Representation; Women's Representation; Pakistan feminism; post-colonial feminism; feminist change; women's participation; Pakistan National Assembly; Pakistan women politician; Women's political representation; descriptive representation; substantive representation; gender politics; comparative politics; post-colonial women's representation; Pakistan; Gender Quotas
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Full-Text Articles in Leadership Studies
Descriptive To Substantive Representation: A Study Of Gender Quotas In The National Assembly Of Pakistan, 2002-2018, Ameena Zia
Women’s political representation is linked to the empowerment of women in society. In efforts to alleviate women’s disenfranchisement from the political discourse, the international development framework included gender quotas as mechanisms to facilitate an increase in the presence of women in parliaments. Existing research has examined the link between Hanna F. Pitkin’s conceptualization of descriptive representation and substantive representation with a focus on performative measures of women parliamentarians. This longitudinal study expands the scope of existing inquiry and captures the transformational change in power relations as an outcome of the increase in women members of parliaments. This ...