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Articles 1 - 30 of 493

Full-Text Articles in Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies

Non-Combat Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Non-Combat Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the death location for Spaniards who died from non-combat causes. The points have a purple gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Location Of Spanish Youth, June 1944, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Location Of Spanish Youth, June 1944, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the location of Spanish Youth in June 1944. The points have a green gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Location Of Spanish Youth, 1945, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Location Of Spanish Youth, 1945, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the location of Spanish Youth at the end of 1945. The points have a red gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Tuberculosis, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Tuberculosis, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the number and location of Spaniards who died from tuberculosis while being displaced in the USSR. The quantity of Spaniards is represented with a gradient point size that increases with the numbers of deaths in a location. The exact number of deaths in a given location is also indicated with an N= #.


Combat Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Combat Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the death location for Spaniards who died combat. The points have a red gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Combined Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Combined Death Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

This map shows the death location for Spaniards who died in combat and from non-combat causes. The quantity of Spaniards who died in a location is represented with a gradual color change. The combat deaths have a red gradient and the non-combat deaths have a purple gradient, going from lightest to darkest to represent a higher number of Spaniards.


Non-Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Non-Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

This map demonstrates the birth location for Spaniards who died from non-combat causes. The points have a purple gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Combined Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Combined Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

This map shows birth locations for Spaniards who died in combat and from non-combat causes. The quantity of Spaniards who were born in a location is represented with a gradual color change. The combat deaths have a red gradient and the non-combat deaths have a purple gradient, going from lightest to darkest to represent a higher number of Spaniards.


Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

This map demonstrates the birth location for Spaniards who died in combat. The points have a red gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Combined Location Of Spanish Youth, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green Jan 2020

Combined Location Of Spanish Youth, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the location of Spanish Youth in June 1944 and end of 1945. The green gradient points represent the Spaniards’ location in June of 1944, while the red gradient points represent the Spaniards’ location at the end of 1945. The gradient goes from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location. The map illustrates the dramatic concentration of Spanish youth in Moscow Oblast’.


The Baltics And Ukraine: Geopolitical Hotspots, Bert Chapman Aug 2019

The Baltics And Ukraine: Geopolitical Hotspots, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides detailed historical overview and contemporary analysis on why the Baltics and Ukraine are historical and remain contemporary geopolitical hotspots. Provides analysis of cultural economic, environmental, and security factors influencing long-standing contentiousness over these regions. Places emphasis on how Russian behavior and policies influence this contentiousness. Concludes by noting that differences between the U.S. and its allies and conflicts within the U.S. Government may limit the ability of the U.S. to effectively respond to events in these disputed regions.


Drug Trafficking, State Capacity, And The Post-Soviet Condition In The Kyrgyz Republic, Christopher George Cowan Aug 2019

Drug Trafficking, State Capacity, And The Post-Soviet Condition In The Kyrgyz Republic, Christopher George Cowan

Theses and Dissertations

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the newly independent states of Central Asia faced numerous challenges. These included cultivating new national identities and state capacity, managing new borders, and addressing issues of conflict and political violence. Converging with these challenges – a booming trade in opium and heroin originating in neighboring Afghanistan. Central Asia quickly became a key route for opiates originating in Afghanistan and transiting to Russia and Europe. The Kyrgyz Republic lies at the southeastern corner of this region, along one of the world’s busiest drug trafficking routes.

This thesis examines state and societal responses to narcotics ...


Play To Win: Sticking To A Playbook In The Competition With Russia, George Fust Jul 2019

Play To Win: Sticking To A Playbook In The Competition With Russia, George Fust

West Point Research Papers

Russia docks a warship in Havana knowing it will provoke a response from the United States. How dare they. The US Navy dispatched a destroyer to shadow the vessel; after all, the United States has the Monroe doctrine to enforce. A few weeks prior, Russia sent around a hundred troops to Venezuela. This also provoked a response, albeit rhetorical. Despite these US reactions, Russia continues to play strategic games.

Why did the United States respond to these actions in these ways? And what is the most appropriate response?


Europe Rising (Again): A Comparative Study Of The Dynamics And Types Of Modern European Nationalisms, 1989-2018, Timea Varga Jul 2019

Europe Rising (Again): A Comparative Study Of The Dynamics And Types Of Modern European Nationalisms, 1989-2018, Timea Varga

Dissertations

Nationalism is nothing new to Europe. While theoretical explanations of the catalysts of post-1989 European nationalist phenomena remain contested along material and non-material lines, this dissertation posits that it is the interaction of economic insecurities, societal fears, and populism over time that have shaped the rise and types of post-1989 European nationalisms. Fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) is combined with a collective case study design to examine: 1) how forces – political, economic, societal, or other – have dominated the formation and latest surge of European nationalisms since the end of European Communism in 1989; and 2) whether different, context-dependent types of ...


Roma In The European Union: Structural Barriers To Fundamental Rights, Maria Lovetere Jun 2019

Roma In The European Union: Structural Barriers To Fundamental Rights, Maria Lovetere

Honors Theses

This thesis focuses on the effects of European Union expansion on Roma populations throughout Europe. The EU instituted a number of policies intended to help European Roma, one of the most persecuted minority groups on the continent, but rather than significantly improving quality of life for this population, in many places relations between Roma and greater European society have worsened. I introduce the topic by reviewing the legal frameworks created for this purpose, and discussing existing literature that examines the pitfalls of EU Roma policies.

Next, I argue that through europeanization and profit-oriented migration policies, the EU has furthered the ...


The Role Of The Intelligentsia In The Collapse Of The Ussr: Soviet Intellectuals And The Idea Of The West, Alma Boltirik May 2019

The Role Of The Intelligentsia In The Collapse Of The Ussr: Soviet Intellectuals And The Idea Of The West, Alma Boltirik

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

A lot of scholars wrote about the causes of the collapse of the Soviet Union, paying close attention to economic, social, political, institutional, and external forces, which are undoubtedly important. Yet, almost none of them sufficiently addresses the essential cultural and ideological aspects, which gave rise to the new thinking embraced by Gorbachev and ultimately influenced his policies of glasnost and perestroika. This thesis argues that the revival of a particular social stratum known as the Soviet intelligentsia developed new critical ways of thinking about the country’s present, future, and its domestic problems. The main claim is that the ...


Three Coins In The Fountain: The Mueller Report And Russian Active Measures, Editor Apr 2019

Three Coins In The Fountain: The Mueller Report And Russian Active Measures, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article identifies non-political elements of Russian Federation political warfare as inferred from the Report on the Investigation into Russian Interference in the 2016 Presidential Election.


Interview Of William E. Watson Iv, Ph.D, William E. Watson Iv Ph.D., Richard K. Girkin Apr 2019

Interview Of William E. Watson Iv, Ph.D, William E. Watson Iv Ph.D., Richard K. Girkin

All Oral Histories

Dr. William E. Watson was born in 1962 in New York City. The son of musicians, he moved to Lower Merion Township in Pennsylvania with his mother and twin brother in the mid-1970s. Graduating from Lower Merion High School, Dr. Watson attended Eastern College for his Undergraduate degree in History. He continued his education at the University of Pennsylvania for his Masters and completed his Doctorate in Medieval Studies., with minor concentrations in Russian History and Islamic History. Dr. Watson taught at both Drexel University and La Salle University as an adjunct professor before going full-time at Immaculata University in ...


Identity In Flux: Gender Norms And The English Language In Today’S Ukraine, Melanie Carter Apr 2019

Identity In Flux: Gender Norms And The English Language In Today’S Ukraine, Melanie Carter

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Using two concepts, cultural capital and gender as a social practice, this thesis explores intersections of the English language and gender norms and attitudes in the identity of young people in today’s Ukraine. Unlike many previous studies that have focused primarily on university students or school-age children and often used quantitative methods, this thesis offers qualitative analysis of the interviews I conducted with adults, who chose to continue to learn English. The major findings are that there are two main intersections of language and gender in Ukraine. On the one hand, traditional gender norms lead men, more than women ...


War Of Nerves: Russia's Use Of Cyber Warfare In Estonia, Georgia And Ukraine, Madelena Anna Miniats Jan 2019

War Of Nerves: Russia's Use Of Cyber Warfare In Estonia, Georgia And Ukraine, Madelena Anna Miniats

Senior Projects Spring 2019

This project examines how Soviet military thought has influenced present day Russian military doctrine and has evolved to include cyber warfare as part of the larger structure of Russian information warfare. The analysis of three case studies of Russian cyber activity, the attack on Estonia (2007), the Russian-Georgian war (2008) and the ongoing Ukrainian war (beginning 2014), demonstrates the continuity of military doctrine and the physical manifestation of Russia’s cyber capabilities.


Signaling Illiberalism: Democratic Backsliding. A Case Study Of Germany And Hungary., Emily Schweitzberger Jan 2019

Signaling Illiberalism: Democratic Backsliding. A Case Study Of Germany And Hungary., Emily Schweitzberger

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the past decade, the decline, or backsliding, of democracy has reemerged as a concern in international affairs with many leaders overstepping constitutional restraints to accumulate power in their hands. While democratic backsliding occurs in various ways and in regions all over the world, Europe has struggled to control its spread as populist parties become closer and closer to taking power with each election cycle. In this paper, I examine the cases of Germany and Hungary, which share similar historical and cultural backgrounds yet differ in their democratic strengths: Germany remains a strong beacon of Western, liberal democracy, but Hungary ...


"Worse Than Guards:" Ordinary Criminals And Political Prisoners In The Gulag (1918-1950), Elizabeth T. Klements Jan 2019

"Worse Than Guards:" Ordinary Criminals And Political Prisoners In The Gulag (1918-1950), Elizabeth T. Klements

Honors Undergraduate Theses

This paper explores the volatile relationship between the political prisoners and the common criminals in the Soviet GULAG. Lenin's theories on crime and punishment shaped the early Soviet penal system; he implemented policies which favored the common criminals and repressed the political prisoners. He deemed that the criminals, as "social allies" of the working class, were more likely to become good Soviet citizens than the political prisoners, considered "counterrevolutionaries" and "enemies of the state." In the decade after the Bolshevik revolution, the prison administration empowered the criminals in the GULAG by giving them access to the life-saving jobs and ...


Mackinder And The Arctic's Emerging Geopolitics: Recommendations For The U.S. And Its Nato Allies, Bert Chapman Oct 2018

Mackinder And The Arctic's Emerging Geopolitics: Recommendations For The U.S. And Its Nato Allies, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

This presentation shows how Halford Mackinder (1861-1947) described Canada and the Arctic region in his geopolitical writings. It goes on to stress how the Arctic is becoming increasingly important in international geopolitical policymaking due to its significant oil and natural gas resources, how warming temperatures are increasing international access to its waters, and the how countries as diverse as Canada, China, Russia, and the U.S. see the Arctic region in their strategic policymaking. It concludes by stressing that the Arctic can no longer be viewed as a region immune from international conflict and presents recommendations for the U.S ...


Politics And Society In Federation Era Russia: Power Elites, Music And The Shaping And Manipulation Of Culture And Identity, Hayley Ream Aug 2018

Politics And Society In Federation Era Russia: Power Elites, Music And The Shaping And Manipulation Of Culture And Identity, Hayley Ream

Honors Theses

This thesis examines the relationship between government and society in shaping and manipulating perceptions – or even illusions – of culture and identity in contemporary Russia. Russia’s relationship with the larger world is arguably playing out in a revisionist post-Soviet era framework, particularly since Vladimir Putin first assumed the role of Acting President of the Russian Federation, following the resignation of Boris Yeltsin, in December 1999. Since, the Russian government has sought to create a perception of a healthy public space within representative democratic structure of government. This is a perception the government of Vladimir Putin is committed to maintaining. This ...


International Energy Geopolitics, Bert Chapman Jun 2018

International Energy Geopolitics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Overview of international energy geopolitical trends. Emphasizes the importance of the Persian Gulf, South China Sea, East China Sea, Russia, and the Arctic to U.S. and international economic and strategic developments. Stresses the continuing importance of fossil fuels in domestic and international energy consumption, the variety of energy sources being used by various global regions, the potential for military conflict over access to natural resources, and how emerging energy leaders will determine global energy, environmental, and international security developments.


Enhancing Your Intelligence Agency Information Resource Iq: Pt. 2: The Central Intelligence Agency, Bert Chapman Jun 2018

Enhancing Your Intelligence Agency Information Resource Iq: Pt. 2: The Central Intelligence Agency, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Provides an overview of information resources produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) including popular reference works like World Factbook and Chiefs of State and Cabinet Leaders of Foreign Governments. Additional content describes the CIA's origins and development, descriptions of current organizational components, information about it's directors, and the text of historical National Intelligence Estimates (NIE) and the President's Daily Brief covering topics as varied as North Korea, the 1973 Yom Kippur War, and NIE's on Soviet ballistic missile forces and numerous other topics. Features artifacts from the CIA Museum.


Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker Apr 2018

Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

Despite support from and for right-wing elements and a deep-seated national history of anti-Semitism, the policies of the Russian government under Vladimir Putin have been markedly devoid of anti-Semitism. Appeals to nationalist, imperialist, and Eurasianist ideologies, pragmatic politics, and foreign policy concerns fail to explain these policies adequately. The biography of Putin himself, which includes influential, positive relationships with Jews, provides a better explanation. The personalized influence of the president on Jewish policy suggests a personalized, hyper-centralized regime generally.


Armenia Rejects The ‘Politics Of Eternity’, Chase Johnson Apr 2018

Armenia Rejects The ‘Politics Of Eternity’, Chase Johnson

University Author Recognition Bibliography: 2018

Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, three countries in the South Caucasus once ruled by the former Soviet Union, still operate in the shadow of what is now called Russia.


Contemporary Russia In America's World: Russian Narratives On Post-Soviet Space, Marianna Portniagina Apr 2018

Contemporary Russia In America's World: Russian Narratives On Post-Soviet Space, Marianna Portniagina

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

This study analyzes Russian perceptions and narratives of the post-Cold War international order, with attention to both Russia’s role in this order and to Russia’s perceived special mission in post-Soviet space, or what is often referred to as the ‘near abroad.’ Although Russia’s visions of the world and post-Soviet space were constructed, to some extent, during the Soviet era, this study shows that the experience of the US-led world order has had a great impact on contemporary Russian discourse. America often misunderstands the factors that motivate and inspire contemporary Russia, in part because the end of the ...


Us Advocacy For Azerbaijani Press Freedom And Democracy, Danny Burns Apr 2018

Us Advocacy For Azerbaijani Press Freedom And Democracy, Danny Burns

Capstone Collection

This study sought to determine best practices for policy advocates who promote press freedom, freedom of expression, and democracy in Azerbaijan to influence policymakers in the United States of America. Results from other studies, the literature on the topics of Azerbaijan and policy advocacy, and expert interviews were used for this study. Its goal is to increase the amount of influence the average policy advocate has in the US by analyzing current advocates' experiences and synthesizing concrete suggestions for actions to effectively enact desired policy changes. The interviews and literature clearly support the premise that the regime in Azerbaijan is ...