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Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

The Path To Terrorism: The Islamic State And Its Recruitment Strategies, Laura Turner May 2018

The Path To Terrorism: The Islamic State And Its Recruitment Strategies, Laura Turner

Honors Scholar Theses

The Islamic State, commonly known as ISIS, a terrorist organization that commits acts of such brutality that even Al Qaeda has denounced it, has recruited approximately 21,000 foreign fighters from countries all over the world. Why is this group so appealing? What has made it so effective at recruitment? What methods does it employ to recruit so many individuals? This paper seeks to answer these questions by examining the recruitment strategies of ISIS. Case studies of individual foreign fighters are analyzed to assess the strength of three explanations of ISIS’ recruitment methods that dominate the current literature: strategic targeting ...


The Al-Qaeda Organization And The Islamic State Organization: History, Doctrine, Modus, Operandi, And U.S Policy To Degrade And Defeat Terrorism Conducted In The Name Of Sunni Islam, Paul Kamolnick Aug 2017

The Al-Qaeda Organization And The Islamic State Organization: History, Doctrine, Modus, Operandi, And U.S Policy To Degrade And Defeat Terrorism Conducted In The Name Of Sunni Islam, Paul Kamolnick

Paul Kamolnick

The al-Qaeda Organization (AQO) and the Islamic State Organization (ISO) are transnational adversaries that conduct terrorism in the name of Sunni Islam. It is declared U.S. Government (USG) policy to degrade, defeat, and destroy them. The present book has been written to assist policymakers, military planners, strategists, and professional military educators whose mission demands a deep understanding of strategically-relevant differences between these two transnational terrorist entities. In it, one shall find a careful comparative analysis across three key strategically relevant dimensions: essential doctrine, beliefs, and worldview; strategic concept, including terrorist modus operandi; and specific implications and recommendations for current ...


Too Much Democracy?: Trends In American Public Opinion Of Israel, Alexander Thomas May 2017

Too Much Democracy?: Trends In American Public Opinion Of Israel, Alexander Thomas

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

This paper analyzes the factors that influence the American electorate’s support of Israel using data gleaned from the 2016 American National Election Study. Americans have formally recognized the state of Israel since 1948, starting 11 minutes after it declared its independence. Since then, American foreign policy has consistently endeavored to create and maintain a strong Israeli state in the Middle East. However, there is general agreement among foreign policy experts that such one-sided support for Israel has been both economically as well as strategically costly. According to experts, such support has at times contradicted the broader foreign policy goals ...


The Al-Qaeda Organization And The Islamic State Organization: History, Doctrine, Modus, Operandi, And U.S Policy To Degrade And Defeat Terrorism Conducted In The Name Of Sunni Islam, Paul Kamolnick Feb 2017

The Al-Qaeda Organization And The Islamic State Organization: History, Doctrine, Modus, Operandi, And U.S Policy To Degrade And Defeat Terrorism Conducted In The Name Of Sunni Islam, Paul Kamolnick

ETSU Authors Bookshelf

The al-Qaeda Organization (AQO) and the Islamic State Organization (ISO) are transnational adversaries that conduct terrorism in the name of Sunni Islam. It is declared U.S. Government (USG) policy to degrade, defeat, and destroy them. The present book has been written to assist policymakers, military planners, strategists, and professional military educators whose mission demands a deep understanding of strategically-relevant differences between these two transnational terrorist entities. In it, one shall find a careful comparative analysis across three key strategically relevant dimensions: essential doctrine, beliefs, and worldview; strategic concept, including terrorist modus operandi; and specific implications and recommendations for current ...


Reinventing Integration: Muslims In The West, Dalia Mogahed, Zsolt Nyiri Jul 2007

Reinventing Integration: Muslims In The West, Dalia Mogahed, Zsolt Nyiri

Department of Political Science and Law Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

As the sixth year of the US-led war on terror rages on, it would appear that few constructs are more self-evident than the one dividing Islam and the West. Muslim minorities in the West are often scrutinized through this paradoxical prism. The results of several recent polls have set off alarm bells in a tense Europe, still shaken by the Jul 7, 2005 bombings in London. One of the most pervasive assumptions in discourse on European Muslim integration is that Muslim religiosity threatens Europe. While Muslims in three European capitals are indeed highly religious, this piety does not lead to ...


Intelligence And Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Editor Apr 2004

Intelligence And Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the ramifications of the lack of epistemological underpinnings from which the rightness or wrongness regarding WMD in Iraq can be constructed and adjudicated.


Shootings In Iraq: A South Korean Response, Editor Dec 2003

Shootings In Iraq: A South Korean Response, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This author examines statements of South Korean president, Roh Moo Hyun, in the wake of the news of the November 30, 2003 killings of two South Korean civilian electrical workers in Iraq. The nature of terrorism as well as potential interpretations of the president’s statements are stressed.


Saudi Arabia’S Counterterrorist Rationale, Editor Sep 2003

Saudi Arabia’S Counterterrorist Rationale, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article analyzes United States public discourse on the authenticity of the Saudi Arabian government’s counterterrorism efforts.


Trends. The United States, Israel, And Parallelism In Counterterrorist Response, Editor Sep 2003

Trends. The United States, Israel, And Parallelism In Counterterrorist Response, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses and evaluates United States reactions to terrorist attacks, and US support for Israel in a political psychological context.


Trends. Commentary On “The Influence Component Of Counterterrorism: A Systems Approach, Editor Sep 2003

Trends. Commentary On “The Influence Component Of Counterterrorism: A Systems Approach, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses the guiding principles for and challenges to a conceptual framework for deterring terrorism against the United States and its interests as presented by Paul Davis and Brian Jenkins in the Spring 2003 issue of Rand Review.


Trends. Car Bomb Explosion And An Explosion Of Truths, Editor Sep 2003

Trends. Car Bomb Explosion And An Explosion Of Truths, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses multiple political psychological aspects of the August 29, 2003 car bomb explosion adjacent to the Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq


Trends. Why Humanitarian Workers Should Be Killed: A Perspective From Nietzschean Slave Morality, Editor Aug 2003

Trends. Why Humanitarian Workers Should Be Killed: A Perspective From Nietzschean Slave Morality, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses different views of the murders of United Nations humanitarian workers in Iraq – first, from a modern Western perspective, and, second, from the perspective of Friedrich Nietzsche as he considered the transvaluation of what is Good on the part of the powerless.


A Grenade Attack And The Fog Of War, Editor Mar 2003

A Grenade Attack And The Fog Of War, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes the social psychological and political psychological contexts within which attributions of causality may have been constructed concerning a grenade attack within Camp Pennsylvania, Kuwait, on the very early Sunday morning of March 23, 2003.


Trends. Iraq And The Implosion Of The Terrorism Construct, Editor Mar 2003

Trends. Iraq And The Implosion Of The Terrorism Construct, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses assorted definitions of terrorism to determine which definitions could practically be applied to military action as a way of reducing violence against United States military personnel in Iraq.


Finding The Feathers In “Birds Of A Feather”: An Antiterrorist And Counterterrorist Dilemma In Profiling, Editor Feb 2003

Finding The Feathers In “Birds Of A Feather”: An Antiterrorist And Counterterrorist Dilemma In Profiling, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes a significant challenge for intelligence analysts attempting to identify individuals, groups, and organizations that have joined, are joining, or will join forces in terrorist enterprises.


Iraqi Intelligence And Antiterrorism/Counterterrorism: A News Conference By Tahir Jalil Habbush Concerning Abu Nidal, Editor Sep 2002

Iraqi Intelligence And Antiterrorism/Counterterrorism: A News Conference By Tahir Jalil Habbush Concerning Abu Nidal, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores difficulties in preventing and resolving terrorist operations that are planned by one’s adversaries for implementation against one’s political entity.


Trends. Facts And Conclusions In The Mideast, Editor May 2002

Trends. Facts And Conclusions In The Mideast, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses relations between Israelis and Palestinians, and a United Nations report involving the Jenin refugee camp.


The Subjugating Discourse In The Mideast: A Commentary On Cordesman, Editor Mar 2002

The Subjugating Discourse In The Mideast: A Commentary On Cordesman, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article provides a commentary on a recently published approach to a US-led process for peace between Israel and the Palestinian National Authority.


Psychological Profiles And The Intifada: Commentary On Sarhan And Al Khatib, Editor Aug 2001

Psychological Profiles And The Intifada: Commentary On Sarhan And Al Khatib, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article critiques a psychological profile that was developed to help explain the ongoing Palestinian Intifada and that was written by two physicians working at a Jordanian psychiatric hospital.


Terrorism In The 21st Century: Are There Lessons To Be Learned From The Israeli Withdrawal From Southern Lebanon?, Editor Jun 2000

Terrorism In The 21st Century: Are There Lessons To Be Learned From The Israeli Withdrawal From Southern Lebanon?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article analyzes the recent Israeli military withdrawal from southern Lebanon in the context of the efficacy of terrorism in the 21st century.


Trends. Palestinian Mothers And The Death Of Terrorism, Editor Dec 1998

Trends. Palestinian Mothers And The Death Of Terrorism, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the notion that there are no innocent victims as a component of terrorism.