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Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

La Modernité Tunisienne Dévoilée : Une Étude Autour De La Femme Célibataire, Madison Wagner Jan 2019

La Modernité Tunisienne Dévoilée : Une Étude Autour De La Femme Célibataire, Madison Wagner

Scripps Senior Theses

This thesis explains recent accounts of discrimination and cutbacks in reproductive health spaces in Tunisia. Complicating dominant analyses, which attribute these events to the post-revolution political atmosphere which has allowed the proliferation of islamic extremism, I interpret these instances as a manifestation of a deeply rooted stigma against sexually active single women. I trace this stigma’s inception to the contradictory way that Habib Bourguiba conceptualized modernity after independence, and the responsibility he assigned to Tunisian women to embody that modernity. This responsibility remains salient today, and is putting Tunisian women in an increasingly untenable and vulnerable position.

After independence ...


The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze Dec 2017

The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze

Journal of Global Catholicism

A consideration of the future of African Catholicism in light of the ecclesiology of Pope Francis. The article explores how themes in Francis's ecclesiology work together to challenge centralization, clericalism, and triumphalism in the church by promoting practices of synodality and how these elements support the church’s mission to work against forms of colonialism, neo-colonialism, and the most fundamental matrix of colonial power by advancing radical democracy in society


Contested Moral Issues In Contemporary African Catholicism: Theological Proposals For A Hermeneutics Of Multiplicity And Inclusion, Stan Chu Ilo Jul 2017

Contested Moral Issues In Contemporary African Catholicism: Theological Proposals For A Hermeneutics Of Multiplicity And Inclusion, Stan Chu Ilo

Journal of Global Catholicism

Drawing upon the broad work of Vatican II and Pope Francis’ Evangelicum Gaudium the article proposes how a hermeneutic of multiplicity and inclusion could help hold in balance the tension between tradition and innovation, universal principles and specific contextual application for Catholicism in Africa. Among the issues addressed are cultural relativism, natural law theory, and polygamy.


Review Of Muslims And Jews In France. History Of A Conflict By Maud S. Mandel, Bryan Turner Dec 2016

Review Of Muslims And Jews In France. History Of A Conflict By Maud S. Mandel, Bryan Turner

Publications and Research

The mood of European scholarship with respect to the recognition and integration of Islam is typically pessimistic. The rise of anti-immigrant and anti-Islam political parties – Golden Dawn in Greece, the Northern League in Italy, Marine Le Penn and the National Front in France, and the English defense league in Britain – have exposed a hitherto hidden or ignored under-current of resentment against foreigners. In the context of these developments, Maud Mandel’s study of Muslims and Jews in France is a welcome corrective to the dominant focus on anti-Islam in the academic literature and in the popular media. The historical picture ...


The Tying Of The Ceremonial Wedding Thread: A Feminist Analysis Of “Ritual” And “Tradition” Among Syro-Malabar Catholics In India, Sonja Thomas Sep 2016

The Tying Of The Ceremonial Wedding Thread: A Feminist Analysis Of “Ritual” And “Tradition” Among Syro-Malabar Catholics In India, Sonja Thomas

Journal of Global Catholicism

This article presents a feminist analysis of patriarchy persisting in Catholicism of the Syro-Malabar rite in Kerala. The article specifically considers the impact of charismatic Catholicism on women of the Syro-Malabar rite and argues that it is important to interrogate this new face of religiosity in order to fully understand how certain rituals are allowed to change and be fluid, while others, especially concerning female sexuality, are enshrined as “tradition” which often restricts the parameters for women’s empowerment and may reinforce caste and patriarchal hegemonies preventing feminist solidarity across different religious- and caste-based groups.


A One Percent Chance: Jabotinsky, Bernadotte, And The Iron Wall Doctrine, Andrew Harman May 2016

A One Percent Chance: Jabotinsky, Bernadotte, And The Iron Wall Doctrine, Andrew Harman

War and Society (MA) Theses

This thesis is an examination of the long historical processes that have led to the Israel/Palestine conflict to the contemporary period, focusing mostly on the period before Israeli independence and the 1948 war that created the Jewish state. As Zionism emerged at the turn of the twentieth century to combat the antisemitism of Europe, practical and political facets of the movement sought immigration to Palestine, an area occupied by a large population of Arab natives. The answer to how the Zionists would achieve a Jewish state in that region, largely ignoring the indigenous population, fostered disagreements and a split ...


From Eden To Ednah - Lilith In The Garden, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2016

From Eden To Ednah - Lilith In The Garden, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

For centuries, the paradise described in Genesis 2-3 has been a formative myth in Judeo-Christian culture. The creation of the woman from Adam's rib (Genesis 2:21-23) both projected and validated women's inferior and secondary role in Western society. Therefore, the new interpretation of the Hebrew word tsela, shifting its meaning from rib to baculum (penal bone), which Alan Dundes and Ziony Zevit have proposed, is nothing short of revolutionary, shifting the mythic paradigm from an obscure derivation of woman from man, to her primary and equal role in procreative bonding.

With their insightful analyses, Zevit and Dundes ...


The Giant In A Thousand Years: Tracing Narratives Of Gigantism In The Hebrew Bible And Beyond, Brian R. Doak Jan 2016

The Giant In A Thousand Years: Tracing Narratives Of Gigantism In The Hebrew Bible And Beyond, Brian R. Doak

Faculty Publications - College of Christian Studies

"This essay is an attempt to organize the Bible’s giants by category and to continue to elevate these figures as a rightful object of scholarly attention."


Stoning In Iran: A Sexist And Overlooked Practice, Megan R. Haugh Apr 2015

Stoning In Iran: A Sexist And Overlooked Practice, Megan R. Haugh

What All Americans Should Know About Women in the Muslim World

This paper seeks to dissect and expose the ancient practice of stoning in Iran, and to analyze the injustices that are built into this punishment.


Into The Red: A Look Into The Reasons Why Refugees Decide To Flee, Settle Or Migrate To And From Morocco, Fadeelah E. Holivay Dec 2014

Into The Red: A Look Into The Reasons Why Refugees Decide To Flee, Settle Or Migrate To And From Morocco, Fadeelah E. Holivay

Master's Theses

This research paper explores some of the main reasons why refugees and asylum seekers, particularly from sub-Saharan African countries, embark on a journey and decide to settle, flee or migrate to and from Morocco. Because of this phenomenon, Morocco has seen a 96% increase of refugees migrating to the borders of Morocco each year for the past three years. Many say that this astonishing increase of migrants choosing Morocco is due to such factors as: wars breaking out regionally across central African and Middle Eastern countries causing them to flee; Morocco being a culturaly diverse francophone country whose laws and ...


From Monuments To Ruins: An Analysis Of Historical Preservation In Jordan, Mason Seymore Oct 2014

From Monuments To Ruins: An Analysis Of Historical Preservation In Jordan, Mason Seymore

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The city of Amman, Jordan manages a plethora of archaeological sites that date back several millennia. Unfortunately, with the limited resources the government has at its disposal, the city is unable to conserve the sites in the best way possible. Because of this, a public disconnect between the value of history and attempts that are made to preserve it has emerged. This study explored the effects of historical conservation in Jordanian society. More specifically, the study focused on the relationship between how the public and the government perceives historical conservation efforts in Jordan. This study attempted to answer two research ...


Jewish Folklore As Counterculture, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2014

Jewish Folklore As Counterculture, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

A literacy divide runs deep in Jewish society. The scribes, the priests, and the prophets who wrote the Bible referred to the folk on the other side of the divide as ha-'am (the people), and the sages, who taught the books that followed, called them 'olam (the world population). Both terms resonate in subsequent Jewish languages. The Yiddish word 'amkha (all the people), and its analogue in Judeo-Spanish, povlacho, have their roots in the Bible where the concept of the "people" is ubiquitous. It occurs in a variety of forms as kol ha-'am (all the people), 'am ha- ...


The African-American Islamic Renaissance And The Rise Of The Nation Of Islam, Patrick Denis Bowen Jan 2013

The African-American Islamic Renaissance And The Rise Of The Nation Of Islam, Patrick Denis Bowen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines African-American Islamic culture from 1920 through 1959, a period I label the "African-American Islamic Renaissance" (AAIR). The AAIR is characterized by a significant increase in interest in Islam, extreme diversity in views about Islam, and the absence of a single organization dominating African-American Islamic culture for a significant amount of time. Previous works dealing with African-American Islam in this period have failed to fully recognize these features, particularly the last of these. As a result, explanations for the rise of the Nation of Islam (NOI) have not satisfactorily explained why it was only the NOI--and not other ...


Embracing The Divine: Passion And Politics In The Christian Middle East, Heather J. Sharkey Nov 2012

Embracing The Divine: Passion And Politics In The Christian Middle East, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


The Challenge Of Political Islam: Non-Muslims And The Egyptian State, Heather J. Sharkey May 2011

The Challenge Of Political Islam: Non-Muslims And The Egyptian State, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


American Christians And Islam: Evangelical Culture And Muslims From The Colonial Period To The Age Of Terrorism, Heather J. Sharkey Jul 2010

American Christians And Islam: Evangelical Culture And Muslims From The Colonial Period To The Age Of Terrorism, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


An Egyptian In China: Ahmed Fahmy And The Making Of “World Christianities”, Heather J. Sharkey Jun 2009

An Egyptian In China: Ahmed Fahmy And The Making Of “World Christianities”, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Ahmed Fahmy, who was born in Alexandria, Egypt, in 1861 and died in Golders Green, London, in 1933, was the most celebrated convert from Islam to Christianity in the history of the American Presbyterian mission in Egypt. American Presbyterians had started work in Egypt in 1854 and soon developed the largest Protestant mission in the country. They opened schools, hospitals, and orphanages; sponsored the development of Arabic Christian publishing and Bible distribution; and with local Egyptians organized evangelical work in towns and villages from Alexandria to Aswan. In an age when Anglo-American Protestant missions were expanding across the globe, they ...


Angels, Dan Ben-Amos, Menachem Kallus Jan 2008

Angels, Dan Ben-Amos, Menachem Kallus

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Jewish tradition considers angels to be messengers of God, but holds that they must not be substituted for God. Isaiah 63:9 speaks of the angel of God's divine countenance—an important designation in Jewish mysticism that has variously been taken to mean the archangel Metatron, the Shekhinah (or immanent divine presence), or the redeeming angel and was understood by some to be an extension of God and a manifestation of the Holy Spirit. The Talmud (Hagigah 13b) declares that each divine angelic legion is formed of a million members, but that the legions themselves are numberless.


Elijah The Prophet, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2008

Elijah The Prophet, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

or Eliyohu hanovi, was the most popular biblical figure in Jewish folklore in Eastern Europe. The oral traditions of late antiquity established the narrative foundation upon which his image would develop; his name also occurs in proverbs and songs. Elijah is said to make an invisible appearance during the Passover Seder, when a special cup of wine is poured in his honor, and at circumcision ceremonies, when a special chair is reserved for him.


Islam And The Prayer Economy: History And Authority In A Malian Town, Heather J. Sharkey Dec 2006

Islam And The Prayer Economy: History And Authority In A Malian Town, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Muslim Societies In African History, Heather J. Sharkey Dec 2004

Muslim Societies In African History, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Die Zeischen Als Metasprache In Der Jüdischen Folklore, Dan Ben-Amos, Dov Noy Jan 2004

Die Zeischen Als Metasprache In Der Jüdischen Folklore, Dan Ben-Amos, Dov Noy

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Die Gematrie ist ein System zur Ver- und Entschlüsselung von Begriffen und Sinneinheiten, das auf Entsprechungen von Zahlen und Buchstaben gründet. Täuschend simpel, erhält sie ihre Komplexität durch die vielfätigen Berechnungen der Zahlenwerte, etwa indem man Zahlen mit sich selbst multipliziert oder die Buchstaben der Namen von Buchstaben miteinander kombiniert.1 Neben den verschiedenen Berechnungsmethoden tragen jedoch 2 Grundeigenschaften zu ihrer Vielschichtigkeit bei: Zum einen entfaltet die Gematre eine Eigene Interpretationsmacht, zum anderen kann sie durch die wechselseitige Übersetzbarkeit von Buchstaben und Zahlen bestehende Bedeutungen verändern. Der Prozess der Interpretation selbst wandelt auch die Funktion von Buchstaben, indem er sie ...


A New Crusade Or An Old One?, Heather J. Sharkey Jun 2003

A New Crusade Or An Old One?, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Scholars frequently acknowledge the force of political Islam in shaping the Muslim societies of Africa and Asia, but seldom consider the role that Christian activism has played in these societies, particularly in the context o f Western imperialism and globalization. Of central importance here is the history of Christian missionary attempts to convert Muslims in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries - a period when the British, French, and Dutch colonial powers lent their protection to European and American evangelical groups that operated within their overseas empires.


Islam And Power In The Twentieth Century, Heather J. Sharkey Dec 2001

Islam And Power In The Twentieth Century, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Israel Ben Eliezer, The Baal Shem Tov, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2001

Israel Ben Eliezer, The Baal Shem Tov, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Tales of rainmaking, healing, and the magical supply of provisions are part of the biblical narrative tradition. Elijah the Prophet, and later his disciple Elisha, end drought (1 Kings 18; 2 Kings 3:14-21), offer hope and cure to barren women, revive their children when they die (1 Kings 17:17-24; 2 Kings 4:8-37), and magically provide for the needy (1 Kings 17:8-16; 2 Kings 4:1-7). Elisha, whose reputation as a healer spread beyond the boundaries of Israel, cures a leper and transfers his disease to another, morally inferior, person (2 Kings 5). Trafficking with demons and ...


The Sudan Of The Three Niles: The Funj Chronicle, Heather J. Sharkey May 2000

The Sudan Of The Three Niles: The Funj Chronicle, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

P. M. Holt's The Sudan of the Three Niles is an annotated translation of the Funj Chronicle, a history of the Funj sultanate (1504–1821) based at Sennar, along the Blue Nile, and of the Turco-Egyptian regime that succeeded it at Khartoum. Along with the Tabaqat of Wad Dayf Allah (a biographical dictionary of Sudanese Muslim holy men compiled in the late 18th century), the Funj Chronicle is the most important Arabic source on the northern riverain Sudan in the Funj era, a period in which Islam was spreading widely and the region was developing its pronounced Arab–Islamic ...


Review Of Rella Kushelevsky, Moses And The Angel Of Death, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1999

Review Of Rella Kushelevsky, Moses And The Angel Of Death, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

For many years comparative thematics was the principal method of comparative literature until formalism and structuralism emerged as the key terms of avant-garde scholarship. Now, in an era when these very terms are relegated to the backyard of the academy by trendier directions, thematic analysis is enjoying a modest rejuvenation.1 Within this re-emerging paradigm Yoav Elstein and Avidov Lipsker have launched a very ambitious project known as "The Thematological Encylcopedia of Jewish Literature." They have outlined their methodology in two programmatic essays,2 and together and separately published several case studies.3 Yoav Elstein has also guest-edited volume 30 ...


Politics And Islam In Contemporary Sudan, Heather J. Sharkey Sep 1998

Politics And Islam In Contemporary Sudan, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Historical Poetics And Generic Shift: Niphla'ot Ve-Nissim, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1994

Historical Poetics And Generic Shift: Niphla'ot Ve-Nissim, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

The Hebrew Bible is full of miracles, but without, it seems, a word to describe them. The post-biblical and modern term for miracle, nes(pl. nissim), does occur in the Hebrew Bible, but with only two exceptions with a concrete referent, it means a pole (Numbers 21, 9-9; Isaiah 30,17), a flag, an ensign (Isaiah 5, 26; 11, 10 and 12; 13, 2; 18,3; 62,10; Jeremiah 4, 6 and 21; 50,2; 51,12 and 27; Psalms 60, 6) or a flag on top of a mast (Isaiah 33, 23; Ezekiel 27,7). The word occurs as ...


Folklore In The Ancient Near East, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1992

Folklore In The Ancient Near East, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

This article will examine how the concept of "folklore" has been applied to the literature of the ANE.

A. Terminology

B. Comparative Method

1. Comparison with Ancient Cultures

2. Comparison with Postbiblical Literatures

3. Comparison with Islamic Cultures in the Near East

4. Cross-cultural Comparison

5. Comparison of Forms

6. Morphological Studies

7. Poetic Comparison

C. Ethnographic Method

1. Themes and Figures

2. Genres

3. Transmission of Tradition

D. Folklore and the Biblical Text