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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Nature and Society Relations

The Evolution Of Norms And Their Influence On Performance Among Self-Governing Irrigation Systems In The Southwestern United States, Kelsey C. Cody Apr 2019

The Evolution Of Norms And Their Influence On Performance Among Self-Governing Irrigation Systems In The Southwestern United States, Kelsey C. Cody

Environmental Studies Graduate Contributions

Irrigation is important for global food supply and is vulnerable to cli- mate change. Internalized cultural norms are important for the performance of Common Pool Resource (CPR) regimes such as irrigation systems, but much is unknown about the role of norms in shaping irrigation performance. This paper applies multi-level selection (MLS) theory and CPR theory to a stratified, semi- random sample of 71 irrigation systems of distinct cultural origins in the Upper Rio Grande Basin of the United States to test hypotheses related to the role of norms in irrigation system form and function. Results show that internalized norms of ...


The Cartographic Destruction Of Bears Ears: Dispossession, Creating “Public” Land, And Fighting For Indigenous Conceptions Of Space, Tai Koester Jan 2019

The Cartographic Destruction Of Bears Ears: Dispossession, Creating “Public” Land, And Fighting For Indigenous Conceptions Of Space, Tai Koester

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In late 2017, Bears Ears National Monument (BENM), the nation’s first Tribally initiated national monument, was significantly reduced in size by the Trump administration. Outdoor industry and environmental groups launched marketing campaigns that challenged the move. The clothing company Patagonia released a campaign marked by a slogan that read “The President Stole Your Land,” suggesting that the monument’s reduction had taken public land from all Americans. Although well meaning, this framing ignored the monument’s original intent—to protect the Tribal relationship to place—and the violent history of public lands creation. Both the administration’s move and ...


Using Citizen Science To Approach Invasive Species: A Case Study Of An Early Detection And Rapid Response Invasion Program In The National Park Service, Parker Hopkins Jan 2019

Using Citizen Science To Approach Invasive Species: A Case Study Of An Early Detection And Rapid Response Invasion Program In The National Park Service, Parker Hopkins

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In practice, public land managers must constantly innovate and adapt to keep up with constantly changing issues and concerns associated with the public lands for which they are responsible. Having access to the most current and reliable information is critical to respond effectively to arising disturbances related to public lands. In an effort to increase civic engagement in National Parks, new management and information-gathering methods are being embraced, such as citizen science. Technology has greatly aided in gathering more information to match demands, as projects and tools for citizen science are continuously in development, building a community of passionate amateur ...


Comparison Of The Practical Applications And Limitations Of Insar And Structure From Motion Depictions Of Surface Elevation Flux For Academic Purposes, John Andrew Scherer Jan 2019

Comparison Of The Practical Applications And Limitations Of Insar And Structure From Motion Depictions Of Surface Elevation Flux For Academic Purposes, John Andrew Scherer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper seeks to identify the strengths and weaknesses of two remote sensing methods used for determining surface elevation flux (the difference in land surface elevation heights over a given time period): Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) and Drone Imagery processed using Structure from Motion (SFM) Techniques. This goal was accomplished by processing imagery from both platforms separately, before conducting a study of the same area and comparing the two methods analytically. A time-series of interferograms was generated on the study area of the Climax Mine and Mill near Leadville, CO and multiple drone flights were flown over an additional ...


Exclusion In The Great Outdoors: Masculinity, Misogyny, Whiteness, And Racism In The Environmental Movement And At Philmont Scout Ranch, Yvonne Krumrey Jan 2018

Exclusion In The Great Outdoors: Masculinity, Misogyny, Whiteness, And Racism In The Environmental Movement And At Philmont Scout Ranch, Yvonne Krumrey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis aims to understand patterns of whiteness, racism, masculinity, and misogyny in outdoor culture through the specific example of Philmont Scout Ranch. These patterns are linked to nationalism in the roots of environmentalism, as well as the Boy Scouts of America. To investigate these themes in both environmentalism as a whole and Philmont specifically, I researched existing literature on environmental exclusion, modern racism, nationalism, and environmental literature. I also interviewed twelve staff members at Philmont to gain a more direct understanding of these patterns and their implications. Specific themes of Boy Scout ideals, environmental ethics, rugged individualism, sexism, and ...


Fundamental Insight To Protect Ecosystems: Factors Influencing Residents' Acceptance Of Land Conservation In Boulder, Colorado, Catherine A. Archer Jan 2017

Fundamental Insight To Protect Ecosystems: Factors Influencing Residents' Acceptance Of Land Conservation In Boulder, Colorado, Catherine A. Archer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

Land conservation has become an essential scientific field for protecting our environment, species, and resources. While the benefits of land conservation are well known, there is still criticism from communities and individuals. The City of Boulder, Colorado is often revered as a celebrated example for land conservation and its residents’ participation in conservation initiatives. Through an in-person survey, this honors thesis examines what factors influence Boulder residents’ acceptance of land conservation. By pinpointing the factors that impact an individuals’ acceptance of land conservation efforts, government officials, nonprofit organizations, and communities can target their land conservation initiatives to appeal to ...


A New Data Set For Assessing The Cold Content Of The Rocky Mountain West Snowpack, Jeffrey Schmidt Jan 2017

A New Data Set For Assessing The Cold Content Of The Rocky Mountain West Snowpack, Jeffrey Schmidt

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

Snowpack cold content (CCsnow) is the energy required to bring a snowpack to an isothermal temperature of 0.0°C. CCsnow is a snow characteristic that integrates the response of a snowpack to components of the snow-cover energy balance. An improved understanding of the spatiotemporal variability of CCsnow may provide insight into dynamics and sensitivity of the snowpack to climate change. In this study, snowpit observations of snow water equivalent (SWE), snow temperature (Tsnow) and snow density (⍴snow) from the United States Geologic Survey Rocky Mountain Snowpack Chemistry Program (USGS RMS) were used to evaluate ...


Bridging The Gap: A Survey Of Agricultural Producers, Water Managers, And Others Regarding Water Usage And Water Efficiency Perceptions., Jake Heins Jan 2017

Bridging The Gap: A Survey Of Agricultural Producers, Water Managers, And Others Regarding Water Usage And Water Efficiency Perceptions., Jake Heins

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper focuses on water usage and agricultural irrigation efficiency. However, it is not exactly a research paper. Most of the study concerns the thoughts and opinions of willing participants who were asked a series of questions regarding water use and irrigation practices. The bulk of the participants were agricultural producers (i.e. farmers and ranchers) who have some interest in the topic. Water professionals working in the private or academic sectors also participated, providing individual insights, and in some instances offered a counterpoint to arguments given by producers. The purpose being not only to enlighten me as to the ...


Simulated Climate Adaptation In Stormwater Conveyance Structures, Adam Dennis Mccurdy Jan 2016

Simulated Climate Adaptation In Stormwater Conveyance Structures, Adam Dennis Mccurdy

Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Adaptations in infrastructure may be necessitated by changes in precipitation patterns to ensure that investments offer remain cost effective. The timing of individual adaptations will vary and can be described as being anticipatory, concurrent, or reactive. Furthermore, climate change adaptation can be implemented as flexible or monolithic policies. Here we examine the interaction of culvert characteristics and the timing of adaptation under varying climate change using a virtual testbed of drainage crossings.

We find that existing characteristics can have a greater impact on the success of strategies than the amount of climate change. Furthermore we find that crossing characteristics can ...


Iceland's Environmental Saga: Motivations For Sustainable Action And Belief, Katharine V. Gregory Jan 2016

Iceland's Environmental Saga: Motivations For Sustainable Action And Belief, Katharine V. Gregory

Undergraduate Honors Theses

During the past several decades, a global discussion has grown about sustainability and how it can provide solutions to the world’s mounting environmental problems. One way to make sustainable implementation more successful is to examine the specific motivators for the environmental decisions of individuals and how they vary from place to place. In this thesis, I explore how environmental incentives that originate at different scales affect individuals, and how the individual’s specific cultural experience mediates those incentives. Iceland provides an interesting case study for examining sustainability motivators for individuals because its extensive development of renewable energy resources seems ...


Visual Media’S Influence On Land Policy, Charles Solberg Jan 2016

Visual Media’S Influence On Land Policy, Charles Solberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Historically, American land policy has been subject to various different influences.

One of the greatest forces to influence land policy is visual media, or human created imagery. The use of imagery to help influence federal land policy can be seen very clearly with respect to the National Park system. In this thesis, I argue that the publication of images related to a certain place is directly related to the way that same land is managed. By comparing the time at which visual media was circulated to legislative strides in land preservation, this thesis traces the effective use of imagery throughout ...


Emergence Of Collective Action In A Groundwater Commons: Irrigators In The San Luis Valley Of Colorado, Kelsey C. Cody, Steven M. Smith, Michael Cox, Krister Andersson Jan 2015

Emergence Of Collective Action In A Groundwater Commons: Irrigators In The San Luis Valley Of Colorado, Kelsey C. Cody, Steven M. Smith, Michael Cox, Krister Andersson

Environmental Studies Graduate Contributions

Under what conditions are irrigators able to develop adaptive governance arrangements? This article addresses this question by developing an empirically grounded theory of self-governance of a snowmelt commons in southern Colorado. Drawing on previous work in collective action and institutional theory, we argue that self-regulation of the hydro-commons is driven by changes in shared user perceptions with regard to the salience and scarcity of the resource, as well as the perceived probability of salvaging the resource system. We further posit that several conditioning factors affect the likelihood of effective local responses, including the existing institutional arrangements for self-governance, techno-institutional complementarities ...


Place-Based Typologies Of Social Vulnerability To Environmental Hazards: Hurricane Sandy, 2012, Joseph Vincent Tuccillo Jan 2015

Place-Based Typologies Of Social Vulnerability To Environmental Hazards: Hurricane Sandy, 2012, Joseph Vincent Tuccillo

Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations

A common challenge for environmental hazards research remains describing multiple contexts of place-based social and biophysical vulnerability in hazard events. Assessments of social vulnerability to environmental hazards typically depict populations' levels of vulnerability to a hazard of interest as part of a continuum of “most vulnerable” to “least vulnerable”. These assessments may overlook the various forms of sensitivity and adaptive capacity unique to populations in place relative to hazard exposure and impacts. This analysis explores ways in which populations in place may instead be described as differentially vulnerable to multiple forms of exposure before, during, and after a hazard event ...


Boundless, Wild, And Free: Investigating Human-Animal Ecologies In Greater Yellowstone, Mason Auger Jan 2015

Boundless, Wild, And Free: Investigating Human-Animal Ecologies In Greater Yellowstone, Mason Auger

Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation is composed of three case studies on the management, conservation, and politics of grizzlies, wolves, and bison in Yellowstone National Park and the Greater Yellowstone region. Watching, looking, observing, studying, and researching name the primary practices which give life to the relationship between people and wildlife in Yellowstone. This, however, is mitigated by practices on the boundaries of the Park which, sometimes, constitute very different relations with Yellowstone wildlife. How this occurs and what it means is different for each species. In the case of grizzlies, the managerial shift to the principle of natural regulation and the research ...


Innovations For A Campground Water System: A Biomimicry Approach, Courtney Young Jan 2015

Innovations For A Campground Water System: A Biomimicry Approach, Courtney Young

Undergraduate Honors Theses

I have studied the forms of mycorrhizae and xerophytes to gain inspiration for a water system upgrade. This process of emulating natural forms and strategies is called biomimicry. The U.S. Forest Service is in the preliminary stages of an upgrade for an aging water system at the Prospector Campground in the White River National Forest. Forest Service engineers and designers will use my research as they redesign this system.

I looked at over twenty plants to find adaptations that helped manage water efficiently. I chose to study mycorrhizae and xerophytes because of their wide range and prevalence.

Mycorrhiza is ...


Exploring Climate Change Driven Shifts To Water Rights And Policy Along The Colorado River, David Scarr Jan 2015

Exploring Climate Change Driven Shifts To Water Rights And Policy Along The Colorado River, David Scarr

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The goal of this study is to evaluate the current discussion on how climate driven shifts in hydrology will affect water rights and policy on the upper Colorado River. Global and local temperatures have been increasing steadily. In certain areas of Colorado snowmelt has shifted earlier and is likely to continue to do so. Precipitation as snow is decreasing at certain elevations in the Rocky Mountains. Focusing on water users in the western slope of Colorado, these environmental changes suggest a number of shifts in river hydrology. There will likely be less overall storage as snowpack and possibly earlier more ...


Wild Women: The Positive Transformation Of Women And Girls Through Female-Only Adventure Education, Catarina Massa Jan 2015

Wild Women: The Positive Transformation Of Women And Girls Through Female-Only Adventure Education, Catarina Massa

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores the positive effects of female-only outdoor education on the empowerment and self-esteem of women and girls. The author researches the different methods outdoor education programs and organizations use to facilitate an environment in which this empowerment can occur through an extensive literature review and personal interviews of participants, instructors, and directors. These methods include, but are not limited to, female-only settings, the wilderness solo, overcoming fears, and the acquirement of technical outdoor knowledge. The author also argues the empowerment of women and girls depends on the geographical context of the wilderness; these programs would not be as ...


From The Heavens To The Markets: Development, Nation, And The Mediation Of Water In Northwest China, Afton Eben Clarke-Sather Jan 2012

From The Heavens To The Markets: Development, Nation, And The Mediation Of Water In Northwest China, Afton Eben Clarke-Sather

Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Over the past 20 years the relationship between peasants and water in the semi-arid Zuli Valley of Northwest China has been radically altered by a series of state-backed development projects. 20 years ago peasant grew primarily rain-fed subsistence crops and relied on centuries-old rainwater harvesting techniques for their domestic water supplies. Following a series of state-backed interventions, peasants today grow primarily cash crops and depend on state-backed projects for their domestic water supplies. These changes were brought about through development projects. In the Reform and Opening Period a series of spatial hierarchies has emerged--westernness, rurality, and poverty--that categorized certain regions ...