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Design For Living Complexities, Peter J. Taylor Jan 2019

Design For Living Complexities, Peter J. Taylor

Working Papers in Critical, Creative and Reflective Practice

Lectures from a 12-session course that addresses the intersection of design with critical thinking. Design in this course means intentionality in construction, which involves a range of materials, a sequence of steps, and principles that inform the choice of materials and the steps. Design also always involves putting people, as well as materials, into place. This happens by working with the known properties of people, as well as the known properties of material, and trying out new arrangements to work around their constraints (at least temporarily). Critical thinking, as I define it, involves understanding ideas and practices better when we ...


Imaginative Geographies: Visualising The Poetics Of History And Space, Clive Barstow Mar 2018

Imaginative Geographies: Visualising The Poetics Of History And Space, Clive Barstow

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

This essay presents a visual dialogue about our relationship to place. I adopt Henri Lefebvre’s model of cumulative trialectics (1991) as a new thirdspace that more accurately represents the complexities of modern day geographies and hybrid communities by extending the binary analysis of the past and present and beyond the real and the imagined. Trialectics expand our understanding beyond physical geographies by suggesting a cerebral space that searches for new meaning and is therefore more radically open to additional otherness and toward a continuing expansion of [human] spatial knowledge and imagination.

Julia Lossau describes thirdspace as a space that ...


Micro, Mega And Macro: Designing Landscapes Of Urban Change, Gina Ford Jan 2016

Micro, Mega And Macro: Designing Landscapes Of Urban Change, Gina Ford

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities across the United States, in an effort to maintain competitiveness and address broader economic, ecological or social issues, are investing in innovative planning and design. This paper provides an overview of three recent U.S.-based projects representing a range of scales where landscape is leading this charge as a powerful urban catalyst – from the two-acre temporary landscape dubbed the Lawn on D in Downtown Boston, to the newly opened Chicago Riverwalk expansion, to a regional strategy to address land loss on the Gulf Coast. In each case, the urban context, the planning and design strategy and the project ...


Osnabrück’S “Green Fingers” – Adjusting Priorities To Sustain And Develop Greenways And Landscapes In A, Pascal Gehle, Dirk Manzke, Hubertus Von Dressler Jan 2016

Osnabrück’S “Green Fingers” – Adjusting Priorities To Sustain And Develop Greenways And Landscapes In A, Pascal Gehle, Dirk Manzke, Hubertus Von Dressler

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Osnabrück’s so called “Green Fingers” – eleven landscape corridors reaching from the inner city into the region – structure the regional metropolis’ urban pattern. They supply the city centre with fresh air, serve as recreational destinations for the city’s inhabitants and provide space for close to the city agriculture and forestry. First defined in 1926, the Green Fingers have since been part of various planning documents and programs. However, these open spaces have been diminished bit by bit over time. The city’s growing need for land to build on had its impact just like the development of major traffic ...


Urban Gleaning: Promoting Food Security Through Opportunistic Design Strategies, Carey Clouse, Caryn Brause Jan 2016

Urban Gleaning: Promoting Food Security Through Opportunistic Design Strategies, Carey Clouse, Caryn Brause

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In an effort to improve food literacy, food security, and food access, concerned

citizens have, over the course of the past several decades, developed new types

of landscapes for urban gleaning. While these design interventions vary in

scope and approach, they share a common fundamental desire: to invite others

to join in a harvest picked from the city. This paper addresses the broad context

of urban gleaning through the specific lens of two case studies in

Northampton, MA, and suggests that these types of nontraditional agricultural

sites have the potential to radically restructure cityscapes. Moreover, while

urban gleaning efforts rarely ...


Landscape Constrains: Opportunities For Creative And Sustainable Landscape Design, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Barão, Catarina Viana Jan 2016

Landscape Constrains: Opportunities For Creative And Sustainable Landscape Design, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Barão, Catarina Viana

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper aims to demonstrate the potential of “landscape constrains” as significant assets in landscape planning and design. Constrains underlie, among other factors, landscape character, therefore being crucial to its assessment and for creative and sustainable design. Identifying constrains enables to understand land degradation and, therefore, searching strategies for land improvement starting from the components that actually exist, instead of trying to induce new features considered to be more sustainable. Involving thoroughly “constrains” into design can contribute and strengthen landscape resilience since it accepts that negative assets can evolve towards good landscape, therefore contribute to better design. This is to ...


Flexible Space Design Of Community Greenways In Temperate Zone Of Asia -- Beijing Case Study, Zhengwang Wu, Yuting Han Jan 2016

Flexible Space Design Of Community Greenways In Temperate Zone Of Asia -- Beijing Case Study, Zhengwang Wu, Yuting Han

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Heavy traffic, poor air environment and fast-paced city lifestyles are a growing major problem for residents in Beijing. Beijing is a place for people‘s daily work but almost nobody use the word liveable to describe it. In view of the common diseases of urbanization above, it is time to use greenways planning to improve Beijing living environment.

According to China's major cities traffic analysis report of AutoNavi in 2015, the Beijingers possess strong time-saving consciousness. (AutoNavi Traffic Big Data, 2016). At the same time, it is concluded from the questionnaire investigated by the Sina microblog in 2012, the ...


Blue Tree, Meet Green Grid, Michael Robinson, Kinder Baumgardner, Amna Ansari, Natalia Beard Jan 2016

Blue Tree, Meet Green Grid, Michael Robinson, Kinder Baumgardner, Amna Ansari, Natalia Beard

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The history of the City of Houston can be told through a few major disruptive yet transformative moments, from the building of the Ship Channel to the approval of Bayou Greenways, and now the Houston Area Greenways planning project will act as a further catalyst and opportunity to direct the vision of the future Houston. More than simply trails projects, Bayou Greenways and Houston Area Greenways have the potential to fundamentally direct the development of the urban fabrics of the city. A more integrated and comprehensive transportation system can transition dependence away from the automobile towards a more carbon-neutral way ...


Planning And Design Of Urban Green Networks In Stockholm, Na Xiu, Maria Ignatieva, Cecil Konijnendijk Van Den Bosch Jan 2016

Planning And Design Of Urban Green Networks In Stockholm, Na Xiu, Maria Ignatieva, Cecil Konijnendijk Van Den Bosch

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green and blue spaces, together with other land use changes are determining factors of habitat fragmentation, biodiversity loss and decline of ecosystem services in urbanized areas (Adriaensen et al., 2003; Collinge, 1996; Kong et al., 2010; Teng et al., 2011). In attempt to tackle the issue, network connectivity is regarded as a suitable approach from an ecological (CookVan Lier, 1994) and social perspective (Teng et al., 2011). Landscape-scale connectivity is normally built on a ‘patch-corridor-matrix’ model to describe structural or functional continuity in a spatial and time configuration (FormanGodron, 1986). A graph-theoretic approach therefore can provide an operable way of ...


The Degree Of Visibility As A Tool To Assess And Design Of A Visual Corridor, Urszula Forczek-Brataniec Jan 2016

The Degree Of Visibility As A Tool To Assess And Design Of A Visual Corridor, Urszula Forczek-Brataniec

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Visual analysis has permanently entered the procedures related to design and management of spatial resources. It is strengthened in the form of instructions and textbooks and hence has become a vital source of information for more conscious design of spatial effects. The basis of the visual analyses is the range of the view - called viewshed. It used to be marked out with a ruler and a topographic map (Felleman, 1986) while currently this process is conducted with digital tools (Bishop, 2007). In this way we gain information regarding the range of the view from a particular site and hence the ...


Green For Commons: Paths Of Development In Hungary, Germany And Georgia, Viktória Csizmadiáné Czuppon, Nino Chachava, Gudrun Nahrendorf, Andrea Malerba, Andrea Pizzato Jan 2016

Green For Commons: Paths Of Development In Hungary, Germany And Georgia, Viktória Csizmadiáné Czuppon, Nino Chachava, Gudrun Nahrendorf, Andrea Malerba, Andrea Pizzato

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the past few years public awareness of green spaces in cities has evolved. Rapid urbanization, population growth, expansion of industrial plants, among others, have led to the occupation of land by buildings, roads, contemporary constructions for different purposes. More of the left green spaces are progressively taken away, showing little consideration to the value of human life, the air quality and nature.

Our cities have increasingly become central in the environmental protectionrelated processes, as they represent a focal point of sustainability, and the political and economic strategies of the countries. However, the process of transforming our cities into sustainable ...


Greenway Design For Electric Bicycles In Asia: A Beijing Case Study, Zhengwang Wu, Yuting Han Jan 2016

Greenway Design For Electric Bicycles In Asia: A Beijing Case Study, Zhengwang Wu, Yuting Han

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The cases studied here are two greenways that have been complied recently in Wanshoulu community of Beijing, China. This paper examines allows the use of electric bicycles in community greenways, and how to be better for electric bicycle passage in the community greenway design. The two community greenways are both along the north and south sides of the Jingou River, and there are totally 8 residential districts connected to 2 bus stations and 1 subway station in the surrounding (Figure 1).


Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang Jan 2016

Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are networks of land containing linear elements that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use (Ahern, 1995). The greenway movement is a new concept that integrates many established landscape architectural, planning and design ideas, concepts, and implementation techniques. (Fabos, 1995).

This paper is primarily focused on pressing challenges in the greenway movement taking place in many parts of China that are out of cultural and historic contexts, resulting in diminishing cultural identities and values. It attempts to re-examine the greenway planning strategies ...


Contemplative Greenway Design For The Health And Well-Being Of City Inhabitants, Agnieszka Olszewska Jan 2016

Contemplative Greenway Design For The Health And Well-Being Of City Inhabitants, Agnieszka Olszewska

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper presents the findings of the PhD research titled Contemplative Values of Urban Parks and Gardens, which can be applied to urban greenway design. We consider the network of urban green spaces a multifunctional structure that can not only serve environmental and aesthetical values, but also directly influence people´s mental health and well-being. Urban green infrastructure has a significant potential to serve as a place for the passive recreation that involves re-connecting with nature through contemplation. We made the concept of contemplative landscapes operational by identifying physical attributes of such spaces.

The study revealed seven key-categories of landscape ...


Greenway Planning; Developing A Network Methodology For Jordan, Anne A. Gharaibeh, Haneen A. Sawalqah Jan 2016

Greenway Planning; Developing A Network Methodology For Jordan, Anne A. Gharaibeh, Haneen A. Sawalqah

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway network planning has become an acknowledged tool for allocating land for recreational purposes. Within developing countries such as Jordan, urban laws lack implementation plans and/or policies regarding green open spaces, ecological networks and greenway planning. A review of the currently effective planning policies and city mandates of Jordan reveals that the concept of preserving land for environmental and recreational purposes is addressed (Laws no: 79/15/F, 79/19/F, 79/23/F, 79/52/F, 79/58/F, 1966), yet no strategies are present to instrument land acquisition other than land subdivision laws (Law no: 12/6 ...


Improving Urban Greenways Using James Rose’S Theories Of Integration, Claudia Stoll Jan 2016

Improving Urban Greenways Using James Rose’S Theories Of Integration, Claudia Stoll

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

After an insightful discussion with my peers regarding the theories of landscape urbanism, we concluded that many of the concepts are not new, but were perhaps extrapolated from landscape design principles well known to us. Throughout the discussion, I could not help but think back on my previous research about the mid-century modern landscape architect, James Rose, who’s rebellious designs and intriguing publications spoke to larger concepts than purely form and design, unapologetically. His theories, although laced with humor and sarcasm, have many relevant applications in designing urban parks in cities today. His theories on the integration of indoors ...


Green Structure Under Pressure – About Knowledge In Planning Processes. Case Study From Oslo, Kine Halvorsen Thorén, Inger-Lise Saglie Jan 2013

Green Structure Under Pressure – About Knowledge In Planning Processes. Case Study From Oslo, Kine Halvorsen Thorén, Inger-Lise Saglie

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Compact city development has obtained a hegemonic status as a model for sustainable urban development in the Norwegian context as well as internationally. However, cities are also dependent on the natural environment to function properly, according to the report ” Norway´s Environmental Targets” (Norwegian Ministry of the Environment, 2012). A sound principle of sustainable urban developments is consequently to take care of continuous green structure with green corridors that link urban districts and green spaces with surrounding countryside. Such areas are important for the health and life quality for the urban population, but the authorities also underline the areas’ important ...


Revisiting Urban Brownfield Regeneration And Beyond Within The Lens Of Green Infrastructure-Based Design And Management, Adnan Kaplan, Koray Velibeyoğlu, Çiğdem Kılıçaslan, Merve Özeren, İrem İnce Jan 2013

Revisiting Urban Brownfield Regeneration And Beyond Within The Lens Of Green Infrastructure-Based Design And Management, Adnan Kaplan, Koray Velibeyoğlu, Çiğdem Kılıçaslan, Merve Özeren, İrem İnce

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The typical showcase of urban transformation practice can be experienced mostly in the core or close proximity of downtowns as either replacing a series of existing vacant or deserted lots along with exacerbated natural system or retrofitting built-up areas and housing affordability. In this way, regardless of their size but their linkage with nearby land uses and down to the urban core, brownfields necessitate urban regeneration practice whereas charging the city with discriminatory land use policies as well as a multitude of social and ecological problems. Urban brownfields consisting of natural assets -including river, wetlands, delta etc.-, post-industrial facilities and ...


Exploring The Significance Of Greenway Concept, To Assist Landscape Planning And Design: Contributions To Theory From African, Asian And European Case Studies, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Dias, Catarina Viana Jan 2013

Exploring The Significance Of Greenway Concept, To Assist Landscape Planning And Design: Contributions To Theory From African, Asian And European Case Studies, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Dias, Catarina Viana

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The need for a reliable theoretical framework has been identified as unavoidable means to validate strategies and problem solve solutions in landscape architecture. The identification of the international greenway movement as well as its significance in promoting better planning and design (Fabos, 2010; Fabos and Ryan, 2006) enriched significantly the theory to support greenway planning and design. However, the magnitude achieved by the greenway movement across the world at different scales and contexts, deserves a deeper research on the topic. To illustrate this, it is worth mentioning the increasing popularity of green-infrastructures in European Union both in the academic and ...


The Chinese Characteristics In The Planning And Design Of Guangdong Greenway, He Fang, Suo Xiu, Li Hui Jan 2013

The Chinese Characteristics In The Planning And Design Of Guangdong Greenway, He Fang, Suo Xiu, Li Hui

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As a typical example of greenway networks in China and Asia, Guangdong Greenway Network is of epoch-making and practical significance. The practice of Pearl River Delta Regional Greenway is instructive for other developing countries and densely-populated urban areas to build their greenway networks. The experience of Guangdong Greenway Network gives new Chinese characteristics to the concept and practice of greenway.

China has a profound history of greenways. Even before the Qin Dynasty was established, there already existed a great number of prototypes of greenway. These greenways were born in ancient era where the original productivity remained at a low level ...


Designing And Building The Wellington Greenway: Project History And Future Plans, Jp Shadley Fasla Jan 2013

Designing And Building The Wellington Greenway: Project History And Future Plans, Jp Shadley Fasla

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Wellington Greenway is an emerging and nearly-completed 3.5 mile long multi-use trail, which connects beyond its ends to more than 50 miles of other existing and proposed future trails. The Wellington Greenway is an urban greenway; the path traverses six abutting properties located along the Mystic and Malden Rivers in the densely populated cities of Malden and Medford, Massachusetts. Work has been ongoing for over four decades, and while not measured in many miles, much progress has been made. The project is complicated in both technical and political spheres, as the Greenway passes through a mix of public ...


The Mill River Greenway Initiative: Community-Based, Long-Term Greenway Planning And Design In Williamsburg And Northampton, Massachusetts, Reid Bertone-Johnson, Sophia Geller, John Sinton, Neal Bastek Jan 2013

The Mill River Greenway Initiative: Community-Based, Long-Term Greenway Planning And Design In Williamsburg And Northampton, Massachusetts, Reid Bertone-Johnson, Sophia Geller, John Sinton, Neal Bastek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Puritans first settled Northampton, Massachusetts in the mid-17th century with a vision in mind – that of a well-ordered community in which the Mill River would play an integral part in their lives. So long as the community hewed to the right path, the river would accommodate the community’s needs. Primary among those needs was waterpower, so the anchor sites for development along the river were the falls. Over the next 200 years, as the Puritan mind metamorphosed into an American industrial mentality, the Mill River’s residents created an industrial necklace with mills and factories decorating a ribbon of ...


Greenways: An American Model Takes Root In Belarus, Valeria Klitsounova Jan 2013

Greenways: An American Model Takes Root In Belarus, Valeria Klitsounova

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The paper is dedicated to developing Greenways in Belarus – the country with transition economy, different mentality and great resources for tourism. Greenways concept is understood in various countries differently: sometimes further and broader then in the U.S., sometimes narrower and more functional. It depends a lot on natural, political, economic environment in the countries and initiatives of local communities. In Belarus Greenways is considered as a model which provides not only access to the nature but rather acts as an instrument for economic development of rural areas based on sustainability principles. Greenways also support development of civil society in ...


Connecting The “Big Easy”: Lessons From The People Surrounding The Lafitte Greenway In New Orleans, Louisiana, Philip Koske Jan 2013

Connecting The “Big Easy”: Lessons From The People Surrounding The Lafitte Greenway In New Orleans, Louisiana, Philip Koske

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The 3.1-mile (4.99-kilometer) linear Lafitte Greenway, one of the first revitalization projects since Hurricane Katrina (2005), is designed to become a vibrant bicycle and pedestrian transportation corridor linking users to the world-famous French Quarter and central business district. As an emerging city, New Orleans generally developed sections of swamp land starting near the French Quarter and growing outward in most directions. The resulting transect of neighborhoods with access to the Lafitte Greenway begins with areas associated with early development, such as Fauborg Tremé and Bayou St. John, to 20th Century development found within the Navarre and Mid City ...


Synergistic Design: Detailing The Benefits Of A Green Infrastructure Approach In A Western Australian Landscape, Simon Kilbane, Richard Weller, Richard Hobbs Jan 2013

Synergistic Design: Detailing The Benefits Of A Green Infrastructure Approach In A Western Australian Landscape, Simon Kilbane, Richard Weller, Richard Hobbs

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The National Green Network (NGN) (Kilbane 2013) is a continental-scale Green Infrastructure (GI) research project that spans the Australian continent (Fig. 1). The research intent is to create an ecologically robust and interconnected protected area network design to enhance the resilience of the nation’s landscape, biota and peoples. It prescribes a framework of ecological corridors and vegetated linkages as a structure for ecological connectivity and to meet protected area policy targets defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD, United Nations Environment Program 2010) and the National Reserve System (NRS, Commonwealth of Australia & National Reserve System Task Group 2009 ...


New Villages: Planning And Design Of Compact Growth Centers Shaped By Natural, Cultural And Recreational Greenways, Peter Flinker Fasla Jan 2013

New Villages: Planning And Design Of Compact Growth Centers Shaped By Natural, Cultural And Recreational Greenways, Peter Flinker Fasla

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The last several decades have seen the emergence of numerous planning strategies and implementation techniques to preserve open space and promote Smart Growth and Sustainable Development at the local level:

 Greenway networks that preserve intact ecosystems.

 Green Infrastructure systems that protect floodplains, water supplies and other assets.

 Recreational greenways that link key locations with hiking, biking and other trail networks.

 Agricultural preserves that protect local food supplies.

 Cultural landscape protection that preserves visual and historic character.

 Revitalization of Main Streets and suburban commercial strips.

 Open Space Subdivisions/ Conservation Development.

 Masterplanned Growth Centers implemented with Form-Based Codes

While many cities and ...


Retrofitting Cities: A Case Study In Baltimore - Exploring New Trends In Urban Greenways, Jim Brown Jan 2013

Retrofitting Cities: A Case Study In Baltimore - Exploring New Trends In Urban Greenways, Jim Brown

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Landscape Architecture is presented with a unique design challenge in the contemporary city as ideas of green infrastructure and sustainability are gaining significance, and the emerging role of greenways’ importance in shaping future urban form. There is significant discussion of the role of urban greenways along natural corridors providing recreation and environmental services in cities (Gobster &Westphal et al., 2004) as well as the role of greenways in creating synergy on differing scales addressing sustainability and connectivity in urban areas (Sharma, 2010). Additionally there has been an emerging discussion of how Detroit and other “blighted” or “legacy” rust-belt cities are ...


Relation Of Tourism And Competitiveness From The Point Of View Of Landscape Planning In The Börzsöny And The Hanság, Zsuzsanna Mikhazi, Filepné Krisztina Kovács Jan 2010

Relation Of Tourism And Competitiveness From The Point Of View Of Landscape Planning In The Börzsöny And The Hanság, Zsuzsanna Mikhazi, Filepné Krisztina Kovács

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The nowadays so fashionable concept of competitiveness can be considered in the case of rural areas and landscapes as the ability of the stakeholders of the area for utilizing their landscape resources for enhancing life quality ensuring the requirements of sustainability. On the other hand nowadays tourism is the most characteristic landscape forming factor, the beautiful landscape is the most important tourist attraction. We are looking for the regional contexts of the tourism and the competitiveness in this study.


Green Infrastructure And Ecological Networks: Teaching Landscape Planning In Collaboration With Municipalities In Helsinki Region Two Examples Of Vantaa And Sipoo, Kati Susi-Wolff, Virva Kajamaa, Kaisa Laine, Sirkku Huisko Jan 2010

Green Infrastructure And Ecological Networks: Teaching Landscape Planning In Collaboration With Municipalities In Helsinki Region Two Examples Of Vantaa And Sipoo, Kati Susi-Wolff, Virva Kajamaa, Kaisa Laine, Sirkku Huisko

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Bologna Declaration, a new European two-cycle degree system was adopted in Finnish universities in 2005 (The Bologna Process...2010). The W5W2 project (2007-2009) supported the implementation of the Bologna process in the Finnish Universities in order to strengthen their the positions in the European Higher Education Area and to strengthen quality assurance in universities and polytechnics (Five Years, Two Degrees…2010). The project has concentrated on cumulative learning. Knowledge should accumulate in the long-term memory during the studies. In landscape planning education the aim has been to pedagogically support this cumulative process.

Since 2005 there has been a co-operation ...


Water Greenways. A Case Study In Milano North Area: “V’Arco Villoresi” (Villoresi Gate - Bow), Elvira Pensa Jan 2010

Water Greenways. A Case Study In Milano North Area: “V’Arco Villoresi” (Villoresi Gate - Bow), Elvira Pensa

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The northern part of Milan, even if it is formed of many medium and small Municipalities, is considered a big metropolitan area. It’s uncontained growth, has caused intense soil consumption and territory capillary fragmentation. Fortunately, natural and agricultural areas survive thanks to some political regulations, on different scales, that have limited damage and protected part of the most significant territory. Most of these are parks, historical agricultural landscape, historical hydraulic system works and architectural emergences. Currently, the principal requisites are, first, to preserve the residual areas, avoiding speculation, and, then, to reconnect a large system that is separated by ...