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Full-Text Articles in Nature and Society Relations

The Evolution Of Norms And Their Influence On Performance Among Self-Governing Irrigation Systems In The Southwestern United States, Kelsey C. Cody Apr 2019

The Evolution Of Norms And Their Influence On Performance Among Self-Governing Irrigation Systems In The Southwestern United States, Kelsey C. Cody

Environmental Studies Graduate Contributions

Irrigation is important for global food supply and is vulnerable to cli- mate change. Internalized cultural norms are important for the performance of Common Pool Resource (CPR) regimes such as irrigation systems, but much is unknown about the role of norms in shaping irrigation performance. This paper applies multi-level selection (MLS) theory and CPR theory to a stratified, semi- random sample of 71 irrigation systems of distinct cultural origins in the Upper Rio Grande Basin of the United States to test hypotheses related to the role of norms in irrigation system form and function. Results show that internalized norms of ...


Culture As Sustainability: The Case Study Of Govardhan Ecovillage And Vedic Culture In India, Danielle Lella Bartolone Feb 2019

Culture As Sustainability: The Case Study Of Govardhan Ecovillage And Vedic Culture In India, Danielle Lella Bartolone

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This project investigates the relationship between sustainability and Vedic culture of India. The ethnographic research at Govardhan Ecovillage seeks to understand how sustainability is embedded in culture. I employ grounded theory for my research methodology which reveals three key themes explaining fundamental and interrelated dimensions of Vedic culture as sustainability.


The International Whaling Commission—Beyond Whaling, Andrew J. Wright, Mark P. Simmonds, Barbara Galletti Vernazzani Jan 2019

The International Whaling Commission—Beyond Whaling, Andrew J. Wright, Mark P. Simmonds, Barbara Galletti Vernazzani

Mark P. Simmonds, OBE

Since its establishment in 1946 as the international body intended to manage whaling, the International Whaling Commission (IWC) has expanded its areas of interest to ensure the wider conservation of whales. Several key conservation topics have been taken forward under its auspices including climate change, chemical and noise pollution, marine debris and whale watching. Work on each of these topics at the IWC has grown substantially since the 1990s and remains ongoing. Important developments were the establishment of the Standing Working Group on Environmental Concerns in 1996 and the IWC’s Conservation Committee in 2003. Trying to address this diverse ...


Introduction To The Green Belt Of Auroville: A Detailed Description On How Its Actual Practices Contribute To The Un Sdgs, Boglárka Nagy, Zita Szabó Jan 2019

Introduction To The Green Belt Of Auroville: A Detailed Description On How Its Actual Practices Contribute To The Un Sdgs, Boglárka Nagy, Zita Szabó

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The South-Indian city of Auroville was founded in 1968 with the ambitious plan to become an utopist city for 50,000 habitants. The once heavily eroded land was transformed to a lush green area thanks to the past decades of landscape restoration work. The city aims to create a new type of human habitat where the residents live in harmony and close relation with nature. As part of its master plan a 2.5 km wide Green Belt is envisioned around the city zone that would contain organic farms and restored forest that provides timber and refilled underground water resources ...


Perceptions Of Vulnerability To Flooding, Hurricanes, And Climate Change On Grand Isle, Louisiana’S Only Inhabited Barrier Island, Lauren Miller Jan 2019

Perceptions Of Vulnerability To Flooding, Hurricanes, And Climate Change On Grand Isle, Louisiana’S Only Inhabited Barrier Island, Lauren Miller

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

This study used in-depth interviews of permanent residents on Grand Isle, Louisiana, a remote barrier island, to better understand their perceptions of structural flood measures, non-structural responses to flooding and hurricanes, and perceptions of vulnerability to flooding, hurricanes, and climate change on a remote barrier island-Grand Isle, Louisiana. Residents' perceptions regarding the various structural measures implemented by the federal, state, and local government appeared mixed. Non-structural responses to flooding risks implemented at the household, community, state, and federal level continue to strengthen resiliency on Grand Isle. According to interviewees, aspects of environmental, rural, and economic vulnerability on Grand Isle impact ...


Sea Squad, Liam Geary Baulch Sep 2018

Sea Squad, Liam Geary Baulch

The Goose

The Sea Squad is a band of cheerleaders against climate change. Taking action as a team in formation, they gather momentum, inviting all people to cheer with them, mimicking the infinitely expandable nature of the seas' molecular structure. The work was developed and performed as a bilingual project at Est-Nord-Est in Saint-Jean-Port-Joli, Quebec, Canada, and has since been performed and exhibited internationally. The following poems are some of the chants that Sea Squad use to get a crowd cheering together against climate change.


We Refugees, Again, Aaron Linas Sep 2018

We Refugees, Again, Aaron Linas

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Dramatic shifts in climate have generated a new form of global displacement. These ‘climate migrants’ challenge the notion of state sovereignty by introducing a new paradigm for global responsibility. I seek to address this emerging demand of sovereignty by outlining the normative mechanisms of state institutions when encountering displaced persons. The extreme cases of disappearing island nations creates stateless population incompatible with standard liberal values of humanitarianism and border security. My claim is that current normative institutions and principles of assistance to migrating people are insufficient to manage the international crisis of climate change. To be able to aid migrants ...


Marine Research In Focus: Counteracting The ‘Myth Of Dry Feet’ In Dutch Planning For Flood Defense, Kristen Grant Aug 2018

Marine Research In Focus: Counteracting The ‘Myth Of Dry Feet’ In Dutch Planning For Flood Defense, Kristen Grant

Maine Sea Grant Publications

Coastal residents and towns need strategies to address climate change and its effects on sea-level rise, shoreline erosion, and coastal flooding. Extreme weather events can cause millions of dollars in damage and threaten coastal ecosystems and local economies. The Building a Resilient Coast project seeks to provide stakeholders with easy access to information to facilitate planning for climate and hazards impacts.


Living With Loss In The Anthropocene, Jaynetha Robinson Jun 2018

Living With Loss In The Anthropocene, Jaynetha Robinson

MAIS Projects and Theses

Heatedly contested at various points in its development, climate change discourse is at once a political and social issue, an environmental and ecological issue, and a physical and mental health issue. Less attention has been paid to the latter. During her work with the terminally ill, Kübler-Ross (2005) outlined 5 stages of grief: anger, denial, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. That outline is now seen as analogous to the feelings that we may have towards issues of climate change, e.g., the real and perceived loss of ecosystem services, as well as uncertainty in regard to the future of humanity. With ...


While Glaciers Slept: Being Human In A Time Of Climate Change By M Jackson, Stephen Siperstein Feb 2018

While Glaciers Slept: Being Human In A Time Of Climate Change By M Jackson, Stephen Siperstein

The Goose

Review of M. Jackson's While Glaciers Slept: Being Human in a Time of Climate Change.


Mitigating Projected Impacts Of Climate Change And Building Resiliency Through Permaculture: A Community ‘Bee Inspired Gardens’ Movement In The Desert Southwest, Usa, Roslynn Brain, Jeffrey Adams, Jeremy Lynch Dec 2017

Mitigating Projected Impacts Of Climate Change And Building Resiliency Through Permaculture: A Community ‘Bee Inspired Gardens’ Movement In The Desert Southwest, Usa, Roslynn Brain, Jeffrey Adams, Jeremy Lynch

Environment and Society Faculty Publications

Permaculture, an integrative design process creating resilient and productive landscapes and communities, can serve as a useful mitigation tool for projected climate change impacts. In the United States, the desert southwest town of Moab, Utah, has employed permaculture design in a community initiative called ‘Bee Inspired Gardens.’ This initiative has harnessed social capital to create resilient landscapes demonstrating pollinator health, water conservation, and perennial food and forage systems. Bee Inspired Gardens have been designed at a University, middle school, charter school, Bureau of Land Management property, hotel, public park, environmental education non-profit, and more. Community members are now harvesting fruit ...


Assessing The Impacts Of Climate And Land Use And Land Cover Change On The Freshwater Availability In The Brahmaputra River Basin, M. S. Pervez, G. M. Henebry Oct 2016

Assessing The Impacts Of Climate And Land Use And Land Cover Change On The Freshwater Availability In The Brahmaputra River Basin, M. S. Pervez, G. M. Henebry

Geoffrey Henebry

Study Region: Brahmaputra River basin in South Asia.

Study Focus: The Soil and Water Assessment Tool was used to evaluate sensitivities and patterns in freshwater availability due to projected climate and land use changes in the Brahmaputra basin. The daily observed discharge at Bahadurabad station in Bangladesh was used to calibrate and validate the model and analyze uncertainties with a sequential uncertainty fitting algorithm. The sensitivities and impacts of projected climate and land use changes on basin hydrological components were simulated for the A1B and A2 scenarios and analyzed relative to a baseline scenario of 1988–2004.

New hydrological insights ...


The Plus Nines Of Climate Change, Lucy Burnett Sep 2016

The Plus Nines Of Climate Change, Lucy Burnett

The Goose

Poetry by Lucy Burnett


Rapid Museum, Gary Barwin Sep 2016

Rapid Museum, Gary Barwin

The Goose

Poetry by Gary Barwin


The International Whaling Commission—Beyond Whaling, Andrew J. Wright, Mark P. Simmonds, Barbara Galletti Vernazzani Aug 2016

The International Whaling Commission—Beyond Whaling, Andrew J. Wright, Mark P. Simmonds, Barbara Galletti Vernazzani

Wildlife Population Management Collection

Since its establishment in 1946 as the international body intended to manage whaling, the International Whaling Commission (IWC) has expanded its areas of interest to ensure the wider conservation of whales. Several key conservation topics have been taken forward under its auspices including climate change, chemical and noise pollution, marine debris and whale watching. Work on each of these topics at the IWC has grown substantially since the 1990s and remains ongoing. Important developments were the establishment of the Standing Working Group on Environmental Concerns in 1996 and the IWC’s Conservation Committee in 2003. Trying to address this diverse ...


Blackcap, Seán Lysaght Mar 2016

Blackcap, Seán Lysaght

The Goose

a poem


Millets From The Margins: Value, Knowledge And The Subaltern Practice Of Biodiversity In Uttarakhand, India, Priya R. Chandrasekaran Feb 2016

Millets From The Margins: Value, Knowledge And The Subaltern Practice Of Biodiversity In Uttarakhand, India, Priya R. Chandrasekaran

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Millets from the Margins: Value, Knowledge and the Subaltern Practice of Biodiversity in Uttarakhand, India analyzes what is at stake for small-scale, predominantly women, farmers as local varieties of rainfed food grains such as finger millet are being newly commodified and valued as a biodiversity resource. With support from a Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant from the National Science Foundation, I conducted seventeen months of ethnographic research with farmers, activists, scientists, NGO leaders, government officials, transnational functionaries and agribusiness representatives in segregated yet interconnected realms ranging from a village in the Himalayan foothills to transnational institutions in Rome.

This work demonstrates ...


Iceland's Environmental Saga: Motivations For Sustainable Action And Belief, Katharine V. Gregory Jan 2016

Iceland's Environmental Saga: Motivations For Sustainable Action And Belief, Katharine V. Gregory

Undergraduate Honors Theses

During the past several decades, a global discussion has grown about sustainability and how it can provide solutions to the world’s mounting environmental problems. One way to make sustainable implementation more successful is to examine the specific motivators for the environmental decisions of individuals and how they vary from place to place. In this thesis, I explore how environmental incentives that originate at different scales affect individuals, and how the individual’s specific cultural experience mediates those incentives. Iceland provides an interesting case study for examining sustainability motivators for individuals because its extensive development of renewable energy resources seems ...


Enhancement Of The Role Of Spatial Planning In Climate Change Adaptation By Long Term Modelling Of Land Use Change In Hungary, Krisztián Schneller, Erzsébet Vajdovich Visy, Vilja Vaszócsik Jan 2016

Enhancement Of The Role Of Spatial Planning In Climate Change Adaptation By Long Term Modelling Of Land Use Change In Hungary, Krisztián Schneller, Erzsébet Vajdovich Visy, Vilja Vaszócsik

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The purposeful formation of land use significantly contributes to the moderation of the adverse impact of climate change. Since spatial planning plays a fundamental role in the formation of land use, therefore it is essential to integrate climate adaptation goals into the planning process (Biesbroek, G.R. et al., 2009). Spatial plans primarily assist the achievement of adaptation purposes by the delimitation and protection (primarily against urban sprawl) of areas (as zones, such as ecological corridors) which are important in adaptation and risk prevention. In Hungary at present the spatial planning system already contribute to the above mentioned objectives, but ...


Sustainable Urban Planning And Climate Change Scenarios: An Investigation Of Staten Island's Urban Planning, Melissa Wagner, Lauren E. Gentile, Joanna Merson, Elizabeth Wentz Jan 2016

Sustainable Urban Planning And Climate Change Scenarios: An Investigation Of Staten Island's Urban Planning, Melissa Wagner, Lauren E. Gentile, Joanna Merson, Elizabeth Wentz

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Recent events like Hurricane Sandy, which struck Staten Island, NY on October 29, 2012, serve as a costly reminder of how unsustainable designs and mounting social pressures can contribute to extensive structural damage and subsequent financial cost, from storm surge inundation and coastal flooding. It is unlikely that Hurricane Sandy was a one-time event but rather a warning of what can occur over the next century without proper mitigation strategies. Based on climate change projections, such extreme events are expected to become more frequent and intense due to warmer sea surface temperatures and rising sea levels (Emmanual, 2005; Kirtman et ...


Role Of Dignity In Rural Natural Resource Governance, Tora Johnson Dec 2015

Role Of Dignity In Rural Natural Resource Governance, Tora Johnson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Dignity is “an internal state of peace that comes with the recognition and acceptance of the value and vulnerability of all living things” (Hicks, 2011, p. 1). Dignity is a crucial element in effective governance arrangements. This study applies dignity theory, and related theories of natural resource governance and environmental communication, to understand and overcome barriers to effective governance of common pool resources in rural communities. Chapter 1 reviews relevant literature on natural resource governance and develops a theoretical framework for dignity. Chapter 2 applies dignity theory to a contentious comprehensive planning process in a small Maine town in order ...


Editor's Notebook, Lisa Szabo-Jones, Paul Huebener Sep 2015

Editor's Notebook, Lisa Szabo-Jones, Paul Huebener

The Goose

Editorial introduction to The Goose Volume 14, Issue 1 (2015).


Facing The Change: Personal Encounters With Global Warming Edited By Steven Pavlos Holmes, Geoff R. Martin Jul 2015

Facing The Change: Personal Encounters With Global Warming Edited By Steven Pavlos Holmes, Geoff R. Martin

The Goose

Geoff R. Martin reviews Facing the Change: Personal Encounters with Global Warming.


Environment And Human Health In The Anthropocene: Interaction Between Natural And Social Systems In Coastal Tanzania, Frederick A. Armah Jul 2015

Environment And Human Health In The Anthropocene: Interaction Between Natural And Social Systems In Coastal Tanzania, Frederick A. Armah

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Coastal Tanzania, a region of historical and geopolitical importance in the western Indian Ocean, is a place where the problem of rapid environmental change is inextricably entwined with the challenges of development. In this region, although the fingerprint of the anthropocene has been discernible over the last century, there is paucity of research on how the population has interacted with the changing environment to generate disparities in perceptions of climate change and human health outcomes. The objectives of this thesis are four-fold: to assess barriers to climate change adaptation based on context (place), to explain group disparities in barriers to ...


Reading Wordsworth In The Tar Sands, Stephen S. Collis Feb 2015

Reading Wordsworth In The Tar Sands, Stephen S. Collis

The Goose

A report, in the form of a long poem, on the author's participation in the 5th annual Tar Sands Healing Walk, organized by the Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation, in Fort McMurray Alberta.


Assessing The Impacts Of Climate And Land Use And Land Cover Change On The Freshwater Availability In The Brahmaputra River Basin, M. S. Pervez, G. M. Henebry Oct 2014

Assessing The Impacts Of Climate And Land Use And Land Cover Change On The Freshwater Availability In The Brahmaputra River Basin, M. S. Pervez, G. M. Henebry

Natural Resource Management Faculty Publications

Study Region: Brahmaputra River basin in South Asia.

Study Focus: The Soil and Water Assessment Tool was used to evaluate sensitivities and patterns in freshwater availability due to projected climate and land use changes in the Brahmaputra basin. The daily observed discharge at Bahadurabad station in Bangladesh was used to calibrate and validate the model and analyze uncertainties with a sequential uncertainty fitting algorithm. The sensitivities and impacts of projected climate and land use changes on basin hydrological components were simulated for the A1B and A2 scenarios and analyzed relative to a baseline scenario of 1988–2004.

New hydrological insights ...


(In)Famous Cover Tunes Of 2014, Simon Orpana Oct 2014

(In)Famous Cover Tunes Of 2014, Simon Orpana

The Goose

A cartoon and commentary by Simon Orpana.


Socio-Ecological Vulnerability To Climate Change In South Florida, Emily Eisenhauer Mar 2014

Socio-Ecological Vulnerability To Climate Change In South Florida, Emily Eisenhauer

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Awareness of extreme high tide flooding in coastal communities has been increasing in recent years, reflecting growing concern over accelerated sea level rise. As a low-lying, urban coastal community with high value real estate, Miami often tops the rankings of cities worldwide in terms of vulnerability to sea level rise. Understanding perceptions of these changes and how communities are dealing with the impacts reveals much about vulnerability to climate change and the challenges of adaptation.

This empirical study uses an innovative mixed-methods approach that combines ethnographic observations of high tide flooding, qualitative interviews and analysis of tidal data to reveal ...


Monteverde: Ecology And Conservation Of A Tropical Cloud Forest - 2014 Updated Chapters, Nalini M. Nadkarni, Nathaniel T. Wheelwright Jan 2014

Monteverde: Ecology And Conservation Of A Tropical Cloud Forest - 2014 Updated Chapters, Nalini M. Nadkarni, Nathaniel T. Wheelwright

Bowdoin Scholars' Bookshelf

The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve has captured the worldwide attention of biologists, conservationists, and ecologists and has been the setting for extensive investigation over the past 40 years. Roughly 40,000 ecotourists visit the Cloud Forest each year, and it is often considered the archetypal high-altitude rain forest. “Monteverde: Ecology and Conservation of a Tropical Cloud Forest”, edited by Nalini Nadkarni and Nathaniel T. Wheelwright (Oxford University Press, 2000 and Bowdoin’s Scholar’s Bookshelf. Book 1 ), features synthetic chapters and specific accounts written by more than 100 biologist and local residents, presenting in a single volume everything known in ...


Disaster Law And Policy, Daniel Farber, Jim Chen, Robert Verchick, Lisa Grow Sun Sep 2013

Disaster Law And Policy, Daniel Farber, Jim Chen, Robert Verchick, Lisa Grow Sun

Daniel A Farber

A unique and timely text in a burgeoning field, the Third Edition of Disaster Law and Policy takes a broad perspective that looks at the legal and political effects of disasters across the United States and around the world. Authors Daniel A. Farber, James Ming Chen, Robert R.M. Verchick, and Lisa Grow Sun examine the roles of lawyers and government in disaster prevention, emergency response, victim compensation, insurance, and rebuilding strategies. Materials include government reports, legal decisions, and readings drawn from a variety of disciplines. Memorable case studies and table-top exercises are added to help students evaluate and apply ...