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Full-Text Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

Review Of Gaza: An Inquest Into Its Martyrdom, Nubar Hovsepian Jul 2018

Review Of Gaza: An Inquest Into Its Martyrdom, Nubar Hovsepian

Political Science Faculty Articles and Research

A review of Norman G. Finkelstein's Gaza: An Inquest into Its Martyrdom, published by University of California Press.


The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze Dec 2017

The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze

Journal of Global Catholicism

A consideration of the future of African Catholicism in light of the ecclesiology of Pope Francis. The article explores how themes in Francis's ecclesiology work together to challenge centralization, clericalism, and triumphalism in the church by promoting practices of synodality and how these elements support the church’s mission to work against forms of colonialism, neo-colonialism, and the most fundamental matrix of colonial power by advancing radical democracy in society


Contested Moral Issues In Contemporary African Catholicism: Theological Proposals For A Hermeneutics Of Multiplicity And Inclusion, Stan Chu Ilo Jul 2017

Contested Moral Issues In Contemporary African Catholicism: Theological Proposals For A Hermeneutics Of Multiplicity And Inclusion, Stan Chu Ilo

Journal of Global Catholicism

Drawing upon the broad work of Vatican II and Pope Francis’ Evangelicum Gaudium the article proposes how a hermeneutic of multiplicity and inclusion could help hold in balance the tension between tradition and innovation, universal principles and specific contextual application for Catholicism in Africa. Among the issues addressed are cultural relativism, natural law theory, and polygamy.


The Tying Of The Ceremonial Wedding Thread: A Feminist Analysis Of “Ritual” And “Tradition” Among Syro-Malabar Catholics In India, Sonja Thomas Sep 2016

The Tying Of The Ceremonial Wedding Thread: A Feminist Analysis Of “Ritual” And “Tradition” Among Syro-Malabar Catholics In India, Sonja Thomas

Journal of Global Catholicism

This article presents a feminist analysis of patriarchy persisting in Catholicism of the Syro-Malabar rite in Kerala. The article specifically considers the impact of charismatic Catholicism on women of the Syro-Malabar rite and argues that it is important to interrogate this new face of religiosity in order to fully understand how certain rituals are allowed to change and be fluid, while others, especially concerning female sexuality, are enshrined as “tradition” which often restricts the parameters for women’s empowerment and may reinforce caste and patriarchal hegemonies preventing feminist solidarity across different religious- and caste-based groups.


A One Percent Chance: Jabotinsky, Bernadotte, And The Iron Wall Doctrine, Andrew Harman May 2016

A One Percent Chance: Jabotinsky, Bernadotte, And The Iron Wall Doctrine, Andrew Harman

War and Society (MA) Theses

This thesis is an examination of the long historical processes that have led to the Israel/Palestine conflict to the contemporary period, focusing mostly on the period before Israeli independence and the 1948 war that created the Jewish state. As Zionism emerged at the turn of the twentieth century to combat the antisemitism of Europe, practical and political facets of the movement sought immigration to Palestine, an area occupied by a large population of Arab natives. The answer to how the Zionists would achieve a Jewish state in that region, largely ignoring the indigenous population, fostered disagreements and a split ...


From Eden To Ednah - Lilith In The Garden, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2016

From Eden To Ednah - Lilith In The Garden, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

For centuries, the paradise described in Genesis 2-3 has been a formative myth in Judeo-Christian culture. The creation of the woman from Adam's rib (Genesis 2:21-23) both projected and validated women's inferior and secondary role in Western society. Therefore, the new interpretation of the Hebrew word tsela, shifting its meaning from rib to baculum (penal bone), which Alan Dundes and Ziony Zevit have proposed, is nothing short of revolutionary, shifting the mythic paradigm from an obscure derivation of woman from man, to her primary and equal role in procreative bonding.

With their insightful analyses, Zevit and Dundes ...


Folklore, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2015

Folklore, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Four interrelated qualities distinguish Jewish folklore: (a) extended history depth, (b) continuous interdependence between orality and literacy, (c) national dispersion of the nation, and (d) linguistic diversity. The Hebrew Bible, the earliest Jewish written text, contains evidence of older oral tradition. Once canonized, its ritual reading spawned new oral exetical and metaphorical oral narratives and its retelling retrieved traditions that literacy excluded. The written records of Jewish traditions of Late Antiquity also include folklore of that era. With the rise of the Diaspora Jewish communities had their own regional folklore that synthesized local with Jewish traditions and was performed in ...


Into The Red: A Look Into The Reasons Why Refugees Decide To Flee, Settle Or Migrate To And From Morocco, Fadeelah E. Holivay Dec 2014

Into The Red: A Look Into The Reasons Why Refugees Decide To Flee, Settle Or Migrate To And From Morocco, Fadeelah E. Holivay

Master's Theses

This research paper explores some of the main reasons why refugees and asylum seekers, particularly from sub-Saharan African countries, embark on a journey and decide to settle, flee or migrate to and from Morocco. Because of this phenomenon, Morocco has seen a 96% increase of refugees migrating to the borders of Morocco each year for the past three years. Many say that this astonishing increase of migrants choosing Morocco is due to such factors as: wars breaking out regionally across central African and Middle Eastern countries causing them to flee; Morocco being a culturaly diverse francophone country whose laws and ...


Jewish Folklore As Counterculture, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2014

Jewish Folklore As Counterculture, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

A literacy divide runs deep in Jewish society. The scribes, the priests, and the prophets who wrote the Bible referred to the folk on the other side of the divide as ha-'am (the people), and the sages, who taught the books that followed, called them 'olam (the world population). Both terms resonate in subsequent Jewish languages. The Yiddish word 'amkha (all the people), and its analogue in Judeo-Spanish, povlacho, have their roots in the Bible where the concept of the "people" is ubiquitous. It occurs in a variety of forms as kol ha-'am (all the people), 'am ha- ...


Soldiers Of Science--Agents Of Culture: American Archaeologists In The Office Of Strategic Services (Oss), Despina Lalaki Jan 2013

Soldiers Of Science--Agents Of Culture: American Archaeologists In The Office Of Strategic Services (Oss), Despina Lalaki

Publications and Research

"Scientificity" and appeals to political independence are invaluable tools when institutions such as the American School of Classical Studies at Athens attempt to maintain professional autonomy. Nonetheless, the cooperation of scientists and scholars with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), among them archaeologists affiliated with the American School, suggests a constitutive affinity between political and cultural leadership. This relationship is here mapped in historical terms, while, at the same time, sociological categorizations of knowledge and its employment are used in order to situate archaeologists in their broader social and political context and to evaluate their work not merely as agents ...


Review Of Rella Kushelevsky, Penalty And Temptation: Hebrew Tales In Ashkenaz, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2012

Review Of Rella Kushelevsky, Penalty And Temptation: Hebrew Tales In Ashkenaz, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Most Fabula readers do not have an easy access to Hebrew books, and therefore it would be highly advisable to have the present volume available in a more accessible language to folklore scholars around the world. The issues that Rella Kushelevsky addresses, the texts that she interprets, and the analytical method that she employs are all relevant to current folklore scholarship, and therefore they can generate constructive debates, new research directions, and formulate new questions regarding medieval folklore.


Straparola: The Revolution That Was Not, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2010

Straparola: The Revolution That Was Not, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Inspired by Ruth Bottigheimer's 2002 book, Fairy Godfather: Straparola, Venice, and the Fairy Tale Tradition, this article examines her proposition that the sixteenth-century Italian author Giovanni Francesco Straparola invented the "rise tale," in which a lowly hero or heroine climbs the socioeconomic ladder with the help of a magical benefactor. It investigates Bottigheimer's evidence for this claim as well as her argument that Straparola's literary invention was a projection of the emerging Italian middles class in the sixteenth century. Contrary to Bottigheimer's proposition, it is found that tales with similar form were told in classical Greece ...


Introduction: The European Fairy-Tale Tradition Between Orality And Literacy, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2010

Introduction: The European Fairy-Tale Tradition Between Orality And Literacy, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

In Fairy Godfather: Straparola, Venice, and the Fairy Tale Tradition Ruth Bottingheimer proposes to correct the historical narrative of the emergence of the fairy tale in Europe and to recognize "Straparola's role as an originator in the history of modern fairy tale" (Bottingheimer 2002:3). Giovanni Francesco Straparola (c. 1480-c. 1557) is not exactly an unknown figure in folktale history.1 His book, Le piacevoli notti (Pleasant nights), which appeared in English as The Nights of Straparola (Straparola [1551-1553] 1894), was long recognized as a predecessor of Giambattista Basile's Lo cunto de li cunti (The tale of tales ...


Angels, Dan Ben-Amos, Menachem Kallus Jan 2008

Angels, Dan Ben-Amos, Menachem Kallus

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Jewish tradition considers angels to be messengers of God, but holds that they must not be substituted for God. Isaiah 63:9 speaks of the angel of God's divine countenance—an important designation in Jewish mysticism that has variously been taken to mean the archangel Metatron, the Shekhinah (or immanent divine presence), or the redeeming angel and was understood by some to be an extension of God and a manifestation of the Holy Spirit. The Talmud (Hagigah 13b) declares that each divine angelic legion is formed of a million members, but that the legions themselves are numberless.


Elijah The Prophet, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2008

Elijah The Prophet, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

or Eliyohu hanovi, was the most popular biblical figure in Jewish folklore in Eastern Europe. The oral traditions of late antiquity established the narrative foundation upon which his image would develop; his name also occurs in proverbs and songs. Elijah is said to make an invisible appearance during the Passover Seder, when a special cup of wine is poured in his honor, and at circumcision ceremonies, when a special chair is reserved for him.


Talmud, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2008

Talmud, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

1. Allgemeines. In der jüd. Kultur wird der T. als Teil der mündl. Überlieferung betrachtet. Im Gegensatz zum Terminus, schriftl. Tora', mit dem die hebr. Bibel bezeichnet wird, versteht man unter, mündl. Tora' due zwischen dem 1. und dem 6./7. Jh. entstandenen literar.-religiösen Produkte: Mischna und Tosefta auf Hebräisch, Jerusalemer T. (J. T.; engl. oft Palestinian T.) und Babylon. T. (B.T.) hauptsächlich auf Aramäisch, die Bücher des → Midrasch in einer Mischung aus Hebräisch und Aramäisch1.


Stabilität, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2007

Stabilität, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Die Frage, inwieweit → Texte der Volksüberlieferung stabil oder variabel sind (→ Variabilität), zählt zu den schwierigsten theoretischen Problemen der Erzählforschung. Angesichts der vielfältigen Übermittlungsakte über Sprach-, Kultur- und Ländergrenzen sowie hist. Epochen hinweg sowie angesichts der → Kreativität der → Erzähler und Erzählerinen, von dene jede(r) einzelne die Instabilität von Erzählungen erhöht, ist die relative S. des Erzählguts ein erstaunliches Phänomen. Unter den Hypothesen, die zu ihrer Erklärung vorgebracht wurden, können vier theoretische Ansätze unterschieden werden: (1) ein nihilistischer, (2) ein gesellschaftlicher, (3_ ein psychol. und (4) ein literar. Diese Hypothesen stehen nicht notwendigerweise in Widerspruch zueinander; oft bemühen sie sich, die ...


On Demons, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2005

On Demons, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

The year was 1966. The sixties were at their height, though we did not know it then. It was two years after the Beatles had landed in New York, and a year before the Six Day War. The Democratic convention in Chicago was still two years away. A group of us, all Israelis, came to UCLA, each for his own reasons. Ruth Kartun-Blum and her husband Amos were there, and so were Ella and Dan Almagor. Professor Joseph Dan, Yossi to his friends, who was the most academically senior among us, came to teach in the Near Eastern Languages and ...


Die Zeischen Als Metasprache In Der Jüdischen Folklore, Dan Ben-Amos, Dov Noy Jan 2004

Die Zeischen Als Metasprache In Der Jüdischen Folklore, Dan Ben-Amos, Dov Noy

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Die Gematrie ist ein System zur Ver- und Entschlüsselung von Begriffen und Sinneinheiten, das auf Entsprechungen von Zahlen und Buchstaben gründet. Täuschend simpel, erhält sie ihre Komplexität durch die vielfätigen Berechnungen der Zahlenwerte, etwa indem man Zahlen mit sich selbst multipliziert oder die Buchstaben der Namen von Buchstaben miteinander kombiniert.1 Neben den verschiedenen Berechnungsmethoden tragen jedoch 2 Grundeigenschaften zu ihrer Vielschichtigkeit bei: Zum einen entfaltet die Gematre eine Eigene Interpretationsmacht, zum anderen kann sie durch die wechselseitige Übersetzbarkeit von Buchstaben und Zahlen bestehende Bedeutungen verändern. Der Prozess der Interpretation selbst wandelt auch die Funktion von Buchstaben, indem er sie ...


On The Story Of The Judeo-Spanish Folktale. Review Of Tamar Alexander-Fraser, A Beloved Friend-And-A-Half, Studies In Sephardic Folk Literature, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2003

On The Story Of The Judeo-Spanish Folktale. Review Of Tamar Alexander-Fraser, A Beloved Friend-And-A-Half, Studies In Sephardic Folk Literature, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Israel Ben Eliezer, The Baal Shem Tov, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2001

Israel Ben Eliezer, The Baal Shem Tov, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Tales of rainmaking, healing, and the magical supply of provisions are part of the biblical narrative tradition. Elijah the Prophet, and later his disciple Elisha, end drought (1 Kings 18; 2 Kings 3:14-21), offer hope and cure to barren women, revive their children when they die (1 Kings 17:17-24; 2 Kings 4:8-37), and magically provide for the needy (1 Kings 17:8-16; 2 Kings 4:1-7). Elisha, whose reputation as a healer spread beyond the boundaries of Israel, cures a leper and transfers his disease to another, morally inferior, person (2 Kings 5). Trafficking with demons and ...


Review Of Galit Hasan-Rokem (Guest Editor), Folk Culture And Popular Culture. Theory And Criticism: An Israeli Forum, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2000

Review Of Galit Hasan-Rokem (Guest Editor), Folk Culture And Popular Culture. Theory And Criticism: An Israeli Forum, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

At a time when folklorists flounder in America, they flourish in Israel. Being under the perennial threat of department closures, American folklorists have ventured into the fields of public folklore that politicians have mined. In contrast, in Israel, while making slow and modest progress at the universities, folklorists have joined forces with non-academic intellectuals and scholars in other disciplines to present before the public their latest research analyses and their explorations of new directions. Theory and Criticism ("Teoria unikoret") is one of Israel's leading forums for ideas and scholarship. It is an interdisciplinary journal that appeals to a growing ...


Review Of Hayyim Pesah And Eli Yassif, The Knight, The Demon And The Virgin: An Anthology Of Hebrew Stories From The Middle Ages, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2000

Review Of Hayyim Pesah And Eli Yassif, The Knight, The Demon And The Virgin: An Anthology Of Hebrew Stories From The Middle Ages, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

In the currently charged world of Israeli public opinion, the publication of this book is a political act. The editors have crammed well known medieval Hebrew texts into a cheap, paperback format, using paper the acidity of which is more fitting for traditional "folk books" than for typical scholarly tomes designed for the library shelf. In this book readers will encounter the classics of Jewish folk literature--such as "The Story of the Jerusalemite," "Joseph Della Reina," and principle texts from Hebrew medieval romance literature such as "The Alexander Romance," a selection of "Tales of Sendebar," and a "Hebrew Arthurian Romance ...


The Narrator As An Editor, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2000

The Narrator As An Editor, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

In 1970, when Ruth Finnegan published her ground-breaking book Oral Literature in Africa, she devoted extensive chapters to prose narratives, proverbs, riddles, and praise poetry. She did not neglect forms in African folklore that at the time were barely studied, such as children's songs and rhymes, But to the epic she allocated in her massive book of over 550 pages only two-and-a-half pages that she set aside at the conclusion of her chapter on "Poetry and Patronage" under the title "A Note on 'Epic'" (Finnegan 1970: 108-10). Probably having in mind the works of the Chadwicks and Bowra, she ...


Review Of David Assaf, The Regal Way: The Life And Times Of R. Israel Of Ruzhin, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 2000

Review Of David Assaf, The Regal Way: The Life And Times Of R. Israel Of Ruzhin, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Hagiography and history tell their stories at cross-purposes. While hagiography glorifies, even sanctifies its heroes, history strips them of their traditional greatness, seeking to bare the factual truth to which documents and testimonies attest. Nowhere is this contrast more evident than in the history and study of Hasidism. Legends (shevahim) are the building blocks of the Hasidic tradition, in which the rabbi is a leader, a miracle worker and a storyteller. He is the narrating subject, who, in turn, becomes the object of stories subsequent generations tell.


Jewish Folk Literature, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1999

Jewish Folk Literature, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

Four interrelated qualities distinguish Jewish folk literature: (a) historical depth, (b) continuous interdependence between orality and literacy, (c) national dispersion, and (d) linguistic diversity. In spite of these diverging factors, the folklore of most Jewish communities clearly shares a number of features. The Jews, as a people, maintain a collective memory that extends well into the second millennium BCE. Although literacy undoubtedly figured in the preservation of the Jewish cultural heritage to a great extent, at each period it was complemented by orality. The reciprocal relations between the two thus enlarged the thematic, formal, and social bases of Jewish folklore ...


Midrasch, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1998

Midrasch, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

1. Wortgeschichte. Der Begriff M. (bezeichnet sowohl die in den M.im (,M.-Werke') gesammelten Texte der rabbinischen Bibelexegese als auch die darin angewandte Interpretationsmethode. In der hebr. Bibel reichen die Bedeutungen des Verbs , drsch', der Wurzel für die Bildung des Substantivs M., von ,nachforschen' (lev. 10, 16; Dtn. 13,15) bis zu ,fodern' (Gen. 9,5; Dtn. 18,19) und zu ,nachforschen in Sinne von , befragen' mit Divinationsabsicht (Gen. 25,22; 2. Kön. 1,2—3; 1. Chr. 10,13).


The Name Is The Thing, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1998

The Name Is The Thing, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

During the 1996 annual meeting of the American Folklore Society (AFS), several folklorists called for the replacement of the term folklore with one that would better represent current activities in the filed and that would be free of any negative connotations. A new term would enable folklorists to center themselves in both scholarship and public affairs. In defense of folklore, the present article begins by comparing the addresses given at the celebration of the term's centennial and those delivered at its 150th anniversary. In the United States, where folklore has suffered the greatest damage, there is a correlation between ...


"A Performer-Centered Study Of Narration: A Review Article", Review Of Linda Dégh, Narratives In Society: A Performer-Centered Study Of Narration, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1998

"A Performer-Centered Study Of Narration: A Review Article", Review Of Linda Dégh, Narratives In Society: A Performer-Centered Study Of Narration, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

An Hungarian in America, Linda Dégh lives the ideal of a Malinowskian fieldworker. After immigrating to the United States and joining the faculty of the famous Folklore Institute at Indiana University in the 60s, she has become a participant in and an observer of American life, conducting research among native Midwesterners and Hungarian immigrants in towns like Bloomington, Evansville, Indiana, as well as the highly industrial Calumet Region, particularly in Gary, Indiana. Dégh arrived in the United States as a mature and accomplished scholar, after conducting extensive field research in her native Hungary, and winning the coveted Pitré Prize in ...


Review Of Gyula Paczolay, European Proverbs In 55 Languages With Equivalents In Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, Chinese And Japanes/Európai Közmondások 55 Nyelven Arab, Perzsa, Szanszkrit, Kínai És Japán Megfelelökkel, Dan Ben-Amos Jan 1997

Review Of Gyula Paczolay, European Proverbs In 55 Languages With Equivalents In Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, Chinese And Japanes/Európai Közmondások 55 Nyelven Arab, Perzsa, Szanszkrit, Kínai És Japán Megfelelökkel, Dan Ben-Amos

Departmental Papers (NELC)

"Timing is everything." A more appropriate modern proverb could not have better described the publication of the present volume Its research extends into proverb scholarship in fifty-five European and six non-European languages, its production requires no less than nine different fonts. No doubt, both stages of preparation have lasted a long time. The publisher gives just an inkling of the length of this labor of love by informing the readers that the manuscript "was closed in January 1990," and was slightly updated in 1994-95 before printing commenced. Like Jacob who anguished for seven years before he could marry his lovely ...