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Articles 1 - 30 of 2242

Full-Text Articles in Latin American Studies

Can The Use Of A Specific Species Influence Habitat Conservation? Case Study Of The Ethnobotany Of The Palm Iriartea Deltoidea And Conservation In Northwestern Ecuador, Maria Fadiman Apr 2019

Can The Use Of A Specific Species Influence Habitat Conservation? Case Study Of The Ethnobotany Of The Palm Iriartea Deltoidea And Conservation In Northwestern Ecuador, Maria Fadiman

Journal of Latin American Geography

This study explores the concept of conservation through plant use, through the palm, Iriartea deltoidea, (Arecaceae) in the rainforests of Ecuador. The study area is in the Mache-Chindul Ecological Reserve, one of the hotspots of biodiversity. Mestizos and Afro-Ecuadorians live in and around the reserve, and this paper looks at how these groups utilize the palm, mostly for construction, and how the palm’s importance relates to conservation. Particular attention here focuses on the concept of perceptions and actions in relation to protection of a valued resource. Since I. deltoidea is central for these people and intact forests provide the ...


Jlag International Editorial Board 2019-2021 Apr 2019

Jlag International Editorial Board 2019-2021

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor, Johnny Finn Apr 2019

Letter From The Editor, Johnny Finn

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Cultural And Infrastructural Impacts Of Consumerism On The New Cuba, Grace Stainback Feb 2019

Exploring The Cultural And Infrastructural Impacts Of Consumerism On The New Cuba, Grace Stainback

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

This paper seeks to explore how a shifting economic model and an increasing influx of U.S. tourism, customs, and products will impact consumerism and waste in Cuba. The paper begins by charting the rise of an unwitting conservationist culture among Cubans, built out of necessity as a response to Castro-era economic hardships. This is followed by a discussion of recent Cuban economic reforms and the rise of tourism, private enterprise and material luxury in Cuba. For the emerging autonomous economic class who have shouldered decades of scarcity, the social and economic values of consumerism far outweigh any perceived environmental ...


Hurricane Maria's Aftermath: Redefining Puerto Rico's Colonial Status, Pedro Caban Feb 2019

Hurricane Maria's Aftermath: Redefining Puerto Rico's Colonial Status, Pedro Caban

Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latino Studies Faculty Scholarship

The devastation wrought by a historic storm posed the damage already inflicted by decades of economic policies that have treated the island like a second-class territory.


A New Long Island: Demographic, Economic, And Social Transformations In New York City's Historic Suburbs, 1990 - 2016, Lawrence Cappello Jan 2019

A New Long Island: Demographic, Economic, And Social Transformations In New York City's Historic Suburbs, 1990 - 2016, Lawrence Cappello

Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies

Introduction: This report examines key socioeconomic and demographic trends in New York City and Long Island from 1990 to 2016.

Methods: The findings reported here are based on data collected by the Census Bureau IPUMS (Integrated Public Use Microdata Series), available at http://www.usa.ipums.org for the corresponding years and the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey.

Results: The Long Island suburbs have grown significantly more diverse in the early twenty-first century. The total number of non-Hispanic Whites in both Nassau and Suffolk Counties is in steady decline, as is their share of Long Island’s total ...


Substance Use And Romantic Attachment Among African American And Black Caribbean Adult Males, Shaun Faith Hutton Jan 2019

Substance Use And Romantic Attachment Among African American And Black Caribbean Adult Males, Shaun Faith Hutton

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Individuals from unfavorable environments tend to carry maladaptive patterns of attachment from infancy through adulthood. Empirically, these styles have been shown to be intergenerational. Substance use disorder has been linked to maladaptive patterns of attachment among adults. However, limited data exists regarding this phenomenon with African American and Black Caribbean males. Bowlby's attachment theory and Ainsworth's patterns of attachment were the theoretical frameworks applied to this quantitative study. The purpose was to determine the effect of ethnicity and alcohol use on anxious and avoidant attachment patterns among a sample of 151 adult males. Using the Experience in Close ...


Spanish California Missions: An Economic Success, Lynne Doti Jan 2019

Spanish California Missions: An Economic Success, Lynne Doti

Economics Faculty Articles and Research

Starting in 1769, the Spanish established missions in Alta California. A small band of soldiers, Franciscan priests and volunteers walked from Baja California to San Francisco Bay through semi-arid, scarcely populated land stopping occasionally to establish a location for a religious community. Usually two priests, a few soldiers and a few Indians from Baja California settled at the spot. Their only resources for starting an economy were themselves, a few animals and a nearby source of water. They attracted the local Indians to join the community and perform the work necessary to create a strong economy. After only a few ...


Seeing Green Through The Eyes Of National Oil Companies: A Comparison Of Gazprom’S And Petrobras’ Environmental Sustainability, Jesse A. Thompson Dec 2018

Seeing Green Through The Eyes Of National Oil Companies: A Comparison Of Gazprom’S And Petrobras’ Environmental Sustainability, Jesse A. Thompson

Channels: Where Disciplines Meet

The case studies of Gazprom and Petrobras are used to compare the interaction and relation between national oil companies, the state government and environmental policy. Specifically the paper seeks to address how the policy and interaction between the state government and the NOCs affect sustainable development of the preservation of the environment. The methodology used is set out by senior research international scholar, Eduardo Viola. He examines the state government’s position on the climate through three criteria: reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, domestic climate policies and the state’s international standing on the issue. The United Nations Framework ...


A Call To Peace: How Third-Party Actors And Frameworks Impacted The Peace Processes Of Northern Ireland And Colombia, Esther K. Holm Dec 2018

A Call To Peace: How Third-Party Actors And Frameworks Impacted The Peace Processes Of Northern Ireland And Colombia, Esther K. Holm

Channels: Where Disciplines Meet

Northern Ireland and Colombia both serve as excellent case studies on how the end of the Cold War impacted peace processes. Both countries experienced conflicts that begun in the Cold War era and underwent peace processes in the post-Cold War era. As such, studying them reveals characteristics of post-Cold War peace processes. For example, both Northern Ireland and Colombia showcase the important role that third-party actors play in modern conflict mediation. Both countries benefited greatly from mediation conducted by international organization, other countries, and individuals. Furthermore, both countries demonstrate the importance of frameworks in any successful peace negotiation. This paper ...


Colombia's Veneer Of Aid: Hidden Motives, Voiceless Victims, And The Us Trafficking In Persons Report, Michael Middleton Dec 2018

Colombia's Veneer Of Aid: Hidden Motives, Voiceless Victims, And The Us Trafficking In Persons Report, Michael Middleton

Master's Theses

This study analyzes the Trafficking in Persons report, an annual report from the United States State Department that ranks each country on its ability to meet “minimum standards” for combating human trafficking. Using Colombia as a case study, this paper heavily critiques the traditional human trafficking discourse by applying a transnational intersectional feminist framework to explore the context and development of human trafficking in Colombia. I will first look at the legal framework for anti-trafficking policy in Colombia with a policy analysis of the laws and legislation that arose after the ratification of the Palermo Protocol in 2000. The strengths ...


Understanding Women´S Empowerment Through Indigenous Epistemologies: An Alternative Approach To Development?, Melissa Klara Vonimary Søvik Dec 2018

Understanding Women´S Empowerment Through Indigenous Epistemologies: An Alternative Approach To Development?, Melissa Klara Vonimary Søvik

Master's Theses

Development projects that aim at empowering women have gained popularity among many actors and institutions in the field of development for their capacity to contribute in development and economic growth. Nevertheless, the concept of empowerment has also gained critics from various stands claiming it to be too technical, and not taking into account social relations in contexts where other epistemologies exist. It is necessary to adapt these kind of terms taking into account local world-views. This thesis explores the dynamics of women's empowerment in Tzeltal Mayan communities in Chiapas, Mexico. It aims at understanding the way empowerment is manifested ...


The Poetry Of "Build The Wall", Reece Jones Dec 2018

The Poetry Of "Build The Wall", Reece Jones

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


The Border Wall And Beyond: Political And Environmental Perspectives, Margaret Wilder Dec 2018

The Border Wall And Beyond: Political And Environmental Perspectives, Margaret Wilder

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Petro-Geographies And Hydrocarbon Realities In Latin America, Matthew Fry, Elvin Delgado Dec 2018

Petro-Geographies And Hydrocarbon Realities In Latin America, Matthew Fry, Elvin Delgado

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor, Christopher Gaffney Dec 2018

Letter From The Editor, Christopher Gaffney

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Ecuador: 20 Años De Correspondencias Históricas, Políticas Y Normativas Entre Sociedad Civil Y Estado, Juan Auz, Sofía Jarrín Msc. Dec 2018

Ecuador: 20 Años De Correspondencias Históricas, Políticas Y Normativas Entre Sociedad Civil Y Estado, Juan Auz, Sofía Jarrín Msc.

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

La investigación centra su análisis en la (de) construcción de las dinámicas inter-relacionales del Estado ecuatoriano y la Sociedad Civil en estos últimos 20 años, considerando un corte temporal de dos bloques históricos, que incluyen cambios significativos de las figuras de representación política ecuatoriana y las transformaciones sustanciales del entorno jurídico e institucional del estado. El primer bloque (1996 a 2005), se relaciona a un periodo neoliberal que consolidó una débil y reducida estructura institucional enfocada en proteger los intereses de las elites económicas. El segundo (2006-2017), plantea un cambio sustantivo de las figuras de representación tradicionales y el ascenso ...


“La Forma Sigue A La Función”. Organizaciones Parciales De Movimientos Sociales Para La Realización Prefigurativa Del Cambio, Ruth Simsa, Marion Totter Dec 2018

“La Forma Sigue A La Función”. Organizaciones Parciales De Movimientos Sociales Para La Realización Prefigurativa Del Cambio, Ruth Simsa, Marion Totter

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

El propósito de este artículo es analizar cómo los activistas del movimiento español de protesta 15M conceptualizan las prácticas organizativas en relación con los objetivos del movimiento. Ubicamos el concepto “organización parcial” en el contexto de la política de prefiguración. Empíricamente, el trabajo se basa en la investigación de campo realizada en España durante tres años (2014-2016), que incluyó 36 entrevistas cualitativas y observaciones participantes. Los hallazgos indican que los activistas consideran, de un lado, a las prácticas organizacionales como medios cruciales para lograr el cambio social y, de otro lado, a las organizaciones como organizaciones parciales, específicamente, para lograr ...


Sostenibilidad Integrada De Las Organizaciones De La Sociedad Civil En Ecuador: Entre La Supervivencia Y La Extinción, Eulalia Flor, Jairo Rivera, Wilson Araque Dec 2018

Sostenibilidad Integrada De Las Organizaciones De La Sociedad Civil En Ecuador: Entre La Supervivencia Y La Extinción, Eulalia Flor, Jairo Rivera, Wilson Araque

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Este documento analiza la sostenibilidad de las organizaciones de la sociedad civil (OSC) en Ecuador desde un enfoque integrado. Actualmente las OSC en el país afrontan desafíos relacionados con cambios normativos que regulan su actividad, menor flujo de recursos desde la cooperación internacional -al ser considerado, el Ecuador, un país de ingreso medio-, y, también, la tendencia a un estado de inercia organizacional. La metodología del estudio incluye un levantamiento de información primaria proveniente de la captura y análisis de discursos de los dirigentes de las OSC y de la identificación y análisis de buenas prácticas para la sostenibilidad integrada ...


Análisis Cualitativo De Las Organizaciones De La Sociedad Civil En La Realidad Mexicana, Paola García Escorza, Ilse María Fajardo Guerrero Dec 2018

Análisis Cualitativo De Las Organizaciones De La Sociedad Civil En La Realidad Mexicana, Paola García Escorza, Ilse María Fajardo Guerrero

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Las organizaciones de la sociedad civil en México atraviesan con mayor frecuencia por diversos retos políticos, económicos y sociales, por lo que es necesario generar adecuaciones en sus estrategias para que se fortalezcan y logren un mayor alcance en el cumplimiento de su misión. El presente documento tiene como objetivo rescatar los principales resultados de dos investigaciones de corte cualitativo, exponiendo los aspectos internos estudiados y analizados que ejemplifican los desafíos que las OSC tienen ante una realidad exigente que demanda un fortalecimiento continuo. Finalmente, este artículo muestra una perspectiva que abre a nuevas propuestas de investigación, análisis e intervención ...


Auto-Organización De Los Trabajadores: Las Empresas Recuperadas En Argentina, Nathalie Colasanti, Rocco Frondizi, Laura González-Ortiz, Marco Meneguzzo Dec 2018

Auto-Organización De Los Trabajadores: Las Empresas Recuperadas En Argentina, Nathalie Colasanti, Rocco Frondizi, Laura González-Ortiz, Marco Meneguzzo

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el fenómeno de las Empresas Recuperadas por sus Trabajadores (ERT) en Argentina, el cual ha ocurrido a partir de 2001 en adelante, a fin de responder la siguiente pregunta de investigación: «Como cooperativas de trabajadores, ¿cómo son las ERT particulares?». Para llevar a cabo este objetivo, el diseño de investigación inició con una revisión de la literatura acerca de las cooperativas de trabajadores, y la comparación con teorías específicas sobre ERT. Posteriormente, se utilizó una metodología de investigación cualitativa, con el análisis de dos casos de estudio referentes a las principales ERT en ...


Bureaucracy, Civil Society And Ideology In Latin America, Grazielli Faria Zimmer Santos, Paula Chies Schommer Dec 2018

Bureaucracy, Civil Society And Ideology In Latin America, Grazielli Faria Zimmer Santos, Paula Chies Schommer

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

This essay analyzes how political and ideological changes affect public bureaucracy and its relationship with civil society regarding different strategies of openness to participation. We suggest a theoretical-conceptual framework to discuss aspects of the political situation in Latin America. First, we discuss the changes that occurred over time, in the state-civil society relationship, which strengthen the latter and amplify a discourse for more participatory democracy. The focus is the role of the public bureaucracy in mediating the relations among the several actors in society, and we examine the way different political and ideological strands influence how open to participation the ...


Democracy And Civil Society In Latin America And The Caribbean In A Time Of Change, Susan Appe, Daniel Barragán, Anabel Cruz Dec 2018

Democracy And Civil Society In Latin America And The Caribbean In A Time Of Change, Susan Appe, Daniel Barragán, Anabel Cruz

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


Editorial, Nadia Rubaii, Santiago Leyva Dec 2018

Editorial, Nadia Rubaii, Santiago Leyva

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


Content, . . Dec 2018

Content, . .

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Other Slavery: The Uncovered Story Of Indian Enslavement In America, Emily A. Willard Dec 2018

Book Review: The Other Slavery: The Uncovered Story Of Indian Enslavement In America, Emily A. Willard

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Divided Agencies: Internal Strife In The Fight Against Castro, Stephanie R. Schmidt Dec 2018

Divided Agencies: Internal Strife In The Fight Against Castro, Stephanie R. Schmidt

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines how the Central Intelligence Agency and the U.S. State Department differed in their approaches to dealing with the Castro regime from 1959 through the aftermath of the Bay of Pigs Invasion. Using declassified documents from the CIA and State Department, I argue that the approaches of the CIA in dealing with the Castro regime were more aggressive than the approaches of the U.S. State Department. Many of the primary sources used in this work were accessed in the CIA electronic reading room and on the office of the historian website. The office of the historian ...


‘Haciendas And Plantations’: History And Limitations Of A 60-Year-Old Taxonomy, Marc Edelman Dec 2018

‘Haciendas And Plantations’: History And Limitations Of A 60-Year-Old Taxonomy, Marc Edelman

Publications and Research

In 1957, Eric R Wolf and Sidney W Mintz published ‘Haciendas and Plantations in Middle America and the Antilles’ in the Jamaican journal Social and Economic Studies. This article discusses the production of the Wolf and Mintz article, its analytical framework and the theoretical tensions it contains, and its subsequent influence, mainly though not exclusively on anthropological and historical scholarship about large landed properties in Latin America and the Caribbean. ‘Haciendas and Plantations’ appeared at a time when anthropologists such as Elman Service, Charles Wagley, and Marvin Harris were trying to make sense of agrarian Latin America by developing typologies ...


Violencia Sexual: Un Caso Para La Relajación De Los Controles Fronterizos, Robin Perkins Nov 2018

Violencia Sexual: Un Caso Para La Relajación De Los Controles Fronterizos, Robin Perkins

PURE Insights

Este ensayo investigará la violencia sexual y el acoso sexual que experimentan los inmigrantes centroamericanos en sus viajes a través de México hasta los Estados Unidos. Investigaré la manera en que las políticas contribuyen al nivel alto de violencia contra mujeres. Intentaré establecer paralelismos con otros ejemplos de gran migración de personas en cual experimentan niveles altos de violencia sexual. Por fin, sugeriré que los gobiernos de México y los Estados Unidos tienen que relajar el control de las fronteras para disminuir el nivel de violencia sexual que ocurre en el proceso de inmigración de personas indocumentadas. Dada la complejidad ...


Ethnic Diversity And Suburban Social Cohesion, Victor M. Ortiz Nov 2018

Ethnic Diversity And Suburban Social Cohesion, Victor M. Ortiz

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.