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Undergraduate Honors Theses

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Calculating A Drought Vulnerability Index For South Africa Based On Social And Biophysical Characteristics, Mollie Gaines Apr 2019

Calculating A Drought Vulnerability Index For South Africa Based On Social And Biophysical Characteristics, Mollie Gaines

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Using census data from the 2011 South African census and precipitation data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), a multicriteria index ranking the relative climate vulnerability to drought of areas in South Africa was created. The index was developed by aggregating social characteristics into a Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI) using a principle components analysis (PCA), and aggregating biophysical characteristics into a standardized precipitation index (SPI) representative of drought risk. These separate indices were then aggregated using a Pareto Rank Order to determine the overall vulnerability of areas relative to other areas in the country. The resulting index was ...


The Cartographic Destruction Of Bears Ears: Dispossession, Creating “Public” Land, And Fighting For Indigenous Conceptions Of Space, Tai Koester Jan 2019

The Cartographic Destruction Of Bears Ears: Dispossession, Creating “Public” Land, And Fighting For Indigenous Conceptions Of Space, Tai Koester

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In late 2017, Bears Ears National Monument (BENM), the nation’s first Tribally initiated national monument, was significantly reduced in size by the Trump administration. Outdoor industry and environmental groups launched marketing campaigns that challenged the move. The clothing company Patagonia released a campaign marked by a slogan that read “The President Stole Your Land,” suggesting that the monument’s reduction had taken public land from all Americans. Although well meaning, this framing ignored the monument’s original intent—to protect the Tribal relationship to place—and the violent history of public lands creation. Both the administration’s move and ...


Using Citizen Science To Approach Invasive Species: A Case Study Of An Early Detection And Rapid Response Invasion Program In The National Park Service, Parker Hopkins Jan 2019

Using Citizen Science To Approach Invasive Species: A Case Study Of An Early Detection And Rapid Response Invasion Program In The National Park Service, Parker Hopkins

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In practice, public land managers must constantly innovate and adapt to keep up with constantly changing issues and concerns associated with the public lands for which they are responsible. Having access to the most current and reliable information is critical to respond effectively to arising disturbances related to public lands. In an effort to increase civic engagement in National Parks, new management and information-gathering methods are being embraced, such as citizen science. Technology has greatly aided in gathering more information to match demands, as projects and tools for citizen science are continuously in development, building a community of passionate amateur ...


Comparison Of The Practical Applications And Limitations Of Insar And Structure From Motion Depictions Of Surface Elevation Flux For Academic Purposes, John Andrew Scherer Jan 2019

Comparison Of The Practical Applications And Limitations Of Insar And Structure From Motion Depictions Of Surface Elevation Flux For Academic Purposes, John Andrew Scherer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper seeks to identify the strengths and weaknesses of two remote sensing methods used for determining surface elevation flux (the difference in land surface elevation heights over a given time period): Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) and Drone Imagery processed using Structure from Motion (SFM) Techniques. This goal was accomplished by processing imagery from both platforms separately, before conducting a study of the same area and comparing the two methods analytically. A time-series of interferograms was generated on the study area of the Climax Mine and Mill near Leadville, CO and multiple drone flights were flown over an additional ...


Exclusion In The Great Outdoors: Masculinity, Misogyny, Whiteness, And Racism In The Environmental Movement And At Philmont Scout Ranch, Yvonne Krumrey Jan 2018

Exclusion In The Great Outdoors: Masculinity, Misogyny, Whiteness, And Racism In The Environmental Movement And At Philmont Scout Ranch, Yvonne Krumrey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis aims to understand patterns of whiteness, racism, masculinity, and misogyny in outdoor culture through the specific example of Philmont Scout Ranch. These patterns are linked to nationalism in the roots of environmentalism, as well as the Boy Scouts of America. To investigate these themes in both environmentalism as a whole and Philmont specifically, I researched existing literature on environmental exclusion, modern racism, nationalism, and environmental literature. I also interviewed twelve staff members at Philmont to gain a more direct understanding of these patterns and their implications. Specific themes of Boy Scout ideals, environmental ethics, rugged individualism, sexism, and ...


Where The Sidewalk Ends: Reimagining Urban Place And Governance In Semarang, Indonesia, Emmaleah K. Jones May 2017

Where The Sidewalk Ends: Reimagining Urban Place And Governance In Semarang, Indonesia, Emmaleah K. Jones

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Purpose: This project analyzes the uses of space and geography up the scales of political organization – from the village to the municipal – attempting to find the intersections where physical space meets governance using Semarang, Indonesia as my strategic case. This research employs a biocultural lens, addressing the existing gaps in literature by advancing a framework to function across disciplines and ultimately reconnecting to its practical application in urban planning and design. Such a framework is important in providing a blueprint for building a coherent and supportive structure on which to assess the human impact of design and contribute new “human-centered ...


Progressive Education In Appalachia: East Tennessee State Normal School And Appalachian State Normal School, Holly Heacock May 2017

Progressive Education In Appalachia: East Tennessee State Normal School And Appalachian State Normal School, Holly Heacock

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this thesis, I am examining how East Tennessee State Normal School in East Tennessee and Appalachian State Normal School in Western North Carolina interpreted progressive education differently in their states. This difference is that East Tennessee State began as a state funded school to educate future teachers therefore their school and their curriculum was more rounded and set to a structured schedule. Appalachian State Normal School was initially founded to educate the uneducated in the “lost provinces” therefore, curriculum was even more progressive than East Tennessee State’s – based strongly on the practices of farming, woodworking, and other practical ...


When The World Becomes Flesh: The International Day Of Remembrance As Spatially Redressing Hampton, Virginia's Buckroe Beach, Amirio Freeman Apr 2017

When The World Becomes Flesh: The International Day Of Remembrance As Spatially Redressing Hampton, Virginia's Buckroe Beach, Amirio Freeman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Since the birth of the United States, the Black body has functioned as a depository of Black pain (via subjection to slavery, police brutality, etc.). However, rather than passively submit to the infliction of pain, Black persons have historically engaged in several practices to undergird the acceptance of violence, such as escaping plantations, marching to achieve civil rights, and even practicing, in the language of scholar and author Saidiya Hartman, “redress.” The term “redress” refers to any embodied act that enslaved Blacks utilized to remember the humanness of their bodies, even while objectified and dehumanized via enslavement. Beyond embodied Black ...


Fundamental Insight To Protect Ecosystems: Factors Influencing Residents' Acceptance Of Land Conservation In Boulder, Colorado, Catherine A. Archer Jan 2017

Fundamental Insight To Protect Ecosystems: Factors Influencing Residents' Acceptance Of Land Conservation In Boulder, Colorado, Catherine A. Archer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

Land conservation has become an essential scientific field for protecting our environment, species, and resources. While the benefits of land conservation are well known, there is still criticism from communities and individuals. The City of Boulder, Colorado is often revered as a celebrated example for land conservation and its residents’ participation in conservation initiatives. Through an in-person survey, this honors thesis examines what factors influence Boulder residents’ acceptance of land conservation. By pinpointing the factors that impact an individuals’ acceptance of land conservation efforts, government officials, nonprofit organizations, and communities can target their land conservation initiatives to appeal to ...


A New Data Set For Assessing The Cold Content Of The Rocky Mountain West Snowpack, Jeffrey Schmidt Jan 2017

A New Data Set For Assessing The Cold Content Of The Rocky Mountain West Snowpack, Jeffrey Schmidt

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

Snowpack cold content (CCsnow) is the energy required to bring a snowpack to an isothermal temperature of 0.0°C. CCsnow is a snow characteristic that integrates the response of a snowpack to components of the snow-cover energy balance. An improved understanding of the spatiotemporal variability of CCsnow may provide insight into dynamics and sensitivity of the snowpack to climate change. In this study, snowpit observations of snow water equivalent (SWE), snow temperature (Tsnow) and snow density (⍴snow) from the United States Geologic Survey Rocky Mountain Snowpack Chemistry Program (USGS RMS) were used to evaluate ...


Bridging The Gap: A Survey Of Agricultural Producers, Water Managers, And Others Regarding Water Usage And Water Efficiency Perceptions., Jake Heins Jan 2017

Bridging The Gap: A Survey Of Agricultural Producers, Water Managers, And Others Regarding Water Usage And Water Efficiency Perceptions., Jake Heins

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper focuses on water usage and agricultural irrigation efficiency. However, it is not exactly a research paper. Most of the study concerns the thoughts and opinions of willing participants who were asked a series of questions regarding water use and irrigation practices. The bulk of the participants were agricultural producers (i.e. farmers and ranchers) who have some interest in the topic. Water professionals working in the private or academic sectors also participated, providing individual insights, and in some instances offered a counterpoint to arguments given by producers. The purpose being not only to enlighten me as to the ...


Visual Media’S Influence On Land Policy, Charles Solberg Jan 2016

Visual Media’S Influence On Land Policy, Charles Solberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Historically, American land policy has been subject to various different influences.

One of the greatest forces to influence land policy is visual media, or human created imagery. The use of imagery to help influence federal land policy can be seen very clearly with respect to the National Park system. In this thesis, I argue that the publication of images related to a certain place is directly related to the way that same land is managed. By comparing the time at which visual media was circulated to legislative strides in land preservation, this thesis traces the effective use of imagery throughout ...


Iceland's Environmental Saga: Motivations For Sustainable Action And Belief, Katharine V. Gregory Jan 2016

Iceland's Environmental Saga: Motivations For Sustainable Action And Belief, Katharine V. Gregory

Undergraduate Honors Theses

During the past several decades, a global discussion has grown about sustainability and how it can provide solutions to the world’s mounting environmental problems. One way to make sustainable implementation more successful is to examine the specific motivators for the environmental decisions of individuals and how they vary from place to place. In this thesis, I explore how environmental incentives that originate at different scales affect individuals, and how the individual’s specific cultural experience mediates those incentives. Iceland provides an interesting case study for examining sustainability motivators for individuals because its extensive development of renewable energy resources seems ...


Wild Women: The Positive Transformation Of Women And Girls Through Female-Only Adventure Education, Catarina Massa Jan 2015

Wild Women: The Positive Transformation Of Women And Girls Through Female-Only Adventure Education, Catarina Massa

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores the positive effects of female-only outdoor education on the empowerment and self-esteem of women and girls. The author researches the different methods outdoor education programs and organizations use to facilitate an environment in which this empowerment can occur through an extensive literature review and personal interviews of participants, instructors, and directors. These methods include, but are not limited to, female-only settings, the wilderness solo, overcoming fears, and the acquirement of technical outdoor knowledge. The author also argues the empowerment of women and girls depends on the geographical context of the wilderness; these programs would not be as ...


Innovations For A Campground Water System: A Biomimicry Approach, Courtney Young Jan 2015

Innovations For A Campground Water System: A Biomimicry Approach, Courtney Young

Undergraduate Honors Theses

I have studied the forms of mycorrhizae and xerophytes to gain inspiration for a water system upgrade. This process of emulating natural forms and strategies is called biomimicry. The U.S. Forest Service is in the preliminary stages of an upgrade for an aging water system at the Prospector Campground in the White River National Forest. Forest Service engineers and designers will use my research as they redesign this system.

I looked at over twenty plants to find adaptations that helped manage water efficiently. I chose to study mycorrhizae and xerophytes because of their wide range and prevalence.

Mycorrhiza is ...


Exploring Climate Change Driven Shifts To Water Rights And Policy Along The Colorado River, David Scarr Jan 2015

Exploring Climate Change Driven Shifts To Water Rights And Policy Along The Colorado River, David Scarr

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The goal of this study is to evaluate the current discussion on how climate driven shifts in hydrology will affect water rights and policy on the upper Colorado River. Global and local temperatures have been increasing steadily. In certain areas of Colorado snowmelt has shifted earlier and is likely to continue to do so. Precipitation as snow is decreasing at certain elevations in the Rocky Mountains. Focusing on water users in the western slope of Colorado, these environmental changes suggest a number of shifts in river hydrology. There will likely be less overall storage as snowpack and possibly earlier more ...