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Other Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2013

Utah State University

Response Strength

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Full-Text Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

Token Reinforcement And Resistance To Change, Eric A. Thrailkill May 2013

Token Reinforcement And Resistance To Change, Eric A. Thrailkill

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Interventions based on a token economy effectively reduce problematic behavior. Yet, treatment gains deteriorate once an intervention is discontinued. It is important to better understand the persistence of behavior maintained by token reinforcement in simple experimental procedures. A Pavlovian association with primary reinforcement is said to endow neutral stimuli (e.g., coins, poker chips, lights, signs, stickers, etc.) with their own function to strengthen behavior as conditioned reinforcers. Behavioral momentum theory suggests that resistance to change under conditions of disruption is the appropriate measure of response strength. However, some animal studies have suggested that conditioned reinforcement may not affect resistance ...