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2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 124

Full-Text Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

American Broadsides And Ephemera Series I, 1760-1990, Bill Sleeman Dec 2008

American Broadsides And Ephemera Series I, 1760-1990, Bill Sleeman

Bill Sleeman

Review of an electronic database of rare broadsides and ephemera from the colonial period through the end of the 19th Century.


Globalization And National Information Policy In Nigeria, Augonus Nnamdi Uhegbu Dec 2008

Globalization And National Information Policy In Nigeria, Augonus Nnamdi Uhegbu

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The paper focuses on the need for a national information policy in Nigeria in the face of globalization. The paper is not anti-globalization, but believes that although globalization facilitates global access to information and its generating media, it also has the potential of exposing Nigerians to obscene information materials, and of dumping unwholesome, improperly packaged and substandard information resources in the country. The conceptual explanation of both globalization and information policy is discussed. Also discussed is Nigeria 's contemporary information environment, which this paper sees as highly risky, volatile and uncoordinated. The paper argues that with national information policy, globalization ...


Library Visits And Consultation: A Case Study Of Universities In Northwestern India, Chetan Sharma Dec 2008

Library Visits And Consultation: A Case Study Of Universities In Northwestern India, Chetan Sharma

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Libraries have always been houses of knowledge for their organizations, and they play an important role in research and scholarship. The present study evaluates the use of university libraries of Northwestern India by teachers and research scholars and assesses their satisfaction.


The Changing Role Of Researchers In Nigeria : The Internet As An Alternative Future To Modernity, Manir Abdullahi Kamba Dec 2008

The Changing Role Of Researchers In Nigeria : The Internet As An Alternative Future To Modernity, Manir Abdullahi Kamba

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Researchers in Nigeria have traditionally depended on conventional libraries, and information centers, where they can physically access their needed information. Their main source of information has been traditional sources such as books, journals, and newspapers. The Internet has simplified the research process. The paper further examines how the Internet has become a tool for academic research, and also a publisher that Nigerian academics and researchers should maximally use. The paper focuses on the role played by the Internet in academic research and highlights opportunities and challenges it presents. It explores the status of Internet connectivity in Nigeria and examines the ...


The University Library, Information Provision, And Use By Policymakers In Olabisi Onabanjo University (Oou), Nigeria, Abiodun O. Odunewu Dec 2008

The University Library, Information Provision, And Use By Policymakers In Olabisi Onabanjo University (Oou), Nigeria, Abiodun O. Odunewu

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Availability and timely access to information is indispensable in policy formulation and implementation. It is often believed that a library is as good as its patronage. This study is an attempt to relate the level of patronage of Olabisi Onabanjo University Library by its policymakers to its information delivery capability. A questionnaire was used to gather data, with 102 copies administered at the senate level and 18 copies administered at the Governing Council level. A total of 89 copies were returned, representing an 80 percent response rate. The study reveals inadequate patronage of the library by policymakers. The study concludes ...


Information Needs And Information-Seeking Behavior Of Arts And Humanities Teachers: A Survey Of The University Of The Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, Muhammad Tahir, Khalid Mahmood, Farzana Shafique Dec 2008

Information Needs And Information-Seeking Behavior Of Arts And Humanities Teachers: A Survey Of The University Of The Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, Muhammad Tahir, Khalid Mahmood, Farzana Shafique

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study explores the information needs and information-seeking behavior of humanities faculty members of the University of the Punjab, Lahore . It investigates the methods and sources used to acquire information, the importance of various information resources for their teaching and research activities, their preferred formats, the purpose of their information-seeking and problems faced. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted to get a response from the targeted population which consisted of 90 teaching and research staff of humanities departments. The response rate was 69 percent. The study reveals that most of the humanities faculty members rely heavily upon books and experts in ...


Overlap In Web Search Results: A Study Of Five Search Engines, Rafiq Ahmad Rather, Fayaz Ahmad Lone, Gulam Jeelani Shah Dec 2008

Overlap In Web Search Results: A Study Of Five Search Engines, Rafiq Ahmad Rather, Fayaz Ahmad Lone, Gulam Jeelani Shah

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper presents the results of an empirical investigation that measured the degree of overlap between the results retrieved through Google, Altavista, Hotbot, Scirus, and Bioweb using twenty queries in biotechnology. Among the selected search engines, Hotbot had the most overlap (followed by Google) with other search engines except Bioweb. Compound and complex queries produced more overlap than simple queries.


Minority Degree College Libraries In Andhra Pradesh: A Study With Special Reference To Naac Standards, Syamalamba Rani Dec 2008

Minority Degree College Libraries In Andhra Pradesh: A Study With Special Reference To Naac Standards, Syamalamba Rani

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study reviews the development of college education and library management at Degree Colleges of the minority-communities in India and Andhra Pradesh. A survey included physical conditions, administrative procedures, human resources management and workforce availability, the quality and variety of services offered, verified whether NAAC library standards are being followed, and studied the extent of computer use or phases of computerization; availability of systems, and type of software being used.


The State Of Information And Communication Technology (Ict) In Nigerian University Libraries: The Experience Of Ibrahim Babangida Library, Federal University Of Technology, Yola, Benki S.H. Womboh, Tukur Abba Dec 2008

The State Of Information And Communication Technology (Ict) In Nigerian University Libraries: The Experience Of Ibrahim Babangida Library, Federal University Of Technology, Yola, Benki S.H. Womboh, Tukur Abba

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper gives an overview of the state of the ICT in Nigerian university libraries and traces the development and management of ICT facilities in the Federal University of Technology of Technology Yola library. Some problems militating against proper functioning of such facilities are highlighted and suggestion for possible solutions proffered.


Library Education In Bangladesh: Strengths, Problems, And Suggestions, A.I.M. Jakaria Rahman, Momena Khatun, Dr. Mohammed Mezbah-Ul-Islam Dec 2008

Library Education In Bangladesh: Strengths, Problems, And Suggestions, A.I.M. Jakaria Rahman, Momena Khatun, Dr. Mohammed Mezbah-Ul-Islam

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article examines the historical development and current trends of library education system in Bangladesh, identifies educational institutions involved, and determines the strength of current l


Citation Analysis Of Theses In Library And Information Science Submitted To University Of Pune: A Pilot Study, R.V. Chikate, S.K. Patil Dec 2008

Citation Analysis Of Theses In Library And Information Science Submitted To University Of Pune: A Pilot Study, R.V. Chikate, S.K. Patil

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This is a bibliometric study that used 27 LIS dissertations with a total of 6,257 citations. Most citations are from periodicals (42.2%), mostly from US and Indian journals. Nearly half of the citations recorded are from journal articles: 2,639 (42.2%) Nearly three quarters of the journal articles were from LIS journals, with the remainder from 33 other subject areas. College and Research Libraries is the most cited journal, followed by Scientometrics. Most of the citations are from 55 journals out of the total number.


Library And Information Support For New Partnership For Africa 'S Development (Nepad), Christopher Nkiko, Felicia O. Yusuf Dec 2008

Library And Information Support For New Partnership For Africa 'S Development (Nepad), Christopher Nkiko, Felicia O. Yusuf

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) was created in October 2001 as an way of helping Africa extricate itself from the malaise of underdevelopment and exclusion in a globalizing world. Its major objectives include: eradication of poverty, promotion of accelerated growth and sustainable development, halting the marginalization of Africa in the globalizing process, and the empowerment of women. The paper examines preconditions for its success and the specific roles expected of libraries and information centres. Such roles include; popularizing the initiative, providing continental information database, human development, eradication of diseases and poverty through information, information brokerage and environmental scanning ...


Importance Of Information And Communication Technologies (Icts) In Making A Heathy Information Society: A Case Study Of Ethiope East Local Government Area Of Delta State, Nigeria, Monday Obaidjevwe Ogbomo, Esoswo Francisca Ogbomo Dec 2008

Importance Of Information And Communication Technologies (Icts) In Making A Heathy Information Society: A Case Study Of Ethiope East Local Government Area Of Delta State, Nigeria, Monday Obaidjevwe Ogbomo, Esoswo Francisca Ogbomo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

ICTs are crucially important for sustainable development in developing countries. For the past two decades, most developed countries have witnessed significant changes that can be traced to ICTs. These changes have been observed in economics, education, communication, and travel. Many initiatives have been taken at the international level to support Africa's efforts to develop a communication infrastructure and. This study uses a survey that employed a two-part questionnaire that collected data on the personal characteristics of the respondents and their use of ICTs. A sample of 120 respondents was used. The respondents were drawn from the Ethiope East local ...


A Theoretical Framework For Goal-Based Choice And For Prescriptive Analysis, Kurt A. Carlson, Chris Janiszewski, Ralph L. Keeney, David H. Krantz, Howard Kunreuther, Mary F. Luce, Joseph E. Russo, Stijn M. J. Osselaer, Detlof V. Winterfeldt Dec 2008

A Theoretical Framework For Goal-Based Choice And For Prescriptive Analysis, Kurt A. Carlson, Chris Janiszewski, Ralph L. Keeney, David H. Krantz, Howard Kunreuther, Mary F. Luce, Joseph E. Russo, Stijn M. J. Osselaer, Detlof V. Winterfeldt

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

This paper extends the familiar multi-stage framework for choice by explicitly describing the role that goals play at each stage. We first present a typology of goals, ranging from content to process and from immediate to long-term illustrating it in the context of two examples—purchasing a new car and earthquake retrofitting. We then delineate each stage of the choice process based on recent advances from the descriptive literature on the influence of the various goals. Finally, we draw the prescriptive implications as to how goals can inform what we know, or need to know, about the choice process.


Modeling Social Interactions: Identification, Empirical Methods And Policy Implications, Wesley R. Hartmann, Puneet Manchanda, Harikesh Nair, Matthew Bothner, Peter Dodds, David Godes, Kartik Hosanagar, Catherine Tucker Dec 2008

Modeling Social Interactions: Identification, Empirical Methods And Policy Implications, Wesley R. Hartmann, Puneet Manchanda, Harikesh Nair, Matthew Bothner, Peter Dodds, David Godes, Kartik Hosanagar, Catherine Tucker

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Social interactions occur when agents in a network affect other agents’ choices directly, as opposed to via the intermediation of markets. The study of such interactions and the resultant outcomes has long been an area of interest across a wide variety of social sciences. With the advent of electronic media that facilitate and record such interactions, this interest has grown sharply in the business world as well. In this paper, we provide a brief summary of what is known so far, discuss the main challenges for researchers interested in this area, and provide a common vocabulary that will hopefully engender ...


A Qualitative Exploration Of Female Surfers: Recreation Specialization, Motivations, And Perspectives, Tiyanya Anna Nourbakhsh Dec 2008

A Qualitative Exploration Of Female Surfers: Recreation Specialization, Motivations, And Perspectives, Tiyanya Anna Nourbakhsh

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This current study utilized recreation specialization and leisure motivation theory to explore the meanings, perspectives, and behaviors among female surfers. Despite numerous studies previously published regarding recreation specialization and leisure motivation related to activity participation, little research has been conducted on the activity of surfing from a female perspective. Data for this study were collected using in-depth, semi- structured interviews of nine women surfers from the California Central Coast. Content analyses of the data involved coding and identifying key themes, patterns, and categories. The dominant themes significant within recreation specialization included past participation (e.g., preceding activities to eventual participation ...


War And Fashion: Political Views And How Military Styles Influence Fashion, Lauren Topor Nov 2008

War And Fashion: Political Views And How Military Styles Influence Fashion, Lauren Topor

Master's Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

Women’s outerwear evolves and recreates new fashions based on new materials and historical influences. Whenever the United States goes to war, military styles emerge. However, the outerwear category of women’s apparel has not been thoroughly researched in regard to military influences. Regardless of people’s opinion of war, the influences in the clothing are very apparent. As a result, this study examines outerwear styles during the past two World Wars and the two Gulf war styles.

Since the beginning of World War I, fashion has been influenced by military uniforms. America’s participation in the war affected the ...


Christianity In Nineteenth Century American Law, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2008

Christianity In Nineteenth Century American Law, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

The religious underpinnings of American political and legal institutions have been duly noted by legal scholars, historians, judges, politicians, and clergymen alike. Church polities provided models not only for colonial civil governments but also for the present constitutional system.


Francis Lieber On The Sources Of Civil Liberty, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2008

Francis Lieber On The Sources Of Civil Liberty, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Francis Lieber (1798-1872), one of the first university-trained German scholars to migrate to America, served as a bridge between the intellectual and political cultures of Germany, England, and America. While cultivating an astonishing range of activities and interests, Lieber helped lay the foundation of academic political science in America and promoted its practical application to public affairs. His theory of institutional liberty, which attributes the rise of civil liberty to the development of an increasingly integrated complex of self-governing institutions, may be his most original contribution to the political science literature.


Australian Consumer Attitudes To Health Claim - Food Product Compatibility For Functional Foods, P. G. Williams, L. Ridges, M. Batterham, B. Ripper, M. C. Hung Nov 2008

Australian Consumer Attitudes To Health Claim - Food Product Compatibility For Functional Foods, P. G. Williams, L. Ridges, M. Batterham, B. Ripper, M. C. Hung

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This study with Australian consumers investigated how appealing different health claims combined with particular food carriers were to Australian consumers, and compared the results of a similar study with Dutch consumers. 149 shoppers considered up to 30 different food concepts, rating how ‘attractive’, ‘believable’, and ‘new and different’ they found each concept and their ‘intention to try’. Each variable was significantly related to intention to try (p<0.001) and together explained 56% of the intention score. Claims and carriers independently had a significant effect on ratings of attractiveness and intention to try but, unlike the Dutch study, the carrier was a more important predictor of intention to purchase than the claim. Implications for regulation of health claims for food are discussed.


A Unification Fable, Donelson R. Forsyth Nov 2008

A Unification Fable, Donelson R. Forsyth

Jepson School of Leadership Studies articles, book chapters and other publications

Not-so-long-ago in a not-so-far-away land lived three little pigs. These three little pigs grew up in the same neighborhood, attended the same schools, and shared the same passion: houses. The three were fascinated by the various types of structures inhabited by pigs the world over, and they while away many a happy hour puzzling over the nature and design of such dwellings. They could think of nothing more meaningful than dedicating their lives to the scientific study of houses and the ways they can be improved and repaired.

As they grew older, however, the pigs gradually grew apart in values ...


Faculty Use Of A Cybercafé For Internet Access, Akobundu Dike Ugah, Victoria Okafor Nov 2008

Faculty Use Of A Cybercafé For Internet Access, Akobundu Dike Ugah, Victoria Okafor

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The University has a cybercafé that provides Internet services to the members of the university community and their neighbors. This study analyzed the use of the Internet facilities by faculty members. Of the 224 copies of the questionnaire distributed, 120 were completed and returned. Result showed that more than half of the respondents acquired their Internet skills through self study/instruction and more than one-third ) rated their Internet skill as average. One fifthuse the Internet daily, while only 10 percent spend 10-20 hours per week on the Internet. Only 30 percent use the Internet facilities on campus and research is ...


Growth And Development Of Scholarly Literature: An Analysis Of Scopus, Mehmood Ul-Ajaz Wani, Sumeer Gul Nov 2008

Growth And Development Of Scholarly Literature: An Analysis Of Scopus, Mehmood Ul-Ajaz Wani, Sumeer Gul

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Researchers require access to a variety of information sources, in order to stay current with developments in their own and related fields, to work collaboratively with others, to critically evaluate and examine the work of others, and to contribute to teaching. This study is assesses the SCOPUS database bibliometrically to explore the growth of scholarly literature.


Adolescent Religiousity And Well-Being: A Multiple Nation Study., Heidi Stolz, Brian Barber, Teri Henke, J Olsen Oct 2008

Adolescent Religiousity And Well-Being: A Multiple Nation Study., Heidi Stolz, Brian Barber, Teri Henke, J Olsen

Heidi E Stolz

No abstract provided.


Relationship Of Gender, Grade Level, And School Demographics To Middle School Students’ Knowledge Of Appropriate Behavior And Their Behaviors In Using Social Networking Sites, Stacey L. Kite, Robert K. Gable, Lawrence P. Filippelli Oct 2008

Relationship Of Gender, Grade Level, And School Demographics To Middle School Students’ Knowledge Of Appropriate Behavior And Their Behaviors In Using Social Networking Sites, Stacey L. Kite, Robert K. Gable, Lawrence P. Filippelli

Cyberbullying

The purpose of this study was to investigate middle school students’ knowledge of appropriate use and risks associated with the use of online forums such as social networking sites, e-mail, and IM. As noted by McKenna (2007), this line of research is important since social networking sites, such as myspace and facebook, the increase in cyberbullying, and instant messaging programs are creating numerous problems for school administrators.


Digital Commons @Um Law: A Presentation For Nellco, Pamela Bluh Oct 2008

Digital Commons @Um Law: A Presentation For Nellco, Pamela Bluh

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Making Waves: Technical Services Past, Present, And Future, Pamela Bluh Oct 2008

Making Waves: Technical Services Past, Present, And Future, Pamela Bluh

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Friends Of Victims: Personal Experience And Prosocial Behavior, Deborah A. Small, Uri Simonsohn Oct 2008

Friends Of Victims: Personal Experience And Prosocial Behavior, Deborah A. Small, Uri Simonsohn

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Why do different people give to different causes? We show that the sympathy inherent to a close relationship with a victim extends to other victims suffering from the same misfortunes that have afflicted their friends and loved ones. Both sympathy and donations are greater among those related to a victim, and they are greater among those in a communal relationship as compared to those in an exchange relationship. Experiments that control for information support causality and rule out the alternative explanation that any effect is driven by the information advantage possessed by friends of victims.


Strategic Customer Behavior, Commitment, And Supply Chain Performance, Xuanming Su, Fuqiang Zhang Oct 2008

Strategic Customer Behavior, Commitment, And Supply Chain Performance, Xuanming Su, Fuqiang Zhang

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

This paper studies the impact of strategic customer behavior on supply chain performance. We start with a newsvendor seller facing forward-looking customers. The seller initially charges a regular price but may salvage the leftover inventory at a lower salvage price after random demand is realized. Customers anticipate future sales and choose purchase timing to maximize their expected surplus. We characterize the rational expectations equilibrium, where we find that the seller's stocking level is lower than that in the classic model without strategic customers. We show that the seller's profit can be improved by promising either that quantities available ...


Constitutional Government And Free Enterprise, Steven Alan Samson Oct 2008

Constitutional Government And Free Enterprise, Steven Alan Samson

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.