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2010

Wahhabi Islam

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Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

Saudi Arabia, Southern Arabia And The Gulf States From The First World War, David Commins Jan 2010

Saudi Arabia, Southern Arabia And The Gulf States From The First World War, David Commins

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The aftermath of the First World War brought a new political order to the entire Middle East, including Arabia. The Ottoman Empire’s collapse ended its role in Arabian affairs while Great Britain reached the peak of its influence. For launching the Arab revolt against the Ottomans, Sharīf Ḥusayn of Mecca received British support to establish the Hashemite kingdom of the Ḥijāz. The resurgent Sa'udī emirate led by 'Abd al-'Azīz ibn Sa'ud had wrested al-Aḥsā' from the Ottomans in 1913 and continued expanding after the war, conquering the Rashīdī emirate of Jabal Shammar in 1921 and the ...