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2011

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Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

Muslim Women And The West: Faith, Feminism, And The Quest For Gender Equality, Kelly Haller Dec 2011

Muslim Women And The West: Faith, Feminism, And The Quest For Gender Equality, Kelly Haller

Theses and Dissertations

For centuries the West has seen the Muslim woman as an entire group of people in need of saving. Lacking a thorough understanding of Islam and an incredibly diverse Middle Eastern society, Western powers endeavored to shape women of the Middle East into secular, modern examples of "liberated" women. Completely unacknowledged in this pursuit are the grass roots movements that emerged out of nationalist movements in the early twentieth century. An attempt to understand why the West is so incredibly fascinated by Muslim is undertaken in this scholarly pursuit. Additionally, a case study on the nation of Egypt shows not ...


Palestinian Film: Hyperreality, Narrative, And Ideology, Sarah Frances Hudson Dec 2011

Palestinian Film: Hyperreality, Narrative, And Ideology, Sarah Frances Hudson

Theses and Dissertations

Both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict have developed diametrically opposed national narratives and identities that are both predicated on the concept of victimization. These narratives have developed into simulacral narratives as the result of the nature of their development. This paper deals with the Palestinian simulacral narrative which bolsters societal values, particularly the value of victimhood, that are crucial to coping with the prolonged conflict. The Western media, at any given moment during the conflict, has either accepted the concept of Palestinian's as victims of the conflict and the Palestinian simulacral narrative, or rejected it. The media then produces ...


Mesa 2011: Expressive Culture Of The Egyptian Revolution, Roberta L. Dougherty Nov 2011

Mesa 2011: Expressive Culture Of The Egyptian Revolution, Roberta L. Dougherty

Roberta L. Dougherty

This paper will examine the expressive culture of the Egyptian "revolution"--an event that began 25 January 2011 and reached a climax on 11 February 2011 with the resignation of Egyptian president Husni Mubarak. The outcome of this event is at this writing still unknown, however it is possible even at this early stage to examine the role of songs, poetry, political slogans, photographs, and video in communicating the movement's goals and ultimately mobilizing the Egyptian people.

The movement completely blind-sided all academic experts and even international intelligence. While the Tunisian "jasmine revolution" of early 2011 is credited as ...


Muslim Social Entrepreneurship: Religious Underpinnings And Modern Applications, Scott Jackson Aug 2011

Muslim Social Entrepreneurship: Religious Underpinnings And Modern Applications, Scott Jackson

Student Works

In 2010, the Wolfensohn Center for Development issued a report entitled "Social Entrepreneurship in the Middle East: Toward Sustainable Development for the Next Generation." In this report, the authors presented a dilemma: "Although young people across the region face a diverse and complex set of challenges, the core of the struggle is defined by a lack of promising career trajectories and, more generally, by limited economic opportunity." With close to 25 percent of the Middle East's young people ages 15 to 24 unemployed and prospects for a "youth bulge" over the next decade, this is a crisis of critical ...


The Communion Of Women: Missions And Gender In Colonial Africa And The British Metropole, Heather J. Sharkey Jun 2011

The Communion Of Women: Missions And Gender In Colonial Africa And The British Metropole, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Reforming The World: The Creation Of America's Moral Empire, Heather J. Sharkey Jun 2011

Reforming The World: The Creation Of America's Moral Empire, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Is Turkey Turning Away From The West?, Saghar Hamidzade Jun 2011

Is Turkey Turning Away From The West?, Saghar Hamidzade

Honors Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to answer the question of whether Turkey is turning away from its traditional western allies and reorienting itself towards the Middle East. The first chapter examines Turkey’s past, particularly the legacy of the Ottoman era, the Kemalist period, and the Cold War era, in order to its historical foundations. The second chapter analyzes the changes on the Turkish domestic scene from 1950 up to today. The focus of this chapter is on the Kemalists’ repression of democracy and the social and political shift among much of the population in reaction to their suppressive ...


Iraqs Post-War Failure: A Result Of Special Interests, Gordon D. Butler Jun 2011

Iraqs Post-War Failure: A Result Of Special Interests, Gordon D. Butler

Honors Theses

This thesis explores the causation for entrance and failure of the American intervention in Iraq. While it is commonly understood that President Bush’s insistence on preventing further atrocities after September 11th was a major motivation for launching the war, there exist many more players hidden from the public eye that contributed to the decision. Collaborating as collected special interests, these individuals often manipulated the public agenda, bent factual evidence to their favor, and sold the war to an ignorant American public. As a result, proper planning for post-war reconstruction and the assurance of stable democratic growth after the fall ...


From Ankara To Jerusalem: An Analysis Of The Decline In Turkish-Israeli Relations, Kama Sacajiu Jun 2011

From Ankara To Jerusalem: An Analysis Of The Decline In Turkish-Israeli Relations, Kama Sacajiu

Honors Theses

Turkey and Israel had been strong allies in the Middle East, however in recent years, these relations have turned sour. Turkey was the first predominantly Muslim country to recognize the state of Israel upon its creation in 1948. However, Present day Turkey has gone as far as to pull its ambassador from Tel Aviv. The importance and implication of the decline in relations between Turkey and Israel will be explained in the following chapters. The examination of Turkish foreign policy, and specifically a history of its relations with Israel, gives a basis to explain the changes that occurred with their ...


The Challenge Of Political Islam: Non-Muslims And The Egyptian State, Heather J. Sharkey May 2011

The Challenge Of Political Islam: Non-Muslims And The Egyptian State, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Can Kosovo Be A Sample For Cyprus?, Cuneyt M. Yenigun Mar 2011

Can Kosovo Be A Sample For Cyprus?, Cuneyt M. Yenigun

Cuneyt M. Yenigun

International politics creates international law, but also international law draws the framework of international politics (for majority of the states). Cyprus issue is one of the long lasting unsolved problems of the last century. EU has made its one of the biggest historical mistakes by accepting unsolved “Cyprus” and also violated international law. After the civil politics of Turkey and the results of Annan Plan, advantage exactly dovetailed to the Turkish side, although it is the turn of the EU to play and they do not play. After the ICJ’s decision on Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independency, TRNC ...


Taking It Off In The Mideast, Ibpp Editor Feb 2011

Taking It Off In The Mideast, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author explores the concept of democracy and the impact of financial, moral, and sexual corruption in the Middle East.


Review Of Sarah Sorour Soroudi, The Folktales Of The Jews From Iran, Central Asia, And Afghanistan: Tale-Types And Genres, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2011

Review Of Sarah Sorour Soroudi, The Folktales Of The Jews From Iran, Central Asia, And Afghanistan: Tale-Types And Genres, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Sarah Sorour Soroudi (1938-2002) was born in Tehran, Iran and immigrated to Israel in 1959, where she resumed at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem her academic studies that she had begun at the University of Tehran. She received her doctorate from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1972 and returned to Israel, joining faculty of the department of Indian, Iranian and Armenian studies of the Hebrew University. Persian literature and poetry was her primary scholarly concern, but over the years her interest in Persian culture and folklore evolved with a particular focus on the folklore of Iranian Jews. The ...


Institutions, The Rise Of Commerce And The Persistence Of Laws: Interest Restrictions In Islam And Christianity, Jared Rubin Jan 2011

Institutions, The Rise Of Commerce And The Persistence Of Laws: Interest Restrictions In Islam And Christianity, Jared Rubin

Economics Faculty Articles and Research

Why was economic development retarded in the Middle East relative to Western Europe, despite the Middle East being far ahead for centuries? A theoretical model inspired and substantiated by the history of interest restrictions suggests that this outcome emanates in part from the greater degree to which early Islamic political authorities derived legitimacy from religious authorities. This entailed a feedback mechanism in Europe in which the rise of commerce led to the relaxation of interest restrictions while also diminishing the Church's ability to legitimise political authorities. These interactions did not occur in the Islamic world despite equally amenable economic ...


A Profile Of The Middle Eastern/Muslim Community At The University Of Virginia: Resources, Concerns, And Recommendations, Heba Tellawi Jan 2011

A Profile Of The Middle Eastern/Muslim Community At The University Of Virginia: Resources, Concerns, And Recommendations, Heba Tellawi

VA Engage Journal

Education concerning the history of one‟s surroundings is an essential step to becoming an active member of one‟s community. I am originally Middle Eastern and upon entering the University of Virginia realized that a written compilation of this particular minority community‟s history and resources was not accessible. The purpose of this paper is to provide a portrait of the Middle Eastern community at UVa, from the issues facing students, to the numerous ways they continue to engage and serve the greater University. Although the discussion is centered around UVa, as the number of Middle Eastern students in ...


U.S. Foreign Policy In Lebanon: Adapting To Regional Threats Today And Promoting Stability For The Future, Robert Michael Shelala Ii Jan 2011

U.S. Foreign Policy In Lebanon: Adapting To Regional Threats Today And Promoting Stability For The Future, Robert Michael Shelala Ii

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Since the 1800s, the United States has sought to advance its interests in what currently exists as the Lebanese Republic. This assessment will look at the shape that policy has taken since the 2006 Israel-Hezbollah war in the context of historical relations. After doing so, three questions will be addressed: What have been the policies of Iran and Syria toward Lebanon during this time period, how effective has U.S. policy been since 2006 in undermining Iranian and Syrian influence and what policies should the United States adopt to offset future destabilizing influence from these countries. It is concluded that ...


Products Of Their Environment? Nuclear Proliferation And The Emerging Multipolar International System, Jonathan David Moore Jan 2011

Products Of Their Environment? Nuclear Proliferation And The Emerging Multipolar International System, Jonathan David Moore

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The world is shifting from a unipolar system following the end of the Cold War to a multipolar system that is ushered in by "the rise of the rest." This change in the global structure has led some analysts to predict an increase in nuclear weapons proliferation caused by increased uncertainty and a decrease in alliances and security assurances. Nuclear proliferation, however, will not increase because these types of predictions are founded upon realist assumptions that inaccurately predict the characteristics of the emerging multipolar system as well as inaccurately understanding calculations of states with regard to nuclear weapons programs. I ...


Palestinian Women: Mothers, Martyrs And Agents Of Political Change, Rebecca Ann Otis Jan 2011

Palestinian Women: Mothers, Martyrs And Agents Of Political Change, Rebecca Ann Otis

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation seeks to understand the role of women as political actors in the rise of Islamo-nationalist movement in Palestine. Using a historical and ethnographic approach, it examines the changing opportunity structures available to Palestinian women in the nationalist struggle between 1987 and 2007. It looks into the sites of political engagement of Palestinian women as mothers, organizers and political candidates, suicide bombers, and nonviolent activists with attention paid to the evolution of the Islamist ideology within these four pathways for political participation. The goal of this work is to engage the question of how some Palestinian women who appear ...


Looking At Afghanistan, Minnesota State University - Mankato Jan 2011

Looking At Afghanistan, Minnesota State University - Mankato

Current Events

Bibliography and photographs of a display of government documents from Minnesota State University, Mankto.