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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

Bread, Freedom, And Social Justice: The Role Of Climate Change In The Egyptian Revolution, Melpomene Vasiliou Jan 2017

Bread, Freedom, And Social Justice: The Role Of Climate Change In The Egyptian Revolution, Melpomene Vasiliou

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The issue of climate change in society and within the government has not received the necessary attention to drive forward with the appropriate policies that combat climate change and its impacts. This thesis examines the intersection of climate science and violent uprisings via a case study of Egypt. I frame the issue through a security lens by connecting the effects of climate change on the physical land of Egypt to the political and social problems brought to light during the Arab Spring. I argue that the causal connection between climate change and violent uprisings is made through an examination of ...


Gendered Citizenship And The Sectarian Public Sphere: Women And Civic Space In Lebanon, Ellysse V. Dick Jan 2016

Gendered Citizenship And The Sectarian Public Sphere: Women And Civic Space In Lebanon, Ellysse V. Dick

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Modern Lebanon’s political sectarian system is the result of many years of external forces molding the territory and its sociopolitical structures to align with international interests. Civic spaces in Lebanon, and women’s activity within these spaces, is dictated by sectarian dynamics within its politics and society. This paper explores the evolution of the Lebanese state and sectarianized experiences of citizenship in relation to the external forces that shaped the “Lebanese System” in place today.

Beginning in the late Ottoman and French Mandate periods, it identifies the key players in state formation both under colonial rule and later, as ...


The Decline Of Women’S Rights In Turkey: Is It Political Islam...Or Tayyip?, Magdalen M. Wagner Jan 2016

The Decline Of Women’S Rights In Turkey: Is It Political Islam...Or Tayyip?, Magdalen M. Wagner

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the 1920s, Kemal Mustafa Ataturk established the secular Republic of Turkey. Under this establishment, religion was separated from public life, and especially from politics. This setup included the protection of women’s rights, including the banning of polygamy and the provision of equal rights in divorce and the right to vote. This protection of women’s rights was reinforced on a global scale in the 1990s when women’s rights came to the forefront of the worldwide agenda, beginning the push for women’s rights to be considered along with human rights. Countries around the world jumped on the ...


The Roots Of Salafist Terror: An Analysis Of The Growth Of Violence In The Middle East From 1991-2010, Tyler D. Abboud Jan 2015

The Roots Of Salafist Terror: An Analysis Of The Growth Of Violence In The Middle East From 1991-2010, Tyler D. Abboud

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Though originally ascertaining that both blowback and interest sharing were the primary causal factors giving rise to Salafist terrorism from 1991-2010, the project found evidence supporting the idea that the two concepts are related instead. Blowback, specifically from “direct interventions,” increases interest sharing by providing Salafist terrorist groups with the means to expand their objectives to make their fight seem like that of ordinary citizens thereby swelling their numbers. It can also lead to the unification of various groups who previously may have had no common goals. In turn these intertwining phenomenon lead to more attacks and damage done by ...


The Role Of Civil Society In The Tunisian Democratic Transition, Veronica Baker Jan 2015

The Role Of Civil Society In The Tunisian Democratic Transition, Veronica Baker

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores the effects of civil society’s involvement in the Tunisian democratic transition through a case study on its contributions to the constitution drafting process. Tunisia gained widespread international attention following its popular uprising against authoritarian leader Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali and successful transition to democracy. Many, however, have dismissed Tunisia’s triumph as a lucky break aided by the country’s small size, religious and ethnic homogeneity, pre-existing liberal social values, and “relatively moderate” Islamist party. Those focused on such “Tunisian exceptionalism” conclude that the country’s transition has little to teach other countries in political flux ...


The Fatal Attraction Of Suicide Terrorism: An Empirical Analysis Of Suicide Terrorist Attacks In The Middle East And South Asia, Burcu Pinar Alakoc Jan 2014

The Fatal Attraction Of Suicide Terrorism: An Empirical Analysis Of Suicide Terrorist Attacks In The Middle East And South Asia, Burcu Pinar Alakoc

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation examines and explains three distinct aspects of suicide terrorism in the Middle East and South Asia: lethality, perpetrators and strategy selection. While suicide terrorism is a mechanically simple tactic of blowing one’s self up, it terrorizes indiscriminately by generating high numbers of fatalities. I first argue that the lethality of suicide terrorism is driven by its tactical characteristics, namely the amount of control that perpetrators have over the location and targets of the attack. Using original data, I show that where the unique tactical advantages of suicide terrorism are properly utilized, suicide attacks are likely to be ...


Negotiating Modernity: An Imam In Paris, Jenna M. Allen Jan 2013

Negotiating Modernity: An Imam In Paris, Jenna M. Allen

Comparative Literature Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis explores questions surrounding the necessity of travel in pursuit of knowledge, cultural negotiation as a continuous and interactive process, as well as the strong bond with one’s own culture that is indispensible to a successful negotiation. I analyze the 1834 travelogue An Imam in Paris in terms of the extent to which its traveler-author al-Ṭahṭa̅wī can interact with French culture in an improvisational way while remaining connected to his home culture. Al-Ṭahṭa̅wī figures as the site and agent of a negotiation with French knowledge with the aim to incorporate it into Cairo’s identity as ...


Marked Verbal Forms In The Neo-Aramaic Dialects Of Christian Barwar And Christian Urmi, Sarah Rose Michals Jan 2013

Marked Verbal Forms In The Neo-Aramaic Dialects Of Christian Barwar And Christian Urmi, Sarah Rose Michals

Linguistics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study analyzes three unmarked-marked verbal pairs that exist in the Neo-Aramaic dialects of Christian Barwar and Christian Urmi. Each pair is analyzed for the opposing forms' formal and functional differences, with an emphasis on function. It is argued that despite the fact that the morphemes affixed to the marked forms are aspectual prefixes, the marked forms' main functional differences from their unmarked counterparts are pragmatic ones. Chapter I presents an introduction to the study, including information about the dialects analyzed and the study itself. Chapter II focuses on the marked forms that signal relationships between events in the discourse ...


Between The Veil And The Vote: Exploring Incentives To Politically Incorporate Women In The Arab World, Bozena Christina Welborne Jan 2011

Between The Veil And The Vote: Exploring Incentives To Politically Incorporate Women In The Arab World, Bozena Christina Welborne

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) renewed debate on proposed mechanisms to enhance women's political influence across the developing and developed world. Despite common perceptions that women's political opportunities are uniformly limited in the Arab world, considerable variation exists. This dissertation explores the incentives behind this unexpected variation through both cross- national statistical and case study analysis, relying on data gathered over two years of fieldwork and from 100 interviews across Bahrain, Morocco, and Jordan. I demonstrate that international capital plays a key role in creating incentives to incorporate women ...