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2011

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Articles 1 - 30 of 208

Full-Text Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

Good Food, Good People: Understanding The Cultural Repertoire Of Ethical Eating, Josee Johnston, Michelle Szabo, Alexandra Rodney Dec 2011

Good Food, Good People: Understanding The Cultural Repertoire Of Ethical Eating, Josee Johnston, Michelle Szabo, Alexandra Rodney

Publications and Scholarship

Ethical consumption is understood by scholars as a key way that individuals can address social and ecological problems. While a hopeful trend, it raises the question of whether ethical consumption is primarily an elite social practice, especially since niche markets for ethical food products (for example, organics, fair trade) are thought to attract wealthy, educated consumers. Scholars do not fully understand the extent to which privileged populations think about food ethics in everyday shopping, or how groups with limited resources conceptualize ethical consumption. To address these knowledge gaps, the first goal of this paper is to better understand how consumers ...


Learning From Vertical Norcs: Challenges And Recommendations For Horizontal Norcs, Laura Bronstein, Bonnie Kenaley Dec 2011

Learning From Vertical Norcs: Challenges And Recommendations For Horizontal Norcs, Laura Bronstein, Bonnie Kenaley

Bonnie Kenaley

Maximizing quality of life for older adults poses challenges for formal service providers. One strategy to identify and address factors influencing physical and mental health and to promote autonomy of community-dwelling older people is through a naturally occurring retirement community (NORC), a community development model of formal and informal home and community-based support. This descriptive article provides a review of the literature relevant to the NORC concept and a comparison of the dimensions of structure, design and location, management, cost and affordability, and socialization between vertical NORCs (high-rise apartments) in major metropolitan cities and horizontal NORCs in small cities and ...


Usercentric Operational Decision Making In Distributed Information Retrieval, Kartik Hosanagar Dec 2011

Usercentric Operational Decision Making In Distributed Information Retrieval, Kartik Hosanagar

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Information specialists in enterprises regularly use distributed information retrieval (DIR) systems that query a large number of information retrieval (IR) systems, merge the retrieved results, and display them to users. There can be considerable heterogeneity in the quality of results returned by different IR servers. Further, because different servers handle collections of different sizes and have different processing and bandwidth capacities, there can be considerable heterogeneity in their response times. The broker in the DIR system has to decide which servers to query, how long to wait for responses, and which retrieved results to display based on the benefits and ...


The Seven Spices: Pumpkins, Puritans, And Pathogens In Colonial New England, Michael Sharbaugh Nov 2011

The Seven Spices: Pumpkins, Puritans, And Pathogens In Colonial New England, Michael Sharbaugh

Michael D Sharbaugh

Water sources in the United States' New England region are laden with arsenic. Particularly during North America's colonial period--prior to modern filtration processes--arsenic would make it into the colonists' drinking water. In this article, which evokes the biocultural evolution paradigm, it is argued that colonists offset health risks from the contaminant (arsenic poisoning) by ingesting copious amounts of seven spices--cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, allspice, vanilla, and ginger. The inclusion of these spices in fall and winter recipes that hail from New England would therefore explain why many Americans associate them not only with the region, but with Thanksgiving and ...


A Representation Of Selected Nonmanual Signals In American Sign Language, Jerry C. Schnepp Nov 2011

A Representation Of Selected Nonmanual Signals In American Sign Language, Jerry C. Schnepp

College of Computing and Digital Media Dissertations

Computer-generated three-dimensional animation holds great promise for synthesizing utterances in American Sign Language (ASL) that are not only grammatical, but believable by members of the Deaf community. Animation poses several challenges stemming from the massive amounts of data necessary to specify the movement of three-dimensional geometry, and there is no current system that facilitates the synthesis of nonmanual signals. However, the linguistics of ASL can aid in surmounting the challenge by providing structure and rules for organizing the data.

This work presents a first method for representing ASL linguistic and extralinguistic processes that involve the face. Any such representation must ...


Sustainability Leader Competencies: A Grounded Theory Study, Pamela G. Schwalb Nov 2011

Sustainability Leader Competencies: A Grounded Theory Study, Pamela G. Schwalb

Theses, Dissertations, & Student Scholarship: Agricultural Leadership, Education & Communication Department

The purpose of this critical qualitative study was to develop a theory of the competencies of a sustainability leader, grounded in research. A sustainability leader is generally described as an individual who creates profit for his/her stakeholders, while protecting the environment and improving the lives of those for whom he/she impacts as a result of his/her leadership. Nearly 60 individuals familiar with sustainability were asked to characterize an effective leader of a sustainability initiative or a sustainability organization.

The study revealed there is more than one way to be a sustainability leader—different paths can result in ...


Child And Parenting Skills: An Evaluation Of A Program For Pregnant And Parenting Teens., Heidi Stolz, Patricia Roberson Oct 2011

Child And Parenting Skills: An Evaluation Of A Program For Pregnant And Parenting Teens., Heidi Stolz, Patricia Roberson

Heidi E Stolz

No abstract provided.


Codependent Attitude And Behavior: Moderators Of Psychological Distress In Adult-Offspring Of Families With Alcohol And Other Drug (Aod) Problems, Daniel Harkness, Shawna Manhire, Jennifer Blanchard, Jennifer Darling Oct 2011

Codependent Attitude And Behavior: Moderators Of Psychological Distress In Adult-Offspring Of Families With Alcohol And Other Drug (Aod) Problems, Daniel Harkness, Shawna Manhire, Jennifer Blanchard, Jennifer Darling

Daniel Harkness

This study explored a model of codependent attitude and behavior as moderators of the relationship between AOD problems in the family of origin (AODF) and offspring self-reports of psychological distress in a counterbalanced multiple-treatment experiment with a small heterogeneous sample of adult males and females. Three-directional hypotheses suggested by the literature were tested. Codependent attitude and behavior buffered Somatization, as predicted by the model, but exacerbated Anxiety, Hostility, and Paranoid-Ideation. Our findings suggest that codependent attitude and behavior may be adaptations that protect AODF offspring from somatic distress, not the broadband expressions of offspring neuroticism reported in the literature. Owing ...


Author Rights And Publishing Today: What You Should Know. Why You Should Care., Denise Troll Covey Oct 2011

Author Rights And Publishing Today: What You Should Know. Why You Should Care., Denise Troll Covey

Denise Troll Covey

No abstract provided.


Kinship Care In Massachusetts, Jan Mutchler, Alison S. Gottlieb, Lona Choi, Ellen A. Bruce Oct 2011

Kinship Care In Massachusetts, Jan Mutchler, Alison S. Gottlieb, Lona Choi, Ellen A. Bruce

Jan Mutchler

The population of kinship care families in the Commonwealth is diverse in its characteristics, resources, and needs. The often-referenced stereotype of the elderly single grandmother caring for a number of grandchildren holds for only a portion of the kinship care families. Many children are cared for by married couples; many of the grandparents are not elderly; and many of the caregivers are not grandparents, but rather aunts, uncles, grown siblings, or other relatives. Although the duration of the caregiving relationship is unknown for non-grandparental care, most of the grandparent caregivers are involved in long-term caregiving. As such, their needs are ...


Faustian Bargains: Entanglements Between Church And State In America, Steven A. Samson Oct 2011

Faustian Bargains: Entanglements Between Church And State In America, Steven A. Samson

Steven Alan Samson

As the state extends its operations into all areas of social life, it breaches the protective 'wall of separation' that has traditionally kept the church free from overt regulation by the civil authorities. This is manifested in several ways: first, a statutory extension of state police powers through social legislation; second, a restriction or pre-emption of certain activities that were once held to be outside the purview of the state; third, a vitiation of the principle of religious non-interference through judicial interpretations of the First Amendment; and fourth, an adversary posture toward churches taken by many agencies of the state ...


Psychotropic Treatment Of Social Anxiety, Jacqueline Koiner Oct 2011

Psychotropic Treatment Of Social Anxiety, Jacqueline Koiner

Jacqueline M. Koiner II

This paper shall discuss the historic and current uses psychotropic medications for the treatment of social anxiety as well as whether psychotherapy, psychotropic medications, or both should be used in the treatment of this disorder. A comparison of other literature with a basic perspective of those studies; what this authors topic holds for the future and a consideration of the evolution of said topic from a historic viewpoint shall also be discussed.


Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 4: Contributions To The Garden, 1875-1912, Charles H. Smith Oct 2011

Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 4: Contributions To The Garden, 1875-1912, Charles H. Smith

DLPS Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


“Playing Like A Man”: The Struggle Of Black Women In Jazz And The Feminist Movement, Katherine Soules Oct 2011

“Playing Like A Man”: The Struggle Of Black Women In Jazz And The Feminist Movement, Katherine Soules

B.A. in Music Senior Capstone Projects

Ella Fitzgerald and Mary Lou Williams are two names that are firmly associated with the jazz idiom. This paper details the lives of these two women and their struggles with both race and gender throughout their careers. As the women moved through the jazz scene, they experienced prejudice not just for their race, but for their gender as well. In this paper I show the way the women addressed these issues and how they subverted the tensions, most likely subconsciously without their knowledge. When I first began the research project I expected to find an inextricable link between the jazz ...


The Journal Of Counselor Preparation And Supervision Volume 3, Number 2, Edina Renfro-Michel, Larry Burlew Oct 2011

The Journal Of Counselor Preparation And Supervision Volume 3, Number 2, Edina Renfro-Michel, Larry Burlew

The Journal of Counselor Preparation and Supervision

No abstract provided.


Population 7 – Lyman Street Art Intervention, Carli Foster, Elizabeth Ann Englebreston, Eric Wojtowicz, Yiwei Huang Oct 2011

Population 7 – Lyman Street Art Intervention, Carli Foster, Elizabeth Ann Englebreston, Eric Wojtowicz, Yiwei Huang

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Studio and Student Research and Creative Activity

POPULATION 7 started as an experiment in the fall of 2011 as an Urban Art Laboratory “Art – Place – Tour” with the vision to make a tangible impact to the culture of public art in Springfield. At first sight art seems to be not existent in the public realm. We are searching for an organic, sustainable concept with the potential to grow from inside to outside. Our goal is to invite to a discussion about public art and art in general that is introduced through minimal but diverse, economical eventually temporary, site-responsive interventions. We see our art as personal statements that ...


Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 3: Two Early Publications, Charles H. Smith Oct 2011

Alfred Russel Wallace Notes 3: Two Early Publications, Charles H. Smith

DLPS Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Testing Cermak's Hypothesis: Is Dissociation The Mediating Variable That Links Substance Abuse In The Family Of Origin With Offspring Codependency?, Daniel Harkness Sep 2011

Testing Cermak's Hypothesis: Is Dissociation The Mediating Variable That Links Substance Abuse In The Family Of Origin With Offspring Codependency?, Daniel Harkness

Daniel Harkness

This is a pilot study of substance abuse in the family of origin and its relation to offspring dissociation and offspring codependency. Cermak contends that substance abuse in the family of origin exposes offspring to trauma, that exposure to trauma in the family of origin engenders offspring dissociation, and that dissociation is the process underlying offspring codependency. Assuming that substance abuse in the family of origin exposes offspring to trauma, this experiment tested the hypothesis that dissociation mediates the relationship between substance abuse in the family of origin and offspring codependency. Although it was found that substance abuse in the ...


The Social Construction Of Co-Dependency In The Treatment Of Substance Abuse, Daniel Harkness, Gretchen Cotrell Sep 2011

The Social Construction Of Co-Dependency In The Treatment Of Substance Abuse, Daniel Harkness, Gretchen Cotrell

Daniel Harkness

Co-dependency has become an important concept in the treatment of substance abuse, yet there is still disagreement about what it means. The meaning of co-dependency is important because it shapes public perceptions of helping behavior and affects the treatment that persons with addictions receive. However, some observers have criticized co-dependency, arguing that the concept is gender-biased, denigrates women, and blames innocent victims of substance abuse. This investigation examined the social construction of co-dependency in the treatment of substance abuse by asking substance-abuse counselors three questions: (a) what do they mean by co-dependency, (b) to what extent does co-dependency mean women ...


To Have And To Hold: Codependency As A Mediator Or Moderator Of The Relationship Between Substance Abuse In The Family Or Origin And Adult-Offspring Medical Problems, Daniel Harkness Sep 2011

To Have And To Hold: Codependency As A Mediator Or Moderator Of The Relationship Between Substance Abuse In The Family Or Origin And Adult-Offspring Medical Problems, Daniel Harkness

Daniel Harkness

This pilot study explored the putative role of codependency as a mediator or moderator of the relationship between substance abuse in the family of origin (SAFO) and offspring medical problems in a counterbalanced multiple-treatment experiment with a heterogenous sample of adult males and females. Codependent attitude and behavior were moderators that attenuated the relationship between SAFO and two measures of acute offspring medical problems, but codependent behavior amplified the relationship between SAFO and chronic medical problems. Challenging replications are called for.


The Development, Reliability, And Validity Of A Clinical Rating Scale For Codependency, Daniel Harkness, Melaney Swenson, Kathryn Madsen-Hampton, Richard Hale Sep 2011

The Development, Reliability, And Validity Of A Clinical Rating Scale For Codependency, Daniel Harkness, Melaney Swenson, Kathryn Madsen-Hampton, Richard Hale

Daniel Harkness

This investigation examined the reliability and validity if a rating scale for codependency in substance abuse treatment. The investigators developed an example-anchored rating scale to operationalize codependency as substance abuse counselors construe it in practice, and recruited 27 counselors for a counterbalanced multiple-treatment experiment. Counselors were randomly assigned to one of four continuing education workshops for rating-scale training, and asked to evaluate codependency in five videotaped cases. Semistructured case interviews were videotaped with a male and a female from five adult populations to vary the gender and codependency of cases: (1) outpatients in treatment for addiction, (2) outpatient spouses, (3 ...


Social Work: A Challenging Profession, Daniel Harkness, William Rainford Sep 2011

Social Work: A Challenging Profession, Daniel Harkness, William Rainford

Daniel Harkness

No abstract provided.


The Diagnosis Of Mental Disorders In Clinical Social Work: A Review Of Standards Of Care, Daniel Harkness Sep 2011

The Diagnosis Of Mental Disorders In Clinical Social Work: A Review Of Standards Of Care, Daniel Harkness

Daniel Harkness

Licensed to diagnose and treat mental disorders, clinical social workers have begun to develop and practice professional standards of care commensurate with their status as the nation's largest provider of mental health care. Against the backdrop of malpractice claims and awards, this paper reviews the extant standards promulgated by our professional organizations, regulatory bodies, health-insurance and managed-care entities, and the courts to synthesize standards of care for the diagnosis of mental disorders. The limited available evidence suggests that clinical social workers merit congratulations and concern as we rise to the challenge of addressing those standards in education and practice.


Educating And Credentialing Social Workers, Diana Dinitto, Aaron Mcneese, Daniel Harkness Sep 2011

Educating And Credentialing Social Workers, Diana Dinitto, Aaron Mcneese, Daniel Harkness

Daniel Harkness

No abstract provided.


Testing Interactional Social Work Theory, Daniel Harkness Sep 2011

Testing Interactional Social Work Theory, Daniel Harkness

Daniel Harkness

This investigation used multiple regression in a cross-lagged panel analysis to test Interactional Social Work (ISW) theory in a challenging replication. ISW is a causal model of change which asserts that workers' practice skills help create positive working relationships, which are the medium through which workers influence practice outcomes. The empirical support for ISW theory comes from research using cross-sectional designs. This replication used a longitudinal design to expose Interactional Social Work theory to causal tests of association, temporal order, and independence. The replication varied the focus of social work supervision governing supervised practice with 161 clients in a community ...


Productive Aging Conference Report, Center For Social Development Sep 2011

Productive Aging Conference Report, Center For Social Development

Center for Social Development Research

Productive Aging Conference Report


Black Males In Particular!, Edward Earl Bell Sep 2011

Black Males In Particular!, Edward Earl Bell

Dr. Edward E. Bell

What can the commmunity do to promote academic achievement?


Simone Weil: The Iliad, Or The Poem Of Force Study Guide, Steven A. Samson Sep 2011

Simone Weil: The Iliad, Or The Poem Of Force Study Guide, Steven A. Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Helen Silving: Jurisprudence In The Old Testament Study Guide, 2011, Steven A. Samson Sep 2011

Helen Silving: Jurisprudence In The Old Testament Study Guide, 2011, Steven A. Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Access To Business Research Resources Through Academic Library Web Sites: A Survey, John C. Gottfried Sep 2011

Access To Business Research Resources Through Academic Library Web Sites: A Survey, John C. Gottfried

John Gottfried

This study is an examination of access to business research resources through academic library Web sites, including research databases, catalog services, research guides, and business librarians. The Web sites of 114 academic libraries serving top business programs in the United States were studied. Results reveal a wide range of access to business research databases among the schools studied (anywhere from 11 to 100 business databases available). Over 95% of the schools provided business research guides, and nearly all schools provided at least some contact information for business librarians.