical power and a validated comparison group. The purpose of this study was to compare two telephone-based interventions for obesity. University students were randomized to either a 12-week: (a) personalized MI-via-CALC program whereby a coach worked with participants to achieve goals; or (b) prescriptive education-based lifestyle treatment following the LEARN Program. This paper contains a detailed methodological account of the study with a view to informing the development of prospective coaching-based programs.


Center For Parenting Awards, Heidi Stolz Dec 2012

Center For Parenting Awards, Heidi Stolz

Heidi E Stolz

$109,400 distributed as follows:

$13,000 for 12-13

$11,000 for 11-12

$11,000 for 10-11

$16,000 for 09-10

$10,500 for 08-09

$12,000 for 07-08

$17,950 for 06-07

$17,950 for 05-06

Funded jointly by the Department of Child and Family Studies and UT Extension Family and Consumer Sciences to conduct the engaged scholarship of the Center for Parenting. These funds were requested annually, based on prior year’s performance and objectives for the future year, and were used to fund graduate assistantships, travel, equipment, and supplies.


Sport In Canada: A History, Don Morrow, Kevin Wamsley Dec 2012

Sport In Canada: A History, Don Morrow, Kevin Wamsley

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


The Power Of Stereotyping And Confirmation Bias To Overwhelm Accurate Assessment: The Case Of Economics, Gender, And Risk Aversion, Julie A. Nelson Dec 2012

The Power Of Stereotyping And Confirmation Bias To Overwhelm Accurate Assessment: The Case Of Economics, Gender, And Risk Aversion, Julie A. Nelson

Julie A. Nelson

Behavioral research has revealed how normal human cognitive processes can tend to lead us astray. But do these affect economic researchers, ourselves? This article explores the consequences of stereotyping and confirmation bias using a sample of published articles from the economics literature on gender and risk aversion. The results demonstrate that the supposedly “robust” claim that “women are more risk averse than men” is far less empirically supported than has been claimed. The questions of how these cognitive biases arise and why they have such power are discussed, and methodological practices that may help to attenuate these biases are outlined.


Reply Comment In Response To Noi On Orphan Works And Mass Digitization, Denise Troll Covey Dec 2012

Reply Comment In Response To Noi On Orphan Works And Mass Digitization, Denise Troll Covey

Denise Troll Covey

No abstract provided.


Response To U.S. Copyright Office Noi On Orphan Works And Mass Digitization, Denise Troll Covey Dec 2012

Response To U.S. Copyright Office Noi On Orphan Works And Mass Digitization, Denise Troll Covey

Denise Troll Covey

No abstract provided.


Robert D. Kaplan: The Revenge Of Geography Study Guide, 2013, Steven A. Samson Dec 2012

Robert D. Kaplan: The Revenge Of Geography Study Guide, 2013, Steven A. Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.