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Articles 1 - 30 of 93

Full-Text Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

Rents The Bane Of Poor: Charity, Hilary Gallagher Oct 2015

Rents The Bane Of Poor: Charity, Hilary Gallagher

Hilary Gallagher

No abstract provided.


A Closer Look At Using Stringer’S Action Research Model In Improving Students’ Learning, Mohammad Ali Nasrollahi Jul 2015

A Closer Look At Using Stringer’S Action Research Model In Improving Students’ Learning, Mohammad Ali Nasrollahi

Mohammad Ali Nasrollahi(Ph.D)

Action research is a systematic approach to investigation that enables people to find effective solutions to problems they confront in their everyday lives. A significant feature is that action research lays claim to the professional development in education. Action research as any systematic inquiry conducted by teachers, administrators, and counselors with a vested interest in the teaching and learning process, for the purpose of gathering data about how their particular schools operate, how they teach, and how their students learn. Education is perhaps the most prolific source of action research resources. Action research can be done by teachers in their ...


Towards Ex Ante Prediction Of User Performance: A Novel Neurois Methodology Based On Real-Time Measurement Of Mental Effort, Ricardo Buettner, Sebastian Sauer, Christian Maier, Andreas Eckhardt Jan 2015

Towards Ex Ante Prediction Of User Performance: A Novel Neurois Methodology Based On Real-Time Measurement Of Mental Effort, Ricardo Buettner, Sebastian Sauer, Christian Maier, Andreas Eckhardt

Christian Maier

We propose a methodology of an ex ante prediction of users’ performance based on analyzing the pupillary diameter variability captured by ordinary eye-tracking systems. Based on a realistic large-scale experimental evaluation of our methodology we show promising results that pave the way for a dynamic real-time adaption of IT to the user’s mental effort and the expected user performance. Our non-invasive contactfree methodology can be applied cost-efficiently both in research and practical environments, without disturbing the participant/user.


The Effects Of Technostress And Switching Stress On Discontinued Use Of Social Networking Services: A Study Of Facebook Use, Christian Maier, Sven Laumer, Christoph Weinert, Tim Weitzel Jan 2015

The Effects Of Technostress And Switching Stress On Discontinued Use Of Social Networking Services: A Study Of Facebook Use, Christian Maier, Sven Laumer, Christoph Weinert, Tim Weitzel

Christian Maier

Although much research has been performed on the adoption and usage phases of the information systems life cycle, the final phase, termination, has received little attention. This paper focuses on the development of discontinuous usage intentions, i.e. the behavioural intention in the termination phase, in the context of social networking services (SNSs), where it plays an especially crucial role. We argue that users stressed by using SNSs try to avoid the stress and develop discontinuous usage intentions, which we identify as a behavioural response to SNS-stress creators and SNS-exhaustion. Furthermore, as discontinuing the use of an SNS also takes ...


La Motivación Extrínseca Del Profesorado Universitario En Alemania Y En España: Un Análisis Empírico, Sergio A. Berumen Oct 2014

La Motivación Extrínseca Del Profesorado Universitario En Alemania Y En España: Un Análisis Empírico, Sergio A. Berumen

Sergio A. Berumen

In this work we review the concept of motivation and we stress the differences between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In the process we introduce the variables that have an impact on work motivation and the techniques used for its measurement. Below you will find an original model, used to measure extrinsic motivation. The fieldwork was carried out on a wide selection of professors at the following European universities: Freie Universität and Humboldt Universität in Germany, and Universidad Rey Juan Carlos in Spain, from March 2013 to August 2013.


Tripping And Falling Into The Future: An Eolithic Perspective, Keri Schwab Jul 2014

Tripping And Falling Into The Future: An Eolithic Perspective, Keri Schwab

Keri Schwab

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Thirty years ago, Dustin and McAvoy (1984) published an essay in Environmental Ethics titled “Toward Environmental Eolithism.” The article compared and contrasted two distinct orientations to environmental planning and management: the design mentality and the eolithic mentality. The authors concluded that the more popular design mentality lacked obscure eolithic mentality was a superior orientation to environmental planning and management. Environmental Ethics and then discuss how an eolithic perspective might complement the strategic planning process. We begin by describing the similarities between strategic planning and the design mentality as well as the shortcomings of strategic planning in a rapidly ...


Towards Understanding Social Influence In On-Line Social Networks, Jerzy Surma, Małgorzata Rószkiewicz, Jacek Wójcik Mar 2014

Towards Understanding Social Influence In On-Line Social Networks, Jerzy Surma, Małgorzata Rószkiewicz, Jacek Wójcik

Jerzy Surma

No abstract provided.


Women Empowerment And Panchayati Raj, Rakesh K. Singh Mar 2014

Women Empowerment And Panchayati Raj, Rakesh K. Singh

Rakesh K Singh

This report explores the nature and extent of women empowerment in the context of low economic development and participation & performance of women representatives in Gram Panchayats. While investigating the relationship of participation and performance of elected women members and that of gender and social equality with women empowerment in the region, it also analyzes blocks that inhibit women empowerment, need for capacity building trainings for women members, and value addition by parallel village bodies enabling factors.


Mule's Daughter, Beth A. Shankle Anderson Esq. Jan 2014

Mule's Daughter, Beth A. Shankle Anderson Esq.

Beth Shankle-Anderson

This memoir chronicles a young girl's journey from childhood to losing her father at thirteen years of age to cancer. It couples the narrator's journey with a tree planted with her father in the narrator's backyard. This memoir is both powerful and thought provoking.


A Parent-Teacher View Of Teens Behaviors In Nuclear And Joint Family Systems In Pakistan, Rana Rashid Rehman Jan 2014

A Parent-Teacher View Of Teens Behaviors In Nuclear And Joint Family Systems In Pakistan, Rana Rashid Rehman

Rana Rashid Rehman

This research work tries to unveil the changing teen’s behaviors in nuclear and joint family systems in Pakistan. Pakistan enjoys the social values of joint families; and, where grandparents are very important constituent of the family, the family structure is an important component in shaping the teens behaviors. Therefore, this paper focuses the sample of parents and teachers of the teens in the postmodern urban society and tried to better point out the eminent changes in the attitudes and behaviors of teens. This study follows a qualitative approach of research that pursues a phenomenological inquiry describing lived experience of ...


Effectiveness Of Marlatt's Cognitive-Behavioral Model On Increasing Self-Efficacyin Opiate-Dependents, Seyed Mohammad, Kalantarkousheh, دکتر سید محمد کلانتر کوشه Jan 2014

Effectiveness Of Marlatt's Cognitive-Behavioral Model On Increasing Self-Efficacyin Opiate-Dependents, Seyed Mohammad, Kalantarkousheh, دکتر سید محمد کلانتر کوشه

Seyed Mohammad Kalantarkousheh

Objective: This study examined the effectiveness of Marlatt's cognitive-behavioral model on increasing self-efficacy in opiate-dependents. Materials & Methods: In a pilot project, 30 opiate-dependent clients of addiction clinics in Khorramabad were randomly assigned to study and control groups. The study group went through 12 sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy; an overall 24 hours. The control group did not receive any special treatment. All the participants completed the self-efficacy questionnaire at the beginning and end of treatment. Analysis of covariance was used to analyze data. Results: Findings showed significant differences between the two groups after intervention. Conclusions: According to the findings Marlatt's cognitive behavioral model is effective in increasing self-efficacy in opiate-dependents.


Ekonomia Daru I Społeczności Otwartej Współpracy – Nowe Kierunki Badań Społecznych, Martyna Kobus, Dariusz Jemielniak Jan 2014

Ekonomia Daru I Społeczności Otwartej Współpracy – Nowe Kierunki Badań Społecznych, Martyna Kobus, Dariusz Jemielniak

Dariusz Jemielniak

Artykuł przybliża zagadnienie ekonomii daru w społecznościach internetowych jako nowego, fascynującego obszaru badań. Pokazuje, że ekonomia daru i forma organizacji w społecznościach otwartej współpracy mogą być rozumiane jako nowy paradygmat relacji wymiany. Opisuje problematykę ekonomii daru i organizacji otwartej współpracy w naukach ekonomicznych i – przede wszystkim – naukach o zarządzaniu, przedstawiając je jako temat wart szczególnej uwagi i zainteresowania badawczego, zwłaszcza początkujących badaczy.


Komu Bije Dzwon? Czemu Warto Badać Prawa Potęgowe?, Martyna Kobus, Dariusz Jemielniak Jan 2014

Komu Bije Dzwon? Czemu Warto Badać Prawa Potęgowe?, Martyna Kobus, Dariusz Jemielniak

Dariusz Jemielniak

Artykuł przybliża zagadnienie ekonomii daru w społecznościach internetowych jako nowego, fascynującego obszaru badań. Pokazuje, że ekonomia daru i forma organizacji w społecznościach otwartej współpracy mogą być rozumiane jako nowy paradygmat relacji wymiany. Opisuje problematykę ekonomii daru i organizacji otwartej współpracy w naukach ekonomicznych i – przede wszystkim – naukach o zarządzaniu, przedstawiając je jako temat wart szczególnej uwagi i zainteresowania badawczego, zwłaszcza początkujących badaczy.


Link Formation Pattern During Emergency Response Network Dynamics, Alireza Abbasi Jan 2014

Link Formation Pattern During Emergency Response Network Dynamics, Alireza Abbasi

Alireza Abbasi

This study aims to understand the mechanisms of emergency response network evolution by quantitatively examining the link formation pattern among participants involved in a real emergency collaboration network. This is achieved by identifying the participants’ characteristics which can affect forming new links over time. The result indicates the existence of cumulative advantage process, where highly-connected participants gain more new links over time. It also reveals the structural position of participants involved in a response network, i.e. brokering position, affects their number of future links. Understanding the link formation pattern is important for understanding the mechanisms of network evolution which ...


From The Outside Looking In: A Response To The Hijacking Of Recreational Therapy, Daniel L. Dustin, Kelly S. Bricker, Keri A. Schwab Jan 2014

From The Outside Looking In: A Response To The Hijacking Of Recreational Therapy, Daniel L. Dustin, Kelly S. Bricker, Keri A. Schwab

Keri Schwab

Where does Dr. Austin want his line of thought to lead and what does he expect from the larger field of parks and recreation in return? Is he after reassurance that recreational therapy is valued by the rest of us? Does he want recreation therapists to be acknowledged as the closest thing we have in our midst to medical doctors? Or does he want recreational therapy to disassociate itself from the field of parks and recreation altogether? If recreation therapists want to be viewed as distinct and different from the rest of us, if it is autonomy they are after ...


Muneja, S. Simon, Review Of Stanley Skreslet, Comprehending Mission: The Questions, Methods, Themes, Problems And Prospects Of Missiology, Mussa Muneja Dec 2013

Muneja, S. Simon, Review Of Stanley Skreslet, Comprehending Mission: The Questions, Methods, Themes, Problems And Prospects Of Missiology, Mussa Muneja

Mussa Muneja

No abstract provided.


Landing Stable Employment: The Exploratory Study Of A Job Vs. Career, Valencia Tamir Johnson Dr. Sep 2013

Landing Stable Employment: The Exploratory Study Of A Job Vs. Career, Valencia Tamir Johnson Dr.

Valencia T Johnson

Landing stable employment can be difficult and discouraging. Some employers want applicants that are searching for a “career”, and some employers are looking for applicants that want a “job”. Ask yourself, what is the difference between a job and a career? In simple terms, a job is short-term and a career is long-term. Applicants who seek a job would likely stay less than a year, as with a career, the candidate would likely stay more than a year or longer. This article provides a clear and concise overview of the exploratory study of landing a career or job.


An Affordable Model For Enduring Iss Mission Operations With Increased Scientific Productivity, Donovan Torgerson, Josh Berk, Jeremy Straub, Anders Nervold Sep 2013

An Affordable Model For Enduring Iss Mission Operations With Increased Scientific Productivity, Donovan Torgerson, Josh Berk, Jeremy Straub, Anders Nervold

Jeremy Straub

The current model of operations for the International Space Station (ISS) is an exercise in futility. Persistent maintenance, risk aversion, high ground support and logistics costs and a lack of scientific productivity have rendered the world's most expensive laboratory severely underutilized.

An alternate management paradigm for ISS operations, based upon an approach utilized by national, state and local governments for the maintenance of public infrastructure (e.g., roadways) is presented. These governments, instead of trying to become experts at estimating the costs of, planning for and conducting repairs and upkeep on this infrastructure, instead hire a commercial vendor to ...


Entrevista Guayaquil, Guillermo Arosemena Jul 2013

Entrevista Guayaquil, Guillermo Arosemena

Guillermo Arosemena

No abstract provided.


Advancing Occupational Therapy In Workplace Health And Wellbeing: A Scoping Review, Lynn Shaw Dr., Amanda Kollee, Helen Ren, Kayla Lofgren, Savannah Saarloos, Kirsten Slaven, Ann Bossers Mar 2013

Advancing Occupational Therapy In Workplace Health And Wellbeing: A Scoping Review, Lynn Shaw Dr., Amanda Kollee, Helen Ren, Kayla Lofgren, Savannah Saarloos, Kirsten Slaven, Ann Bossers

Lynn Shaw

Advancing Occupational Therapy in Workplace Health and Well-being: A Scoping Review Amanda Kollee, Helen Ren, Kayla Lofgren, Savannah Saarloos, Kirsten Slaven, Ann Bossers & Lynn Shaw Background: Workplace health continues to be a goal that workers and employers desire. For instance, organizations want to adapt and find ways to accommodate the changing needs of workers as they grow older and develop chronic health conditions. Preventative strategies are required to maintain health and limit the burden on both organizations and individual workers. Occupational therapists can support workplaces to foster the personal health and well-being of workers and to develop workplace environments that support productivity and positive workplace culture. Knowledge is needed to support the evolving role of OTs in evidence based practice in the workplace. Purpose: This paper presents a synthesis of existing knowledge regarding occupational therapy (OT) involvement in the development and maintenance of worker health. Methods: A scoping review was conducted by searching 11 electronic databases, including CINAHL, Medline-OVID, Sociological Abstracts, PsycINFO, JSTOR, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, EMBASE, Scopus, PubMed and OTDBASE. By using search terms including occupational therapy, workplace, workplace health, and well-being, 1814 articles published between 1992 and July, 2012 were identified Forty-six articles were extracted using a 5-point relevancy scale. Data was analyzed based on study location, year, health condition or injury focus, and study design. Information regarding OT involvement, outcome measures, enablement skills, and collaborative models were examined, with particular attention on the areas of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention, assessments/interventions, and enablement skills as outlined by the Canadian Model of Client-Centred Enablement. Findings: The majority of studies were completed in the United States and Canada, with Sweden and the Netherlands following closely. Thirty-four quantitative, 11 qualitative and 1 mixed study were reviewed. Sixty-three percent of studies focused on persons with physical injuries or conditions and 28% on mental illness. The majority of articles demonstrated OT involvement using tertiary prevention for chronic and complex conditions. Focus on ‘return to work’ and ‘productivity’ was evident, and ‘well-being’, ‘maintaining work’ and ‘safety’ was less prevalent. The majority of articles highlighted the use of enablement skills that are more inter-relational in nature, including ‘collaborate’, ‘educate’, ‘coach’, and ‘engage’. Thirty-five percent of the articles stated that the assessment or intervention was carried out solely by OTs; the remaining articles included 61% involving multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary teams, and 4% did not specify the collaborative model. Implications: There is descriptive and intervention-based evidence to support the involvement of OTs in workplace practice. Future research is needed to enhance understanding of mental health, primary prevention, and OTs role on teams, and needs to consider further specifying and defining outcome measures and enablement skills. There is a need for higher level evidence and more qualitative studies ...


Is Saving Black Males A Natural Disaster?, Edward Earl Bell Feb 2013

Is Saving Black Males A Natural Disaster?, Edward Earl Bell

Edward Earl Bell

Saving Black Males: Natural Disaster


Polska Firma It W Dolinie Krzemowej – Studium Przypadku I Próba Analizy W Kontekście Teorii Internacjonalizacji, Dominika Latusek Jan 2013

Polska Firma It W Dolinie Krzemowej – Studium Przypadku I Próba Analizy W Kontekście Teorii Internacjonalizacji, Dominika Latusek

Dominika Latusek

The text presents a case study of a Polish high-tech enterprise “Engineers” which focuses on IT services and software development. The case study is based on a qualitative research conducted within the firm in its headquarter in Poland as well as in the USA among its partners and customers. The empirical data is then discussed in the light of internationalization theories as well as the concept of ‘born global’ enterprises. As the text demonstrates, the existing internationalization and born global theories cannot provide grounds that explain the functioning of firms such as “Engineers World”, i.e. enterprises that are set ...


Dolina Krzemowa I Inne Regiony Rozwijające Przemysły Wysokich Technologii, Dominika Latusek Jan 2013

Dolina Krzemowa I Inne Regiony Rozwijające Przemysły Wysokich Technologii, Dominika Latusek

Dominika Latusek

Artykuł omawia charakterystyki regionalnych klastrów wysokich technologii na świecie, na przykładzie Doliny Krzemowej w Stanach Zjednoczonych. Na podstawie przeglądu istniejących badań można wskazać cechy, które łączą takie regiony w różnych częściach świata. Jednocześnie jednak badania wskazują, że niemożliwe jest kreowanie nowych klastrów poprzez imitowanie istniejących rozwiązań, a każdy region wyróżnia się od innych własną specyfiką.


Sudanese And Somali Refugees In Canada: Social Support Needs And Preferences, Edward Makawrimba, Miriam Stewart, Laura Simich, Knox Makumbe, Edward Shizha, Sharon Anderson Jan 2013

Sudanese And Somali Refugees In Canada: Social Support Needs And Preferences, Edward Makawrimba, Miriam Stewart, Laura Simich, Knox Makumbe, Edward Shizha, Sharon Anderson

Edward Shizha

The aim of the study was to identify the unique support needs and preferences of African refugees in Canada. In-depth interviews were conducted with Sudanese and Somali refugees (n=68) living in two cities in central and western Canada. Refugees were interviewed individually to identify their support needs, current sources of support, available support programmes, barriers to access to support resources, and preferred support interventions. These refugees reported major support needs, depleted social networks, and barriers to accessing services and supports. They identified distinct preferences for support from peers from the same country of origin and professionals. Participants wanted group-level ...


Black Boys And Their Behavior, Edward Earl Bell Sep 2012

Black Boys And Their Behavior, Edward Earl Bell

Edward Earl Bell

While societal and cultural expectations bend towards positive schooling experiences, black boys are falling short in terms of graduating from high school—and for that matter—college!


Elected Women Representatives In Panchayat Raj, Rakesh K. Singh Jan 2012

Elected Women Representatives In Panchayat Raj, Rakesh K. Singh

Rakesh K Singh

The 73rd Constitution Amendment has created space for women in political participation and decision-making at the grass roots level by reserving one-third of the seats all over the country. This landmark legislation gave India the unique distinction of having more number of elected women representatives (EWRs) than the rest of the world together.


Delinquent By Reason Of Poverty, Tamar R. Birckhead Jan 2012

Delinquent By Reason Of Poverty, Tamar R. Birckhead

Tamar R Birckhead

This Article, written for the 12th Annual Access to Equal Justice Colloquium, explores the disproportionate representation of low-income children in the United States juvenile justice system. It examines the structural and institutional causes of this development, beginning with the most common points of entry into delinquency court—the child welfare system, public schools, retail stores, and neighborhood police presence. It introduces the concept of needs-based delinquency, a theory that challenges basic presuppositions about the method by which children are adjudicated delinquent. It argues that at each stage of the process—from intake through adjudication to disposition and probation—the court ...


Are We Ready To Address The New Expectations Of Work And Workers In The Transforming World Of Work?, Lynn Shaw Dr. Jan 2012

Are We Ready To Address The New Expectations Of Work And Workers In The Transforming World Of Work?, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

This sounding board article focuses on the transformative world of work and the need to prevent occupational injustice for future workers and work places.


Work Transition Tips For Workers, Lynn Shaw Dr. Jan 2012

Work Transition Tips For Workers, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Getting The Message Across: Principles For Developing Brief-Knowledge Transfer (B-Kt) Communiqués, Lynn Shaw Dr. Jan 2012

Getting The Message Across: Principles For Developing Brief-Knowledge Transfer (B-Kt) Communiqués, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

Objective: This feature article on knowledge transfer presents principles and strategies to support the development of short communiqués to end-users. Participants: Formal and informal knowledge brokers are the targeted users of the strategies. Methods: Research studies and conceptual literature in knowledge transfer informed the development of brief-Knowledge Transfer (b-KT) principles. Principles are explained and a sample of how they informed the development of KIT-Tip Sheets is offered to promote ways to use principles in knowledge dissemination. Results: b-KT principles can be used as a framework to guide the development of short communiqués by knowledge brokers in work practice but also ...