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Full-Text Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

Advancing Occupational Therapy In Workplace Health And Wellbeing: A Scoping Review, Lynn Shaw Dr., Amanda Kollee, Helen Ren, Kayla Lofgren, Savannah Saarloos, Kirsten Slaven, Ann Bossers Mar 2013

Advancing Occupational Therapy In Workplace Health And Wellbeing: A Scoping Review, Lynn Shaw Dr., Amanda Kollee, Helen Ren, Kayla Lofgren, Savannah Saarloos, Kirsten Slaven, Ann Bossers

Lynn Shaw

Advancing Occupational Therapy in Workplace Health and Well-being: A Scoping Review Amanda Kollee, Helen Ren, Kayla Lofgren, Savannah Saarloos, Kirsten Slaven, Ann Bossers & Lynn Shaw Background: Workplace health continues to be a goal that workers and employers desire. For instance, organizations want to adapt and find ways to accommodate the changing needs of workers as they grow older and develop chronic health conditions. Preventative strategies are required to maintain health and limit the burden on both organizations and individual workers. Occupational therapists can support workplaces to foster the personal health and well-being of workers and to develop workplace environments that support productivity and positive workplace culture. Knowledge is needed to support the evolving role of OTs in evidence based practice in the workplace. Purpose: This paper presents a synthesis of existing knowledge regarding occupational therapy (OT) involvement in the development and maintenance of worker health. Methods: A scoping review was conducted by searching 11 electronic databases, including CINAHL, Medline-OVID, Sociological Abstracts, PsycINFO, JSTOR, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, EMBASE, Scopus, PubMed and OTDBASE. By using search terms including occupational therapy, workplace, workplace health, and well-being, 1814 articles published between 1992 and July, 2012 were identified Forty-six articles were extracted using a 5-point relevancy scale. Data was analyzed based on study location, year, health condition or injury focus, and study design. Information regarding OT involvement, outcome measures, enablement skills, and collaborative models were examined, with particular attention on the areas of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention, assessments/interventions, and enablement skills as outlined by the Canadian Model of Client-Centred Enablement. Findings: The majority of studies were completed in the United States and Canada, with Sweden and the Netherlands following closely. Thirty-four quantitative, 11 qualitative and 1 mixed study were reviewed. Sixty-three percent of studies focused on persons with physical injuries or conditions and 28% on mental illness. The majority of articles demonstrated OT involvement using tertiary prevention for chronic and complex conditions. Focus on ‘return to work’ and ‘productivity’ was evident, and ‘well-being’, ‘maintaining work’ and ‘safety’ was less prevalent. The majority of articles highlighted the use of enablement skills that are more inter-relational in nature, including ‘collaborate’, ‘educate’, ‘coach’, and ‘engage’. Thirty-five percent of the articles stated that the assessment or intervention was carried out solely by OTs; the remaining articles included 61% involving multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary teams, and 4% did not specify the collaborative model. Implications: There is descriptive and intervention-based evidence to support the involvement of OTs in workplace practice. Future research is needed to enhance understanding of mental health, primary prevention, and OTs role on teams, and needs to consider further specifying and defining outcome measures and enablement skills. There is a need for higher level evidence and more qualitative studies ...


Are We Ready To Address The New Expectations Of Work And Workers In The Transforming World Of Work?, Lynn Shaw Dr. Jan 2012

Are We Ready To Address The New Expectations Of Work And Workers In The Transforming World Of Work?, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

This sounding board article focuses on the transformative world of work and the need to prevent occupational injustice for future workers and work places.


Work Transition Tips For Workers, Lynn Shaw Dr. Jan 2012

Work Transition Tips For Workers, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Getting The Message Across: Principles For Developing Brief-Knowledge Transfer (B-Kt) Communiqués, Lynn Shaw Dr. Jan 2012

Getting The Message Across: Principles For Developing Brief-Knowledge Transfer (B-Kt) Communiqués, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

Objective: This feature article on knowledge transfer presents principles and strategies to support the development of short communiqués to end-users. Participants: Formal and informal knowledge brokers are the targeted users of the strategies. Methods: Research studies and conceptual literature in knowledge transfer informed the development of brief-Knowledge Transfer (b-KT) principles. Principles are explained and a sample of how they informed the development of KIT-Tip Sheets is offered to promote ways to use principles in knowledge dissemination. Results: b-KT principles can be used as a framework to guide the development of short communiqués by knowledge brokers in work practice but also ...


Mechanisms Of An Occupation-Based Approach For Persons With Chronic Pain And Work Loss., J. Scott, R. Hills, A. Schmidt, J. Stroud, C. Kerr, Lynn Shaw Dr., A. Bossers Dec 2011

Mechanisms Of An Occupation-Based Approach For Persons With Chronic Pain And Work Loss., J. Scott, R. Hills, A. Schmidt, J. Stroud, C. Kerr, Lynn Shaw Dr., A. Bossers

Lynn Shaw

Current literature demonstrates a significant investigation of chronic pain. The actual mechanisms that promote adaptation, accommodation, and change, however, are not explicated in the current literature on chronic pain. Our goal was to conduct a mini realist synthesis approach in current literature to identify mechanisms critical to promote return to work (RTW) for persons with chronic pain. Specifically, we sought to identify if the mechanisms of these programs are consistent with an occupation-based approach used in Occupational Therapy (OT).


Using Hearing And Occupational Science To Advance Opportunities For Persons With Hearing Loss At Work And In The Community, Lynn Shaw Dr., Mary Beth Jennings Dr., Elizabeth Cheesman Dr., Daniel Fok Dr. Jan 2011

Using Hearing And Occupational Science To Advance Opportunities For Persons With Hearing Loss At Work And In The Community, Lynn Shaw Dr., Mary Beth Jennings Dr., Elizabeth Cheesman Dr., Daniel Fok Dr.

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Minitipsheet4-2010, Lynn Shaw Dr. Jan 2010

Minitipsheet4-2010, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Work Transition Tips 2-2010 Support Groups And Health Professsionals Working Together, Lynn Shaw Dr. Jan 2010

Work Transition Tips 2-2010 Support Groups And Health Professsionals Working Together, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Work Transition Tips 3-2010 Developing A Network Of Supports, Lynn Shaw Dr. Dec 2009

Work Transition Tips 3-2010 Developing A Network Of Supports, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Work Transition Tips 1-2010, Lynn Shaw Dr. Dec 2009

Work Transition Tips 1-2010, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Activating An Activist: Using Metaphors To Study Occupational Transitions., C. Arnold, Lynn Shaw Dr., G. Landry Jan 2008

Activating An Activist: Using Metaphors To Study Occupational Transitions., C. Arnold, Lynn Shaw Dr., G. Landry

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Older Workers With Hearing Loss: Practice Innovations Through Interprofessional Collaboration., Lynn Shaw Dr., M.B. Jennings, D. Fok, M. Cheesman, H. Hodgins, A. Kuchar Jan 2008

Older Workers With Hearing Loss: Practice Innovations Through Interprofessional Collaboration., Lynn Shaw Dr., M.B. Jennings, D. Fok, M. Cheesman, H. Hodgins, A. Kuchar

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Empowering Seniors To Promote Health And Safety In The Home., A. Sorcinelli, K. Cooper, Lynn Shaw Dr. Jan 2004

Empowering Seniors To Promote Health And Safety In The Home., A. Sorcinelli, K. Cooper, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.