Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Applied Linguistics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 809

Full-Text Articles in Applied Linguistics

The Semantics Of Article Acquisition, Emily G. Renie Aug 2019

The Semantics Of Article Acquisition, Emily G. Renie

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

Accurately using articles has consistently been a difficult task for English language learners as articles are often treated as solely grammatical forms rather than also recognizing as representatives of complex semantic properties. This paper aims to synthesize individual research on semantic factors which influence article acquisition and explore how they interact with each other. This paper especially focuses on how native and second language speakers of English acquire and understand the concepts of definiteness and specificity and explores these features within the framework of Chomsky’s theory of Universal Grammar. This paper examines the Fluctuating Hypothesis (FH) and its use ...


Entire Issue Jul 2019

Entire Issue

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Jul 2019

Front Matter

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

No abstract provided.


Editorial: It Takes A Village – Community And Language Learning, Michael Pasquale Jul 2019

Editorial: It Takes A Village – Community And Language Learning, Michael Pasquale

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

No abstract provided.


Envisioning Christian Presence And Practice In Online Teaching Contexts, Aliel Cunningham Jul 2019

Envisioning Christian Presence And Practice In Online Teaching Contexts, Aliel Cunningham

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

Sweeping changes across the landscape of higher education have made colleges and universities around the country and around the world reassess their mission and reevaluate their priorities. One paradigm shift that is affecting both Christian and non-Christian institutions alike is adjusting to how new technological platforms for course offerings are changing the way curriculum content is shared and interactions with others is mediated. This shift can be seen most readily in the almost universal trend toward offering more courses online either through blended learning or completely online program models. As this trend continues, Christian educators (especially those in ELT training ...


Reviews Jul 2019

Reviews

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

No abstract provided.


English Language Teaching: Locating Faith In The Context Of Local And Global Dynamics, Carolyn Kristjansson Jul 2019

English Language Teaching: Locating Faith In The Context Of Local And Global Dynamics, Carolyn Kristjansson

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

This article aims to contribute to an understanding of the presence and outworking of Christian faith in the teaching and learning of English in the context of interconnected local and global dynamics. The pursuit is informed by conceptualizations of space as social text along with links to agency and identity. This frames the examination of classroom interaction data gathered in a community-based, volunteer-run, church-sponsored English as a Second Language program for adult newcomers to Canada. Classroom discourse and interaction are also considered with reference to interview comments made by program providers to gain insight into the significance they attach to ...


Expertise And Expression In Second Language Acquisition: An Embodied Perspective, Mia Burnett May 2019

Expertise And Expression In Second Language Acquisition: An Embodied Perspective, Mia Burnett

Senior Theses

In directing our attention to mundane aspects of the human experience, we can discover new ways of interacting with and understanding the world. One such formative experience, regularly seen as mundane in much of the world, is learning a second language. It is no exaggeration to say that second language acquisition is one of the processes which most influences and drives our globalized world, and yet we understand and study this process relatively little.

Continuing the trends of naturalizing phenomenological inquiry, this project attempts to evaluate phenomenological approaches to skill acquisition alongside second language acquisition theory and research through an ...


Methods Of Teaching Latin: Theory, Practice, Application, Morgan A. Nicoulin May 2019

Methods Of Teaching Latin: Theory, Practice, Application, Morgan A. Nicoulin

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this project, I present a way to effectively blend modern theories of language acquisition and the contemporary practice of teaching Latin. I intend to demonstrate that a curriculum is able to balance both traditional and innovative philosophies by adapting Second Language Acquisition Theory’s idealized way to learn a language to fit the realistic limitations of the classroom. I begin with a discussion of the history of language pedagogy, focusing on Latin’s influence on the study of language learning from antiquity to present. Next, I present the key topics in SLA and the practical implications of this research ...


The Practice Of Mainland Chinese Students Adopting English Names And Its Motivations, T. Leo Schmitt May 2019

The Practice Of Mainland Chinese Students Adopting English Names And Its Motivations, T. Leo Schmitt

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation examines the Chinese practice of adopting English names in the context of Chinese international students studying at American institutions of higher education. This work adopts the position of Bourdieu (1991) that there is a fundamental unity of the market, in that economic and political capital is connected to linguistic and cultural capital. Prosperity in one area is linked to others; people who have wealth and power tend to use language and have names that are similarly valued. In this situation, we are able to make choices about our linguistic and cultural stances based on our status within society ...


Metaphor Theory And Its Relation To Social Policy, Victoria Anita Voorhees May 2019

Metaphor Theory And Its Relation To Social Policy, Victoria Anita Voorhees

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Investment On Generation 1.5, Karis E. Ryan Apr 2019

The Influence Of Investment On Generation 1.5, Karis E. Ryan

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

This study seeks to look at the relationship between Generation 1.5 language learners, and the investment that is made. It reflects on the influence that student language investment in an English-speaking high school has on the language identity and social capital of Generation 1.5. Following the learning patterns of three different immigrant students, readers will observe the differences and effects of investment in school programs, as well as the involvement and availability of ESL programs in public school systems.


An Acoustic Phonetic Analysis Of The Intelligibility Of Nepali-Accented English Vowels, Ettien Koffi Apr 2019

An Acoustic Phonetic Analysis Of The Intelligibility Of Nepali-Accented English Vowels, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

This research is carried out to gauge the intelligibility of vowels produced by 19 Nepali international students (10 male and 9 female) enrolled at St. Cloud State University (SCSU) in fall 2017. At the time of the study, the average length of residency of students was 2.4 years. The students’ data were collected for two interrelated projects. One focused on the social network of Nepali students at SCSU (see companion paper in this volume) and this one investigates the intelligibility of their vowels. Vowels are singled out because they play a greater role in intelligibility than consonants (Prator and ...


A Social Network Analysis Of Nepali Students At A Us University, Ettien Koffi Apr 2019

A Social Network Analysis Of Nepali Students At A Us University, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

Individuals in a community interact with others in small and large social groupings. Such interactions provide a wealth of information that can be exploited in multiple ways. In this paper, we investigate the social networks of Nepali students at St. Cloud State University, a comprehensive university in central Minnesota, USA. The participants are 10 males and 9 females. Their responses to survey/interview questions serve as the basis for this research. The aggregated data show that Nepali students have 76 “best friends” in their social networks, and that 45 of those are Nepali, 31 are international students from 12 different ...


An Acoustic Phonetic Account Of Vot In Russian-Accented English, Mikhail Zaikovskii, Ettien Koffi Apr 2019

An Acoustic Phonetic Account Of Vot In Russian-Accented English, Mikhail Zaikovskii, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

Russian is known as a true voice language with pre-voicing of voiced stops and no aspiration. It has been noted in many linguistic studies that the native language plays an important role in second language acquisition. There is a study which shows that people continue using their L1 processing strategies of linguistic information to communicate in their second language (Culter and Norris, 1988; Koda, 1997). In this research, we are interested in seeing whether or not Russian speakers prevoice voiced stops when speaking English.


An Acoustic Phonetic Account Of The Confusion Between [L] And [N] By Some Chinese Speakers, Ettien Koffi Apr 2019

An Acoustic Phonetic Account Of The Confusion Between [L] And [N] By Some Chinese Speakers, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

Richards (2012) and Zhang (n.d.) report that some Chinese L2 speakers of English confuse /l/ and /n/. Koffi (2019:249-50) indicates that some acoustic correlates of /l/ and /n/ produced by Mandarin 6F, 8M, 9M, and 17M mask each other. Preliminary evidence suggests that this pronunciation is confined to speakers from Hubei, Sichuan, and Shangai. The goal of this investigation is to undertake a comprehensive study involving 27 Chinese speakers and their pronunciations of [l]s in the nouns and and of the [n] in the verb . The first part of the investigation is a confusion study. The second ...


A Longitudinal Acoustic Phonetic Study Of English Vowels By A Panamanian Speaker, Ettien Koffi, Fernando G. Lesniak Apr 2019

A Longitudinal Acoustic Phonetic Study Of English Vowels By A Panamanian Speaker, Ettien Koffi, Fernando G. Lesniak

Linguistic Portfolios

Longitudinal acquisitions of English vowels have been previously studied by Monroe (2008), Lai (2010), and others. Most of these studies rely primarily on an impressionistic methodology, i.e., native speaking judges listen to oral inputs by non-native speakers and rate the intelligibility of their vowels on a Likert scale. This is not so for this study. The assessment relies primarily on the speech signals emitted by Author 2 when reading vowels in citation form and in running speech. The F1 and F2 correlates of his vowels are measured at three different intervals: in 2011, in 2017, and in 2018. The ...


Teaching Chinese Students To Ask Wh-Questions, Xue Jiang, Ettien Koffi, Chad Kuehn Apr 2019

Teaching Chinese Students To Ask Wh-Questions, Xue Jiang, Ettien Koffi, Chad Kuehn

Linguistic Portfolios

The challenges of a second language are many: one of those challenges for Chinese students of English is asking WH questions. This paper will attempt to illuminate what makes WH-questions in English challenging for the Mandarin L1 speakers, and why. Negative transfer from Mandarin structure and its effect on word order are especially analyzed. The implications for ESL/EFL learners and possible teacher interventions will also be explored, including the sequence in which Wh-Question words are to be introduced to learners.


An Acoustic Phonetic Analysis Of Northern Minnesota English Vowel Spaces, Michel Backstrom Apr 2019

An Acoustic Phonetic Analysis Of Northern Minnesota English Vowel Spaces, Michel Backstrom

Linguistic Portfolios

The dialect of Northern Minnesota English (NMNE) has been acknowledged as a leading suspect in the search for the Minnesota accent. Bartholdi (2015) produced a video, asking Minnesotans: “Are You MN Enough”? The majority of those who responded associated the Minnesota accent in the video with Northern Minnesota. This study seeks to reveal just what that particular dialect of Northern Minnesota actually looks like acoustically. Twenty speakers from the queried region were recorded saying the following eleven vowel phonemes three times [i, ɪ, e, ɛ, æ, ɑ, ɔ, o, ʊ, u, ʌ] within an isolated hVd structure. The recordings were ...


A Comprehensive Review Of F0 And Its Various Correlations, Ettien Koffi Apr 2019

A Comprehensive Review Of F0 And Its Various Correlations, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

This paper examines many acoustic characteristics of F0 and their relevance in linguistic analysis. It also highlights correlations between F0 measurements and vowel height, gender, accentedness, and phonation types. The latter is the center piece of the paper. This correlation is needed for a more reliable account of pitch contrasts in accent and tone languages. Two approaches are used in establishing this correlation. The first relies on a subharmonic equation and the second makes use of Critical band calculations. Both yield the same results. The data used to highlight these various correlations come from Peterson and Barney (1952), Hillenbrand et ...


Editor's Prologue To Volume 8, Ettien Koffi Apr 2019

Editor's Prologue To Volume 8, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

No abstract provided.


The Essence Of The Teaching/Learning Process: An Exploration Of The Perspectives And Lived Experiences Of University Spanish Language Teaching Assistants, Sarah Schulman Apr 2019

The Essence Of The Teaching/Learning Process: An Exploration Of The Perspectives And Lived Experiences Of University Spanish Language Teaching Assistants, Sarah Schulman

Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Studies ETDs

U.S. schools are emblematic of the increasingly linguistic and cultural diversity present in this country. Despite this well-documented shift, U.S. foreign language teacher education programs have yet to align learning outcomes with the cognitive and affective needs of linguistically and culturally diverse students. Providing educators with opportunities to learn about and prepare for the needs of these students is essential, but this alone will not address the essence of the underlying problem. If foreign language teacher education programs are to evolve, a deeper understanding of the teaching/learning process is critical.

In response to this need, this qualitative ...


Language Attitudes Of Writing Center Consultants: Perception And Expectation, Benjamin John Sparks Apr 2019

Language Attitudes Of Writing Center Consultants: Perception And Expectation, Benjamin John Sparks

Masters Theses

This master’s thesis explores the results of research into the language attitudes of peer consultants working in a writing center at a large regional public university in the American Midwest. A survey was administered to writing center staff in which they were asked to evaluate the sociopolitical relationship between standard and nonstandard English dialects, the perceived relative grammaticality of these dialects, and the traditional concept of appropriateness in academic writing. Also included were questions pertaining to how consultants manage the practical responsibilities of their positions and the expectations of students and professors with the writing center’s stated policy ...


Bilingual Family Literacy Programming In West Michigan: Points Of Alignment And Disconnect Among Learners, Instructors, And Local Partners, Thomas J. Rogers Apr 2019

Bilingual Family Literacy Programming In West Michigan: Points Of Alignment And Disconnect Among Learners, Instructors, And Local Partners, Thomas J. Rogers

Masters Theses

This research explores the beliefs and experiences of stakeholders in a family literacy program through the Literacy Center of West Michigan and Head Start for Kent County. The program is currently developing a curriculum to improve outcomes for learner specific goals. Therefore, one motivation behind this research is to analyze the goals, needs, and understandings for the multiple stakeholders within the program. On a national scale, there exists a need to better define the goals of family literacy programming in general. Points of alignment and disconnect for the participants in this study reflect realities that extend beyond the program at ...


Swearing In A Second Language, Grace Irwin Apr 2019

Swearing In A Second Language, Grace Irwin

Masters Theses

Second language learners often lack knowledge of L2 swear words, their appropriateness, and pragmatic function. Competence in L2 swearing is important for L2 learners to be able to express themselves expertly and understand others’ emotional expressions precisely. However, taboo language is rarely included explicitly in L2 curricula due to its controversial nature. This paper addresses a gap in the literature concerning what second language users actually know about swearing in their L2. Some studies have attempted to determine learners’ receptive swearing competence (Jay & Janschewitz, 2008; Kapoor, 2016); however, the present study employs an updated measure of L2 pragmatic swearing competence to investigate ...


Investigating Arabic Pragmatic Markers In Teacher Talk: A Multi-Layered Analytical Approach, Yaseen Ali Azi Apr 2019

Investigating Arabic Pragmatic Markers In Teacher Talk: A Multi-Layered Analytical Approach, Yaseen Ali Azi

Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Studies ETDs

Through this descriptive qualitative case study of three native speaking Arabic teachers in an L2 Arabic classroom in a private school setting in the U.S., this study presented a four-stage multi-layered analytical approach demonstrating functional, interactional and pedagogical analyses of the uses of Arabic PMs in teacher talk and also providing a detailed emic analysis of the phenomena by incorporating teachers’ perceptions of their uses of those elements in their classroom talks. Findings of the functional analysis clearly showed that Arabic PMs perform different micro functions at four macro levels (structural, interpersonal, referential and multi- functional). Moreover, linking results ...


Influences On International Saudi Students’ Sojourner Acculturation In The U.S., Abdulah Shaban Alasiri Apr 2019

Influences On International Saudi Students’ Sojourner Acculturation In The U.S., Abdulah Shaban Alasiri

Masters Theses

Research on international students’ experiences in tertiary institutions abroad suggest they face difficulties related to culture, language, and socialization (e.g., Andrade, 2006; Hellsten, 2002). To encourage more successful socialization and English language development, the Saudi Arabian Cultural Mission established a cap on the enrollment of Saudi students in any institutions abroad since 2014. The effectiveness of these quotas in promoting socialization is not known, but anecdotal evidence and an exploratory study conducted by the author suggest other (perhaps more influential) factors affecting Saudi students’ opportunities for socialization (in this study defined more specifically as sojourner acculturation) and subsequent language ...


The Effects Of English Pronunciation Instruction On Listening Skills Among Vietnamese Learners, Nguyet Nguyen Apr 2019

The Effects Of English Pronunciation Instruction On Listening Skills Among Vietnamese Learners, Nguyet Nguyen

Masters Theses

Listening has been a neglected skill in both second language research and teaching practice (Khaghaninejad & Maleki, 2015; Nowrouzi, Tam, Zareian & Nimehchisalem, 2015) and recent research has shown that second language (L2) listening difficulties might relate to phonological problems besides syntactic and lexical knowledge (e.g., Suristro, 2018). There have been some empirical studies examining the effects of phonetic instruction on perceptual skills showing promising results (e.g., Aliaga-Garcia & Mora, 2009; Linebaugh & Roche, 2013). This study contributes to this area with a focus on investigating the impacts of English pronunciation instruction on listening skills among Vietnamese English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners, targeting the four English phonemes: word-final stop consonants /t/-/d/, the lax high front vowel /ɪ/ and the tense high front vowel /i/. Particularly, it examines whether pronunciation instruction would have effects on (a) students’ abilities to listen to and distinguish target phonemes, and (b) students’ abilities to listen to ...


Multicompetence, Multiple Intelligences And First-Year Composition Students, Patricia Rice'-Daniels Mar 2019

Multicompetence, Multiple Intelligences And First-Year Composition Students, Patricia Rice'-Daniels

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine, gain, and ultimately share an understanding of certain cognitive differences, similarities, intelligence patterns, and preferences between competent monolingual (English) and multicompetent bilingual/multilingual first-year composition (FYC) college students. Within this project is an attempt to address the following questions: Do monolingual and bilingual/multilingual FYC students show different strengths and weaknesses in their cognitive abilities? Are there learning preferences and literacy differences or similarities between monolingual and bilingual/multilingual FYC students?

Primarily, two cognitive concepts were used in this examination to provide perspectives and quantitative data in response to the above questions ...


L2 Learners And The Intelligiblity Of The Bostonian And Californian Accents, Russell Paul Kapryn Mar 2019

L2 Learners And The Intelligiblity Of The Bostonian And Californian Accents, Russell Paul Kapryn

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This thesis investigates issues of intelligibility through the lens and focus of prosody when the Bostonian and Los Angeles-based accents are heard in casually occurring conversation by native and non-native speakers. Over the spring and summer of 2017, six native speakers and 11 non-native speakers of English were interviewed from having listened to two 2.5 minute audio sample clips of speakers who have these accents. Respondents were asked questions such as what was difficult or easy or whether they could summarize the recordings for me. Findings indicate that while the native speakers often had difficulty with vocabulary due to ...