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Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

The Idea Of Folklore: An Essay, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1983

The Idea Of Folklore: An Essay, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

The concept of folklore emerged in Europe midway in the nineteenth century. Originally it connoted tradition, ancient customs and surviving festivals, old ditties and dateless ballads, archaic myths, legends and fables, and timeless tales and proverbs. As these narratives rarely stood the tests of common sense and experience, folklore also implied irrationality: beliefs in ghosts and demons, fairies and goblins, sprites and spirits; it referred to credence in omens, amulets, and talismans. From the perspective of the urbane literati, who conceived the idea of folklore, these two attributes of traditionality and irrationality could pertain only to peasant or primitive societies ...

Obituary: Elli-Kaija Köngäs-Maranda (1932-1982), Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1983

Obituary: Elli-Kaija Köngäs-Maranda (1932-1982), Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Elli lived in four worlds. She was at home in all, yet none was fully her home. Wherever she was, at any particular period of her life, landscapes of other countries, traditions of other people, and friends in remote cities filled up her world.

Foreword, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1983

Foreword, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

This matter-of-fact letter from the then-President of the University of Pennsylvania opened a new era in folklore studies. With it the University of Pennsylvania inaugurated the second doctoral program in folklore in the country, delivering Indiana University from its pioneering isolation, and stimulating other folklorists to increase their efforts in that direction in their own universities.