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Other Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2009

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 93

Full-Text Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

Legally Speaking--Legal Implications Of Reference Books For Publishers And Consumers, Bryan M. Carson Dec 2009

Legally Speaking--Legal Implications Of Reference Books For Publishers And Consumers, Bryan M. Carson

DLPS Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Disproportionate Minority Contact In Maine: Dmc Assessment And Identification, Becky Noreus, Teresa A. Hubley, Michael Rocque Dec 2009

Disproportionate Minority Contact In Maine: Dmc Assessment And Identification, Becky Noreus, Teresa A. Hubley, Michael Rocque

Justice Policy

The majority of Maine's youth population is white, but the minority youth population has increased dramatically over the last few years, and is projected to continue growing. At the same time, the white youth population is trending downward. This report presents quantitative 3-year trend analysis (2005-2007) and initial findings from a qualitative assessment project which begin to describe Maine's challenges and opportunities for improving the juvenile justice system's ability and preparedness to handle these population changes. This report provides a baseline of rates of disproportionate minority contact (DMC) in Maine's juvenile justice system. It also provides ...


A Phenomenological Study Of Clinicians Treating Traumagenic Compulsions Resulting From Childhood Sexual Abuse, Albert Sarno Nov 2009

A Phenomenological Study Of Clinicians Treating Traumagenic Compulsions Resulting From Childhood Sexual Abuse, Albert Sarno

Faculty Dissertations

Various types of traumatic compulsive behaviors have been observed by practicing mental health clinicians and yet there is a lack of consensus among such clinicians for treating people in such a problematic state when there is also a history of childhood sexual abuse. Ten seasoned clinicians, each with over 15 years experience in treating patients with traumagenic compulsions and childhood sexual abuse were interviewed to explore their lived experience treating people with traumagenic compulsions due to childhood sexual abuse. A phenomenological design was used to asses the data collected in the study. The data were analyzed to determine the best ...


Politics Of Europe 2011, Steven Alan Samson Oct 2009

Politics Of Europe 2011, Steven Alan Samson

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Govt 490 - Political Theory, Steven Alan Samson Oct 2009

Govt 490 - Political Theory, Steven Alan Samson

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Productive Aging Conference Report, Nancy Morrow-Howell Sep 2009

Productive Aging Conference Report, Nancy Morrow-Howell

Center for Social Development Research

Productive Aging Conference Report


Grades 2-3 Urban Communities, Amanda Bub Aug 2009

Grades 2-3 Urban Communities, Amanda Bub

Social Studies

This is a social studies lesson for second and third graders on Urban Communities. Through this lesson students will be able to identify and understand the characteristics of an urban community and the benefits and disadvantages of that community. Students will learn to apply these ideas to understand the influence of environment on a person’s life. The lesson is tiered using a shape contract where the student on each level will choose three different shapes to complete the task based on their level and interest.


Asset Building Among Native Hawaiians: Lessons From The Kahikū Ida Program, David Rothwell Jul 2009

Asset Building Among Native Hawaiians: Lessons From The Kahikū Ida Program, David Rothwell

Center for Social Development Research

Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) are matched savings accounts that encourage asset development for individuals and families with low incomes. Unique program data from an IDA program serving 758 Native Hawaiians were used to model the probability of participating in and graduating from the IDA program. Multivariate logistic regression models show that children in the household, lack of vehicle ownership, and savings goal (education) were associated with a reduced likelihood of program participation. Participants who owned homes and had relatively high savings balances prior to starting the program were more likely to graduate. Additionally, Maui participants were more than three times ...


How Can Decision Making Be Improved?, Katherine L. Milkman, Dolly Chugh, Max H. Bazerman Jul 2009

How Can Decision Making Be Improved?, Katherine L. Milkman, Dolly Chugh, Max H. Bazerman

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

The optimal moment to address the question of how to improve human decision making has arrived. Thanks to 50 years of research by judgment and decision-making scholars, psychologists have developed a detailed picture of the ways in which human judgment is bounded. This article argues that the time has come to focus attention on the search for strategies that will improve bounded judgment because decision-making errors are costly and are growing more costly, decision makers are receptive, and academic insights are sure to follow from research on improvement. In addition to calling for research on improvement strategies, this article organizes ...


Wilberforce’S Work Is Not Done: Ending Human Trafficking And Modern Day Slavery, Michelle C. Rickert Jul 2009

Wilberforce’S Work Is Not Done: Ending Human Trafficking And Modern Day Slavery, Michelle C. Rickert

Faculty Publications and Presentations

Since slavery has been made illegal in nearly all countries in the world, and as modern advances allow more ttention to be focused on other social improvements to make the lives of people better, there is a dark and hidden underbelly around the world that most people do not want to hear about. The fact is, that while the battle over the legal status of slavery has been won, as have many of the cultural battles regarding the wrongfulness of enslaving another human being, more slaves exist in the world at this moment than were trafficked in over 350 years ...


Conversation: Possibilities Of Its Repair And Descent Into Discourse And Computation, Klaus Krippendorff Jul 2009

Conversation: Possibilities Of Its Repair And Descent Into Discourse And Computation, Klaus Krippendorff

Departmental Papers (ASC)

This essay contends that radical constructivism makes a mistake by focusing on cognition at the expense of where cognitive phenomena surface: in the interactive use of language. By contrast, it advocates a radically social constructivism grounded in the conversational nature of being human. It also urges to abandon the celebration of observation, inherited from the enlightenment’s preoccupation with description, in favor of participation, the recognition that speaking and writing are acts of continuously reconstructing reality, only partly conceivable by participants yet interactively realized.

It distinguishes between conversation as observed and conversation as articulated by its participants. It postulates accountability ...


Information Of Interactions In Complex Systems, Klaus Krippendorff Jul 2009

Information Of Interactions In Complex Systems, Klaus Krippendorff

Departmental Papers (ASC)

This paper addresses misconceptions of the multi-variate interaction-information measure Q, which several authors have reinvented since its proposal by McGill (1954), giving it a variety of names and interpretations. McGill’s measure claimed to quantify the amount of information of interactions among three or more variables in complex systems. In (Krippendorff, 1980), I raised doubts about the validity of Q and its relatives. The chief problem that Q-measures fail to recognize is that complex interactions tend to involve circularities and the probability distributions characterizing such circularities cannot be obtained by products of probabilities, which underlie information theory as far as ...


Evaluation Report Of Vital Visionaries: Medical Student And Older Adult Outcomes, Ernest Gonzales Jun 2009

Evaluation Report Of Vital Visionaries: Medical Student And Older Adult Outcomes, Ernest Gonzales

Center for Social Development Research

Evaluation Report of Vital Visionaries: Medical Student and Older Adult Outcomes


Time Flies: Take Some Risks And Make Life Count!, Connie I. Reimers-Hild Jun 2009

Time Flies: Take Some Risks And Make Life Count!, Connie I. Reimers-Hild

Kimmel Education and Research Center - Faculty & Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Entrepreneurial Leadership And Innovation: One Key To Personal And Organizational Success In The 21st Century, Connie I. Reimers-Hild Jun 2009

Entrepreneurial Leadership And Innovation: One Key To Personal And Organizational Success In The 21st Century, Connie I. Reimers-Hild

Kimmel Education and Research Center - Presentations and White Papers

No abstract provided.


The Environment Of Higher Education Libraries In India, S Thanuskodi Jun 2009

The Environment Of Higher Education Libraries In India, S Thanuskodi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

India has significant advantages in the 21st century knowledge race. It has a large higher education sector – the third largest in the world in student numbers, after China and the United States. The library is the chief instrument for accumulating and using our intellectual heritage. Formal education can be conducted effectively and efficiently only with well-equipped libraries. Today, libraries are connected to a vast ocean of Internet-based services. Electronic resources are developing rapidly. Academic libraries are the nerve centres of their institutions, and must support teaching, research, and other academic programmes. The situation in academic libraries in India is the ...


An Empirical Study Of Accessibility And Use Of Library Resources By Undergraduates In A Nigerian State University Of Technology, Fadekemi Omobola Oyewusi, Samuel Adeolu Oyeboade Jun 2009

An Empirical Study Of Accessibility And Use Of Library Resources By Undergraduates In A Nigerian State University Of Technology, Fadekemi Omobola Oyewusi, Samuel Adeolu Oyeboade

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study investigated the accessibility and use of library resources by undergraduate students of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Ogbomoso, Nigeria. The sampling design used for the study was the simple random sampling technique. A total of 600 respondents were chosen to represent the minimum number of students that visits the library on monthly bases. Twenty-one (21) item close ended questions were designed to be answered by the respondents. A total 393 questionnaires were returned giving a response rate of 65%. The results indicated that students do not have adequate access to electronic resources as compared to printed resources ...


The Relationship Of Academic Role And Information Use By Engineering Faculty, M Doraswamy Jun 2009

The Relationship Of Academic Role And Information Use By Engineering Faculty, M Doraswamy

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study looks at teaching and research and their relationship to information use by members of engineering faculty. Four research hypotheses tested the proposed dimensions of information use. The matched pairs Wilcoxon signed ranks test was employed to test the hypotheses as a directional one tailed test at the 0.05 level of significance. Data was collected through a questionnaire method. Results showed that the role accounts for a significant proportion of frequency of information use. Of the six hypotheses tested, four hypotheses were supported by the data collected, and two hypotheses could not be supported. Results also showed that ...


Computer Skill Among Librarians In Academic Libraries In Ondo And Ekiti States, Nigeria, D.T. Ademodi, E. O. Adepoju Jun 2009

Computer Skill Among Librarians In Academic Libraries In Ondo And Ekiti States, Nigeria, D.T. Ademodi, E. O. Adepoju

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

A survey looked at the computer skills and competence of librarians in academic libraries in Ondo and Ekiti states, Nigeria. Results revealed no automation of library automation and most computers found in the libraries used for administrative duties and Internet browsing. Recommendations are made to improve librarians' computer skill competence.


Quality Assurance And The Implication For The Management Of University Libraries In Nigeria, E.L. Adebayo Jun 2009

Quality Assurance And The Implication For The Management Of University Libraries In Nigeria, E.L. Adebayo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Peer group assessment is one means of measuring the quality library services. Library standards for the 21st century are pointed out. Areas of weakness in service provision in Nigerian libraries are explored. These include funding, ICT, and staffing. The implications of the weaknesses for library managers are discussed.


Searchers' Perception Of Access Regulations In Nigerian National Archives, Abiola Abioye Jun 2009

Searchers' Perception Of Access Regulations In Nigerian National Archives, Abiola Abioye

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Access is a fundamental issue in archives administration and information management. This study investigated the perception of searchers to access regulations in National Archives of Nigeria. A descriptive survey was adopted for the study with questionnaire and interview as the research instruments. One hundred copies of the questionnaire were administered on searchers who were students of tertiary institutions, scholars, legal practitioners, litigants, government officials and politicians, and seventy-two copies were returned and analyzed. Interviews were also conducted with some of the searchers who were randomly selected. The study revealed that searchers, with varying level of education, used records in the ...


Information Needs Of Faculty Members And Research Scholars Of Chaudhary Charan Singh University: A Case Study, Devendra Kumar Jun 2009

Information Needs Of Faculty Members And Research Scholars Of Chaudhary Charan Singh University: A Case Study, Devendra Kumar

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper analyzes the information needs and use pattern among faculty members and research scholars of Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut's university campus and six district colleges: Meerut, Bulandshahar, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Baghpat, and Ghaziabad. A structured questionnaire was distributed among 425 faculty members and research scholars, of whom 200 (47.05%) responded. The study examines the purpose of visits to the library, use of different types of information sources, current literature in the field of interest, and difficulties faced in accessing information. The paper examines the preference for information sources and their use. Statistical analysis was done by applying ...


New Learning Approach, Paul N. Markham, Aurelia Spaulding Jun 2009

New Learning Approach, Paul N. Markham, Aurelia Spaulding

ALIVE Center Publications

No abstract provided.


Assuring Quality In Distance Education For Library And Information Science: The Role Of The Library, V Gopkumar, A Baradol May 2009

Assuring Quality In Distance Education For Library And Information Science: The Role Of The Library, V Gopkumar, A Baradol

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The concept of distance education and its use in Library and Information Science (LIS) education are presented. The importance of providing library and information services for LIS distance learners to enhance quality is discussed. The paper points out that web based information services can be used to extend library and information services to distance learners. Options and resources available are discussed in detail. A way of re-engineering of library and information services is highlighted.


Libraries And The Future Of Search, Judith O'Dell May 2009

Libraries And The Future Of Search, Judith O'Dell

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Libraries have traditionally created records classifying and describing sources of information which are then organized into a system used to retrieve or locate those sources. Google, in contrast, is focused on creating a search engine that in theory would alter or eliminate the need to organize records. Are these strategies in direct competition or are they leading to some mutual system? Is Google's approach a realistic expectation given the technological, business, social, political, and legal trends of today? Assuming the creation of this or a similar capability, what will it mean for the future of searching in libraries? Will ...


Societal Transformation And Reference Services In The Academic Library: Theoretical Foundations For Re-Envisioning Reference, Pamela N. Martin May 2009

Societal Transformation And Reference Services In The Academic Library: Theoretical Foundations For Re-Envisioning Reference, Pamela N. Martin

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper draws on theories of societal transformation, specifically the information society and postmodernism, to pinpoint challenges and offer concrete advice for re-envisioning reference services in the academic library, including traditional reference work and formal library instruction. Rather than acting as experts to whom all patrons should defer, reference librarians should serve as helpful guides and fellow explorers of the information universe.


To Vaccinate, Or Not? Health Care Providers And The Hpv Controversy, Nicole Elizabeth Hanbury May 2009

To Vaccinate, Or Not? Health Care Providers And The Hpv Controversy, Nicole Elizabeth Hanbury

Honors Scholar Theses

Gardasil® – the vaccine was first thought to be a medical breakthrough in the fight against cancer, but it quickly became plagued with controversy. Despite wide media coverage, little attention has been paid to today’s health care professionals who are ultimately responsible for prescribing the vaccine, and who may be the most knowledgeable about it. The present study seeks to expand on previous literature by investigating health care providers’ current beliefs and practices with the human papillomavirus (HPV) immunization. It is essential that more recent research be performed in order to encompass current views of the vaccine, post FDA-approval.

Data ...


The Treatment Action Campaign's First Decade: Success Achieved?, Jung Cho May 2009

The Treatment Action Campaign's First Decade: Success Achieved?, Jung Cho

Honors Scholar Theses

South Africa is known to have the largest HIV epidemic in the world with 5.7 million people currently living with HIV, according to UNAIDS. In light of the crisis, South Africa's Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) has led the social movement for increased treatment access for people living with HIV through lobbying the government, multinational pharmaceutical companies, and grassroots campaigning. Since it's founding a decade ago, TAC has been highly acclaimed both regionally and internationally for its success. In order to determine the success of this social movement organization, social movement theories, such as mobilization potential, external political ...


The Role Of Library And Information Science Education In National Development, Fatemeh Malekabadizadeh, Farhad Shokraneh, Akram Hosseini May 2009

The Role Of Library And Information Science Education In National Development, Fatemeh Malekabadizadeh, Farhad Shokraneh, Akram Hosseini

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Rapid expansion of knowledge and new technology have had an effect on national development. Development is influenced by factors such as culture, economy, and education. Libraries are important indicators of growth and development. They provide scientific services, fulfill social needs, and help individuals flourish. Librarians and library and information science (LIS) programs must recognize the need to change in order to strengthen development. This study discusses changing LIS curricula and the necessity of curricular changes in this field in Iran as a key factor in national development. The study provides some guidelines for these objectives.


The Role Of The Iranian Library And Information Science Association In The Informal Education Of Librarians, Mohammad Zerehsaz, Tania Azadi, Fatemeh Pazouki May 2009

The Role Of The Iranian Library And Information Science Association In The Informal Education Of Librarians, Mohammad Zerehsaz, Tania Azadi, Fatemeh Pazouki

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article reports on a survey of librarians on their view of the role of the Iranian Library and Information Science Association in informal education of librarians. The survey uses a descriptive-analytical approach with categorized sampling of two groups of members in Tehran and Khorasan. The results show that the association is successful in holding informal training programs for librarians. The T test indicates no significant difference between librarians in Tehran and in Khorasan except in two factors. The difference is shown in positive effect on job evaluation, and suitability of scheduled dates, date of monthly seminars, and level of ...