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Full-Text Articles in Other Social and Behavioral Sciences

Distributive Justice Beliefs And Group Idea Generation: Does A Belief In Equity Facilitate Productivity?, Jack A. Goncalo, Sharon H. Kim Jan 2010

Distributive Justice Beliefs And Group Idea Generation: Does A Belief In Equity Facilitate Productivity?, Jack A. Goncalo, Sharon H. Kim

Articles and Chapters

The equity rule is favored by groups that emphasize productivity, but there is limited support for the notion that equity actually facilitates productivity in groups (Deutsch, 1985). We propose that the relationship between equity and productivity may depend on whether individual group members have an independent or interdependent self-construal. This prediction was tested in an experiment in which groups endorsed either an equity rule or an equality rule for distributing resources and then generated ideas as a group. The results showed that equity facilitated productivity (e.g., the number of ideas generated) but only in groups whose members had been ...


When Heredity Met The Bacterium: Quarantines In New York And Danzig, 1898-1921, Gerd Korman Jan 2001

When Heredity Met The Bacterium: Quarantines In New York And Danzig, 1898-1921, Gerd Korman

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Recent careful examinations of American quarantines placed on incoming migrants have found that health officials were potent carries of bigotries rooted in the larger society; but usually historians have not paid sufficient attention to the complex challenges facing quarantine units in action. By examining the work of quarantine health officials dealing with migrating Jews from East Central Europe this analytical narrative seeks to show in detail important structural circumstances within which acts of bigotry manifested themselves between the 1890s and 1920s.

The narrative also has a larger agenda. Connections between public health quarantines and bio-cultural determinisms have long participated ...