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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

Learning From Asiana 214--Minimizing Strike/Rollover For Aircraft Rescue And Firefighting, Mary K. Gorman, Elizabeth Hendel, Douglas Mikutel, Rita I. Herron, Duane Kann Jan 2018

Learning From Asiana 214--Minimizing Strike/Rollover For Aircraft Rescue And Firefighting, Mary K. Gorman, Elizabeth Hendel, Douglas Mikutel, Rita I. Herron, Duane Kann

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Following the crash of Asiana flight 214 on July 6, 2013, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) provided a recommendation to the Aircraft Rescue & Fire Fighting Working Group (ARFFWG) to develop best practices to avoid strike/rollover of seriously injured or deceased persons in mass casualty situations. This paper summarizes the research process and the technical committee’s conclusions.

The qualitative inquiry used participatory research and evaluation from medico-legal professionals and the expert committee comprised of 21 aircraft rescue and firefighting experts. Key informants were complemented by documentary analysis, including FAA Advisory Circulars, regulations, standards, medical and aircraft rescue industry ...


The Mars Desert Research Station - Erau Crew 160 Expedition, Lycourgos Manolopoulos, Ashley Hollis-Bussey, Hiroki Sugimoto, Cassandra Vella, John Herman, Marc Carofano Dec 2016

The Mars Desert Research Station - Erau Crew 160 Expedition, Lycourgos Manolopoulos, Ashley Hollis-Bussey, Hiroki Sugimoto, Cassandra Vella, John Herman, Marc Carofano

Student Works

The Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) is a research program which is owned and operated by the Mars Society. The MDRS is located in Hanksville, Utah which hosts simulations that are typically two weeks long for professional scientists and engineers as well as college students of all levels, in training for human operations specifically on Mars. This space analog facility is in isolation, allowing for rigorous field studies regarding research that represents a true mission as if the crew members are conducting a real expedition on Mars. Participants are assigned specific roles and tasks that are typically aligned with their ...


Stress Coping Strategies In Indian Military Pilots-Preliminary Observations, Catherine Joseph Nov 2016

Stress Coping Strategies In Indian Military Pilots-Preliminary Observations, Catherine Joseph

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

ABSTRACT

In aviators, stress coping has been linked to flying performance and has a bearing on flight safety and mission effectiveness. The objective of this research was to study coping strategies utilized by Indian military pilots. A sample of 160 military pilots was asked to complete a demographic data sheet and the Stress Coping Checklist. Preliminary findings suggest that, Indian pilots use flexible problem and emotion focussed coping strategies. This issue needs to be taken into account in both occupational and clinical realms of future research investigations on aviators.


Measuring Crm Aptitude: Is Notechs A Suitable Tool For Pilot Selection?, Hans-Joachim K. Ruff-Stahl, Daniel Vogel, Nicolaus Dmoch, Alexander Krause, Andrea Strobl, Dirk Farsch, Robert Stehr Jul 2016

Measuring Crm Aptitude: Is Notechs A Suitable Tool For Pilot Selection?, Hans-Joachim K. Ruff-Stahl, Daniel Vogel, Nicolaus Dmoch, Alexander Krause, Andrea Strobl, Dirk Farsch, Robert Stehr

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Airline pilot’s primary job requirements have shifted from stick-and-rudder to CRM skills. At the same time, eliminating airline pilots from the job due to a lack of CRM skills is highly inefficient. Hence, an efficient and usable selection tool that helps to evaluate airline pilot candidates’ CRM skills prior their advanced training is needed. This paper examines the usability of the NOTECHS CRM assessment tool for already trained airline pilots for the purpose of pilot selection. CRM skills were evaluated during a scripted simple flying scenario in a Flight Navigation Procedure Trainer 2 (FNPT 2). Results indicate that the ...


Examining Methods To Induce Cognitive Fatigue, Fernando Montalvo, James Kozachuk, Michael A. Rupp, Jessica R. Michaelis, Daniel S. Mcconnell, Janan A. Smither Apr 2016

Examining Methods To Induce Cognitive Fatigue, Fernando Montalvo, James Kozachuk, Michael A. Rupp, Jessica R. Michaelis, Daniel S. Mcconnell, Janan A. Smither

Human Factors and Applied Psychology Student Conference

Cognitive fatigue is important to user task productivity and worker safety in critical occupations because it may cause exhaustion and difficulty executing mental tasks leading to increased errors and job related injuries. Activities that require sustained focused attention over time (i.e. vigilance) increase stress and induce cognitive fatigue. In careers where safety is critical, such as aviation, homeland security, and medicine, these errors can lead to serious injury or even death. Therefore, studying this phenomenon is crucial for findings ways to ameliorate these deleterious effects. In order to study cognitive fatigue effects in a laboratory setting researchers need to ...


Cultural Differences In Trust Of Space Tourism Travel, Donald Hill, Scott R. Winter, Stephen Rice Apr 2016

Cultural Differences In Trust Of Space Tourism Travel, Donald Hill, Scott R. Winter, Stephen Rice

Human Factors and Applied Psychology Student Conference

Science fiction or not, commercial space travel is on the horizon. One of the most unknown concepts to public perception is the idea of traveling by spacecraft. The next frontier for mankind is space travel; however, there are many challenges that need to be met before space tourism travel becomes a reality. There are numerous companies on the cusp of making space travel a reasonable and affordable mode of transportation. Since the idea of traveling through space is so new, there is not a lot of data available about public perception. The purpose of this research, however, is to gather ...


The Saltwater Theory: A Directed Study Of Failed Revolutions, James Gulliksen Apr 2016

The Saltwater Theory: A Directed Study Of Failed Revolutions, James Gulliksen

College of Security and Intelligence

From the Second World War to date, social scientists who study revolutions have engaged in a pivot from initially focusing on the conditions of the state to a more actor-centric model. In their eyes, the actors (revolutionaries, political parties, foreign nations) within a sphere decide a path for political change, rather than the existing conditions (political rights, economic conditions, repression, etc.) in the same environment. This essay counters this thinking by introducing a Saltwater Theory to explain how different forms of uprisings (the same as different species of animals) can survive in some environments but not others. Additionally, the paper ...


Peer Reviewed Safety Management Systems: Collaboration For Continuous Improvement, Michael F. Canders Jan 2015

Peer Reviewed Safety Management Systems: Collaboration For Continuous Improvement, Michael F. Canders

Aviation / Aeronautics / Aerospace International Research Conference

Collegiate aviation program leaders have no greater responsibility than assuring safe flight operations. A Safety Management System (SMS) is an effective framework to present and reinforce key safety principles and can be effectively tailored for the collegiate aviation flight training environment. The collegiate academic tradition of peer review can be effectively leveraged to enable collaboration between collegiate aviation programs and provide a mechanism for continuous improvement of participating programs. This presentation provides a model for establishing a peer review process for collegiate Safety Management Systems and the construction of a password-protected repository for reviewed programs which can be referenced by ...


Risk Perception In Aviation Students: Weather Matters, Ric Ferraro Phd, Darci Vandyke, Mary Zander, Krista Anderson, Bethany Kuehlen Jan 2015

Risk Perception In Aviation Students: Weather Matters, Ric Ferraro Phd, Darci Vandyke, Mary Zander, Krista Anderson, Bethany Kuehlen

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Sixty-three aviation major students and 71 non-aviation major students participated in an experiment concerning aviation experience and risk perception (Risk Perception Scale, RPS; Hunter, 2002). Non-aviation students rated three of the RPS risk scenarios (P2Fly, P2Life, P2 Base) as having higher perceived risk than aviation students with the exception of the weather risk scenarios (P2WX). Aviation students perceived the P2WX scenarios to be significantly more risky. These results have implications for how future pilots perceive risk.


Consistency Of Aviation Students When Taking The Private Pilot Knowledge Exam, Scott R. Winter, Stephen Rice, Katie M. Reid, Rian Mehta Jan 2015

Consistency Of Aviation Students When Taking The Private Pilot Knowledge Exam, Scott R. Winter, Stephen Rice, Katie M. Reid, Rian Mehta

Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research

Inconsistency is the enemy of performance. Several researchers have conducted a number of studies examining consistency in a variety of laboratory tasks; however, no research to date has looked at test-taking consistency in a real-world aviation environment. In this study, participants took a portion of the Federal Aviation Administration Private Pilot Knowledge Exam for credit in their Aeronautics 1 (private pilot ground school) course at their respective university. This was done twice: once after seven weeks and another time after 12 weeks into the semester. In order to measure consistency, participants took the same exam twice (questions were randomized across ...


Assessing Computer Vision Syndrome Risk For Pilots, Curt Mowry, David C. Ison Jan 2015

Assessing Computer Vision Syndrome Risk For Pilots, Curt Mowry, David C. Ison

Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research

The purpose of this study was to determine if pilots are at risk for computer vision syndrome (CVS) as computer display technology becomes commonplace in modern cockpits and simulators. A review of computer vision syndrome respect to causes and effects is provided. Display technology used in aircraft and simulators are outlined. Ergonomics and human factors for pilots in aircraft and in simulators are discussed in relation to video displays. A survey of 178 individuals was conducted to determine if there is a statistically significant link between exposure to computer displays and three categories of symptoms of CVS on the flight ...


Consumer Perceptions Of Starting Regional Pilot Pay Given Additional Qualifications, Scott R. Winter, Stephen Rice, Timothy G. Rosser, Rian Mehta, Ayu Rice Mar 2014

Consumer Perceptions Of Starting Regional Pilot Pay Given Additional Qualifications, Scott R. Winter, Stephen Rice, Timothy G. Rosser, Rian Mehta, Ayu Rice

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Public Law 111-216, passed in 2010, has drastically increased the required number of flight hours necessary to become a commercial airline pilot from 250 hours to 1,500 hours in the United States. Intended to increase the safety and qualifications of commercial airline pilots, one possible unintended consequence may be fewer pilots pursuing an airline career due to increased training costs, with no apparent increase in starting salary. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine consumer perceptions of how much additional pay starting first officers should make based on this new law. American participants from Amazon’s ® Mechanical ...


Passengers From India And The United States Have Differential Opinions About Autonomous Auto-Pilots For Commercial Flights, Stephen Rice, Keegan Kraemer, Scott R. Winter, Rian Mehta, Victoria Dunbar, Timothy G. Rosser, Julie C. Moore Feb 2014

Passengers From India And The United States Have Differential Opinions About Autonomous Auto-Pilots For Commercial Flights, Stephen Rice, Keegan Kraemer, Scott R. Winter, Rian Mehta, Victoria Dunbar, Timothy G. Rosser, Julie C. Moore

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

There has been much previous research on cultural differences between the United States and India, as well as some research on consumer attitudes towards auto-pilots in commercial airlines. However, to date, there has been no research that examines how passengers from different countries feel about auto-pilots and remote-controlled (RC) pilots in commercial aircraft, or how they feel about their co-workers or children flying in these situations. The current study manipulates both the type of pilot (human pilot, auto-pilot, and RC pilot) and the passenger (participant, child of participant, or work colleague) and examines three different dependent variables (comfort level, trust ...


Aviation Consumers’ Trust In Pilots: A Cognitive Or Emotional Function, Scott R. Winter, Stephen Rice, Rian Mehta Feb 2014

Aviation Consumers’ Trust In Pilots: A Cognitive Or Emotional Function, Scott R. Winter, Stephen Rice, Rian Mehta

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Previous research has shown that stigmas play an important role in trust. While previous research has focused on trust in individuals with stigmas in various settings, no research that we know of has specifically looked at trust in pilots as a function of their stigmas, and what might mediate those effects. In two studies, we asked Indian participants to rate their trust in pilots as a function of gender, age, weight and ethnicity. The results of the first study indicated that Indians trusted female pilots less than male pilots, older pilots less than younger pilots, obese pilots less than slim ...


The Psychology Of Ethics And Morality: Implications For Personnel Security And Counterintelligence, Editor Aug 2000

The Psychology Of Ethics And Morality: Implications For Personnel Security And Counterintelligence, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes various psychological research approaches that might help manage ethical and moral vulnerabilities related to intentional security violations in political organizations.


Trends. Viagra, Sex, And Contemporary Security Issues, Editor May 1998

Trends. Viagra, Sex, And Contemporary Security Issues, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the collision between prurient interests and the significant impact of sex on global security Issues.


Intelligence On Intelligence: Comments On Khamisiyah, Editor Apr 1997

Intelligence On Intelligence: Comments On Khamisiyah, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This paper describes some of the problems intrinsic to intelligence analysis. The description derives from a close reading of the unclassified document “Khamisiyah: A Historical Perspective on Related Intelligence” (9 April 1997) which was prepared by a United States (US) Intelligence Community (IC) Persian Gulf War Illnesses Task Force authorized by the Acting Director of Central Intelligence, George J.Tenet, and directed by his Special Assistant for Gulf War Veterans’ Illnesses, Robert Walpole.


Factor Analysis Of The Personal Profile System, Thomas G. Henkel, James Noel Wilmoth Jan 1992

Factor Analysis Of The Personal Profile System, Thomas G. Henkel, James Noel Wilmoth

Publications

Principal components extraction with orthogonal and oblique rotations tested construct validity for the Personal Profile System. MOST-LIKE endorsements of 96 behavioral descriptors were coded with 4, LEAST-LIKE with 1, and unendorsed with 2.5. Descriptor data from 1,045 senior noncommissioned Air Force officers were normalized. Four factors accounted for 85% of total variance, with 19 descriptors loading significantly on two factors and the remaining 77 on just one factor. The measure of sampling adequacy for every descriptor exceeded .94. One factor for the varimax-rotated (best) analysis was bi-scalar, loading on Steadiness and Compliance descriptors; a second resembled Influencing, a ...