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Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

Folklore In The Ancient Near East, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1992

Folklore In The Ancient Near East, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

This article will examine how the concept of "folklore" has been applied to the literature of the ANE.

A. Terminology

B. Comparative Method

1. Comparison with Ancient Cultures

2. Comparison with Postbiblical Literatures

3. Comparison with Islamic Cultures in the Near East

4. Cross-cultural Comparison

5. Comparison of Forms

6. Morphological Studies

7. Poetic Comparison

C. Ethnographic Method

1. Themes and Figures

2. Genres

3. Transmission of Tradition

D. Folklore and the Biblical Text

Introduction, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1992

Introduction, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

The Jews are a people whose historical roots are in the ancient land of Israel. In this country their Hebrew language initially developed, and their oral traditions, in prose and poetry, entered into their canonized holy scriptures and subsequent religious, judicial, and literary textual compilations that gained central position in Jewish life throughout history. Together with the Bible, these works, the Mishnah, the midrashic collections, and the Talmuds, the Jerusalem as well as the Babylonian, served as the foundations for their narrative traditions that developed when the Jews were in exile, diffused among other peoples.

Alt- Und Mitteljidd. Erzählungen, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1992

Alt- Und Mitteljidd. Erzählungen, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Geschicte und Verbreitung. Die jidd. Sprache entstand um das 10. Jh. in den jüd. Gemeinden in Lothringen. Von dort verbreitete sie sich mit den aschkenas. Kolonien nach Norditalien, Nordfrankreich und Holland sowie durch die Kreuzzüge im mitteleurop. Raum, danach ostwärts in die slav. Länder33. Altjiddisch (1250-1500) war hauptsächlich eine gesprochene Sprache, in der mündl. Erzählungen, Lieder, Fabeln und Sprichwörter ihren Platz hatten. Aus dieser Periode existieren verstreute Glossen und Redewendugen. Der älteste datierte Sprachbeleg ist ein Segen in einem illuminierten Wormser Gebetbuch (1272)34. Das früheste literar. Dokument in jidd. Sprache ist die Cambridger Hs. von 1382

Old Yiddish And Middle Yiddish Folktales, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1992

Old Yiddish And Middle Yiddish Folktales, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

History and Territorial Boundaries. The Yiddish language emerged around the tenth century among the Jewish communities in Lotharingia in the Rhine valley. From there it spread to Northern Italy, Northern France and Holland with newly established Ashkenazi colonies, and under the impact of the Crusades to Central Europe and then eastward, to Slavic countires.33 Old Yiddish (1250-1500), primarily a spoken language, functioned as the language of oral tales, songs, fables, and proverbs. From that period scattered glosses and phrases are extant, the earliest of them is a blessing inscribed in an illuminated prayer book of Worms dated from 1272 ...

Algeria's Fundamentalists: Their Historical Context And Prospects For Success, Michael L. Smith Jan 1992

Algeria's Fundamentalists: Their Historical Context And Prospects For Success, Michael L. Smith

Presidential Scholars Theses (1990 – 2006)

Islamic fundamentalism, also known as Islamicism or Islamic revivalism, is a move ment that has become much more visible in the last two decades. Fundamentalist groups have been growing in membership in many Middle Eastern nations, but the Islamic revivalist movement was most prominent in the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, in which radical Shi'ites seizea power from the Shah and his monarchy. A decade later, as that Islamic regime maintains power, many Islamic fundamentalist groups and parties have proliferated throughout the Muslim world. Although they do not hold power in any other country, in many nations Islamic fundamentalists ...