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Full-Text Articles in Nature and Society Relations

Unraveling The Ethnoterritorial Fix In The Peruvian Amazon: Indigenous Livelihoods And Resource Management After Communal Land Titling (1980s-2016), Ramzi M. Tubbeh, Karl S. Zimmerer Aug 2019

Unraveling The Ethnoterritorial Fix In The Peruvian Amazon: Indigenous Livelihoods And Resource Management After Communal Land Titling (1980s-2016), Ramzi M. Tubbeh, Karl S. Zimmerer

Journal of Latin American Geography

Indigenous rights organizations in Latin America consider territorial control the paramount condition for the reproduction of indigenous peoples’ cultures, the security of their livelihoods, and the pursuit of autonomy. In the past several decades Latin American governments have increasingly recognized indigenous peoples’ rights to cultural difference and channeled their territorial claims by titling their lands as common property. This “territorial turn” is supported by narratives about indigenous peoples as stewards of the environment. The geographic areas associated with indigenous land titling have increased since the late 1980s. This article presents research based on a case study of present-day livelihoods and ...


A Geospatial Recipe For Identifying Social Values And Fragmentation Issues Of The Friends Of The Dunes Land Trust, Buddhika Madurapperuma, Jess Barger, Melissa Collin, Christine Emerson, Sean Fleming, Brian Murphy Jun 2019

A Geospatial Recipe For Identifying Social Values And Fragmentation Issues Of The Friends Of The Dunes Land Trust, Buddhika Madurapperuma, Jess Barger, Melissa Collin, Christine Emerson, Sean Fleming, Brian Murphy

Humboldt Journal of Social Relations

The beach and coastal sand dunes comprise a dynamic and fragile ecosystem that provides a bounty of ecological services. These lands provide protection from coastal erosion and sea level rise, and are home to a rich biodiversity of plant and animal species in addition to their recreational value. The Humboldt Coastal Nature Center and the surrounding coastal dunes (HCNC) are man-aged as a land trust by Friends of the Dunes (FOD). FOD prioritize the restoration of dune habitats and encourages public involvement through community supported education and stewardship programs, guided nature tours, and naturalist training programs. The faculty, students, and ...


Review Of Environmental Humanities And Theologies: Ecoculture, Literature And The Bible, By Rod Giblett, Sam Mickey Apr 2019

Review Of Environmental Humanities And Theologies: Ecoculture, Literature And The Bible, By Rod Giblett, Sam Mickey

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

This is a review of Rod Giblett's Environmental Humanities and Theologies: Ecoculture, Literature and the Bible, published by Routledge in 2018. The review notes Giblett's contributions to the field in tracing wetlands iconography through theological and literary discourses in landmark works in the Anglo-American tradition, Judeo-Christian doctrine, and Australian Aboriginal myth.


Shadow Over Mount Barren, Bronwyne J. Thomason Dr Apr 2019

Shadow Over Mount Barren, Bronwyne J. Thomason Dr

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

A short story that captures scenery of the Fitzgerald National Park and relates it to life-affirming principles of the natural Australian Bush.


Zemlja And Pioneer Day, Natalie D-Napoleon Apr 2019

Zemlja And Pioneer Day, Natalie D-Napoleon

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

Poems: Zemlja and Pioneer Day by West Australia born author Natalie D-Napoleon.


North Sea Poems: Birds Of The North Sea, Caa'in, Summer Ferry, Lesley Harrison Apr 2019

North Sea Poems: Birds Of The North Sea, Caa'in, Summer Ferry, Lesley Harrison

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

These poems reflect the practical, human, immersive processes of self-orientation and self-location within the coastal and island landscapes round the North Sea. In both recording and bringing about this process, the poet maps herself onto her surroundings and brings her surroundings to bear on herself. The interplay of graphic, linguistic and other forms of description are destabilised by the contingency of their usefulness, and by their meaningless to each other. In the end, the generative poetic voice is the principle by which the 'map' is made.


Snorkel Virgin, Emma J. Young Apr 2019

Snorkel Virgin, Emma J. Young

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

Snorkel Virgin


Plunging Down Under, Ian Smith Apr 2019

Plunging Down Under, Ian Smith

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

Plunging Down Under


Hard Data, Soft Data, Louise Boscacci Apr 2019

Hard Data, Soft Data, Louise Boscacci

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

Hard Data, Soft Data


Forest-Walks – An Intangible Heritage In Movement A Walk-And-Talk-Study Of A Social Practice Tradition, Margaretha Häggström Apr 2019

Forest-Walks – An Intangible Heritage In Movement A Walk-And-Talk-Study Of A Social Practice Tradition, Margaretha Häggström

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

This article seeks to understand and extend current understandings of intangible heritage and particularly forest-walks as such. The study is related to Swedish conditions and has been conducted in Sweden. The research is grounded in social practice theory – and the perspective of practice architectures in particular – and it draws on the work of Stephen Kemmis. Further, we view practice theory entangled with the phenomenological life-world concepts of intersubjectivity and historicity. The data are based on 12 walk-and-talk interviews conducted in the forest with individuals who willingly walk in the forest on their leisure time. The analysis takes its point of ...


“‘The Strata Of My History’: Reading The Ecological Chronotope In Wendell Berry’S That Distant Land”, Ellen M. Bayer Apr 2019

“‘The Strata Of My History’: Reading The Ecological Chronotope In Wendell Berry’S That Distant Land”, Ellen M. Bayer

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

This article examines Wendell Berry’s short story collection, That Distant Land (2004) through the lens of the ecological chronotope. Berry’s characters cultivate an intimate relationship with their physical environment, and the land, in turn, inscribes their history within it. Furthermore, it is through a shared sense of responsibility to the land that the characters foster a sense of community, shared history, and timeless connection with each other. My analysis of Berry’s fiction employs the notion of the ecological chronotope as a lens for understanding the environmental implications encountered at the intersection between time and place in That ...


In The Name Of Profit: Canada’S Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve As Economic Development And Colonial Placemaking, Richard M. Hutchings, Marina La Salle Apr 2019

In The Name Of Profit: Canada’S Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve As Economic Development And Colonial Placemaking, Richard M. Hutchings, Marina La Salle

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

Taking a critical heritage approach to late modern naming and placemaking, we discuss how the power to name reflects the power to control people, their land, their past, and ultimately their future. Our case study is the Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve (MABR), a recently invented place on Vancouver Island, located in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. Through analysis of representations and landscape, we explore MABR as state-sanctioned branding, where a dehumanized nature is packaged for and marketed to wealthy ecotourists. Greenwashed by a feel-good “sustainability” discourse, MABR constitutes colonial placemaking and economic development, representing no break with past practices.


Solastalgia, Nostalgia, Exhilarating, Immersive: Landscapes: Heritage Ii, David F. Gray Apr 2019

Solastalgia, Nostalgia, Exhilarating, Immersive: Landscapes: Heritage Ii, David F. Gray

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

Landscape: Heritage II presents the scholarly and creative contributions to Landscapes, Volume 9, Issue 1.


Issue Introduction By Icll Director Glen Phillips, Glen Phillips Apr 2019

Issue Introduction By Icll Director Glen Phillips, Glen Phillips

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

General Introduction by ICLL Director Glen Phillips


Complete Issue 1, Volume 9 Apr 2019

Complete Issue 1, Volume 9

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

The complete issue 1 of volume 9, Landscapes Journal.


Using Residential Location To Assess The Environmental Value-Action Gap Of Students At James Madison University, Emma Martin Mar 2019

Using Residential Location To Assess The Environmental Value-Action Gap Of Students At James Madison University, Emma Martin

James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)

This study focuses on the environmental value-action gap of students at James Madison University (JMU) in Harrisonburg, Virginia. An environmental value-action gap occurs when a person has pro-environmental beliefs but does not have congruent actions. Over 1,000 JMU students completed a survey of their residence location, environmental values, and environmental actions. Students’ preservation and utilization values were assessed using a 2-Dimensional Model of Ecological Values (2-MEV), and their frequency of environmental actions was assessed through a series of Likert-scaled statements. It was hypothesized that any value-action gap would be wider in students who resided in off-campus housing compared to ...


Understanding Governance Structures In Shaping Greenway Implementation In City-Regions: A Case Study In Central Zhejiang Province, China, Jun Xian Chen, Sun Sheng Han, Si Qing Chen Jan 2019

Understanding Governance Structures In Shaping Greenway Implementation In City-Regions: A Case Study In Central Zhejiang Province, China, Jun Xian Chen, Sun Sheng Han, Si Qing Chen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway implementation in city-regions is a collective action involving a complex range of relations between regional and local agencies, between government departments at the same administrative level, and between adjacent jurisdictions. This paper explores how greenway implementation governance is structured, and why different governance structures result in different greenway implementation processes and outcomes in a city-region. We use a case study approach to a greenway project in central Zhejiang Province (CCCZ), where data are collected through field reconnaissance, in-depth interviews, and document analysis. Preliminary findings reveal that the central Zhejiang Greenway Project has experienced a development from ‘territorially-specialized governance’ to ...


Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement Jan 2019

Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) have been proposed by the European Union as the most contemporary approach to delivering resilient cities in Europe. Through official guidance and funded projects, the Horizon 2020 programme, the EU has positioned nature at the centre of landscape and urban planning debates. However, there remains a scepticism regarding whether the support of NBS as an alternative to green infrastructure (GI) planning is meaningful and appropriate or damaging to existing practices. Furthermore, the framing of NBS does not, to date, extend the conceptual, practical or political parameters of ‘green space’ planning beyond terminological changes. Its most significant contribution ...


Selling Nature: Aligning Green Infrastructure Principles With The Funding Of Urban Landscapes, Ian C. Mell Jan 2019

Selling Nature: Aligning Green Infrastructure Principles With The Funding Of Urban Landscapes, Ian C. Mell

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As the allocation of funding for urban greening continues to diminish planners, landscape professionals and environmental advocates are increasingly turning to the 'valuing of nature' as a mechanism to address these shortfalls. Whilst consensus exists that urban nature holds a critical role in promoting ecological sustainability and liveability, there is a less established understanding of how we translate these ideas into funding. Such variation in landscape valuation practices leading to significant disparity between how cities support their natural environment. In turn this has led to a growing reflection on how we can valorise the environment to ensure it is attributed ...


Study On Greenway Plant Landscape Based On Bird Habitat Conservation - A Case Study Of Wenyu River - North Canal Greenway In Beijing, Mengyuan, Zhang,, Yilun Li, Shuxin Fan, Peiyao Hao, Li Dong Jan 2019

Study On Greenway Plant Landscape Based On Bird Habitat Conservation - A Case Study Of Wenyu River - North Canal Greenway In Beijing, Mengyuan, Zhang,, Yilun Li, Shuxin Fan, Peiyao Hao, Li Dong

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent years, rapid urbanization is leading to a sharp decrease of bird diversity in city. The plant landscape in the greenway plays an important role in habitat conservation. This paper aims to explore the effects of plant landscape planning for the bird habitat conservation in urban greenway, and to study the design methods of greenway plant landscapes based on bird habitats conservation.

Wenyu River - North Canal, a river located in the east of Beijing with uninterrupted green spaces along the coast, has the potential to become the migration channel for migratory birds. Dongjiao Wetland Park is an important node ...


Boom And Decline: When Greenways Link Low And High Ses Neighborhoods, Margaret Bryant Jan 2019

Boom And Decline: When Greenways Link Low And High Ses Neighborhoods, Margaret Bryant

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Social and economic inequalities in American cities mean that “booming cities” all have neighborhoods that are not thriving, and “declining cities” are likely to have some areas that are booming. Disadvantaged urban neighborhoods with high numbers of people living in poverty exist in all cities, but they are more pervasive in declining cities. Greenways, linear features in the urban landscape, cut across neighborhoods with varying levels of socioeconomic status (SES), depending on their design and place-specific characteristics. Where greenways link wealth to poverty, interesting concerns, issues, and opportunities arise. This paper reviews existing research on phenomena associated with this particular ...


East Coast Greenway 2050: Harford County, David N. Myers Jan 2019

East Coast Greenway 2050: Harford County, David N. Myers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper documents both the process and product of a university studio project that explores the role of the East Coast Greenway (ECG) in the overall 2050 Harford County biking and greenway system plans. Harford County, MD occupies an important geographic area in which the ECG is aligned in the Mid-Atlantic region. The presentation also documents initiatives in the more urbanized counties of the State of Maryland and the District of Columbia. Numerous initiatives that characterize urban jurisdictions are reviewed for their relevance to a more a rural environment, but also a county that is experiencing population growth. The specific ...


Historical Study Of The Garden Plots In The Danube Bend From The 19th Century To The Present, Kinga A. Molnárné, Vilja Vaszόcsik Jan 2019

Historical Study Of The Garden Plots In The Danube Bend From The 19th Century To The Present, Kinga A. Molnárné, Vilja Vaszόcsik

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In our study we follow the land use changes in the Pilis settlements of the Danube Bend on a historical scale, from the 1800s to the present. The garden plot is a special Hungarian concept, which designated areas that were located outside the settlements. They were not suitable for large-scale agricultural farming, small-scale farming was conducted, ranging from traditional vineyards, orchards and other vegetables grown in the garden. The garden plot is no longer a legal concept, which emerged as a consequence of the political and economic changes in Hungary. The law that contained the garden plots was created in ...


Cuyahoga Greenways: A Community-Driven, Data-Enriched Initiative To Implement A Regional Greenway Vision, Michael R. Mears, Oliver D. Kiley, Neal J. Billetdeaux Jan 2019

Cuyahoga Greenways: A Community-Driven, Data-Enriched Initiative To Implement A Regional Greenway Vision, Michael R. Mears, Oliver D. Kiley, Neal J. Billetdeaux

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cleveland and surrounding Cuyahoga County is undergoing a gradual transformation. A highly urbanized region in America’s rust belt, it has experienced decades of declining population and sprawling development. Presently however, the region has shown signs of economic and social improvement as it recovers from years of stagnation and disinvestment. Accompanying this rebound is an increased awareness to the region’s fluctuating socioeconomic conditions and residual challenges to improving mobility. Moreover, there is a desire to ensure that change is sustainable and leads to equitable outcomes for all segments of the community.

Greenways, most notably the county-wide Emerald Necklace, have ...


Sustainable Green Infrastructure Planning In Greece: Proposal For An Urban Greenway Network In The Greater Athens Metropolitan Area, Alexander Kantartzis, Spiro Pollalis Jan 2019

Sustainable Green Infrastructure Planning In Greece: Proposal For An Urban Greenway Network In The Greater Athens Metropolitan Area, Alexander Kantartzis, Spiro Pollalis

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Athens, the capital of Greece, epitomizes the opportunities and constraints of modern urbanization, sustainable mobility, green infrastructure, greenway planning, and the associated quality of contemporary Greek civic life. Though the country’s economy has been suffering tremendously for the past consecutive eight years with harsh austerity measures holding back any developmental commotion, signs of recovery and appropriate funding are lately emerging.

Physically, Athens has overcome its natural containing barriers, the Pikilo and Hemmitos Mountains on east and west borders, the southern waterfront expanding over to the Thriasio and Mesogeia Fields and the island of Aegina respectively. Culturally, contemporary Athens is ...


Transformations Of Urban Green Spaces (Ugs) In Sub-Cities: A Case Of New Town Of Kolkata And Gurgaon Of Delhi, Uttam Roy Jan 2019

Transformations Of Urban Green Spaces (Ugs) In Sub-Cities: A Case Of New Town Of Kolkata And Gurgaon Of Delhi, Uttam Roy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Sub-cities offer affordable houses and often better living quality when compared to a mother city. One of the major causes of such better living quality is a greater share of land earmarked as urban green spaces in the prevailing master plan. The mega cities in India like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and their sub-cities accommodate a larger share of the total urban population compared to the other million population cities and fewer than million cities. For example, under national capital region (NCR) planning, Delhi, several such sub-cities are planned around the city of Delhi, such as Gurgaon, Noida, Dwarka, Rohini & Greater ...


Sensitive Study Of The City/Nature Relationship Associated To The Montevido Waterfront, Ana Vallarino Katzenstein Jan 2019

Sensitive Study Of The City/Nature Relationship Associated To The Montevido Waterfront, Ana Vallarino Katzenstein

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Montevideo is located on the banks of the River Plate. The coastline makes evident the evolution of ideas and meanings associated with the city/nature relationship. Given its accessibility, its extension, and its intensive use, the waterfront is a paradigmatic public space of the Uruguayan capital. For this reason, for its heritage value and its status as city/nature frontier, it was the object of some projects and work tool for others. It allowed the development of a theory for the study of the landscape. In turn, this theory also enabled the development of other projects that generated thematic, theoretical ...


Urban Transformation Of Old West Gate (Laoximen) Phase I, Changde, China, Yanhong Tang Jan 2019

Urban Transformation Of Old West Gate (Laoximen) Phase I, Changde, China, Yanhong Tang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Together with a canal water system cleaning effort, the project transformed 6.4 acres of a forgotten old town littered with structurally unsafe buildings into a culturally-rich urban green space and popular waterfront district in Changde, Hunan Province, China. Laoximen (meaning Old West Gate) sets a precedent and benchmark for urban renewal, reclaiming a historic canal and the adjacent streets for new use. The project promotes the timely principles of urban regeneration, adaptive re-use, historic preservation, and ecological sustainability, whilst avoiding the current practice in China of demolition and radical reconstruction.

After 100 years of tumultuous history, including WWII and ...


The Role Of Mining Ponds In The Hungarian Greenway Network, Ildikó M. Bugyi, Nóra H. Horváth, Dalma Varga Jan 2019

The Role Of Mining Ponds In The Hungarian Greenway Network, Ildikó M. Bugyi, Nóra H. Horváth, Dalma Varga

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The aim of our research is to present the current state of mining ponds, wetlands (created by mining activity in Hungary) and to give support to the mining ponds’ nature protection importance and their role in green infrastructure.

This research topic is very important, partly because of the lack of data related to mining ponds, but also because wetlands and their connecting blue and green infrastructure are playing a more important role today in reducing the effects of climate change.

A GIS analysis was made using data from the national mining register, the CORINE Land Cover and Agricultural Parcel Identification ...


The Use Of Geotechnologies In The Analysis Of Vegetation Index And Heat Island In The City Of São Paulo, Sp, Brazil, Amanda L. Fruehauf, Magda A. Lombardo, Paulo R.M. Pellegrino Jan 2019

The Use Of Geotechnologies In The Analysis Of Vegetation Index And Heat Island In The City Of São Paulo, Sp, Brazil, Amanda L. Fruehauf, Magda A. Lombardo, Paulo R.M. Pellegrino

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

There is a solid body of knowledge linking urban growth to the decline of green spaces in Brazilian cities. In this context, this research aims to analyse the heat island, landscape ecology, and ecosystem services and their associated green infrastructure in São Paulo’s metropolitan area. Landscape Information will be applied to the open spaces and mapping will be done with the use of remote sensing techniques in Geographic Information System (GIS). High-resolution imagery will be used, including satellites World View-2 (panchromatic and multispectral from 0.5 to 2m), with the presence of the RGB bands and near infrared, pre-image ...