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University of Pennsylvania

Cultural History

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

Elijah The Prophet, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2008

Elijah The Prophet, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

or Eliyohu hanovi, was the most popular biblical figure in Jewish folklore in Eastern Europe. The oral traditions of late antiquity established the narrative foundation upon which his image would develop; his name also occurs in proverbs and songs. Elijah is said to make an invisible appearance during the Passover Seder, when a special cup of wine is poured in his honor, and at circumcision ceremonies, when a special chair is reserved for him.

Talmud, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2008

Talmud, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

1. Allgemeines. In der jüd. Kultur wird der T. als Teil der mündl. Überlieferung betrachtet. Im Gegensatz zum Terminus, schriftl. Tora', mit dem die hebr. Bibel bezeichnet wird, versteht man unter, mündl. Tora' due zwischen dem 1. und dem 6./7. Jh. entstandenen literar.-religiösen Produkte: Mischna und Tosefta auf Hebräisch, Jerusalemer T. (J. T.; engl. oft Palestinian T.) und Babylon. T. (B.T.) hauptsächlich auf Aramäisch, die Bücher des → Midrasch in einer Mischung aus Hebräisch und Aramäisch1.

Angels, Dan Ben-Amos, Menachem Kallus Jan 2008

Angels, Dan Ben-Amos, Menachem Kallus

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Jewish tradition considers angels to be messengers of God, but holds that they must not be substituted for God. Isaiah 63:9 speaks of the angel of God's divine countenance—an important designation in Jewish mysticism that has variously been taken to mean the archangel Metatron, the Shekhinah (or immanent divine presence), or the redeeming angel and was understood by some to be an extension of God and a manifestation of the Holy Spirit. The Talmud (Hagigah 13b) declares that each divine angelic legion is formed of a million members, but that the legions themselves are numberless.