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Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

Muslim Societies In African History, Heather J. Sharkey Dec 2004

Muslim Societies In African History, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


The Sound Of Silence: Social Work, The Academy, And Iraq, Scott Harding Jun 2004

The Sound Of Silence: Social Work, The Academy, And Iraq, Scott Harding

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Despite the imposition of economic sanctions against Iraq in 1990, the social work academy has ignored the impact of this global social policy promoted by the international community. Though evidence existed for more than 10 years that sanctions contributed to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of children and other vulnerable groups in Iraq, while also crippling the nation's health care and social infrastructure, the profession has remained silent. The implications of this case study suggest a need for greater engagement by social work researchers and the profession on global issues.


Islam And Democracy: An Empirical Examiniation Of Muslims' Political Culture, Moataz Bellah Mohamed Abdel Fattah Jun 2004

Islam And Democracy: An Empirical Examiniation Of Muslims' Political Culture, Moataz Bellah Mohamed Abdel Fattah

Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the following empirical puzzle: do the attitudes of ordinary educated Muslims stand as an obstacle toward the adoption of democracy? This research question calls for empirical/behavioral methodological tools that bring into focus contemporary Muslims' attitudes rather than ancient jurists' contributions. In other words, the dissertation shifts attention from ancient Islamic texts to contemporary Muslims' mindsets through written and web-bases surveys in 32 Muslim societies.

At the aggregate level, Muslim societies perplex with two types of sub-cultures: the culture of "dictator, but..." and the culture of "democracy-as-a-must." The former is the sub-couture of two groups of ...


Gordon And The Sudan: Prologue To The Mahdiyya, 1877–1880, Heather J. Sharkey May 2004

Gordon And The Sudan: Prologue To The Mahdiyya, 1877–1880, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Foundations Of Modern Arab Identity, Stephen Sheehi Apr 2004

Foundations Of Modern Arab Identity, Stephen Sheehi

Stephen Sheehi

Stephen Sheehi's pioneering book seeks a decolonial method and theory in exploring the epistemology of the Arab Renaissance (al-nahdah al-'arabiyah), a period that defines "Arab modernity." Using psychoanalytic and post-structuralist theory, Sheehi looks at texts by writers such as Butrus al-Bustani, Salim al-Bustani, Ahmad Faris al-Shidyaq, Muhammad al-Muwaylihi, Farah Antun, Muhammad Abduh and others. His analysis deconstructs popular and academic perceptions--especially prevalent after 9/11--that Arabs have failed to internalize modernity. Sheehi's analysis seeks to find a common epistemology scaffolding of analytic categories such as "Christian secularists," "Islamic modernists" and "reformers," and "Arab nationalists." He does so ...


Pride, Faith, And Fear: Islam In Sub-Saharan Africa, Heather J. Sharkey Apr 2004

Pride, Faith, And Fear: Islam In Sub-Saharan Africa, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


The Postmodern Empire: The United States' New Foreign Policy And Its Global Challenges, Muqtedar Khan Jan 2004

The Postmodern Empire: The United States' New Foreign Policy And Its Global Challenges, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

The Paper examines shifts in American Foreign Policy after 9/11 and argues that the US had become a Postmodern Empire.


Islamic Democratic Theory: Between Political Philosophy And Jurisprudence, Muqtedar Khan Jan 2004

Islamic Democratic Theory: Between Political Philosophy And Jurisprudence, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

The article compares the role that jurists, theologians and philosophers play in shaping the discourse on Islam and Democracy.


Die Zeischen Als Metasprache In Der Jüdischen Folklore, Dan Ben-Amos, Dov Noy Jan 2004

Die Zeischen Als Metasprache In Der Jüdischen Folklore, Dan Ben-Amos, Dov Noy

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Die Gematrie ist ein System zur Ver- und Entschlüsselung von Begriffen und Sinneinheiten, das auf Entsprechungen von Zahlen und Buchstaben gründet. Täuschend simpel, erhält sie ihre Komplexität durch die vielfätigen Berechnungen der Zahlenwerte, etwa indem man Zahlen mit sich selbst multipliziert oder die Buchstaben der Namen von Buchstaben miteinander kombiniert.1 Neben den verschiedenen Berechnungsmethoden tragen jedoch 2 Grundeigenschaften zu ihrer Vielschichtigkeit bei: Zum einen entfaltet die Gematre eine Eigene Interpretationsmacht, zum anderen kann sie durch die wechselseitige Übersetzbarkeit von Buchstaben und Zahlen bestehende Bedeutungen verändern. Der Prozess der Interpretation selbst wandelt auch die Funktion von Buchstaben, indem er sie ...


Limits Of Knowledge And Power In Afghanistan, Shah Mahmoud Hanifi Dec 2003

Limits Of Knowledge And Power In Afghanistan, Shah Mahmoud Hanifi

Shah Mahmoud Hanifi

No abstract provided.