Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nature and Society Relations Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2004

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Nature and Society Relations

Cooperative Conservation - Interagency Volunteer Program Quarterly Progress Report: Period Ending December 31, 2004, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2004

Cooperative Conservation - Interagency Volunteer Program Quarterly Progress Report: Period Ending December 31, 2004, Margaret N. Rees

Get Outdoors Nevada

Collaboration with Interagency Team

During the third quarter, the interagency volunteer team and university representatives have held several meetings to continue progress on the Interagency Volunteer Program (IVP). At the beginning of October, candidates for the project manager position were interviewed by the university search committee, followed by interviews with the interagency team on October 6, 2004. After two finalists were identified, reference checks were made and the university and team recommended to the federal managers that Ms. Donna Grady be hired. Ms. Grady’s first day on the job was December 1, 2004. In the interim, Nancy Flagg, Public ...


Systematics Of Dirca (Thymelaeaceae) Based On Its Sequences And Issr Polymorphisms, James A. Schrader, William R. Graves Dec 2004

Systematics Of Dirca (Thymelaeaceae) Based On Its Sequences And Issr Polymorphisms, James A. Schrader, William R. Graves

Horticulture Publications

The genus Dirca consists of three disjunct species of shrubs. Dirca palustris is found in the eastern United States and adjacent Canada; D, occidcntahs is Umited to six counties near the San Francisco Bay in California; and the recently discovered D, mcxicana is known from one isolated population in northeastern Mexico. The three species have been described and classified according to morphological characters, but the morphological evidence does not provide a clear assessment of the relationships among the species. Morphologically D. mexicana most closely resembles D. occidenlalis., but known biogeographical trends raise doubt regarding how the three species are interrelated ...


The Genius Of The Nation Versus The Gene-Tech Of The Nation: Science, Identity, And Gmo Debates In Hungary, Krista Harper Oct 2004

The Genius Of The Nation Versus The Gene-Tech Of The Nation: Science, Identity, And Gmo Debates In Hungary, Krista Harper

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

Introduction In the late 1990s, Hungarian politicians, environmentalists, and agricultural lobbyists weighed the pros and cons of allowing genetically modified (GM) food and seeds to enter the Hungarian market. Starting around 1994, a small group of Hungarian environmentalists began researching GM issues. Initially, they feared that as a post-socialist country seeking foreign investment, Hungary would become prey to multinational corporations seeking an ‘emerging market’ with a lax regulatory environment. The terms of the debate were reframed over time, notably following 1998, when a number of European Union member states banned the imports of GM foods and when Hungarian expatriate geneticist ...


Cooperative Conservation - Interagency Volunteer Program Quarterly Progress Report: Period Ending September 30, 2004, Margaret N. Rees Sep 2004

Cooperative Conservation - Interagency Volunteer Program Quarterly Progress Report: Period Ending September 30, 2004, Margaret N. Rees

Get Outdoors Nevada

Collaboration with Interagency Team

Although the task agreement formally commenced June 30, 2004, the agreement was not fully executed by both parties until July 29, 2004. In the first three months of this agreement, UNLV representatives have met with or communicated via email with the Interagency Volunteer Team on numerous occasions. At the first meeting on July 13, 2004, Government Technical Representative Bobbie Antonich and UNLV Public Lands Initiative Director Nancy Flagg met with the interagency team to discuss the overall goals for the Interagency Volunteer Program (IVP). The team was brought up-to-date on the status of the task agreement ...


“Sea Grant International: Final Report To The Department Of State, Oceans Environmental And International Scientific Affairs Initiative Grant Iaa#S-Oes-03-Iaa-001, Matthew Wilburn King Jul 2004

“Sea Grant International: Final Report To The Department Of State, Oceans Environmental And International Scientific Affairs Initiative Grant Iaa#S-Oes-03-Iaa-001, Matthew Wilburn King

Matthew Wilburn King PhD

In April 2002, NOAA Research’s Office of International Activities (IA) submitted a proposal to the U.S. Department of State’s (DOS) Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs Initiative (OESI) to assess the feasibility of adapting the Sea Grant model of linked applied research, extension and education to Latin America and the Wider Caribbean region. The overall goal was to determine whether or not university-based programs with these three features could serve as an appropriate institutional mechanism to address critical marine and coastal resource issues in a developing country context. The initiative was catalyzed as a result of ...


Sea Grant Internacional Informe Final Al Departamento Del Estado, Matthew Wilburn King Jul 2004

Sea Grant Internacional Informe Final Al Departamento Del Estado, Matthew Wilburn King

Matthew Wilburn King PhD

En Abril del año 2002, la oficina de Actividades Internacionales de NOAA Research (IA) sometió una propuesta a la iniciativa de Océanos y Asuntos Internacionales del Medioambiente y las Ciencias (Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs Initiative), mejor conocido como “OESI”, para explorar la posibilidad de adaptar el modelo Sea Grant de investigación aplicada, extensión, y educación en América Latina y el Caribe. El propósito de la investigación era de determinar si programas basados en Universidades con estos tres componentes puedan servir como el mecanismo institucional apropiado para resolver los problemas de manejo de recursos marinos y costeros en ...


Establishing Long Term Coastal And Marine Programs In Latin America And The Caribbean Pilot Studies Of Ecuador And The Gulf Of Fonseca Integrating Education, Applied Research And Extension Background Paper No. 2, Matthew Wilburn King Jun 2004

Establishing Long Term Coastal And Marine Programs In Latin America And The Caribbean Pilot Studies Of Ecuador And The Gulf Of Fonseca Integrating Education, Applied Research And Extension Background Paper No. 2, Matthew Wilburn King

Matthew Wilburn King PhD

This document is the second of two background papers that have been prepared to explore the feasibility of adapting the Sea Grant model of University-based education, research and extension to countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. It is part of an initiative directed by the NOAA/OAR Office of International Activities and the University of Rhode Island Coastal Resources Center and Sea Grant Program. Financial support comes from the U.S. State Department’s Ocean, Environment and Science Initiative, and the NOAA National Sea Grant Office. The initiative was catalyzed by expressions of interest from government and university officials ...


सुन्दरबंस की मात्स्यिकी- समस्याएं और प्रत्याशाएं. (Sundaraban Ki Matasyaki- Samasyayen Evam Pratyashyen), Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Jun 2004

सुन्दरबंस की मात्स्यिकी- समस्याएं और प्रत्याशाएं. (Sundaraban Ki Matasyaki- Samasyayen Evam Pratyashyen), Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

This paper gives an insight into the fisheries of Sundarban delta region of west Bengal India.


The Sea Grant Approach To Coastal And Marine Research, Extension, And Education A Review Of International Experience And Opportunities: Background Paper No. 1, Matthew Wilburn King May 2004

The Sea Grant Approach To Coastal And Marine Research, Extension, And Education A Review Of International Experience And Opportunities: Background Paper No. 1, Matthew Wilburn King

Matthew Wilburn King PhD

This paper describes the defining features of the U.S. Sea Grant College Program, summarizes the experience of Sea Grant with international partnerships, reviews applications of Sea Grant type programs in other countries, and explores other similar program experience with linked education, research and extension. This paper is part of a NOAA initiative to identify strategies for adapting the Sea Grant model to selected developing nations and to create a global network of institutions dedicated to discovering and applying the knowledge, values and technologies needed for more sustainable forms of coastal development and conservation.


Frontline Demonstration On Sesame In West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Apr 2004

Frontline Demonstration On Sesame In West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

Sesame is one of the important oilseeds crop in India, which plays a major role in supplementing the income of small and marginal farmers of Sunderbans. One of the major constraints of traditional Sesame farming is low productivity of local varieties. To replace this anomaly, Krishi Vigyan Kendra of CIFRI has conducted frontline demonstration at adopted farmers’ field in four development blocks viz. Kakdwip, Namkhana, Patharpratima and Kulpi of Sunderbans, West Bengal. Cultivation of high yielding varieties of Sesame viz. Rama (Improved Selection-5) and Tilottma (B-67) shows percentage increase of 46.58 and 35.86 respectively over local check. The ...


A Network Of Centers Of Applied Research, Extension And Education For Coastal Ecosystems In Latin America And The Caribbean: A Concept Paper, Matthew Wilburn King Mar 2004

A Network Of Centers Of Applied Research, Extension And Education For Coastal Ecosystems In Latin America And The Caribbean: A Concept Paper, Matthew Wilburn King

Matthew Wilburn King PhD

This phase of the Sea Grant International program has provided an extensive foundation of research and analysis by which to assess the feasibility of adapting the Sea Grant model to an international context. From this experience we propose to establish a university-based network in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) that integrates activities in extension, public education and applied research to address the issues posed by the accelerating decline of the region’s coastal and marine ecosystems. This decline of coastal ecosystems has major implications for the health, livelihoods and quality of life in the LAC region. At stake are ...


Agroforestry, Elephants, And Tigers: Balancing Conservation Theory And Practice In Human-Dominated Landscapes Of Southeast Asia, Philip J. Nyhus, R L. Tilson Jan 2004

Agroforestry, Elephants, And Tigers: Balancing Conservation Theory And Practice In Human-Dominated Landscapes Of Southeast Asia, Philip J. Nyhus, R L. Tilson

Faculty Scholarship

Large mammal populations theoretically are best conserved in landscapes where large protected areas are surrounded by buffer zones, connected by corridors, and integrated into a greater ecosystem. Multi-use buffer zones, including those containing complex agroforestry systems, are promoted as one strategy to provide both economic benefits to people and conservation benefits to wildlife. We use the island of Sumatra, Indonesia to explore the benefits and limitations of this strategy. We conclude that conservation benefits are accrued by expanding the habitat available for large mammals but more attention needs to be focused on how to reduce and respond to human–wildlife ...


International Environmental Justice: Building The Natural Assets Of The World’S Poor, Krista Harper, S. Ravi Rajan Jan 2004

International Environmental Justice: Building The Natural Assets Of The World’S Poor, Krista Harper, S. Ravi Rajan

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

In recent years, vibrant social movements have emerged across the world to fight for environmental justice –- for more equitable access to natural resources and environmental quality, including clean air and water. In seeking to build community rights to natural assets, these initiatives seek to advance simultaneously the goals of environmental protection and poverty reduction. This paper sketches the contours of struggles for environmental justice within and among countries, and illustrates with examples primarily drawn from countries of the global South and the former Soviet bloc.

This working paper is also accessible at the folllowing URL:

http://www.peri.umass.edu ...


Impact Study On Introduction Of Green Gram (Vigna Radiata) Cultivation In Sundarbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Jan 2004

Impact Study On Introduction Of Green Gram (Vigna Radiata) Cultivation In Sundarbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

Impact study on introduction of Moong (Vigna radiata) cultivation in rice fallow cropping system of Sundarbans has been done to know the socio -economic impact of Summer Moong cultivation over the populace of Sundarbans after 10 years of start of FLD on Moong in this area. The study covered randomly selected 60 farmer beneficiaries under FLD of three blocks using Before-After analysis through PRA, formal household survey and focused group discussion. The triangulation of data has been done through using all three methods. The result of this study shows that the number of farmers having net income above Rs. 1000-2000 ...


Evaluation Of Frontline Demonstration On Mustard In Sunderbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Jan 2004

Evaluation Of Frontline Demonstration On Mustard In Sunderbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

Mustard is one of the most important oi lseeds crop in West Bengal, which plays a major role in supplementing the income of small and marginal farmers of Sunderbans. One of the major constraints of traditional mustard farming is low productivity of local varieties. To replace this anomaly, Krishi Vigyan Kendra of CIFRI has conducted frontline demonstration at adopted farmers’ field in four development blocks viz. Kakdwip, Namkhana, Patharpratima and Kulpi of Sunderbans, West Bengal. Cultivation of high yielding varieties of mustard viz. Bhagirathi (RW-351), Sanjukta asech (4C-6-3/II), Jhumka (NC-1), Seeta (B-85) and Binoy (B-9) shows percentage increase of ...


Characterizing Human-Tiger Conflict In Sumatra, Indonesia: Implications For Conservation, Philip J. Nyhus, Ronald Tilson Jan 2004

Characterizing Human-Tiger Conflict In Sumatra, Indonesia: Implications For Conservation, Philip J. Nyhus, Ronald Tilson

Philip J. Nyhus

Human-tiger conflict occurs in Indonesia but there is little recent information about the scope of the problem, and adequate policies are not in place to address the conflict. Published and unpublished reports of conflict between Sumatran tigers Panthera tigris sumatrae, people and their livestock were collected and analysed to characterize the extent, distribution and impact of human-tiger actively conflict on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Reportedly, between 1978 and 1997, tigers killed 146 people and injured 30, and killed at least 870 livestock. Conflict was less common in protected areas and more common in inter- mediate disturbance areas such as ...


Characterizing Human-Tiger Conflict In Sumatra, Indonesia: Implications For Conservation, Philip J. Nyhus, Ronald Tilson Jan 2004

Characterizing Human-Tiger Conflict In Sumatra, Indonesia: Implications For Conservation, Philip J. Nyhus, Ronald Tilson

Faculty Scholarship

Human-tiger conflict occurs in Indonesia but there is little recent information about the scope of the problem, and adequate policies are not in place to address the conflict. Published and unpublished reports of conflict between Sumatran tigers Panthera tigris sumatrae, people and their livestock were collected and analysed to characterize the extent, distribution and impact of human-tiger actively conflict on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Reportedly, between 1978 and 1997, tigers killed 146 people and injured 30, and killed at least 870 livestock. Conflict was less common in protected areas and more common in inter- mediate disturbance areas such as ...


The Genius Of The Nation Versus The Gene-Tech Of The Nation: Science, Identity, And Gmo Debates In Hungary, Krista Harper Jan 2004

The Genius Of The Nation Versus The Gene-Tech Of The Nation: Science, Identity, And Gmo Debates In Hungary, Krista Harper

Krista M. Harper

Introduction In the late 1990s, Hungarian politicians, environmentalists, and agricultural lobbyists weighed the pros and cons of allowing genetically modified (GM) food and seeds to enter the Hungarian market. Starting around 1994, a small group of Hungarian environmentalists began researching GM issues. Initially, they feared that as a post-socialist country seeking foreign investment, Hungary would become prey to multinational corporations seeking an ‘emerging market’ with a lax regulatory environment. The terms of the debate were reframed over time, notably following 1998, when a number of European Union member states banned the imports of GM foods and when Hungarian expatriate geneticist ...


An American At Westonbirt: My Garden At The 2005 Westonbirt Festival Of The Garden, Miriam Engler Jan 2004

An American At Westonbirt: My Garden At The 2005 Westonbirt Festival Of The Garden, Miriam Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

Garden festivals first captured my attention 10 years ago with their intense, poetic images and previously unseen garden forms-sprouting woven willow fences; beach chairs and sun collectors strewn about a sunflower field; floating islands of exotic plants surrounded by glass bottles; a caged frozen bird hanging on a dead white tree; blue glass gravel beads. Like poetry, these temporary garden creations are succinct and intense, distilling an idea into a calculated, original, formal composition. Instead of words, they comprise selective plants, materials, and patterns.


Shifts In Environmental Governance In Canada: How Are Citizen Environment Groups To Respond?, Christopher Gore, Beth Savan, Alexis Morgan Dec 2003

Shifts In Environmental Governance In Canada: How Are Citizen Environment Groups To Respond?, Christopher Gore, Beth Savan, Alexis Morgan

Christopher D Gore

No abstract provided.


Agroforestry, Elephants, And Tigers: Balancing Conservation Theory And Practice In Human-Dominated Landscapes Of Southeast Asia, Philip J. Nyhus, R L. Tilson Dec 2003

Agroforestry, Elephants, And Tigers: Balancing Conservation Theory And Practice In Human-Dominated Landscapes Of Southeast Asia, Philip J. Nyhus, R L. Tilson

Philip J. Nyhus

Large mammal populations theoretically are best conserved in landscapes where large protected areas are surrounded by buffer zones, connected by corridors, and integrated into a greater ecosystem. Multi-use buffer zones, including those containing complex agroforestry systems, are promoted as one strategy to provide both economic benefits to people and conservation benefits to wildlife. We use the island of Sumatra, Indonesia to explore the benefits and limitations of this strategy. We conclude that conservation benefits are accrued by expanding the habitat available for large mammals but more attention needs to be focused on how to reduce and respond to human–wildlife ...


Trade Traps: Why Eu-Acp Economic Partnership Agreements Pose A Threat To Africa’S Development., Cosmas Milton Obote Ochieng Ochieng, Tom Sharman Dec 2003

Trade Traps: Why Eu-Acp Economic Partnership Agreements Pose A Threat To Africa’S Development., Cosmas Milton Obote Ochieng Ochieng, Tom Sharman

Cosmas Milton Obote Ochieng Ochieng

No abstract provided.