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Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

Post-Civil War Peace Durability: The Role Of Domestic Infrastructure And Military, Alexandra Wilson May 2019

Post-Civil War Peace Durability: The Role Of Domestic Infrastructure And Military, Alexandra Wilson

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

Since 1945, approximately half of the world’s states have been engaged in some type of civil conflict. The aim of this research is to understand why some post-civil war states fail to establish peace durability while others thrive. Through quantitative research of civil wars globally and a qualitative analysis of Iraq, this thesis argues for the necessity of post-civil war policy to focus on the renewal of domestic infrastructure in addition to military investment which suppresses grievance-driven violence. A logistical regression model of all civil wars since 1945 shows that variables, such as healthcare, are evidently associated with more ...


Rise Of Non-State Actors In Middle East: Regional Dimensions, Shams Uz Zaman Mr. Apr 2015

Rise Of Non-State Actors In Middle East: Regional Dimensions, Shams Uz Zaman Mr.

Mr. Shams uz Zaman

The situation in the Middle East has become extremely precarious due to issues which can be traced back to the colonial era. Imprudently drawn state borders, unsettled disputes like Palestine and ethno-religious schisms accentuate the inter-state and intra-state rivalries which have spun out of control due to foreign interventions. Extremist radical Islam acquired new dimensions after 9/11 which consequently painted the 2003 Iraq war in ideological colours. A new trend of radicalization is visible across the region from Lebanon to Pakistan, which has resulted in the emergence of non-state actors. The raging conflict in and across the Middle East ...


Komsumuz Ame-Irak (Our Neighbor Ame-Iraq), Cuneyt M. Yenigun Sep 2009

Komsumuz Ame-Irak (Our Neighbor Ame-Iraq), Cuneyt M. Yenigun

Cuneyt M. Yenigun

This article elaborates Iraq's Invasion in 2003 and potential consequences in the country and the region.


Intelligence And Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Editor Apr 2004

Intelligence And Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the ramifications of the lack of epistemological underpinnings from which the rightness or wrongness regarding WMD in Iraq can be constructed and adjudicated.


Shootings In Iraq: A South Korean Response, Editor Dec 2003

Shootings In Iraq: A South Korean Response, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This author examines statements of South Korean president, Roh Moo Hyun, in the wake of the news of the November 30, 2003 killings of two South Korean civilian electrical workers in Iraq. The nature of terrorism as well as potential interpretations of the president’s statements are stressed.


When The Risk Is Strategically And Operationally Insignificant, Editor Nov 2003

When The Risk Is Strategically And Operationally Insignificant, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The article discusses some of the dangers in labelling a risk as strategically and operationally insignificant in a security setting.


Trends. The United States, Israel, And Parallelism In Counterterrorist Response, Editor Sep 2003

Trends. The United States, Israel, And Parallelism In Counterterrorist Response, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses and evaluates United States reactions to terrorist attacks, and US support for Israel in a political psychological context.


Trends. Car Bomb Explosion And An Explosion Of Truths, Editor Sep 2003

Trends. Car Bomb Explosion And An Explosion Of Truths, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses multiple political psychological aspects of the August 29, 2003 car bomb explosion adjacent to the Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq


Trends. Why Humanitarian Workers Should Be Killed: A Perspective From Nietzschean Slave Morality, Editor Aug 2003

Trends. Why Humanitarian Workers Should Be Killed: A Perspective From Nietzschean Slave Morality, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses different views of the murders of United Nations humanitarian workers in Iraq – first, from a modern Western perspective, and, second, from the perspective of Friedrich Nietzsche as he considered the transvaluation of what is Good on the part of the powerless.


Trends. Uday, Qusay, Victory, And Defeat, Editor Jul 2003

Trends. Uday, Qusay, Victory, And Defeat, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses the political psychological impact of the deaths of Saddam Hussein’s two oldest sons at the hands of United States military forces.


The Life And Death Of Saddam Redux, Editor Jul 2003

The Life And Death Of Saddam Redux, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article updates a previous IBPP analysis on the significance of whether Saddam Hussein is alive or dead.


Lying And Logic On Iraqi Weapons Of Mass Destruction And Linkages To Al Qaeda, Editor Jun 2003

Lying And Logic On Iraqi Weapons Of Mass Destruction And Linkages To Al Qaeda, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author examines the following question in this article: Did the Bush administration lie in asserting that Iraq had operational weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and linkages to al Qaeda?


Trends. Intelligence, Iraqi Weapons Of Mass Destruction, And Anchoring Effects, Editor Jun 2003

Trends. Intelligence, Iraqi Weapons Of Mass Destruction, And Anchoring Effects, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The anchoring effect involves the biasing of estimates based on previous beliefs. The author discusses the presence or absence of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction (WMD) given this anchoring effect.


An Apocryphal Discourse: Iraqi Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Editor Jun 2003

An Apocryphal Discourse: Iraqi Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article contests a global, public discourse wherein the United States Government’s (USG) foreign policy credibility will be severely damaged without the discovery of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) developed by the Saddam Hussein government.


Exploding Causalities: An Example From Iraq, Editor May 2003

Exploding Causalities: An Example From Iraq, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article provides explanations for a seemingly paradoxical social psychological response to the April 26, 2003 explosions within an ammunition dump in Baghdad.


Special Article. A Statement On The Iraq War From Psychologists For Social Responsibility: Sense And Nonsense, Editor Apr 2003

Special Article. A Statement On The Iraq War From Psychologists For Social Responsibility: Sense And Nonsense, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article identifies problematic attributions in a statement by Psychologists for Social Responsibility on the United States-led military intervention in Iraq.


Trends. After The Deluge: Psychology And Post-Totalitarianism, Editor Apr 2003

Trends. After The Deluge: Psychology And Post-Totalitarianism, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses the psychological impacts – both positive and negative - of the transition from totalitarian rule in Iraq following the US-led military intervention against Saddam Hussein’s regime.


Trends. Is Saddam Hussein Dead?, Editor Apr 2003

Trends. Is Saddam Hussein Dead?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses how we might know whether Saddam Hussein is dead, as well as his significance in the ongoing political narrative in Iraq.


Trends. Iraq And The Implosion Of The Terrorism Construct, Editor Mar 2003

Trends. Iraq And The Implosion Of The Terrorism Construct, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses assorted definitions of terrorism to determine which definitions could practically be applied to military action as a way of reducing violence against United States military personnel in Iraq.


Trends. Why Iraq Is Winning, Editor Mar 2003

Trends. Why Iraq Is Winning, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses the contrast between military performance and war narrative in the context of the United States-led military intervention in Iraq in the era of Saddam Hussein.


Trends. Time And Time For War, Editor Mar 2003

Trends. Time And Time For War, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses the concept of time perception pertaining to the diplomatic events leading to a United States-led military intervention against the Iraqi regime.


Trends. A Casualty Of War: Suicide As A Response To An American-Led Invasion Of Iraq, Editor Mar 2003

Trends. A Casualty Of War: Suicide As A Response To An American-Led Invasion Of Iraq, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses the political psychology of suicide as protest.


A Psychologist’S View On And From Iraq, Kelly Anthony - Psychology Department / Wesleyan University Feb 2003

A Psychologist’S View On And From Iraq, Kelly Anthony - Psychology Department / Wesleyan University

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses her personal experiences in Iraq in early 2003. Opposed to what she considered "a groundless war and to destructive and largely ineffective sanctions," she saw her trip as an opportunity to observe the social psychological impact of the aforementioned actions on the Iraqi people.


Trends. Personalities, Motivations, And Capabilities: The Iraq-North Korea Distinction, Editor Feb 2003

Trends. Personalities, Motivations, And Capabilities: The Iraq-North Korea Distinction, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses and evaluates the handling of public affairs and justifications for military intervention in Iraq by the United States Secretary of State.


Trends. Double Standards On Double Standards: War With Iraq And The Middle East Peace Process, Editor Jan 2003

Trends. Double Standards On Double Standards: War With Iraq And The Middle East Peace Process, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses the nature of public statements from two national governments – the United States and the United Kingdom – in reference to a potential war with Iraq. Of special interest is the possible double standard pertaining to the differences in the international treatment of Iraq vs. the role of Israel in the Middle East Peace Process.


Trends. If You're So Right, Why Are We Sure You're So Wrong? Iraq, Free Riders, And Social Loafing, Editor Oct 2002

Trends. If You're So Right, Why Are We Sure You're So Wrong? Iraq, Free Riders, And Social Loafing, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses and evaluates public discourse surrounding the acceptability of militarily invading Iraq through a social psychological perspective. In social psychology, the research tradition for constructs such as free-riding and social loafing suggests that, wittingly or unwittingly, many political actors assume that the United States will act to address actual political threats in a certain way, and that they (the other political actors) can adopt contrarian ideological stances because they don’t have to address those same threats.


Trends. The Psychology Of Self-Preemptive Language And Action: Iraq And Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Editor Oct 2002

Trends. The Psychology Of Self-Preemptive Language And Action: Iraq And Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This Trends article discusses the difficulties the Bush Administration encountered when attempting to sell the invasion of Iraq to the rest of the world. Language, action, and global perceptions are discussed.


Iraqi Intelligence And Antiterrorism/Counterterrorism: A News Conference By Tahir Jalil Habbush Concerning Abu Nidal, Editor Sep 2002

Iraqi Intelligence And Antiterrorism/Counterterrorism: A News Conference By Tahir Jalil Habbush Concerning Abu Nidal, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores difficulties in preventing and resolving terrorist operations that are planned by one’s adversaries for implementation against one’s political entity.


Threat And Threatening Language: Public Discourse On Iraq, Editor Sep 2002

Threat And Threatening Language: Public Discourse On Iraq, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores the relationship of language, the construction of threat, and the constructor’s response to that which is constructed.


Trends. Why The United States Still Hasn't Shaken Its Vietnam Syndrome: The Case Of Iraq, Editor Aug 2000

Trends. Why The United States Still Hasn't Shaken Its Vietnam Syndrome: The Case Of Iraq, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the the lingering presence of the Vietnam Syndrome - the idea that military successes seem to have little impact on the hearts and minds of large segments of a given country's population - in the United States' Operation DESERT STORM in Iraq.